Subject: Studies in the News 04-59 (September 9, 2004)


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Studies in the News for
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Children and Families Commission


Contents This Week

Introductory Material

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Preventing violence in relationships
DEMOGRAPHY
   Socioeconomic data of Americans
EDUCATION
   Educational services for autistic children
   Early childhood programs and evaluation
   Developing early literacy skills
   Developing an early preschool system
   Mentoring preschool teachers
   Educating preschoolers with special needs
HEALTH
   Head Start and health services
   Linking child care and health care systems
   SCHIP enrollment plateaus
   Increases in SCHIP allotments
   Health coverage of Americans
   Mental health consultations and Early Head Start
   Early child development guide
   Soda consumption and obesity
STUDIES TO COME
   Hodgkin's Lymphoma and day care
   Insurance for children with special health problems
   Risk factors for childhood obesity
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News: Children and Family Supplement is a service provided to the First 5 California by the California State Library. The service features weekly lists of current articles focusing on Children and Family policy. Prior lists can be viewed from the California State Library's Web site at www.library.ca.gov/CRB/SITN/.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Preventing Violence in Relationships: Interventions Across the Life Span. Edited by Paul A. Schewe. (American Psychological Association, Washington, DC) 2002. 289 p.

["The authors view relationship violence not only as something that may be prevented at many points during the life span of a person but also as something that must be prevented at key points, especially during childhood, if violence is to be reduced in the future. The contributors to this book focus on healthy interpersonal relationship skills as the basis for preventing violence." NOTE: Preventing Violence ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3929]

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DEMOGRAPHY

CENSUS

Income Stable, Poverty Up, Numbers of Americans With and Without Health Insurance Rise, Census Bureau Reports: Press Release. By the Public Information Office, U.S. Census Bureau. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) August 26, 2004.

["For the third year in a row, the number of Americans living in poverty grew, and many working families faced greater hardships as public services and wages eroded. More than 4 million more people live in poverty than did in 2000. The number of poor children has grown by nearly 1.3 million. In 2003, 5.6 million children were living in extreme poverty in a household earning less than $7,500 for a family of three." Connect for Kids Weekly (August 30, 2004).]

Press Release. 7 p.:
http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/income_wealth/002484.html

Income. Various pagings.:
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income.html

Poverty. Various pagings.:
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html

Health Insurance. Various pagings.:
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins.html

American Community Survey. Various pagings.
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/

[Request #S3930]

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EDUCATION

DISABILITIES

Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders in New York City: An Assessment of Current Special Education Service Delivery. By Advocates for Children. (The Advocates, Washington, DC) April 2000. 78 p.

Full Text at: www.advocatesforchildren.org/pubs/autism_report.doc

["This report highlights several of the issues surrounding the provision of educational services to the increasing number of students diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and finds that the growing number of students with ASD appears not to have been met with a proportional number of appropriate available services." Public Education Network Weekly (July 30, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3931]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Early Childhood Programs and Evaluation: [Issue Theme.] By the Harvard Family Research Project, Harvard Graduate School of Education. IN: The Evaluation Exchange, vol. 10, no. 2 (Summer 2004) pp. 1-32.

Full Text at: www.gse.harvard.edu/hfrp/content/eval/issue26/summer2004.pdf

[Includes: "Evaluating Early Childhood Services: What's Really Behind the Curtain;" "Transitioning to School: Policy, Practice and Reality;" "North Carolina's Smart Start Initiative: A Decade of Evaluation Lessons;" "Closing the Achievement Gap: Head Start and Beyond;" "The Road From Research to Outcomes;" "Thoughts on Early Childhood Research: Improving Connections;" and others.]

[Request #S3932]

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Building Early Literacy and Language Skills: A Resource and Activity Guide for Preschool and Kindergarten. By Lucy Hart Paulson, Western Montana Scottish Rite Childhood Language Disorders Clinic, University of Montana, and others. (Sopris West, Longmont, Colorado) 2001. 438 p.

["This book includes more than 70 effective activities that will help young children develop early literacy language skills. Presented in an easy to use format, these practical strategies and techniques make it possible to nurture language development naturally and playfully in children. These activities are based on current research in developing reading and writing skills." NOTE: Building Early Literacy and Language Skills ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3935]

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PRESCHOOL

"Getting from Here to There: To an Ideal Early Preschool System." By James J. Gallagher and others, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. IN: Early Childhood Research and Practice, vol. 6, no. 1 (Spring 2004) [online.]

Full Text at: ecrp.uiuc.edu/v6n1/clifford.html

["The development, care, and education of children from birth to age 5 has been the focus of rapidly increasing public interest, and numerous early childhood public policy initiatives have focused attention on a major problem of coordination and collaboration of services for young children. Four segments of services for young children - 1) child care, 2) Head Start, 3) services for children with disabilities, and 4) preschool programs - have all been major players in providing services for differing, and sometimes overlapping, populations of young children. Each group has a similar mission: to help children (most often with special needs or limited opportunities) master the skills and knowledge needed to adapt effectively to kindergarten at age 5. Each group has its own history and has developed more or less independently of the others. Because the groups developed independently, they have overlapping personnel preparation programs, evaluation efforts, and data systems. This paper explores some strategies for moving from independent and overlapping services toward a seamless system of early child care and nurturance provided by these four diverse players. The paper concludes with specific recommendations for achieving an integrated early childhood system."]

[Request #S3933]

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"Mentoring for Change: A Time Use Study of Teacher Consultants in Preschool Reform." By Sharon Ryan, National Institute for Early Education Research, Rutgers University, and others. IN: Early Childhood Research and Practice, vol. 6, no. 1 (Spring 2004) [online.]

Full Text at: ecrp.uiuc.edu/v6n1/ryan.html

["It is now widely recognized that if teachers are to improve their knowledge and skills, they need ongoing opportunities to try out new ideas within their own classroom contexts and with the help of skilled colleagues. Professional development from this perspective, therefore, not only involves teachers attending training sessions such as workshops or conferences but also receiving on-site technical assistance and mentoring in new instructional techniques. To ensure that preschool teachers receive this kind of training, policy makers in early education have begun to create different types of teacher consultant positions such as mentors and curriculum coaches. This paper reports the findings of study of 35 teacher consultants whose role was to provide curriculum assistance and professional development to preschool teachers in response to a court mandate."]

[Request #S3934]

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Successfully Educating Preschoolers with Special Needs: A Guide for Parents; A Tool for Educators; Preschool for Ages 2 1/2 to 5. By Edvantage Media. (Edvantage, Fair Haven, New Jersey) 2003. 30 minutes [Video.]

["This video describes the benefits of preschool for children with special needs. The special education services that preschoolers are entitled to are explained by experts in the field along with experienced parents. Key areas covered include: the evaluation process; transitioning to kindergarten; and preparing for school meetings." NOTE: Successfully Educating Preschoolers ... is available for 3 day loan.]

[Request #S3945]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Embracing Our Future: Health Services and Head Start. By the Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (The Administration, Washington, DC) 2004. Videorecording and Guide.

["The video shows how Head Start and Early Head Start programs are making a difference in the lives and health of four children and their families. These stories provide a basic picture of the primary health services that children and families receive while enrolled in Head Start. The four programs featured in the video are very different - some are rural, some urban, some serve migrant and seasonal families. However, they all have one thing in common: they use the Head Start Program Performance Standards that discuss health services to guide their work with children and families and to break down barriers so that children can get the health care they need." NOTE: Embracing Our Future ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3936]

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Linking the Child Care and Health Care Systems: A Consideration of Options. By Karen E. Walker and Angela Bowie, Public/Private Ventures. (Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) August 2004. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.ppv.org/ppv/publications/assets/175_publication.pdf

["This report examines strategies for linking the health and child care systems in an effort to improve poor children's health. Drawing on interviews with experts in policy, health and child care, the report provides funders and policymakers with a framework for thinking about future interventions." Public/Private Ventures Update (August 30, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3939]

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INSURANCE

National SCHIP Enrollment Plateaus. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-35. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 30, 2004. 4 p.

["As the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) completes its seventh year it appears to be ending its rapid national enrollment growth. Some state programs continue to grow in response to new state funding or programs waivers from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Other programs have been scaled back as budget pressures overcome interest in the program and in obtaining enhanced federal matching rates. This issue brief discusses the latest enrollment and expenditure data, and possible legislation to extend the availability of lapsing funds."]

[Request #S3937]

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FY 2005 SCHIP Back-Flip Ends Three Years of Reduced Allotments. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-34. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 30, 2004. 6 p.

["The unusual ten-year funding pattern for the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) high, low and high again -- will result in a $907 million (29%) increase in SCHIP allocations in federal fiscal year 2005. While all states will experience substantial growth in their allocations, the new input data and the unusual structure of the SCHIP formula has resulted in highly variable state-by-state increases."]

[Request #S3938]

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Health Insurance Coverage: Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, 2003. By Robin A. Cohen and Zakia Coriaty-Nelson, National Center for Health Statistics. (The Center, Hyattsville, Maryland) June 2004. 13 p.

Full Text at: www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/insur200406.pdf

["The percentage of uninsured children decreased to the lowest recorded level ever in 2003, but the overall percentage of uninsured working-age adults increased slightly, according to this survey. The survey found that the percentage of children under the age of 18 without insurance at the time of the household interview was 10.1% in 2003, compared with 13.9% of children without insurance at the time of the interview in 1997. While the percentage of total U.S. residents without insurance at the time of the interview remained steady at about 15% between 1997 and 2003, the percentage of working-age adults -- those ages 18 to 64 -- without coverage at the time of the interview increased to 20.1% in 2003 from 18.9% in 1997." California Healthline (July 1, 2004).]

[Request #S3940]

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MENTAL HEALTH

Mental Health Consultation to Infant-Family Programs; The Early Head Start Experience: [Issue Theme.] IN: Zero to Three, vol. 24, no. 6 (July 2004) pp. 1-67.

[Includes: "Building Infant Mental Health Capacity Through Consultation: Early Head Start's Approach;" "Starting Where the Program Is: Three Infant Mental Health Consultants Discuss Reflective Practice;" "A Journey of Hope: Forming Partnerships with Families and the Communities;" "Emotional Well-Being and Mental Health Services: Lessons Learned by Early Head Start Region VIII Programs;" and others. NOTE: Zero to Three is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3941]

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Social-Emotional Development in Young Children. By the Michigan Department of Community Health. (The Department, Lansing, Michigan) August 2004. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.mi.gov/documents/Social_Emotional_Development_in_Young_Children_Guide_88553_7.pdf

["This guide provides information on the importance of social and emotional development. It describes the signs of social and emotional well-being, red flags that should be cause for concern and basic strategies that practitioners can use to support social and emotional well-being. The resource list at the end recommends some helpful books and articles, assessment tools, and Web sites." Zero to Three Journal (July 2004) 66.]

[Request #S3946]

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OBESITY

"Increased Soft Drink Consumption is Contributing to an Increased Incidence of Obesity." By Amy Yule. IN: Nutrition Bytes, vol. 8, no. 2 (January 1, 2002) pp. 1-7.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1085&context=uclabiolchem/nutritionbytes

["Regular, non-diet, soft drinks are responsible for one-third of the excessive amount of added sweeteners in the diets of children and adolescents. Furthermore, BMI and the frequency of obesity were found to increase for each additional serving of sugar sweetened drinks consumed by children (10 to 12 years)."]

[Request #S3942]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

DAY CARE

"Childhood Social Environment and Hodgkin's Lymphoma: New Findings from a Population-Based Case-Control Study." By Ellen T. Chang and others. IN: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 13 (August 2004) pp. 1361-1370.

["Early exposure to other children at nursery school and day care seems to decrease the risk of Hodgkin's Lymphoma in young adults, most likely by facilitating childhood exposure to common infections and promoting maturation of cellular immunity. This finding supports the delayed infection model of Hodgkin's Lymphoma etiology in young adults while introducing a new major determinant of age at infection."]

[Request #S3943]

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INSURANCE

"Insurance for Children with Special Health Care Needs." By A.J. Davidoff. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 114, no. 2, pt. 1 (August 2004) pp. 394-403.

["Consistent with expectations, this analysis finds that CSHCN [children with special health care needs] had different patterns of insurance coverage than other children. The author found that compared with other children, CSHCN had higher rates of public insurance (29.8% vs. 18.5%), lower rates of private insurance (62.5% vs. 69.1%), and lower rates of being without insurance (8.1% vs. 11.5%)." Maternal and Child Health Alert (August 12, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3944]

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OBESITY

"Risk Factors for Childhood Overweight: A Prospective Study from Birth to 9.5 years." By W. S. Agrams and F. McNicholas. IN: Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 145, no. 1 (July 2004) pp. 20-25.

["The authors state that childhood overweight continues to increase, and that because a considerable proportion of cases of adult overweight begin in childhood, the development of effective prevention programs in childhood is important. They add that this depends on the identification of modifiable risk factors for childhood overweight. In the exploratory study described in this article, the authors assessed many established and hypothesized risk factors for the development of childhood overweight. The strongest risk factor for childhood overweight was parental overweight. Other risk factors included low parental concern about their child's thinness, children with persistent tantrums over food, and children's hours of sleep at ages 3 and 4." Maternal and Child Health Alert (August 12, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3947]

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