Subject: Studies in the News 04-57 (August 26, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News:
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Child custody and domestic violence
EDUCATION
   Stakeholders discuss pre-k research agenda
   State early childhood initiatives
   Preschool enrollment of immigrant children
   Preschool research in California
   Removing the barriers to preschool
   School readiness poll of kindergarten teachers
   Health care and school readiness
   Baselines for measuring school readiness
   Child welfare and school readiness
   Financing school readiness bibliography
   School readiness policy and budgeting
   Developing allies for school readiness
   Staff development and early childhood special education
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Pollutant found in state's milk
HEALTH
   Health disparities and patient-provider interactions
   Health referrals and Head Start enrollment
   Children's mental health
   Behavior problems in kindergartners
   State efforts to control obesity
   Proposed tax on vaccines
   Childhood influenza vaccine recommendations
HUMAN SERVICES
   Tiered reimbursement in child care settings
   Child well-being indicators
   State snapshots of child well-being
   Kid friendly cities
   Recommendations for strong families
   Marriage and poor parents
   Maternal parenting and children's conscience
STUDIES TO COME
   Importance of parents in early years
   Statistical data on children
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in Californiaís Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Libraryís website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Child Custody and Domestic Violence: A Call for Safety and Accountability. By Peter G. Jaffe and others. (Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California) 2003. 194 p.

["This book focuses on the complexity of the challenges facing judges, lawyers, legislators, and mental health professionals in developing safe and effective strategies for resolving custody disputes. The authors integrate the most recent clinical and legal issues in the field in considering the prevalence of divorce and domestic violence as well as the relevance of domestic violence in custody disputes." NOTE: Child Custody .... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3847]

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EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Setting a Research Agenda for Prekindergarten: Summary of a Conference Convened in the U.S. Capitol Building. By Anthony Raden. (Columbia Institute for Child and Family Policy, New York, New York) 2004. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.ffcd.org/uploadDocs/5.03.Raden.DC%20UPK%20Research%20Conference%20Summary.doc

["The primary purpose of the conference was to engage a diverse group of legislative staffers, state and federal policymakers, advocates and academic researchers in a dialogue about essential questions and issues necessary to develop a coordinated research agenda for prekindergarten. This report summarizes the presentations of the featured speakers and the group discussions that followed."]

[Request #S3852]

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A Compendium of Multi-State Early Childhood Initiatives. By Sheri Floyd and others. (State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network, Des Moines, Iowa) 2003. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.finebynine.org/pdf/Compdm.pdf

["This compendium provides a brief description of multi-state initiatives with a strong focus upon early childhood and at least some emphasis upon state policy development to improve early childhood care and education and therefore school readiness. The compendium organizes the initiatives into one of the following four categories: comprehensive school readiness, early care and education, health and physical well-being, and family well-being and self-sufficiency."]

[Request #S3854]

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PRESCHOOL EDUCATION

Preschool Enrollment: An Analysis by Immigrant Generation. By Barry Chiswick and Noyna DebBurman, University of Illinois at Chicago. IZA DP. No. 1226. (Institute for the Study of Labor (IZP), Bonn, Germany) July 2004.

["There has been minimal research on the preschool enrollment of immigrant children. Using 1990 U.S. Census data, this paper investigates preschool enrollment of child immigrants, those who immigrated as children and the U.S.-born children of immigrants. Preschool enrollment is found to vary systematically with parental characteristics (income and education), immigrant generation, number of siblings, motherís labor supply and country of origin. Among the foreign-born, differences in preschool enrollment are analyzed by country of origin."]

Full Report. 49 p.:
ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1226.pdf

[Request #S3848]

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Kids Can't Wait to Learn. By Susanna Cooper, Preschool California, and Kara Dukakis, Children Now. (Preschool California, Oakland, California) August 2004.

["This report pulls together authoritative research on preschool benefits; state and local enrollment rates; recent voter polling; demographic data; and media coverage to reveal that while California may be behind the preschool curve, Californians demand that it catch up. The report features enrollment rates and key demographic data for every California county. The report also outlines research showing that children who attend quality preschool are: 1) less likely to be placed in special education; 2) less likely to be held back in school; 3) higher achievers on standardized tests of reading and math; 4) better behaved in class; 5) more likely to graduate from high school and attend college; and 6) less likely to be arrested or spend time in jail than those who do not enroll."]

Executive Summary. 12 p.:
http://www.preschoolcalifornia.org/docs/pdf/pc-advocacy-report-summary-04.pdf

Full Report. 80 p.:
http://www.preschoolcalifornia.org/docs/pdf/pc-advocacy-report-04.pdf

[Request #S3849]

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Closing the Achievement Gaps: Removing the Barriers to Preschool in Connecticut. (Connecticut State Board of Education, Hartford, Connecticut) 2003. 25 p.

["Language development is a key feature of quality preschool programs. Programs that capitalize on children's built-in, natural interests for exploration directly enhance their language, cognitive and social-emotional growth. Preschool experiences using play-based learning centers and project theme approaches foster children's experimentation, interests, interaction with other children, action, movement, observation and repetition of success. Play-based experiences foster children's mental processes in that these opportunities help children to look for facts, predict what comes next and remember details." NOTE: Closing the Achievement Gaps ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3850]

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SCHOOL READINESS

National Kindergarten Teacher Survey: A National Survey of Kindergarten Teachers on the Preparedness of our Nation's Youngest Students. By Mason-Dixon Polling and Research. Prepared for Fight Crime: Invest in Kids. (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, Washington, DC) 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.fightcrime.org/reports/bts04poll.pdf

["This poll found that children who had not had access to pre-kindergarten programs were substantially less prepared to succeed in school than those who attended pre-kindergarten. Eighty-six percent of the teachers said poorly prepared students in the classroom negatively affect the progress of all children, even the best prepared. Nine out of ten teachers agreed that 'substantially more' children would succeed in school if all families had access to quality pre-kindergarten programs."]

[Request #S3851]

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Health Care and School Readiness: The Health Community's Role in Supporting Child Development: New Approaches and Model Legislation. By the State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network. (The Network, Des Moines, Iowa) 2003. 52 p.

Full Text at: www.finebynine.org/pdf/HCareSR.pdf

["With the continued policy focus in many states upon school readiness there is an opportunity to focus attention on the health community's role in child development and school readiness -- and what policies and supports states might provide to help health practitioners fulfill this role. This resource brief is a compilation of several different documents that provide an introduction to this topic and suggest possible policy actions, as well as highlight promising practices."]

[Request #S3853]

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Measuring Children's School Readiness: Options for Developing State Baselines and Benchmarks. By Charles Bruner and Abby Copeman, Child and Family Policy Center. (State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network, Des Moines, Iowa) 2003. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.finebynine.org/pdf/Baselines.pdf

["This document outlines the current thinking and work in the field on developing baselines and benchmarks for measuring a child's school readiness and options for states in developing such systems."]

[Request #S3855]

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Child Welfare and School Readiness: Making the Link for Vulnerable Children. By Linda McCart and Charles Bruner, Child and Family Policy Center. (State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network, Des Moines, Iowa) 2003. 49 p.

Full Text at: www.finebynine.org/pdf/CWSR.pdf

["This resource brief is designed to strengthen the connections between child welfare and other early childhood services in state and national efforts to promote and enhance optimal child development. This resource brief serves as a primer ... and also describes roles that the child welfare system can play in better addressing the educational and developmental needs of young children in their system."]

[Request #S3856]

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Financing School Readiness Strategies: An Annotated Bibliography. By Charles Bruner and others, Child and Family Policy Center. (State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network, Des Moines, Iowa) 2003. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.finebynine.org/pdf/FinancingSRStrategies.pdf

["This annotated bibliography describes some of the work in this field and is arranged by category. The first section deals with specific programmatic areas and financing resources; the second with more general financing issues and resources."]

[Request #S3857]

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School Readiness Policy and Budgeting: Template for Collecting State Baseline Information. By Charles Bruner, Child and Family Policy Center. (State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network, Des Moines, Iowa) 2003. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.finebynine.org/pdf/TemplateforCollecting.pdf

["The following outline is designed to assist states in developing the baseline information they need to assess where they are in meeting the school readiness needs of young children. The outline is organized into six subject areas, based upon policy and program responses to meeting the first four universal child needs."]

[Request #S3858]

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Beyond the Usual Suspects: Developing New Allies to Invest in School Readiness. By Charles Bruner, Child and Family Policy Center. (State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network, Des Moines, Iowa) May 2004. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.finebynine.org/pdf/usual_suspects.pdf

["Thanks to recent polling, a great deal is known about the general publicís views on early childhood. But what about teachers, health care professionals, business leaders, and others who are key to making school readiness a priority? The first section of this publication provides a brief overview of the importance of coalitions and interest groups in enacting meaningful public policies. The second section discusses specific groups of allies who should and can be enlisted as champions for early childhood, and suggests how to go about enlisting them. The third section describes organizations that can be sources of champions for school readiness."]

[Request #S3859]

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SPECIAL EDUCATION

DEC Personnel Preparation in Early Childhood Special Education: Implementing the DEC Recommended Practices. Edited by Vicki D. Stayton, The Division for Early Childhood, Council for Exceptional Children. (Sopris West, Longmont, Colorado) 2003. 235 p.

["This book provides guidance to higher education faculty and professional development specialists on how DEC recommended practices in personnel preparation can be implemented in preservice and inservice programs. Case studies from both preservice and inservice programs across the U.S. are provided as examples of how each of the seven categories of recommended practices might be implemented." NOTE: DEC Personnel Preparation ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3860]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

POLLUTION

Rocket Fuel Contamination in Milk. By the Environmental Working Group. (The Group, Oakland, California) June 22, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.ewg.org/reports/rocketmilk/

["The tests put focus on safety standards for perchlorate levels. Preliminary research shows traces of a rocket fuel ingredient in milk across California, prompting a debate about safety standards for the pervasive pollutant perchlorate." Sacramento Bee (June 22, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3328]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

Disparities in Patient Experiences, Health Care Processes, and Outcomes: The Role of Patient-Provider Racial, Ethnic, and Language Concordance. By Lisa A. Cooper and Neil R. Powe, Johns Hopkins University. (The Commonwealth Fund, New York, New York) July 2004. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/minority/cooper_raceconcordance_753.pdf

["Patients treated by doctors of the same racial or ethnic background generally experience greater satisfaction with their care and, in many cases, better outcomes. The findings, which were based on a comprehensive review of studies done on racial/ethnic and language concordance, highlight the need for greater minority representation within the health care workforce. Ethnic minorities are poorly represented among physicians and other health professionals and as a result, minority patients are often in 'racially discordant' patient-provider relationships."]

[Request #S3865]

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CHILDREN

"Effect of a Clinic-Based Referral System to Head Start." By Michael Silverstein and others. IN: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no. 8 (August 25, 2004) pp. 968-971.

["The integration of community resources with health care delivery is an important component of quality medical care. Although much has been written about referral patterns between primary care physicians and specialists, little is known about how primary care clinicians integrate their services with those of other community-based organizations. In 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended publicly funded development programs for impoverished preschool children and suggested the promotion of such programs as part of well-child care. The authors undertook a randomized controlled trial of a clinic-based referral system to Head Start."]

[Request #S3862]

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MENTAL HEALTH

Children's Mental Health Fact Sheets. By the Bazelon Center for Children's Mental Health Law. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004.

["The Bazelon Center has created a new collection of fact sheets on unmet needs among children with emotional disturbance, highlighting the consequences of gaps in care and recommendations to improve services." Moving Ideas News (August 18, 2004).]

Facts on Children's Mental Health. 3 p.:
http://www.bazelon.org/issues/children/factsheets/children-fact%20sheet%20final.pdf

Children's Mental Illness and Substance Abuse. 4 p.:
http://www.bazelon.org/issues/children/factsheets/kidsmisafacts.pdf

Services for Youth with Mental Illness. 3 p.:
http://www.bazelon.org/issues/children/factsheets/transitionalservices.pdf

Insurance for Children with Mental Health Needs. 5 p.:
http://www.bazelon.org/issues/insurance/factsheets/children.pdf

[Request #S3863]

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Early Childhood Mental Health in Tarrant County: An Interim Report. By Mental Health Connection of Tarrant County. (The Connection, Fort Worth, Texas) February 5, 2004. 37 p.

Full Text at: www.firsttexascampfire.org/C4S/ECMHFinalReport2-04.pdf

["School counselors say today's kindergartners are experiencing more emotional and behavioral problems than their counterparts five years ago. The survey found that students are violent, lack discipline and show no respect for authority. It blamed the problems on issues including fractured families, a lack of structure for children and a growing incivility in public discourse. National studies show that about 10 percent of preschool and young school-age children behave aggressively and that 25 percent of young economically disadvantaged children do. The impact on schools is substantial: Learning is disrupted, teachers are burning out, and administrators have less time to spend on education." Star-Telegram.com (August 15, 2004).]

[Request #S3864]

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OBESITY

State Efforts to Control Obesity. By Zoltan Acs and others, University of Baltimore. (The University, Baltimore, Maryland)

["Half of all states are failing -- and another 10 just keeping pace -- to control obesity (medically defined as a body-mass index equal to or greater than 30), according to this report card. Obesity harms more than the adults and children it affects. It also costs the United States tens of billions of dollars annually in health care costs. The report found only one state, Arkansas, that is taking significant steps via legislation, regulation and education to combat obesity among its population." Connect for Kids Weekly (August 24, 2004).]

State Obesity Map. Various pagings.:
http://www.ubalt.edu/experts/obesity/map.html

Obesity Report Card. Various pagings.:
http://www.ubalt.edu/experts/obesity/states.html

[Request #S3866]

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VACCINES

Proposed Expanded Tax on Vaccines. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-22. (FFIS, Washington, DC) June 23, 2004. 3 p.

["The Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund collects 75 cents for each dose of specified pediatric vaccines to relieve manufacturers of most potential liability arising from their use. The House-passed American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 would extend this coverage retroactively to Hepatitis A and influenza vaccines, relieving providers of potential liability and adding slightly to the cost of state immunization programs."]

[Request #S3867]

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New Recommendations for Childhood Influenza Vaccine. By Johanna Donlin, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 34. (NCSL, Denver Colorado) August/September 2004. 2 p.

["The Advisory Committee on Immunizations Practices recently announced its new recommendations for routine use of influenza vaccine for children age 6 to 23 months.... In addition, the committee recommends the vaccine for those individuals in close contact with children from birth to 23 months old."]

[Request #S3868]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Tiered Reimbursement in Minnesota Child Care Settings. By Kathryn Tout and Martha Zaslow, Child Trends. A Report of the Minnesota Child Care Policy Research Partnership. (Child Trends, Washington, DC) July 2004. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.dhs.state.mn.us/main/groups/children/documents/pub/DHS_id_027966.pdf

["Tiered reimbursement is a policy strategy that has become increasingly prevalent in states to improve the quality of child care. While the specific provisions of tiered reimbursement policies vary from state to state, the basic feature is that child care providers offering high quality care (defined in a number of different ways) are eligible to receive a reimbursement rate that is higher than the maximum rate (established by the state through a market survey) for their particular type of care when they care for children receiving child care assistance. This report examines the effectiveness of Minnesota's 10-year old reimbursement policies."]

[Request #S3869]

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CHILDREN

America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2004. By the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (The Forum, Washington, DC) July 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: childstats.gov/americaschildren/pdf/ac04brief.pdf

["This report on the well-being of America's children finds strong gains in some areas -- a record low teen birth rate, a lower death rate for kids and young teens, and a drop in the likelihood that youth will be victims or perpetrators of violent crimes. Among the less promising findings: a rise in the percentage of children living in poverty, greater incidence of overweight, and small increases in the percentage of low birth weight infants and the percentage of babies who die before their first birthday." Connect for Kids Weekly (July 20, 2004).]

[Request #S3870]

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A Nation and Century Defining Time: Where is America Going? By the Children's Defense Fund. (The Fund, Washington, DC) 2004. 80 p.

Full Text at: www.cdfactioncouncil.org/actionguide/2004.pdf

["Included are state by state snapshots on: child poverty; children's health insurance coverage; child care, Head Start, and pre-kindergarten enrollment; public education; youth at risk; firearm deaths of children and teens; and more." Moving Ideas News (August 18, 2004).]

[Request #S3871]

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Kid Friendly Cities: Report Card 2004. By Population Connection. (The Connection, Washington, DC) 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.kidfriendlycities.org/2004/

["Along with ranking 100 cities and towns, this report offers model programs that improve the quality of life for children in their communities -- including policy interventions that aim to reduce the number of teenage pregnancies and births, including comprehensive sex education and access to reproductive health care services. The report also offers data on high school graduates, kids in poverty, violent crime rates and other indicators." Connect for Kids Weekly (August 17, 2004).]

[Request #S3872]

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FAMILIES

Policy Matters: Setting and Measuring Benchmarks for State Policy: Encouraging Strong Family Relationships: Recommendations for State Policy. By the Center for the Study of Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) June 2004.

["This book takes a look at recent changes in the American family structure, economic prospects, and parenting. It offers a framework for improving the strength of family relationships that emphasizes ensuring the healthy formation of families, the active participation of both parents in childrearing, and supporting families through difficult transitions and circumstances. The report presents evidence for eleven state policy recommendations and benchmarks for efforts to make sure every child grows up in a stable home with warm, supportive relationships."]

Policy Brief. 24 p.:
http://www.cssp.org/uploadFiles/Strong_Family_Brief_final.pdf

Full Report. 73 p.:
http://www.cssp.org/uploadFiles/Strong_Family_Book_final.pdf

[Request #S3873]

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PARENTS

I Can't Give You Anything but Love: Would Poor Couples with Children be Better off Economically if They Married? By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy. Policy Brief. No. 5 (The Center, Washington, DC) August 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1093288195.25/marr_brf_5.pdf

["Policymakers and researchers alike are debating whether marriage might be an anti-poverty strategy for families with children. Some believe that if more parents married, there would be a substantial decrease in poverty. Others suggest that increasing the marriage rate among poor and near-poor parents, while not dramatically reducing poverty, would make a significant dent in the poverty rate for families with children. Still others are highly skeptical of these claims. This issue brief summarizes recent research bearing on the validity of these viewpoints."]

[Request #S3874]

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"Maternal Parenting and Children's Conscience: Early Security as Moderator." By Grazyna Kochanska and others. IN: Child Development, vol. 75, no. 4 (July/August 2004) pp. 1229-1242.

["Socialization research is shifting from direct links between parenting and children's outcomes toward models that consider parenting in the context of other factors. This study proposed that the effects of maternal responsive, gentle parenting on child conscience are moderated by the quality of their relationship.... The child's security and trust in the caregiver, assessed at 14 months, rendered him or her receptive and eager to accept the caregiver's socialization agenda."]

[Request #S3875]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

Connecting with Parents in the Early Years. By Jean Mendoza and others, College of Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (Clearinghouse on Early Education and Parenting, Champaign, Illinois) December 2003. 211 p.

Full Text at: ceep.crc.uiuc.edu/pubs/connecting.html

["Parents play a crucial role in helping young children get ready for school, and educators and policymakers want to strengthen parental involvement in child care centers and preschools. Whatís lacking is rigorous qualitative and quantitative research to guide practice, according to this Clearinghouse on Early Education and Parenting summary of a symposium and literature review." Connect for Kids Weekly (August 24, 2004). NOTE: Connecting with Parents ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3876]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILDREN

The State of America's Children Yearbook 2004. By the Children's Defense Fund. (The Fund, Washington, DC) July 2004. 202 p.

["This yearbook features the most recent data available on our nation's children and reviews developments in family income and child poverty, hunger and food assistance, child health, child care, Head Start and school-- age care, education, children and families in crisis, and juvenile justice and youth development. The book paints a troubling picture based on the most recent statistical data and analyses of an unacceptably high number of children who are still being left behind, including: one in six children in the United States continues to live in poverty; one in eight children - 9.3 million - have no health insurance; only 31 percent of fourth graders read at or above grade level; an estimated three million children were reported as suspected victims of child abuse and neglect; almost one in ten teens ages 16 to 19 is a school dropout; and eight children and teens die from gunfire in the U.S. each day." Children's Defense Fund Violence Prevention Listserv (July 16, 2004). NOTE: The State of America's Children ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3877]

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