Subject: Studies in the News 04-28 (April 27, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1854 - "Any place where six dead bodies had been buried was 'declared' to be a 'public grave-yard.' Many of those cemeteries remain in use today. This declaration by the Legislature that the lands that were in use for burying grounds were public grave-yards was similar in nature to the way in which both the State and the counties were then making declarations that roads used by the public were 'public highways.' http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/county/eldorado/history_law.htm "    

1854 - "In 1854 Amador County was created from part of Calaveras County; Plumas County was created from part of Butte County; and Stanislaus County was created from part of Tuolumne County. Before 1854 Benicia was renamed El Dorado, Fremont was renamed Yolo, Mt. Diablo was renamed Contra Costa, San Jose was renamed Santa Clara, Oro was renamed Tuolumne, and Redding was renamed Shasta. http://www.csac.counties.org/counties_close_up/county_history/chronology.html "    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   World court rules on prisoner rights in U.S.
   Violent crime statistics dropping
   Assessing risk for re-offense
   Three strikes law hit in court
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Desegregation and neighborhoods
   Segration of minorities in metropolitan areas
DEMOGRAPHY
   Fastest growing counties
   National survey of Latinos
ECONOMY
   Market shares of agricultural exports
   File sharing and record sales
   Income inequality for households
   California's international trade gateways
   Outsourcing creates jobs at home
   Technology and public policy
EDUCATION
   School achievement scores
   Preserving diversity in higher education
   Status of UC Merced campus development
   Reading progress in great city schools
EMPLOYMENT
   Workers living in poverty
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   474 U. S. counties fail air standards
   Issues in regulation of genetically modified crops
   Climate change and clean car solutions
   Index of leading environmental indicators
   Court limits California's anti-toxics labeling
   Report of ocean policy commission
   Most endangered rivers
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   California's 2004 primary election
   Federal competitive grants
   Alternative minimum tax
   Average household's tax payment
   Imbalance in corporate and personal income taxes
   Ensuring state budget stability
   State government finances WWII to the present
   Some corporations avoiding taxes
   Public's true budget priorities
HEALTH
   Access to medical care for children of farm workers
   Children and health care
   Audit of county emergency medical services funds
   Children and environmental health
   Plan for Medi-Cal fraud
HOUSING
   Affordable housing crisis
   Low income renters
HUMAN SERVICES
   SSI and child support
   Comparative measures of child well-being
   Vitamin and mineral deficiency
   Children and underage parents
TRANSPORTATION
   Airline quality ratings
WASHINGTON READER
   California Institute's briefing of federal issues
STUDIES TO COME
   Executive compensation
   Successful after-school programs
   Challenges facing middle schools
   United States tax policy
   Antidepressant use and preschoolers
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News (SITN) is a current compilation of policy-related items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information & Reference Center to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state employees and other interested individuals, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

Case Concerning Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States of America). International Court of Justice. General List No. 128. March 31, 2004. 61. p

Full Text at: 212.153.43.18/icjwww/idocket/imus/imusjudgment/imus_imusjudgment_20040331.pdf

["For years, foreign governments have berated the United States for failing to tell alien criminal suspects of their right to contact their country's consulate, a right provided in the 1963 Vienna Convention, which this country has ratified.... Now, the International Court of Justice has ruled, in a case brought by Mexico, that U.S. authorities denied due process to 51 Mexicans now on death row in nine states by not informing them of their rights." Sacramento Bee (April 16, 2004) B6.]

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CRIME STATISTICS

Crime in 2003: January Through December: Preliminary Report. By Criminal Justice Statistics Center, California Department of Justice, (The Center, Sacramento, California.) 2004 2 p.

Full Text at: ag.ca.gov/cjsc/publications/preliminarys/jd03/jd03net.pdf

["Violent Crimes Drop, Property Crimes Rise: Violent crimes in the state dropped in 2003 over the previous year just over 3 percent, while property crimes increased by nearly the same amount, according to preliminary statistics.... The state surveys the occurrence of four violent crimes -- homicide, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault -- and four property crimes: burglary, motor vehicle thefts, larceny and arson." San Francisco Chronicle (April 14, 2004) B3.]

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JUVENILE DELINQUENCY

Assessing Risk for Re-Offense: Validating the Washington State Juvenile Court Assessment. By the Washington State Institute for Public Policy. 04-03-1201 (The Institute, Olympia, Washington) 2004. 19 p.

Full Text at: www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/04-03-1201.pdf

["This report describes the purpose, development, and application of the assessment for the Community Juvenile Accountability Act in the juvenile courts [with] an examination of the validity of the assessment."]

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THREE-STRIKES LAW

Isaac Ramirez v. R.A. Castro, Warden. United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. No. 02-56066. April 19, 2004. 16 p.

["Three-strikes Saw Takes Hit in Court; 25-year Shoplifting Sentence Tossed: A federal appeals court renewed its effort to limit the scope of California's three-strikes law, striking down the 25-years-to-life sentence of a Southern California man who stole a VCR from a department store and had a relatively minor criminal record." San Francisco Chronicle (April 20, 2004) A1.]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

INTEGRATION

Race and Residence: Prospects for Stable Neighborhood Integration. By Lynette Rawlings and others, Urban Institute. Neighborhood Change in Urban America. No. 3. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 2004. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310985_NCUA3.pdf

["Although most neighborhoods in large metropolitan areas remain either exclusively white or predominantly black, there has been a slow decline in residential segregation in the last few decades. As a result, more neighborhoods in metropolitan America are shared by blacks and whites today than in the past." Urban Institute Update (April 14, 2004).]

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"Segregation of Minorities in the Metropolis: Two Decades of Change." By John R. Logan and others. IN: Demography, vol. 41, no. 1 (February 2004) pp 1 - 22.

Full Text at: www.prb.org/cpipr/demography/Logan.pdf

["Data from Census 2000 show that black-white segregation declined modestly at the national level after 1980, while Hispanic and Asian segregation rose in most metropolitan areas."]

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DEMOGRAPHY

CENSUS

Population Estimates for the 100 U.S. Counties with the Largest Numerical Increase from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2003. By the U. S. Census Bureau (The Bureau, Washington, DC) April 8, 2004. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/countypop2.pdf

["While Southern California and the Central Valley added thousands of new residents in 2002-03, four Bay Area counties experienced population declines, with San Francisco losing more than any other county in the state, according to new census data." San Francisco Chronicle (April 9, 2004) B1.]

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LATINOS

Survey Briefs From the 2002 National Survey of Latinos. By the Kaiser Family Foundation (The Foundation ) March 17, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.kff.org/kaiserpolls/pomr031704pkg.cfm

["The 2002 National Survey of Latinos explored the attitudes and experiences of the Hispanic population in the United States on topics such as identity, assimilation, discrimination, and health care." Includes: "Latinos in California, Texas, New York, Florida and New Jersey;" "Generational Differences;" "Health Care Experiences;" "Bilingualism;" "Assimilation and Language;" and "2002 National Survey of Latinos."]

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ECONOMY

AGRICULTURE

An Assessment of Market Shares of California Agricultural Exports in 2002. By Jose E. Bervejillo and Daniel A. Sumner, Agricultural Issues Center, University of California, Davis. AIC Issues Brief. No. 24. (The Center, Davis, California) March 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: aic.ucdavis.edu/pub/briefs/brief23.pdf

["This study estimates the California shares of selected agricultural commodities in selected markets for 2002. California agricultural exports totaled $6.5 billion in 2002.... About 18 percent of the state's agricultural production is shipped overseas.... Although California sells agricultural products to about 150 countries, 10 countries account for 88 percent of the export value."]

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ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT

The Effect of Files Sharing on Record Sales: An Empirical Analysis. By Felis Oberholzer, Harvard Business School, and Kolemna Strumpf, University of North Carolina. (The University, Chapel Hill, North Carolina) March 2004. 52 p.

Full Text at: www.unc.edu/~cigar/papers/FileSharing_March2004.pdf

["There is tremendous interest in understanding the economic effects of (music) file sharing.... File sharing has only had a limited effect on record sales.... Downloads were matched to the album ... for which we have concurrent U.S. weekly sales data. This allow us to consider the relationship between downloads and sales. In total, the estimates indicate that the sales decline over 2000-2002 was not primarily due to file sharing."]

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INCOME INEQUALITY

Income and Inequality: Millions Left Behind. By Economic Policy Commission, Americans for Democratic Action, Inc. (The Commission, Washington, DC) 2004. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.adaction.org/Income2004.pdf

["The widening income gap between the wealthiest Americans and the rest of Americans continues to be one of the most challenging economic trends facing this nation.... The gap between rich and poor is now bigger than it has been since the 1930s. An incredible 98% of the 1979-1992 gain in total household income went to the wealthiest twenty percent of households. The remaining 2% gain in total household income was shared by the remaining 80% of households."]

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INTERNATIONAL TRADE

California's Global Gateways: Trends and Issues. By John D. Haverman and David Hummels, Public Policy Institute of California (The Institute, San Francisco, California) April 2004. 128 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_404JHR.pdf

["Fewer goods are being imported and exported by air through California because of traffic congestion around the state's airports and cheaper direct flights to other states, according to a report.... The total share of U.S. airborne trade handled by Los Angeles' and San Francisco's International Airports fell to 21% from 38% from 1995 to 2002." Los Angeles Times (April 15, 2004) 1.]

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OUTSOURCING

The Offshore Road to Serfdom. By Adrian Moore and Ted Balaker, American Legislative Exchange Council. ALEC Issue Analysis. (The Council, Washington, DC) April 2004. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.alec.org/meSWFiles/pdf/0411.pdf

["When companies save money by sending rote work overseas, they invest more to create new jobs at home. An analysis of labor data shows that while more than 70,000 computer programmers have lost their jobs since 1999, more than 115,000 higher paid computer software engineers have been hired since 1999."]

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TECHNOLOGY

Technology, Productivity, and Public Policy. FRBSF Economic Letter. No. 2004-07. (The Bank, San Francisco) March 12, 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2004/el2004-07.pdf

["This Economic Letter summarizes papers presented at the conference 'Technology, Productivity, and Public Policy' held at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco on November 7–8, 2003."]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Individual Growth and School Success. By Martha S. McCall and others, Northwest Evaluation Association. (The Association, Lake Oswego, Oregon) April 13, 2004. 33 p.

Full Text at: www.young-roehr.com/nweastudy/NWEA_2004_Growth_Study_fina.pdf

["Study Warns About School Achievement Scores; High Average Rating May Mask Poor Job of Raising Individual Performance: A new study of 270,000 public school students warns that the No Child Left Behind law may prompt some parents to send children from low-performing schools to others that appear to foster high achievement but do a poor job of raising individual student scores."]

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AFFIRMATIVE ACTION

Preserving Diversity in Higher Education: A Manual on Admissions Policies and Procedures After the University of Michigan Decisions. (Equal Justice Society, San Francisco, California) April 1, 2004. 385 p.

Full Text at: www.equaljusticesociety.org/compliancemanual/Preserving_Diversity_In_Higher_Education.pdf

["Legal Experts Publish Higher Education Admissions Compliance Manual; Provides Guidance for Admissions Officers on Anniversary of U.S. Supreme Court Arguments in University of Michigan Cases: Preserving Diversity describes the legal and constitutional framework appropriate for reviewing race-conscious admissions policies and provides guidelines for developing such policies in the aftermath of the University of Michigan decisions." PR Newswire (April 1, 2004) 1.]

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HIGHER EDUCATION

Status of UC Merced Campus Development: Hearing. Presented to Assembly Select Committee on the Development of a 10th University of California Campus. State Capitol, Sacramento, California. April 14, 2004. Charts.

[Includes: "Construction Schedule;" "Central Valley Demographics;" "Economic Impact of Merced;" "Faculty;" "Faculty Teaching Activities;" "Student Interest in UC Merced;" "Student Affairs Functions;" "Information Technology;" "Leveraging Resources;" "Attracting New Resources;" "What Will Be Lost;" and "What Will Be Gained."]

[Request #S404]

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STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

"Study Shows Urban School Progress Since No Child Left Behind." By the Council of the Great City Schools. IN: Urban Educator, vol. 13, no. 1 (March 2004) online.

Full Text at: www.cgcs.org/urbaneducator/2004/mar_vol_13_no_3_2/mar_vol_13_no_3_2.html

["Students in the largest urban public-school systems showed improvement in reading and math in the first year under the federal No Child Left Behind law, according to a coalition of inner-city schools. The study reviewed the test scores from 61 urban school districts in 37 states. It compared 2002 and 2003 test results."]

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EMPLOYMENT

POVERTY

The Working Poor, Invisible in America. By David K. Shipler. (Random House, Inc., New York, New York) 2004. 319 p.

["We meet a drifting farmworker in North Carolina, exploited garment workers in New Hampshire, illegal immigrants trapped in the steaming kitchens of Los Angeles restaurants, addicts who struggle into producing work from the cruel streets of the nation's capital -- each life another aspect of a confounding, far-reaching urgent national crisis. And unlike most works on poverty, this one delves into the calculations of some employers as well -- their razor-thin profits, their anxieties about competition from abroad, their frustrations in finding qualified workers." NOTE: Working Poor. . . will be available for 3-day loan.]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AIR POLLUTION

Final Rule to Implement the 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard – Phase 1. By the Environmental Protection Agency. (The Agency, Washington, DC) April 2004.

Full Text at: www.epa.gov/ozonedesignations/

["Counties in 31 states are flunking air-quality standards, drawing a federal warning to clean up industrial plants, put new restrictions on cars and take other action to make their air less polluted. Nearly 500 counties, mostly in California and the eastern third of the country, were cited as having too much smog-causing pollution in violation of the federal clean air law." Associated Press (April 15, 2004) 1.

Federal Rule. 279 p.:
http://www.epa.gov/ozonedesignations/finalrule.pdf

Fact sheet. 3 p.:
http://www.epa.gov/ozonedesignations/finrulefs.htm

State designations. 2 p.:
http://www.epa.gov/ozonedesignations/regions/region9desig.htm

[Request #S1859]

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BIOTECHNOLOGY

Issues in the Regulation of Genetically Engineered Plants and Animals. By the University of Richmond. (Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, Washington, DC) April 2004.

["Federal regulation of the increasingly exotic products of the biotechnology industry may soon be inadequate to assure the public the products are safe, according to a new report.... The report cites numerous examples to make the case that action by the federal government is needed to ensure credible oversight of an industry that is tinkering with the very foundations of life." Washington Post (April 1, 2004) E3.]

Executive summary. 15 p.:
http://pewagbiotech.org/research/regulation/RegulationExecSum.pdf

Report. 174 p.:
http://pewagbiotech.org/research/regulation/Regulation.pdf

[Request #S1860]

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CLIMATE CHANGE

Global Warming Solutions for California Cars. By Louise Wells Bedsworth, Union of Concerned Scientists. (The Union, Cambridge, Massachusetts) April 2004. 50 p.

Full Text at: www.ucsusa.org/global_environment/global_warming/page.cfm?pageID=1394

["A report contends that the amount of carbon dioxide produced by cars and trucks in California will double by 2040 without state restrictions on greenhouse gas emissions.... Several existing technologies that can be used to lower greenhouse gas emissions without adding much to the cost of a car.... A 2002 state law requires the California Air Resources Board to develop what would be the nation's first plan to slash automotive emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases that can trap heat in the atmosphere." Los Angeles (April 19, 2004) C2.]

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ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

2004 Index of Leading Environmental Indicators. By Steven Hayward, Pacific Research Institute, and Ryan Stowers, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) April 2004. 94 p.

Full Text at: www.aei.org/docLib/20040414_book764text.pdf

["We include a number of case studies of efforts to address water issues that have received little or no media attention. This edition includes new research on wind power, asthma and air quality, dam removal, private efforts at habitat protection, hormesis and energy technology."]

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FEDERAL/STATE RELATIONS

Paul Dowhal v. Smithkline Beecham Consumer Healthcare, et al. California Supreme Court. S109306. April 15, 2004. 30 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S109306.PDF

["The justices ruled that the California law requiring that consumers be warned that use of nicotine patches and gum could lead to birth defects is overridden by a more general federal advisory telling pregnant women to consult a doctor before using the products.... The court, however, appeared to restrict its ruling to the facts of the case before it, rejecting a more sweeping interpretation proposed by U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft under which federal law would pre-empt any state warning that was not identical to it." San Francisco Chronicle (April 16, 2004) B3.]

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OCEAN RESOURCES

Preliminary Report of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy: Governors’ Draft. By the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. (The Commission, Washington, DC) April 2004.

["A blue-ribbon presidential commission, charged with conducting the first comprehensive federal study of the oceans in three decades, called for immediate measures to stop the precipitous decline of sea life and protect threatened marine habitat.... Recommendations include forming a National Ocean Council in the White House to unify activities of more than a dozen agencies now working on ocean programs.... The commission recommends raising money by creating a trust fund in the Treasury Department from offshore oil and gas drilling royalties. Emerging businesses that use ocean resources, such as aquaculture, wind farms and mining, could also contribute, the report said." San Francisco Chronicle (April 21, 2004) A3. ]

Report. Various pagings:
http://www.oceancommission.gov/documents/prelimreport/00_complete_prelim_report.pdf

Executive summary. 7 p.:
http://www.oceancommission.gov/documents/prelimreport/overview_summary.pdf

[Request #S1864]

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WATER QUALITY

Most Endangered Rivers of 2004: Ten Rivers Reaching the Crossroads in the Next 12 Months. By American Rivers. (American Rivers, Washington, DC) April 2004. 33 p.

Full Text at: www.amrivers.org/doc_repository/MER2004/2004Report.pdf

["The Colorado River, a major source of drinking water for Southern California, is the nation's most threatened waterway, according to the group. The environmental group cites several risks to the Colorado, including radioactive waste from an abandoned uranium mine beside the river in southern Utah; chemical contamination from perchlorate, an ingredient in rocket fuel; and overburdened sewage systems in fast-growing river communities along the California-Arizona border." Los Angeles Times (April 14, 2004) B6.]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

ELECTIONS

Report on the March 2, 2004 Statewide Primary Election. By the Office of the Secretary of State. (The Office, Sacramento, California) April 20, 2004. 196 p.

["A secretary of state's report on the March 2 elections found that 573 of 1,038 polling places in San Diego County failed to open on time because Diebold voting machines malfunctioned. Voters were told to go elsewhere or come back." Associated Press (April 22, 2004) 1.]

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FEDERAL BUDGET

FFIS Competitive Grant Update. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Update 04-09. (FFIS, Washington, DC) April 16, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ncsl.org/ffis/subs/cg/2004/CG04-09.htm

[Includes: "General Clinical Research Center Complementary and Alternative Medicine Research Program;" " Medical Rehabilitation Research Infrastructure;" "Grants for Educational Programs in Occupational Safety and Health;" and others.]

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INCOME TAXES

The Alternative Minimum Tax. By Roberton Williams, Congressional Budget Office, U.S. Congress. Revenue and Tax Policy Brief. No. 4. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 15, 2004. 8 p.

["The Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) has affected few taxpayers, less than 1 percent in any year before 2000, but its impact is expected to grow ... and affect about one-fifth of all taxpayers in 2010.... Unlike the regular income tax, the AMT is not indexed for inflation. The accumulating effect of inflation is a key source of growing AMT coverage."]

ftp://ftp.cbo.gov/53xx/doc5386/04-15-AMT.pdf

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Where Do Your Tax Dollars Go? By the National Priorities Project. (The Project, Northampton, Massachusetts) April 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.nationalpriorities.org/taxday2004/taxday04.html?em

["Where Do Your Tax Dollars Go? A breakdown for each state and 190 cities (including 14 in California) of how the federal government spends the average household's tax payment." Moving Ideas (April 6, 2004) 1.]

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Who Pays Taxes in California? California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) April 15, 2004. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2004/0404whopaystaxes.pdf

["State Take from Corporate Income Falls: Individual Californians are shouldering an increasing percentage of the state's general fund, while the share of revenue from corporate income taxes has declined, according to a new analysis by a think tank in Sacramento.... Over time, income taxes paid by individuals have risen to fill half of the state's coffers, while corporate income taxes have fallen to about 10 percent of the take." San Francisco Chronicle (April 15, 2004) C1.]

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STATE BUDGETS

Budgeting Amid Fiscal Uncertainty: Ensuring Budget Stability by Focusing on the Long Term. By the National Association of State Budget Officers. (The Association, Washington, DC) 2004. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.nasbo.org/Publications/budgetstabilityFeb2004.pdf

["This report explores the dynamics surrounding fiscal uncertainty in the states and how states work to avoid it. As the current fiscal crisis continues to subside, state officials will have the opportunity and challenge to pursue long-term strategies that will improve fiscal stability. Budget officers will be at the forefront of the challenge to pursue policies that reach the goal of sound financial management."]

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STATE FINANCES

"State Government Finances: World War II to the Current Crises." By Thomas A. Garrett and Gary A. Wagner. IN: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, vol. 86, no. 2 (March/April 2004) pp. 9-25.

Full Text at: research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/04/03/Garrett.pdf

["This article will explore the extent, causes, and proposed solutions of the current fiscal crisis from an historical perspective of state finance.... [It] will address the role of major expenditures and revenue sources in the context of the current slowdown and how reliance on various revenue sources has changed over the past 50 years."]

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TAXES

Tax Administration: Comparison of the Reported Tax Liabilities of Foreign- and U.S.-Controlled Corporations, 1996-2000. U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-358. (The Office, Washington, DC) February 2004. 39 p.

Full Text at: frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/useftp.cgi?IPaddress=162.140.64.21&filename=d04358.pdf&directory=/diskb/wais/data/gao

["Firms Often Avoid Taxes: More than half of U.S. corporations paid no federal income taxes during the boom years of the late 1990's and those that did were able to shelter much of their income, according to a report." Los Angeles Times (April 7,2004) A1.]

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The Public's True Budget Priorities. By Ruy Teixeira, the Century Foundation. (The Foundation, New York, New York) March 31, 2004. And the Associated Press Poll. By IPSOS-Public Affairs. (Ipsos, Washington, DC) March 24, 2004. 9 p.

["The latest poll has an interesting exercise that clearly demonstrates how low tax cuts are on the public's list of budget priorities, far below a balanced budget and way far below increased spending on education and health care."]

Article:
http://www.tcf.org/4L/4LMain.asp?SubjectID=4&ArticleID=502

Poll:
http://www.ipsos-na.com/news/pdf/media/mr040324-1tb.pdf

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

"Access to Care for Children of Migratory Agricultural Workers: Factors Associated With Unmet Need for Medical Care." By Andrea Weathers, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 4 (April 2004) e276-e282.

Full Text at: pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/113/4/e276.pdf

["The purpose of this study was to assess the correlates of unmet needs for medical care among migrant children. The study found: medical-access barriers among migrant children are largely nonfinancial; preschool-aged migrant children disproportionately experience unmet medical needs; and increasing forgone care among migrant children will likely require a combination of individual, health-system, and labor-policy modifications."]

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CHILDREN

Quality of Health Care for Children and Adolescents: A Chartbook. By Sheila Leatherman and Douglas McCarthy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (The Commonwealth Fund, New York, New York) April 2004. 134 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/child/leatherman_pedchartbook_700.pdf

["Insurers and health policymakers have 'paid less attention to the quality of care for children' than they have for older patients, resulting in a fragmented 'nonsystem' of care, particularly for the uninsured, according to this report. It found lapses in patient safety, shortcomings in providing effective care, persistent racial and ethnic disparities in care and 'widespread failure to provide needed preventive services to teens.'" California Healthline (April 16, 2004) 1.]

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EMERGENCY CARE

County Emergency Medical Services Funds: Despite their Efforts to Properly Administer the Funds, Some Counties have yet to Reach Full Compliance With State Laws. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2003-101. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) March 2004. 69 p.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/bsa/pdfs/2003-101.pdf

["This report concludes that ... some of the counties' practices do not comply with state laws or could benefit from better controls over disbursements.... They either do not have all the necessary or reasonable controls in place for disbursement from their EMS Funds or made certain unallowable or questionable payments from their physician, hospital, or discretionary accounts."]

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ENVIRONMENTAL TOXINS

Children's Environmental Health: Bush Administration Report Card, 2001-2004. By Children's Environmental Health Network. (The Network, Washington, DC) 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.cehn.org/cehn/reportpressrelease.html

["The report card looked at 16 individual categories, including air quality, water quality, lead, and mercury. The Administration received an F overall... Of the 78 decisions identified in the report, only 16 were found to have a positive impact on children. The remainder, 62, were decisions with a negative impact on children." CDF Child Health Information Project (April 4, 2004) 1.]

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MEDI-CAL

Attorney General Lockyer and Legislators Unveil Bi-Partisan, 10-Point Plan to Fight Medi-Cal Fraud: Press Release. By the Office of the California Attorney General. (The Office, Sacramento, California) April 2004.

["California's health program for the needy has paid hundreds of millions of dollars too much for pharmaceutical products because of fraudulent pricing practices by drug manufacturers, the state attorney general's office alleged.... Lockyer unveiled a 10-point plan for attacking Medi-Cal's billion-dollar fraud and abuse problem, which has ranged from scams involving a $7,000-a-month AIDS drug to laboratories and dental clinics that have charged for services they did not deliver." Los Angeles Times (April 21, 2004) B6.]

Press release. 1 p.
http://caag.state.ca.us/newsalerts/2004/04-047.htm

Fact sheet. 3 p.
http://caag.state.ca.us/newsalerts/2004/04-047.pdf

[Request #S1879]

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HOUSING

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

America's Neighbors: The Affordable Housing Crisis and the People it Affects. By the National Low Income Housing Coalition. (The Coalition, Washington, DC) 2004. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.nlihc.org/research/lalihd/neighbors.pdf

["The true extent of the affordable housing crisis in America has not been made explicit because it is usually measured by the number of households that have housing problems. Households are composed of individual people. When all the people who live in households with housing problems are counted, we learn that the affordable housing crisis affects far more people than some other social problems that get more media and political attention."]

[Request #S1880]

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Losing Ground in the Best of Times: Low Income Renters in the 1990s. By Kathryn P. Nelson and others, the National Low Income Housing Coalition. (The Coalition, Washington, DC) March 2004. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.nlihc.org/research/losingground.pdf

["This report analyzes U. S. Census data on the housing situation of low income renter households from 1990 and 2000. The report finds that despite improved income and housing conditions for Americans across a wide range of income levels in the 1990s, housing problems became more concentrated among the lowest income renter households and their access to affordable rental units declined."]

[Request #S1881]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD SUPPORT

SSI and Child Support: Memorandum. By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) March 26, 2004. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1080248798.26/CS_SSI.pdf

["Only 25 percent of SSI children living with just one parent actually receive child support. A substantial number of these children might benefit from more aggressive pursuit of support on their behalf. This memorandum summarizes the options laid out in a recent Social Security Administration Brief about how to increase child support, and overall income, for children receiving SSI."]

[Request #S1882]

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CHILDREN

American Children Only Slightly Better Off Today Than 30 Years Ago; Health Status Deteriorating Due to Obesity, Index Reports. By Kenneth C. Land and others, the Foundation for Child Development. (The Foundation, Washington, D.C.) March 24, 2004. 4 p.

["Baby Steps Made In Well-Being of Children, Data Show: Children and teenagers are safer now than they have been in three decades, but on many other measures, including school performance and health, their lives are no better, according to a first-of-its-kind national survey.... The survey looked at 28 measures that social scientists consider the gold standard for assessing children's well-being. It then combined them into seven broader categories and charted the percentage change of each starting in 1975, the first year that reliable data became available." Washington Post, (March 25, 2004) A1.]

[Request #S1883]

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NUTRITION PROGRAMS

Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency: A Global Progress Report. By the Micronutrient Initiative and United Nations Childrens Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) 2004. 43 p.

Full Text at: www.unicef.org/media/files/vmd.pdf

["Global Vitamin Shortage Reported: Deficiencies Lower the Brainpower of Entire Nations, A U.N. Survey Finds: Deficiencies in these vitamins are having alarming effects in developing countries, even ones where people generally have enough to eat.... The lack of iron lowers children's IQs by an average of five to seven points.... To fight the problem, the United Nations is prescribing a whole pantry of artificially fortified foods." Sacramento Bee (March 25, 2004) A15.]

[Request #S1884]

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PARENTS

No Minor Matter: Developing a Coherent Policy on Paternity Establishment For Children Born to Underage Parents. By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy. (CLASP, Washington, DC) March 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1079040143.88/no_minor_brf.pdf

["For the roughly 150,000 babies born each year to unwed minors, paternity establishment is a complicated issue. Paternity establishment provides children with crucial financial and emotional support and access to larger extended families." Moving Ideas News (March 17, 2004).]

[Request #S1885]

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TRANSPORTATION

AIRPORTS

2004 Airline Quality Ratings. By Brent D. Brown, University of Nebraska at Omaha, and Dean E. Headly, Witchita State University. (University of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska) April 2004. 59 p.

Full Text at: www.unomaha.edu/~unoai/aqr/2004aqr.pdf

["Low-fare airlines aren't just the cheapest carriers in the air anymore -- they're the best in the business, according to a prominent annual survey that showed low-fare upstart JetBlue as No. 1.... Traditional carriers such as United Airlines (ninth place), American Airlines (11th) and Delta Air Lines (12th) finished near the bottom." San Francisco Chronicle (April 6, 2004) C1.]

[Request #S1886]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Vol. 11, Bulletin 12-13. (The Institute, Washington, DC) April 16-23, 2004. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/b1113.pdf

[Includes: "EPA Designates New, More Stringent Ozone Standard;" "FTA Agrees on Plan to Fund $900 Million Los Angeles Transit Project;" "Senate Subcommittee Considers Proposed Split of the 9th Circuit;" "Letter Urges Curbing Runaway Production;" "House Financial Services Considers Stock-Option Expensing;" "Homeland Security Public-Private Partnerships Examined;" "Pentagon Stats Show California's Share of 2003 Defense Prime Contracts Remained Stable at 15 Percent;" and others.]

[Request #S1887]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

ECONOMY

Responsible Executive Compensation for a New Era of Accountability. By Peter T. Chingos (Mercer Human Resources Consulting, New York, New York) March 19, 2004. 320 p.

Full Text at: www.mercerhr.com/pressrelease/details.jhtml/dynamic/idContent/1133410

["Many companies continue to use approaches to executive pay that are out of sync with current economic realities, impending legislation and regulation, and needed reforms in corporate governance.... A new book provides corporate leaders a roadmap to executive compensation programs that are both responsible and effective." Publishers Press Release. (April 5, 2004)

[Request #S1890]

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EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

People and Ideas That Shaped After-School Laws. By the National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2004.

[Before- and after-school programs can keep kids out of trouble, help grades or reduce risky behavior. This book gives six vignettes about successful laws and the states that made them work. NCSL News (April 16, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1891]

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EDUCATION

Focus on the Wonder Years: Challenges Facing the American Middle School. By Jaana Juvonen and others, RAND Education. Prepared for the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2004. 155 p.

["How well are middle schools serving our young? The RAND Corporation set out to assess the state of American middle schools and identify the schools' major challenges."]

[Request #S1892]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

TAXES

Contemporary U.S. Tax Policy. By C. Eugene Steurle, Urban Institute (The Institute, New York) May 2004. 332 p.

["C. Eugene Steuerle outlines the principles of taxation in the early postwar period before proceeding to a detailed examination of the tax policy battles that began with the 'Reagan revolution' in the early 1980s and have continued through the present Bush administration." Publishers Announcement. NOTE: Contemporary U.S. Tax Policy ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1893]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

"Trends in the Use of Antidepressants in a National Sample of Commercially Insured Pediatric Patients, 1998 to 2002." By Thomas Delate and others. IN: Psychiatric Services, vol. 55 (April 2004) pp. 387-391.

["While antidepressants and other mood-altering drugs have long been prescribed to adolescents, the fastest-growing group using such medication is children under age 5. Indeed, by one estimate, twice as many preschoolers are being prescribed antidepressants today than just five years ago." Christian Science Monitor (April 8, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1894]

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