Subject: Studies in the News 06-03 (January 19, 2006)


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Studies in the News for
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Children and Families Commission


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   Young children and creative arts
   Gifted and talented children
   Georgia study shows pre-k advantages
   Business leaders back pre-kindergarten
   Early care and education system
   Early childhood teacher professional development
HEALTH
   Autism and mercury in vaccines
   Nonverbal communication
   Mental health and early childhood
   Infant and preschool mental health
HUMAN SERVICES
   Paying more for quality child care
   California child care statistics
   Early child care arrangements
STUDIES TO COME
   Childcare and children's stress levels
   Food marketing to children
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News: Children and Family Supplement is a service provided to the First 5 California by the California State Library. The service features weekly lists of current articles focusing on Children and Family policy. Prior lists can be viewed from the California State Library's Web site at www.library.ca.gov/CRB/SITN/.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

ART EDUCATION

Spotlight on Young Children and the Creative Arts. Edited by Derry Koralek. (National Association for Education of Young Children, Washington, DC) 2005. 64 p.

["The creative arts -- including music, movement, dramatic play, puppetry, painting, sculpture, and drawing -- are a crucial part of early childhood. Not only do the arts allow children to express themselves, but creative activity can enhance development of children's skills in literacy, science, math, social studies, and more. This engaging collection of articles from 'Young Children' also includes resources and carefully designed questions and activities to aid readers in reflecting on best practice." NOTE: Spotlight on Young Children... is available for loan.]

[Request #S60301]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Gifted and Talented in the Early Years: Practical Activities for Children Aged 3 to 5. By Margaret Sutherland, University of Glasgow. (Paul Chapman Publishing, Thousand Oaks, California) 2005. 123 p.

["In this book you will find: practical and easily implemented lesson ideas for physical movement, maths, language and music; guidance on how to make sure all children are given the opportunity to achieve; practical ideas for identifying able young children.... Teachers, nursery nurses, teaching assistants and advisers will find this book a down-to-earth guide for helping able young children and all young children make the most of educational opportunities." NOTE: Gifted and Talented... is available for loan.]

[Request #S60302]

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The Georgia Early Childhood Study: 2001-2004. Final Report. By Gary T. Henry, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University, and others. (The University, Atlanta, Georgia) 2005. 116 p.

Full Text at: aysps.gsu.edu/publications/2005/EarlyChildhoodReport.pdf

["Findings from a new study on Georgia's pre-k program show that students who have been in the pre-k program will likely beat national norms in math and language arts when they get to first grade. 'If you compared on a common metric across these many kinds of studies, it still looks like pre-k is the best bang for the buck. It's the most effective kind of education reform,' said Dr. Gary Henry, the principal investigator of the recent Georgia State University study." Early Education in the News (December 24, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S60303]

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PRESCHOOL

American Business Leadersí Views On Publicly-funded Pre-Kindergarten and the Advantages to the Economy. By Christian W. Peck, Zogby International. Submitted to the Committee for Economic Development. (The Committee, Washington, DC) December 2005. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.ced.org/docs/poll_earlyed2006zogby.pdf

["Facing a decline in the number of skilled workers, American business leaders overwhelmingly back public funding for pre-kindergarten for all children to keep the U.S. economy globally competitive, according to a survey by Zogby International.... 'Concerns about the quality of the American workforce and our economic future were implicit in the responses of business leaders,' said John Zogby, president of Zogby International. 'What was truly surprising was not just the recognition that pre-kindergarten is essential to a better educated workforce, but that 63 percent of the business leaders favor active support for such universal programs by the business sector.'"]

[Request #S60304]

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PRESCHOOL EDUCATION

"The Structure of Early Care and Education in the United States: Historical Evolution and International Comparisons." By Ann Dryden and others. IN: Tax Policy and the Economy, vol. 19 (2005) pp. 1-37.

["The evidence suggests that the U.S. Early Care and Education system is neither efficient or equitable. Consolidation of funding and administration of current U.S. ECE programs could substantially lower transaction costs for parents and provide more stable care arrangements for children."]

[Request #S60305]

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PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Critical Issues in Early Childhood Professional Development. Edited by Martha Zaslow, and Ivelisse Martinez-Beck. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing, Baltimore, Maryland) 2006. 412 p.

["Effective teaching leads to positive student outcomes, and professional development for early childhood teachers is key to improving both. But what exactly do we mean by 'professional development?' What effect does it have on school readiness? Which models and approaches really work? This is the book the early childhood field needs to take the crucial first steps toward definitive answers. Includes information on 'Designing Models for Professional Development at the Local, State, and National Levels.'" NOTE: Critical Issues... is available for loan.]

[Request #S60306]

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HEALTH

AUTISM

Evidence of Harm: Mercury in Vaccines and the Autism Epidemic: A Medical Controversy. By David Kirby. (St. Martin's Press, New York, New York) 2005. 460 p.

["In the 1990s reported autism cases among American children began spiking. This trend coincided with the addition of several new shots to the nation's already crowded vaccination schedule, grouped together and given in the early months of infancy. Most of these shots contained the preservative thimerosal, which includes a quantity of the toxin mercury. This book explores the heated controversy over what many have called an 'epidemic' of afflicted children. The author traces the struggle of several families to understand how and why their once-healthy kids rapidly descended into silence or disturbed behavior, often accompanied by severe physical illness. Alarmed by the levels of mercury in the vaccine, these families sought answers to no avail. In the end, as research is beginning to demonstrate, the questions raised have significant implications for all children, and for those entrusted to oversee our national health." NOTE: Evidence of Harm... is availible for loan.]

[Request #S60307]

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CHILDREN

The Dancing Dialogue: Using the Communicative Power of Movement with Young Children. By Suzi Tortora. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing, Baltimore, Maryland) 2006. 532 p.

["Childrenís nonverbal cues can uncover critical information about their emotional, social, physical, communicative, and cognitive development. The first approach to focus exclusively on the importance of observing nonverbal expression, 'The Dancing Dialogue' shows early childhood professionals how to assess the behavior and movement of children with a wide range of issues ó and use what they learn to develop appropriate interventions. Designed for use with children from birth to 7 years of age, and equally effective for those with and without special needs... " NOTE: The Dancing Dialogue...is available for loan.]

[Request #S60308]

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MENTAL HEALTH

Diagnostic Classification, 0-3R: Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood, Revised. (Zero to Three, Washington, DC) 2005. 85 p.

["DC:0-3R enhances your ability to prevent, diagnose, and treat mental health problems in the earliest years by identifying and describing disorders not addressed in other classification systems and by pointing the way to effective intervention approaches. Mental health clinicians, counselors, physicians, nurses, early interventionists, early childhood educators, and researchers will find DC: 0-3R to be an indispensable guide to evaluation and treatment planning with infants, toddlers, and their families in a wide range of settings."]

[Request #S60309]

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The Handbook of Training and Practice in Infant and Preschool Mental Health. Edited by Karen Moran Finello, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine. (Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, California) 2005. 512 p.

["Written by top experts in the field from a wide range of disciplines, the authors address basic areas of training and practice with very young children, including observation, assessment, diagnosis, dyadic therapy, and reflective supervision, in addition to unique areas of clinical work such as reunification and adoption evaluations. The book also offers examples of innovative models of training and practice for the delivery of services in nontraditional settings such as homes, day care centers, and preschools, and special strategies for delivering clinical services and providing supervision in rural and remote settings, including the use of technology." NOTE: The Handbook of Training and Practice... is avaliable for a loan.]

[Request #S60310]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

"Should the State Pay More for 'Quality' Child Care?: Advocates Discuss the Pros and Cons." By Lynlee Murray. IN: Children's Advocate (January/February 2006) pp. 1-8.

Full Text at: www.4children.org/news/106cce.htm

["Last year, the governorís budget proposed to pay early care and education providers different amounts based on the quality of care they provide. Called 'tiered reimbursement,' his plan would have used training, education, and accreditation to determine the rates that providers get paid by the state to care for children in low-income families.The plan would also have cut rates to most providers, so advocates spearheaded a successful campaign to defeat it. Later in the year, the legislature passed a bill that would have set up a quality rating system for child care providers.Though at least 35 states have a quality rating system, the governor vetoed the bill. Many advocates support paying providers more for higher-quality care--but they are also concerned about potential pitfalls.'I think that California will eventually (have) tiered reimbursement,' says Donita Stromgren, public policy manager of the California Child Care Research and Referral Network." Children's Advocate Bulletin 1-06 (January 5, 2006).]

[Request #S60311]

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The 2005 California Child Care Portfolio. By the California Child Care Resource and Referral Network. (The Network, San Francisco, California) 2006. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.rrnetwork.org/rrnet/our_research/2005Portfolio.php

["The 2005 California Child Care Portfolio presents a compilation of California statewide and county-by-county statistics on child care. The Portfolio, the fifth in a series, includes: A comprehensive California statewide report in both narrative and graphic format highlighting child care supply, demand, and cost issues in the context of current policy, demographic and labor force trends with a focus on California's new child care consumer. 58 separate county level reports, in both narrative and graphic format, highlighting child care supply, demand and cost issues in the context of current policy, demographic and labor force trends with a focus on California's new child care consumer."]

[Request #S60312]

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Child Care and Early Education Arrangements of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers: 2001. By Gail M. Mulligan, National Center for Education Statistics, and others. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2005. 65 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/2006039.pdf

["This report is the latest in a set of NCES reports on young childrenís nonparental care arrangements and educational program participation. It presents the most recent data available for children under the age of six, taken from the 2001 administration of the Early Childhood Program Participation Survey, National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES). Variation in participation rates by characteristics of children (age and race/ethnicity) and their families (household income and motherís education and employment status), as well as by poverty status and geographic region or residence, are examined. Additionally, the report looks at how the child, family, and community characteristics are related to the time children spend in nonparental care each week and to the amount their families pay for care. It provides an in-depth examination of differences among children of different age groups and in different types of care."]

[Request #S60313]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

CHILDREN

"Childcare as a Stabilizing Influence on HPA Axis Functioning: A Reevaluation of Maternal Occupational Patterns and Familial Relations." By Christina Chryssanthopoulou, University of Kent, and others. IN: Developmental Psychobiology, vol. 47, no. 4 (December 2005) pp. 354-368.

["Low job satisfaction in working mothers increases the stress levels of their children, but spending longer in childcare can help overcome these effects, new research has shown. In a study involving more than 50 nursery school children, researchers found higher levels of the stress hormone cortisol in children whose mothers found their jobs less rewarding, or left them feeling emotionally exhausted, than those who reported more enjoyment from their jobs. Levels of cortisol in the evening were more than double in these children. Yet for women who have low job satisfaction, the research suggests that placing their children in childcare would help to significantly reduce the stress experienced by their children." EurekAlert! (November 20, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S60314]

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Food Marketing to Children and Youth: Threat or Opportunity? By the Institute of Medicine. (National Academies Press, Washington, DC) 2006. [500 p.]

["A theory long obvious to parents now has scientific buy-in: a new Institute of Medicine offering the most comprehensive review of data to date finds that junk food marketing directly affects the requests and choices of kids ages 12 and under. Significant changes are needed to reshape children's awareness of healthy dietary choices, the report says. It calls on manufacturers and restaurants to develop and market child- and youth-oriented foods, drinks, and meals that are higher in nutrients and lower in calories, fat, salt, and added sugars." Connect for Kids (December 12, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S60315]

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