Subject: Studies in the News 04-33 (May 14, 2004)


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Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Statistics on children's firearm deaths
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Immigration and education
EDUCATION
   Gender differences in developmental reading disability
   Curricula and pedagogies in early childhood education
   Emotional development of young children
   Importance of early relationships
   Lessons from French preschools
HEALTH
   Child care health and safety performance standards
   GIS and health applications
HUMAN SERVICES
   Increasing child care options legislatively
   Economic value of child care providers
STUDIES TO COME
   Effect of attention in the preschool classroom
   Brain study of poor readers
   Early dental health and physicians
   Spanking and later behavior problems
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News (SITN) is a current compilation of policy-related items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information & Reference Center to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state employees and other interested individuals, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

FIREARMS

Protect Children Instead of Guns. By the Children's Defense Fund. (The Fund, Washington, DC) 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.childrensdefense.org/education/gunviolence/gunreport_2004.pdf

["The report offers the latest facts and statistics on youth firearm deaths by manner, age groups, and race. It also presents three-year trends for child and teen gun deaths for each state, and the District of Columbia. The report shows that the number of youth gun deaths continues to be unacceptably high. In a single year, 2,911 children and teens (ages 0-19) were lost to gunfire in the United States. When compared to rest of the industrialized countries, the problem is even more troubling. The rate of firearm deaths among children under age 15 is almost 12 times higher in the United States than in 25 other industrialized countries combined." CDF Violence Prevention Listserv (May 11, 2004).]

[Request #S2050]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

IMMIGRATION

Immigration and Education [Special Issue.] IN: Harvard Educational Review, vol. 71, no. 3 (Fall 2001) pp. 345-639.

[Includes: "The Work Kids Do: Mexican and Central American Immigrant Children's Contributions to Households and Schools in California;" "The Value of Hard Work: Lessons on Parent Involvement from an (Im)migrant Household;" "The Effects of Immigrant Generation and Ethnicity on Educational Attainment Among Young African and Caribbean Blacks in the United States;" and others. NOTE: Harvard Educational Review is available for a 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2051]

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EDUCATION

DYSLEXIA

"Sex Differences in Developmental Reading Disability." By Michael Rutter and others. IN: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), vol. 291, no. 16 (April 28, 2004) pp. 2007-2012.

["Dyslexia May Be More Common in Boys: Dyslexia really is more common in boys than girls, new research says, contradicting studies suggesting that boys are simply more likely to be diagnosed with the problem because they tend to act up in class when they get frustrated. The findings suggest boys are at least twice as likely to have dyslexia, a learning disability that involves trouble with reading .... Dyslexia was found in 18 percent to about 22 percent in boys, compared with 8 percent to 13 percent in girls." San Francisco Chronicle (April 28, 2004) A5.]

[Request #S2062]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Starting Strong: Curricula and Pedagogies in Early Childhood Education and Care: Five Curriculum Outlines. By the Directorate for Education, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (The Directorate, Paris, France) March 2004. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/23/36/31672150.pdf

["The present report stems from a workshop for the national coordinators of early childhood policy hosted by the Ministry of Education and Science in Stockholm, 11th – 13th June 2003. The topic for discussion was 'Curricula and Pedagogies in early childhood education.' Four well-known ECEC curricula were presented by their authors at the work-shop: Reggio Emilia by Dr. Carlina Rinaldi, Te Whăriki by Professor Helen May, Experiential Education by Professor Ferre Laevers and High/Scope by Dr. Dave Weikart. Since the work-shop was held in Sweden and introduced by the Minister of Preschool, Lena Hallengren, the Swedish Curriculum is also presented in this paper by Professor Ingrid Pramling, who – in association with Sonja Sheridan and Pia Williams from Göteborg University - also prepared the second chapter of this report. The report outlines each of these curricula, using in so far as possible the written documents supplied by the speakers."]

[Request #S2052]

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The Emotional Development of Young Children: Building an Emotion-Centered Curriculum. By Marilou Hyson. (Teachers College Press, New York, New York) 2004. 193 p.

["The last 20 years have witnessed a remarkable revival of interest in the study of emotions and of early emotional development, subjects that had been virtually ignored in previous decades. The author links emotional competence to school readiness and to a broad range of important child outcomes and also provides educators with real-life examples and evidence-based teaching strategies to advance children's understanding and appropriate expression of their emotions." NOTE: The Emotional Development of Young Children ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2053]

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Emotional Connections: How Relationships Guide Early Learning. By Perry McArthur Butterfield and others. (Zero to Three Press, Washington, DC) 2004. 202 p.

["This is a book about the importance of responsive relationships in early childhood settings. It is designed to teach students about emotional development, about the ways in which relationships enhance learning, and about how caregivers can meet the emotional needs of the children in their care. The strategies will help to teach the importance of emotional connections and to develop the necessary relationship-building skills." NOTE: Emotional Connections ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2063]

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PRESCHOOL

Equal From the Start: Promoting Educational Opportunity for All Preschool Children: Learning from the French Experience. By Michelle J. Neuman and Shanny Peer. (French-American Foundation, New York, New York) 2002. 65 p.

[Includes: "Early Education in France and the United States: Similar Goals, Different Approaches;" "Educating Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children;" "Bridging Families, Schools, and Communities;" and others. NOTE: Equal From the Start ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2054]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care Programs. (American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Illinois) 1995. Video series.

["These videos help you visualize the standards and demonstrate how the standards can be used to improve the quality of child care. The standards were developed ... to prevent illnesses and injuries and promote health and safety in child care programs." NOTE: Caring for Our Children ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2055]

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RESEARCH

Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications. By Omar Khan, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health. (Idea Group Publishing, Hershey, Pennsylvania) 2003. 325 p.

["The use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the health sector is an idea whose time has come .... The present GIS environment is heavily driven by technology and such an approach is indeed logical for the most part. However, the needs of less-developed countries in utilizing the concepts and technologies of mapping should not be neglected in the continuing evolution of GIS." NOTE: Geographic Information Systems ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2056]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

The Balancing Act: HR 3780: As Introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives. By Representative Lynn Woolsey. (Government Printing Office, Washington, DC) February 4, 2004.

["Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D-CA) has introduced 'The Balancing Act' (HR 3780) to address many of the problems facing parents seeking quality child care by increasing child care options for children under three and disabled children; encouraging businesses to provide child care for their employee's families; improving teacher quality and retention; and increasing the number of child care facilities and improving existing facilities, nationwide." Connect for Kids Weekly (May 10, 2004).]

Press Release. 4 p.:
http://www.woolsey.house.gov/newsarticle.asp?RecordID=295

The Balancing Act: HR 3780: As Introduced. 131 p.:
http://www.woolsey.house.gov/supportingfiles/hr3780.pdf

The Balancing Act: HR 3780: As Introduced, Summary. 3 p.:
http://www.woolsey.house.gov/newsarticle.asp?RecordID=261

[Request #S2057]

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We Are Not Babysitters: Family Child Care Providers Redefine Work and Care. By Mary C. Tuominen. (Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey) 2003. 207 p.

[Includes: "Some People Don't Consider it Work: Investigating the Work of Family Child Care;" "You're Just a Housewife: Contesting Stereotypes about Motherhood, Marriage, and Family Child Care;" and others. NOTE: We Are Not Babysitters ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2058]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

PRESCHOOL

"Attention in the Preschool Classroom: The Relationships Among Child Gender, Child Misbehavior, and Types of Teacher Attention." By Jennifer Dobbs, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, and others. IN: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 174, no. 3 (June 2004) pp. 281-295.

["Research in preschool classrooms has shown that boys receive more attention from their teachers than girls do, and also that misbehavior is positively associated with teacher attention .... This study examined the relationships among child gender, child misbehavior, and specific types of non-disciplinary teacher attention .... Girls received more positive interactions than boys, and misbehavior predicted commands unrelated to discipline. Both gender and misbehavior were involved in the prediction of rewards. When these relationships were examined within Puerto Rican, Black, and Caucasian groups, some differences in attention distribution appeared."]

[Request #S2059]

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READING

"Development of Left Occipitotemporal Systems for Skilled Reading in Children After a Phonologically-Based Intervention." By Sally Shaywitz and others. IN: Biological Psychiatry, vol. 55, no. 9 (May 1, 2004) pp. 926-933.

["Scientists Offer Hope for Poor Readers: Teachers can only wonder what's going on in the heads of their students, but Yale University researchers are looking directly into the brains of poor readers with new imaging technology to measure how reading lessons reorganize the structure and function of young minds. As the slow readers leap ahead in only one school year, areas of their brains that meld sounds with letters to give meaning to words physically change to resemble those of good readers." Chicago Tribune (May 2, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S2060]

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HEALTH

DENTAL CARE

"Physicians' Roles in Preventing Dental Caries in Preschool Children." By J.D. Bader and others. IN: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 26, no. 4 (April 2004) pp. 315-325.

["'The evidence base for recommendations to physicians about dental caries prevention in young children needs to be strengthened,' state the authors ... The authors conclude that 'evidence for the effectiveness of traditionally recommended primary care clinician interventions (screening, referral, counseling) to prevent dental caries in preschool children is lacking.' They add that although there is fair evidence for the effectiveness of fluoride supplementation and fluoride varnish, 'there is also evidence indicating that physicians' consideration of fluoride exposure is incomplete, thus increasing the risk for fluorosis among those prescribed supplements.'" Maternal and Child Health Alert (May 6, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S2061]

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MENTAL HEALTH

"Spanking in Early Childhood and Later Behavior Problems: A Prospective Study of Infants and Young Toddlers." By Eric P. Slade and Lawrence S. Wissow, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 5 (May 2004) pp. 1321-1330.

["Among white non-Hispanic children, but not among black and Hispanic children, spanking frequency before age 2 is significantly and positively associated with child behavior problems at school age. These findings are consistent with those reported in studies of children older than 2 years but extend these findings to children who are spanked beginning at a relatively early age."]

[Request #S2064]

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