Subject: Studies in the News 04-71 (November 1, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

November 1854 - "The largest gold nugget found in the United States was taken from the Morgan Mine at Carson Hill in November, 1854. When weighed on Adams Express Company's gold scales in Stockton, it balanced the scales at 214 pounds and eight ounces, Troy. http://www.historichwy49.com/angel/calavhist.html "    

1854 - "Three Dollar Coin: 1854 was the first year of issue for this unusual denomination ($3.00) whose main purpose was to facilitate the purchase of postage stamps (the first-class postal rate at the time was 3˘). Metal content was Gold - 90% and Other - 10% Walter Breen's Complete Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Coins "    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Substance abuse and juvenile justice
   Employee disciplinary practices in Department of Corrections
   Reduction in justice grants
   The impact of three strikes
   Re-entry policy for prisoners
DEMOGRAPHY
   Economic segregation among municipalities
ECONOMY
   Eonomic outlook for industry
   Gambling in California
   Expanding slot gaming in California
   Encroachment at military installations
   State's business tax friendliness
   Federal budget and economic update
EDUCATION
   Education achievement gap closing
   Districts losing Title I funds
   Increased benefits for college degree
   Private school characteristics
   Public university tuition is up
   Reforming teacher education
EMPLOYMENT
   Lack of federal benefits for unemployed
ENERGY
   Electric power and conservation in Northwest
   Statewide residential appliance program
   Wind power as renewable energy
   Energy efficiency policies in California
   Wind power and farm income
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Sitting in traffic is a health risk
   Mercury levels in the U.S. population
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   State auditing funds to nonprofits.
   California's public policy preferences
   Homeland security information sharing arrangements
   Federal competitive grants
   Emergency and trauma care act
   State and local revenue systems
   Problems with ballot access
   Voters' views on California elections
   States improperly apply felon disenfranchisement laws
HEALTH
   Long-term cell phone use
   Few Americans order medications online
   Working poor scrimping on health care
   Cost of health care regulations
   Decline of employer provided health coverage
   Quality of care measures for HMOs
   Medicare+choice and Medicare advantage
HOUSING
   FMR's effect on low income families
   Housing voucher program
   U.S. home price increase
HUMAN SERVICES
   HHS awards adoption bonuses
   TANF caseloads and unemployment insurance
   Food stamp bonuses for states
   Homelessness in Los Angeles
   High-performance welfare bonuses awarded
   Implementing welfare reform
STUDIES TO COME
   No child left behind act implementation
   Financing California's schools
   America's frustration with education
   Electricity transmission primer
   Environmental cancers
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CHILDREN & YOUTH

Criminal Neglect: Substance Abuse, Juvenile Justice and the Children Left Behind. By National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. (The Center, New York, New York) October 2004. 190 p.

Full Text at: www.casacolumbia.org/pdshopprov/files/JJreport.pdf

[Includes: "The Nature and Extent of Drug Use Among Juvenile Offenders;" "Prevention Opportunities;" "Treatment Options;" "Juvenile Drug Courts;" and "The Economic Cost of Substance Abuse and Delinquency." Institute for the Study of Homelessness and Poverty (October 19, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4266]

Return to the Table of Contents

COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS

California Department of Corrections: Although Addressing Deficiencies in Its Employee Disciplinary Practices, the Department Can Improve Its Efforts. By California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) October 2004. 83 p.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/bsa/pdfs/2004-105.pdf

["California's troubled prison system should do more to fix its disciplinary system for employees, the state auditor said in a report.... The discipline of correctional officers and other staff has been at the center of widely publicized problems at the department, where a code of silence among officers has been blamed for a failure to punish misconduct." Sacramento Bee (October 20, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4267]

Return to the Table of Contents

CRIME PREVENTION

House Proposes Changes to Justice Grants. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 04-32. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 28, 2004. 7 p.

["Funding for two key justice grants, the Byrne formula grant and the Local Law Enforcement Block Grant have seen reductions in recent years.... This Issue Brief examines the existing programs and evaluates the changes that may be in store for states."]

[Request #S4268]

Return to the Table of Contents

PRISONERS

Three Strikes and You're Out: An Examination of the Impact of 3-Strike Laws 10 Years After Their Enactment. By Vincent Schiraldi and others, Justice Policy Institute. Policy Brief. (The Institute, Washington, DC) 2004. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.justicepolicy.org/downloads/JPIOUTOFSTEPREPORTFNL.doc

["California has scored four times as many convictions under its three-strikes-and-you're-out law than all other states with similar sentencing guidelines combined, according to a report.... The report is being hailed by supporters of Proposition 66, a measure that would amend California's three-strikes law by dropping non-violent felonies from the list of offenses eligible for life sentences." Ventura County Star (September 24, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S4269]

Return to the Table of Contents

PRISONERS & PAROLEES

Report of the Re-entry Policy Council: Charting the Safe and Successful Return of Prisoners to the Community. By U.S. Department of Justice. (The Department, Washington, DC) 2004. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.reentrypolicy.org/ReentryPolicyCouncilReportPreview.pdf

["Making men's and women's transition from prison or jail to the community successful is essential to state and national efforts to increase public safety and manage public spending.... This report explains what the Re-Entry Council offers to different audiences and introduces some of its principal ideas."]

[Request #S4270]

Return to the Table of Contents

DEMOGRAPHY

CENSUS

Pulling Apart: Economic Segregation Among Suburbs and Central Cities in Major Metropolitan Areas. By Todd Swanstrom and others. (The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC) October 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/dybdocroot/metro/pubs/20041018_econsegregation.pdf

["A new analysis of census data finds that economic segregation among municipalities is rising, but trends vary significantly across time and in different regions of the country. These spatial inequalities can set in motion a snowball effect that harms regional competitiveness by fueling the abandonment of older parts of regions, accelerating sprawl, and making it more difficult to form the broad regional coalitions necessary to address these problems." The Institute (October 19, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4271]

Return to the Table of Contents

ECONOMY

CALIFORNIA

2004-2005 Economic Forecast and Industry Outlook: Mid Year Update. By Jack Kyser and others. Economic Information and Research Department. (The Department, Los Angeles, California) 2004. 80 p.

Full Text at: laedc.info/pdf/LAEF-2004-07.pdf

["The California and Southern California economies will pick up speed over the balance of 2004 and into 2005. California's business environment will continue to present a challenge and act as a brake on growth. Southern California will continue to provide the economic strength. Several key local industries face major challenges, especially international trade and motion picture TV productions."]

[Request #S4272]

Return to the Table of Contents

GAMBLING

Gambling and the Future of California: Propositions 68 and 70 Examined. By California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) October 2004. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2004/0410prop68_70.pdf

["In November, California voters will have the opportunity to weigh in on a contentious and complex debate - gaming on Indian lands and whether it should be expanded.... Two competing propositions on this November's ballot, Proposition 68 and 70, seek to expand the level of gambling in California, as well as the allocation of gaming - related revenues to the state."]

[Request #S4273]

Return to the Table of Contents

Expanding Slot Gaming in California: A Business Analysis. By Jeffrey C. Hooke and Thomas A. Firey, Reason Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2004. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.rppi.org/ps326.pdf

["To aid leaders in comparing the options, this report examines several possible market designs that California could adopt to expand casino-style slot machine gaming and enhance state revenue. Specifically, this report projects what revenue California would receive under each market design, and what other advantages and drawbacks are implicit in the designs."]

[Request #S4274]

Return to the Table of Contents

RURAL DEVELOPMENT

State Strategies to Address Encroachment at Military Installations. By NGA Center for Best Practices. (NGA, Washington, DC) September 2004. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.nga.org/cda/files/032403MILITARY.pdf

["Across the nation, military installations are threatened by civilian encroachment. Incompatible residential and commercial development patterns surrounding military bases can jeopardize an installation's mission. When development increases near and around military bases, land-use conflicts arise between mission activities and local communities. Encroachment can threaten public safety and livability because people located near bases are potentially exposed to artillery fire, aircraft noise, dust, and even accidents. Ultimately, bases could close if encroachement restricts training and operational missions."]

[Request #S4275]

Return to the Table of Contents

TAXATION

State Business Tax Climate Index. By Scott A. Hodge and others. Tax Foundation. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) October 2004. 52 p.

Full Text at: www.taxfoundation.org/bp45.pdf

["With this study, the Tax Foundation presents its second annual estimate of each state's 'business tax friendliness,' the 2004 State Business Tax Climate Index... government policymakers can use the State Business Tax Climate Index as a comparative gauge of state tax systems. Each score that a state receives on the various measures is determined not only by the state in question but by the competition —- the 49 other states. Policymakers can use the index to determine if their state tax system is needlessly hampering either the efforts of local entrepreneurs or the possible entry of new business."]

[Request #S4276]

Return to the Table of Contents

U.S. ECONOMY

The Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update. By the Congressional Budget Office. Prepared for the Senate and House Committees on the Budget. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2004. 80 p.

Full Text at: www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/57xx/doc5773/08-24-BudgetUpdate.pdf

["Congressional Budget Office expects solid growth in overall economic output during the next two years. Demand is now growing fast enough to spur producers to expand their capacity by investing in new capital (equipment and structures) and by hiring more workers."]

[Request #S4277]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Measured Progress Achievement Rises and Gaps Narrow, But Too Slowly. By Educational Trust. (The Trust, Washington, DC0 October 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www2.edtrust.org/NR/rdonlyres/F1C402F7-AB53-49ED-A9DC-27A41AA6E7E5/0/MeasuredProgressSumma99F.pdf

["Elementary-students' performance in reading and math is improving and gaps in racial and economic achievement are closing in many states, according to a report.... Nonetheless, the rate of improvement is too slow to reach state proficiency standards by 2014, the deadline set by the No Child Left Behind Act, [according to report]." Seattle Times (October 15, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4278]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATION FINANCE

Title I Funds: Who's Gaining, Who's Losing and Why. By the Center for Education Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.cep-dc.org/pubs/Title1_Funds_15June2004/Title_1_Funds_15June2004.pdf

["Over half of the nation's school districts will receive fewer Title I dollars this coming school year than they did last year, even though the No Child Left Behind Act is demanding more of all school districts. This report discusses the reasons why districts are losing funds, including the formulas used to allocate Title I money as well as federal appropriations for the program"]

[Request #S4279]

Return to the Table of Contents

HIGHER EDUCATION

Education Pays 2004. By Sandy Baum and Kathleen Payea, the College Board. (The Board, Washington, DC) 2004. 56 p.

Full Text at: www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/press/cost04/EducationPays2004.pdf

["College degree pays off big -- not just in income, study concludes.... Degree-holders earn about $19,000 a year more on average than high school graduates, according to a landmark study released today that quantifies the benefits of a college education." The Arizona Republic (October 19, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4281]

Return to the Table of Contents

K - 12 EDUCATION

Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results from the 2001-2002 Private School Universe Survey. By Stephen P. Broughman, National Center for Education Statistics, and Kathleen W. Pugh, U.S. Bureau of the Census. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2004. 130 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2005/2005305.pdf

["This report presents data on private schools in the United States with grades kindergarten through twelve by selected characteristics such as school size, school level, religious orientation, association membership, geographic region, community type, and program emphasis. The number of teachers and students are reported by the same categories and the number of students is reported by grade level."]

[Request #S4282]

Return to the Table of Contents

POST SECONDARY EDUCATION

Trends in College Pricing. By the College Entrance Examination Board. (The Board, Washington, DC) 2004. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/press/cost04/041264TrendsPricing2004_FINAL.pdf

["Tuition at the nation's public universities rose an average of 10.5 percent this year, the second largest increase in more than a decade, according to a survey. Last year's rise, 13 percent, was the highest.... It is the first time that the average tuition at the nation's postsecondary institutions has surpassed $20,000 for a private college, $5,000 for a public university and $2,000 for a community college." New York Times (October 20, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4283]

Return to the Table of Contents

TEACHERS

Reforming Teacher Education: A First Year Progress Report on Teachers for a New Area. By Sheila Nataraj Kirby and others, RAND Corporation. (The Corporation, Santa Monica, California) 2004. 150 p.

["In a bold attempt to reform the way teachers are prepared in the United States, the Carnegie Corporation [and others] launched Teachers for a New Era in the summer of 2001. The goal of this initiative is to fundamentally reform teacher education in a selected number of teacher preparation programs by providing these sites with funding ... and technical assistance through the Academy for Educational Development.... This report documents their successes and their challenges in the first year of the reform and sets the stage for the future."]

[Request #S4284]

Return to the Table of Contents

EMPLOYMENT

UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS

Number of Unemployed Who Have Gone Without Federal Benefits Hits Record 3 Million. By Isaac Shapiro. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 13, 2004. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/10-13-04ui.pdf

["Since late December, when the federal Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation program stopped providing additional aid to individuals exhausting their regular unemployment benefits, a record number of jobless workers have exhausted their regular benefits, gone without federal aid, and received neither a paycheck nor an unemployment check."]

[Request #S4285]

Return to the Table of Contents

ENERGY

ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

Fifth Power Plan: Draft. By Judi Danielson and others, Northwest Power and Conservation Council. (The Council, Portland, Oregon) September 24, 2004. 252 p.

Full Text at: www.nwppc.org/energy/powerplan/draftplan/EntirePlan.pdf

["The council approved its Fifth Pacific Northwest Electric Power and Conservation Plan for release for public comment. This plan fulfills the requirements of the Northwest Power and Conservation Act of 1980.... It builds on the lessons of the Western electricity crisis of 2000 and 2001. The power plan recommends actions the Council believes will help the region reduce the risks of an uncertain future and secure adequate, efficient, economical, and reliable power supply."]

[Request #S4286]

Return to the Table of Contents

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

California Statewide Residential Appliance Saturation Study Final Report. By KEMA-XENERGY, Itron and RoperASW. (California Energy Commission, Sacramento, California) 2004. 42 pages.

Full Text at: www.fypower.org/pdf/CEC_RASS_June04.pdf

["California Energy Commission has conducted a statewide survey of over 21,000 California residential electricity customers to assess energy use in California residences. The survey found that 51% of California homes (57% of homeowners and 40% of renters) are using at least one compact fluorescent light bulb. Over 55% of homeowners have a programmable cooling thermostat, and nearly 60% of homeowners have low-flow showerheads" eNewswire (October 13, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4287]

Return to the Table of Contents

RENEWABLE ENERGY

Renewable Energy: Wind Power's Contribution to Electric Power Generation and Impact on Farms and Rural Communities. By U.S. Government Accountability Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2004. 114 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d04756.pdf

["Wind power provides electricity without polluting the air or depleting nonrenewable resources. GAO was asked to examine 1) the amount of electricity generated by U.S. wind power and prospects for its growth; 2) the contribution of wind power to farmers' income and rural communities; 3) the advantages and disadvantages for farmers of owning a wind power project; and 4) USDA's efforts to promote wind power in rural communities."]

[Request #S4288]

Return to the Table of Contents

UTILITIES

Order Instituting Rulemaking to Examine The Commission's Future Energy Efficiency Policies, Administration and Programs. By Public Utilities Commission. (The Commission, San Francisco) September 23, 2004. Various Pagings.

Full Text at: www.cpuc.ca.gov/word_pdf/AGENDA_DECISION/39963.doc

["California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) has officially adopted energy savings goals for the state's investor-owned utilities that will more than double current electricity and gas savings by 2013. The new electricity saving goals will avoid the need for 10 new 500-megawatt power plants over the next decade, cut California's projected growth in power consumption and peak demand through 2013 in half, and restore California's national leadership on percent of annual electricity load avoided through energy efficiency. CPUC's natural gas saving goals will triple annual gas savings within 10 years, saving enough gas every year to serve a community the size of Orange County." eNewswire (October 13, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4289]

Return to the Table of Contents

WIND POWER

Wind Power's Contribution to Electric Power Generation and Impact on Farms and Rural Communities. By the U.S. Government Accountability Office. GAO-04-756. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2004. 107 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d04756.pdf

["Wind power's growth will depend largely on the continuing availability of state and federal financial incentives, including tax credits, and expected increases in prices for fossil fuels. Although wind power does not contribute significantly to total farm income in the 10 states with the highest installed wind power capacity, it has considerably benefited some farmers and rural communities.... USDA has not fully utilized all of the farm bill's renewable energy provisions to promote wind power."]

[Request #S4290]

Return to the Table of Contents

ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

CALIFORNIA

Southern California Environmental Report Card: 2004. By the UCLA Institute of the Environment (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) October 2004. 40 p.

Full Text at: www.ioe.ucla.edu/publications/rc04.pdf

["Researchers found that just sitting behind the wheel in jammed traffic poses serious health risks as drivers breathe air that's been polluted by diesel exhaust and tiny particles, and carries risks of potentially deadly health problems." Los Angeles Daily news (October 27, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4291]

Return to the Table of Contents

FISH

A Statistical Analysis of Factors Associated with Elevated Hair Mercury Levels in the U.S. Population. By Richard P. Maas and others, UNC-Asheville Environmental Quality Institute. (The Institute, Asheville, North Carolina) October 2004. 14 p.

["A study sponsored by an environmental group has produced new evidence linking high fish consumption to potentially unsafe levels of mercury.... The study is one of the first to examine the relationship between mercury levels and the consumption of three categories of fish: canned tuna, locally caught fish, and fresh or frozen fish sold in stores and restaurants." San Francisco Chronicle (October 21, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4292]

Return to the Table of Contents

GENERAL GOVERNMENT

AUDITS AND INVESTIGATIONS

Department of Parks and Recreation (California State Parks). Survey Report. Office of the State Controller. (The Office, Sacramento, California). September 2004. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.sco.ca.gov/aud/specreport/leg_grant_pgm_rpt.pdf

["Community groups and local agencies that received millions of taxpayer dollars were subjected to scant government oversight and sometimes used questionable business practices to spend the money.... A review of grant records plus interviews with state officials and grant recipients shows shoddy business practices by some groups, poor record keeping and infrequent interaction between the state and recipients." San Francisco Chronicle (September 12, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4293]

Return to the Table of Contents

ELECTIONS

PPIC Statewide Survey: Californians and Their Government. By Mark Baldassare. Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) October 2004. 40 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/S_1004MBS.pdf

["The current survey focuses on the November 2nd statewide election, including the presidential election. It examines voters' preferences in the presidential election, the U.S. Senate race, and on three state propositions that will also be on the ballot, as well as Californians' attitudes and perceptions toward state policies and national issues."]

[Request #S4294]

Return to the Table of Contents

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

Information Sharing for Homeland Security: A Brief Overview. By Harold C. Relyea and Jeffrey W. Seifert. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress. (The Service, Washington, DC) September 30, 2004. 38 p.

Full Text at: www.fas.org/sgp/crs/RL32597.pdf

["Recommendations and efforts have been made with the intention of improving information sharing among government entities at all levels within the United States, private sector, and certain foreign governments, with the view to countering terrorists and strengthening homeland security.... This report reviews some of the principal existing homeland security information sharing arrangements, as well as some projected arrangements in this regard, and discusses related policy, evaluations, and proposed legislation."]

[Request #S4295]

Return to the Table of Contents

FEDERAL BUDGET

FFIS Competitive Grant Update. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Update 04-32 and 0-34. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September/October 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at:

["Includes: "Solid Waste Management Grants;" "Pesticide Misuse Initiative Program Request For Proposals;" "Environmental Laboratory Improvement Support Grants Program;" "Bioengineering Approaches to Energy Balance and Obesity;" "Universal Newborn Hearing Screening and Intervention;" and others. ]

[Request #S4296]

Return to the Table of Contents

PROPOSITIONS

What Would Proposition 67, the 911 Emergency and Trauma Care Act, Mean for California? By Agnes Lee and Jean Ross, California Budget Project. Budget Brief. (The Project, Sacramento, California) 2004. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2004/0408prop67.pdf

["The following analysis examines the potential fiscal and policy impacts of Proposition 67.... This analysis is designed to highlight the potential impacts of Proposition 67 to help voters make informed policy choices."]

[Request #S4297]

Return to the Table of Contents

STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCES

Are State and Local Revenue Systems Becoming Obsolete? By Robert Tannenwald. (The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC) October 2004. 52 pages.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20041022_tannenwald.htm

["This paper discusses the impact on state and local revenues of four trends: the shift in the nation's mix of production and consumption from goods to services; the growing importance of intangible assets in generating output; the proliferation of electronic commerce; and the intensification of interjurisdictional competition. The paper argues that, while the shift in the mix of consumption has significantly eroded revenue productivity, the impact of the shift in the mix of production has been less clear." The Institute (October 26, 2004)]

[Request #S4298]

Return to the Table of Contents

VOTERS & VOTING

Crashing the Parties: The Problem of Ballot Access. By Tova Andrea Wang. (The Foundation, New York, New York) September 20, 2004. 26 pages.

Full Text at: www.tcf.org/Publications/ElectionReform/ballotaccess0916.pdf

["As with so many election disputes, the author argues that Florida was once again the center of attention over the question of whether Ralph Nader would get on the ballot. But Nader has been and is now engaging in similar battles all across the country, giving national prominence to a relatively obscure issue in the debate over the democratic process - access to the ballot for candidates. This new report describes Nader's crusade that demonstrates the complexity of the rules dictating this process, which vary widely state by state." Moving Ideas(September 22, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4299]

Return to the Table of Contents

The Season of Our Discontent: Voters' Views on California Elections. By Mark Baldassare. Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) October 2004. 79 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_1004MBR.pdf

["The California governor's election in November 2002 is widely regarded by scholars, political consultants, media commentators, and leaders of the political parties as one of the low points in the state's political history.... This is the backdrop against which in this report we examine the public's views on campaigns is related to voter dissatisfaction and government distrust, and discuss what Californians would like to see change about their state's campaigns and elections."]

[Request #S4317]

Return to the Table of Contents

VOTING RIGHTS

Purged: How a Patchwork of Flawed and Inconsistent Voting Systems Could Deprive Millions of Americans of the Right to Vote. By Laleh Ispahani, American Civil Liberties Union, and Nick Williams, Demos. (The Union, New York, New York) October 2004. 37 p.

Full Text at: www.aclu.org/VotingRights/VotingRights.cfm?ID=16845&c=167

["A patchwork of inconsistent and flawed rules to bar felons from voting have improperly denied millions of Americans their legal right to cast a ballot, the American Civil Liberties Union charged.... Even states that allow restoration of voting rights often fail to properly follow the law, Ispahani said. Local officials, she said, compare lists of convicted felons and registered voters, purging identical names without any other identifiers, such as a date of birth. The study found that no state sets legal standards for criteria to match names and identities." Los Angeles Times (October 19, 2004) A16.]

[Request #S4300]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH

CELLULAR PHONES

"Mobile Phone Use and the Risk of Acoustic Neuroma." By Stefan Lonn and others. IN: Epidemiology, vol. 16, no. 6 (November 2004) pp. 253-659.

["People who have used cell phones for at least 10 years may have an increased risk of developing a rare brain tumor, according to a study....Acoustic neuromas are slow-growing, noncancerous tumors that develop on a nerve linking the brain to the inner ear." Sacramento Bee (October 14, 2004) A20.]

[Request #S4301]

Return to the Table of Contents

DRUG PRICES

Prescription Drugs Online. By Susannah Fox, Pew Internet & American Life Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) October 2004. 17 p.

Full Text at: 207.21.232.103/pdfs/PIP_Prescription_Drugs_Online.pdf

["One in four Americans have looked online for drug information, but few have ventured into the online drug marketplace. Ignorance and mistrust of the online prescription drug market may be dispelled by further research and good experiences... [The authors] undertook this study in order to measure Americans’ current interest in online prescription drug research and purchasing."]

[Request #S4302]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH CARE FINANCE

Tough Trade-offs: Medical Bills, Family Finances and Access to Care. By Jessica H. May and Peter J. Cunningham. Issue Brief; No. 85 (Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, D.C.) 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.hschange.org/CONTENT/689/?topic=topic01

["More than one in five of the 57 million working-age Americans had chronic medical conditions and problems paying medical bills last year according to a report by the Center for Studying Health System Change. The study provides strong evidence that rising health costs and increased patient cost-sharing are taking a heavy toll." Publisher's Announcement (2004) 1.]

[Request #S4303]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY

"Health Care Regulations A $169 Billion Hidden Tax." By Christopher J. Conover. Policy Analysis. No. 527 (Cato Institute, Washington, DC) October 4, 2004. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa527.pdf

["The high cost of health service regulations is responsible for more than seven million Americans lacking health insurance, or one in six of the average daily uninsured. Moreover, 4,000 more Americans die every year from cost associated with health services regulations (22,000) than from lack of health insurance (18,000). The annual net cost of health services regulation dwarfs other costs imposed by government intervention in the health care sector."]

[Request #S4304]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH INSURANCE

The Chronic Problem of Declining Health Coverage Employer-Provided Health Insurance Falls for Third Consecutive Year. By Elise Gould. (Economic Policy Institute, Washington, D.C.) September 16,2004. 10 pages.

Full Text at: www.epinet.org/issuebriefs/202/ib202.pdf

["This report details the decline in employer-provided health coverage and its impact on American workers and their families by gender, race, education, and by wage and income levels. Her report analyzes the most recent three years of Census data, showing what she calls an emerging health care problem." Moving Ideas (September 23, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4305]

Return to the Table of Contents

MANAGED HEALTH CARE

Quality of Care Report Card. By the Office of the Patient Advocate. (The Office, Sacramento, California) 2004. 13 p.

Full Text at: www.opa.ca.gov/Report_Card/pdf_files/opa_2004_reportcard_english.pdf

["HMOs did a better job this year than previous years in pregnancy care, care for heart attack patients and screening for cholesterol and high blood pressure. But they did not do as well with flu shots and smokers." San Francisco Chronicle (October 1, 2004) C1.]

[Request #S4306]

Return to the Table of Contents

MEDICARE

Monitoring Medicare+Choice: What Have We Learned? Findings and Operational Lessons for Medicare Advantage. By Marsha Gold, Mathematica Policy Research and Incorporated others. (Mathematica, Washington, DC) August 2004. 72 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/publications/pdfs/monitor.pdf

["This report summarizes key findings of our experience monitoring Medicare+Choice, from its beginning through December 2003. While individual findings have been released and widely cited this report synthesizes the major findings for policymakers and researchers. It also discusses operational policy implications for the program's successor Medicare Advantage."]

[Request #S4307]

Return to the Table of Contents

HOUSING

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Large Families Face Higher Rent Burdens and Fewer Housing Opportunities Under New HUD Rent Rules. By Will Fischer and others. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 14, 2004. 9 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/10-12-04hous.pdf

["Hud's new rent standards -- known as Fair Market Rents ... will be used to set maximum rent levels for the 'Section 8' housing voucher program and other low-income assistance programs during fiscal year 2005.... These cuts will result in higher rent burdens and other adverse consequences for low-income families with children, who make up virtually all of the assisted households that live in larger housing units."]

[Request #S4308]

Return to the Table of Contents

FEDERAL HOUSING PROGRAMS

Funding Instability Threatens to Erode Business Community's Confidence in the Housing Voucher Program. By Barbara Sard. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 14, 2004. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/10-14-04hous.pdf

["This paper describes the damage that recent events have caused to the housing voucher program's reputation in the business community, outlines the consequences of this damage for the achievement of the program's goals, and specifies what needs to be done to correct the problem so as to ensure the continued success of the voucher program and the many housing and community development policies that rely upon vouchers."]

[Request #S4309]

Return to the Table of Contents

HOUSING

House Price Index Shows Largest One Year Increase Since 1970's: Press Release. By Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2, 2004. 63p.

Full Text at: www.ofheo.gov/media/pdf/2q04hpir.pdf

["Home price increases in the Bay Area's largest urban centers trailed those in Central and Southern California as well as some of the region’s smaller cities in the second quarter, according to a federal study.... The quarterly report by the regulator of mortgage titans Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac found that prices in San Francisco rose 8.7 percent in the three months ended June 30 compared with the same period a year ago. Oakland prices jumped 11.2 and San Jose prices increased 6.2 percent." San Francisco Chronicle (September 2, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4310]

Return to the Table of Contents

HUMAN SERVICES

ADOPTION

HHS Awards Adoption Bonuses. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-48. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 19, 2004. 4 p.

["The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awarded $17.9 million in fiscal year (FY) 2004 adoption bonuses to 31 states and Puerto Rico for increasing the number of children adopted from foster care in FY 2003. The bonuses were included in the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 and reauthorized last year as part of the Adoption Promotion Act of 2003."]

[Request #S4311]

Return to the Table of Contents

FAMILIES

Unemployment Insurance Does Not Explain Why TANF Caseloads Are Falling as Poverty and Need Are Rising. By Shawn Fremstad and others, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 12, 2004, 4 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/10-12-04tanf.pdf

["This analysis shows that contrary to recent claims by HHS, unemployment insurance is not serving as an effective safety net for the rising number of poor single-mother families."]

[Request #S4312]

Return to the Table of Contents

FOOD STAMPS

States Receive Remaining Food Stamp Bonuses. By Federal Funds for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-43. (FFIS, Washington, DC) 2 p.

["The 2002 Farm Bill authorized the U.S. Department of Agriculture to award $48 million each year to states with the best or most improved performance in the administration of the Food Stamp program.... Overall, seven states and the District of Columbia received $12 million for participation and bonuses."]

[Request #S4313]

Return to the Table of Contents

HOMELESS

Homeless in L.A. By Daniel Fleming and others. (Economic Roundtable, Los Angeles, California) September 2004. 135 p.

["This final report brings together all of the Economic Roundtable's research for 'Bring LA Home,' a strategic planning initiative addressing homelessness in Los Angeles County. New material includes: 1) the geographic distribution of residents in acute poverty and linkages to homelessness; 2) the ratio of homeless residents to shelter beds in each region of Los Angeles County; 3) linkages of public institutions including the foster care system, mental health, and the justice system with homeless residents; and more"]

Report. 136 p.:
ftp://ftp.economicrt.org/homeless_in_la/Homeless_in_LA-Final_Report.pdf

[Request #S4314]

Return to the Table of Contents

WELFARE

HHS Awards Welfare High-Performance Bonuses. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-47. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 18, 2004. 6 p.

["The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awarded $200 million in fiscal year (FY) 2004 welfare high-performance bonuses to 37 states and the District of Columbia for performance in 2003."]

[Request #S4315]

Return to the Table of Contents

WELFARE REFORM

Implementing Welfare Reform: A State Report Card. By Jennifer Zeigler, Cato Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2004. 92 p.

Full Text at: www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa529.pdf

["This study offers analysis of state welfare reform implementation in the present and can serve as a baseline for tracking welfare reauthorization program changes in the future."]

[Request #S4316]

Return to the Table of Contents


STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

K-12 EDUCATION

Leaving No Child Behind. By Frederick M. Hess and Chester E. Flinn Jr. (Palgrave Macmillan, New York, New York) September 2004. 320 p.

["Here experts evaluate the potential and the problems of the No Child Left Behind Act in its initial stages of implementation. This first look provides valuable insights, offering lessons crucial to understanding this dramatic change in American education." Publisher's Announcement (2004) 1. NOTE: Leaving No Child Behind ... will be available for 3-da loan.]

[Request #S4318]

Return to the Table of Contents

SCHOOL FINANCE

Final Test: The Battle for Adequacy in America's Schools. By Peter Schrag. (The New Press, New York, New York) 2003. 288 p.

["Judicial rulings in state courts are transforming the way American public schools are financed. California thus produced an 'equitable' system at a comparatively low level of spending. California’s achievement levels are now similar to Mississippi’s. To avoid this outcome, a new wave of school-finance litigation has instead endorsed an 'adequacy' claim based on state constitutional clauses that exhort the legislature to provide for a 'thorough and efficient' (or similar language) system of education. The current method of financing public education, plaintiffs argue, has left poor and minority students with inadequate schools." Publisher's Announcement (2003) 1. NOTE: Final Test ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4319]

Return to the Table of Contents

SCHOOL REFORM

Permission to Forget: And Nine Other Root Causes of America's Frustration with Education. By Lee Jenkins. (ASQ Quality Press, Milwaukee, Wisconsin) 2004. 176 p.

["[This book] describes the deep-seated problems built into America's classrooms that educators can solve. These issues are not on the surface, but are buried in the unconscious operations of daily school life.... The root of the problem is the poor management system that most schools have in the United States.... This book will outline [that] educators have tremendous power to bring about substantial improvement in schools, in spite of the worst aspects of our society and ineffective legislation." Publisher's Announcement (2004) 1. NOTE; Permission to Forget ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4320]

Return to the Table of Contents

ENERGY

ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

Electricity Transmission: A Primer. By Matthew H. Brown, National Conference of State Legislatures, and Richard P. Sedano, the Regulatory Assistance Project. (National Council on Electricity Policy, Washington, DC) 2004. 77 p.

["This primer on electric transmission is intended to help policymakers understand the physics of the transmission system, the economics of transmission, and the policies that government can and does use to influence and govern the transmission system." NOTE: Electricity Transmission ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4321]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH

CANCER

Cancers in the Urban Environment. By Thomas M. Mack and others. (Academic Press, Burlington, Massachusetts) 2004. 656 p.

["This volume is designed to provide both laypersons and professionals with a detailed description of the occurrence of each common form of cancer in the ethnically, socially, and environmentally complex milieu of a modern urban complex." Publisher's Announcement (2004) 1. NOTE: Cancers in the Urban Environment ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4322]

Return to the Table of Contents