Subject: Studies in the News 04-27 (April 23, 2004)


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Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   State of the state on early education
   Governors' pre-K funding proposals
   Promoting preschool teacher careers
   Research and children
   Literacy and early childhood
   Social skills and school readiness.
HEALTH
   Assessing children's well-being
   Preventing dental caries in preschool children
   California health and social services survey
   Advantages of being bored
   Perspectives on premature babies and their families
HUMAN SERVICES
   Analysis of child care budget
   Child well-being in Kansas City
   More children in poor neighborhoods
   Promoting well-being in children and youth
STUDIES TO COME
   Children and immunizations
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News (SITN) is a current compilation of policy-related items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information & Reference Center to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state employees and other interested individuals, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

The Trust for Early Education: State of the State (SOS) Analysis. By the Trust for Early Education. (The Trust, Washington, DC) April 14, 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.trustforearlyed.org/docs/TEESOSBudgetChart.pdf

["This survey of governorsí pre-kindergarten FY 2005 budget proposals reveals that despite strong public support for quality pre-kindergarten programs those proposals on the whole fall short. Forty-six governors have delivered their state of the state addresses. Fifty have released their FY05 budget proposals. Of these, only 16 governors mentioned pre-kindergarten or early childhood education as priorities in their addresses. Worse still, only 11 governors proposed an increased investment in pre-kindergarten programs, 16 others recommended flat-funding and four proposed reductions in pre-kindergarten investment."]

[Request #S1824]

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Governors' Pre-Kindergarten Proposals Too Limited But Still More Generous Than the President's. By the Trust for Early Education. (The Trust, Washington, DC) April 14, 2004. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.trustforearlyed.org/docs/TEEGovPreKProposalNarrative.pdf

["This report shows that while a few governors are stepping up to address the school readiness issue in their states, too many governors have failed to propose adequate funding for high quality pre-kindergarten programs. Sluggish state funding for quality pre-kindergarten is also contributing to poor overall student achievement nationwide."]

[Request #S1825]

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"Career and Technical Education: The Building Blocks of Early Childhood Education." By Hope J. Gibbs. IN: Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, vol. 79, no. 3 (March 2004) pp. 26-31, 60.

["Career and technical education is answering the growing need for teachers of preschool and beyond in various ways. Schools across the nation are developing programs that allow students exposure to the world of early childhood education. Some facilities have working day care centers and preschools on the premises, giving the students the opportunity to see first hand what it means to be a teacher or assistant. This is a win-win for all involved."]

[Request #S1826]

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EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

Doing Research with Children and Young People. By Sandy Fraser and others. (Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California) 2004. 294 p.

["Doing Research with Children and Young People introduces the key considerations involved in carrying out research. The book discusses issues which arise at different stages in the research process that all researchers need to take into account, as they plan and carry out their work. These issues are organised into four sections: setting the contents; research relations; diversity; and relevance, evaluation and dissemination." Note: Doing Research. . . is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1827]

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LITERACY

Promoting Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Care and Education Settings. By the National Center for Children in Poverty and others. Child Care and Early Education Research Connections. Research Brief. (The Center, New York, New York) April 2004. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.childcareresearch.org/discover/viewPdfFile.jsp?resourceId=3261&type=.pdf

["The studies ... show that a number of strategies can be successful in promoting language and emergent literacy among preschool-age children. These strategies include reading aloud interactively, building phonological skills, and creating print-rich environments in child care and early education settings. All of these strategies require or are improved by interaction between adult caregivers and children.... The current policy landscape provides much opportunity to assist early child care and education settings in promoting early literacy, however more support is needed, particularly in the areas of direct program support and rigorous evaluation research."]

[Request #S1828]

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SCHOOL READINESS

"Strengthening Social and Emotional Competence in Young Children: The Foundation for Early School Readiness and Success." By Carolyn Webster-Stratton and M. Jamila Reid, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle. IN: Infants and Young Children, vol. 17, no. 2 (April-June 2004) pp. 96-113.

["The ability of young children to manage their emotions and behaviors and to make meaningful friendships is an important prerequisite for school readiness and academic success. Socially competent children are also more academically successful and poor social skills are a strong predictor of academic failure. This article describes The Incredible Years Dinosaur Social Skills and Problem-Solving Child Training Program, which teaches skills such as emotional literacy, empathy or perspective taking, friendship and communication skills, anger management, interpersonal problem solving, and how to be successful at school."]

[Request #S1829]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Assessing Children's Well-Being: A Handbook of Measures. By Sylvie Naar-King and others. (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, New Jersey) 2004. 307 p.

["Behavioral medicine has now matured as a field to the point where all recognize that different populations present different issues. Psychological reactions and patterns affect the health and well-being of children as well as adults, and numerous standarized instruments for the assessment of a variety of areas of children's functioning are currently available. Yet it can be difficult for practitioners and researchers searching through general compendia of resources for child assessment, which are frequently focused on general techniques rather than specific instruments, to identify the optimal instruments that meet their particular needs and to choose among them." NOTE: Assessing Children's Well-Being... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1830]

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DENTAL CARE

Recommendations and Rationale: Prevention of Dental Caries in Preschool Children. By the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force. (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland) April 2004.

["Primary care clinicians who practice in areas where the water supply is deficient in fluoride should prescribe oral fluoride supplements to preschool children over the age of 6 months. Dental cavities are a common childhood problem affecting as many as 19 percent of children between the ages of 2 and 5 years and more than half of children ages 5 to 9 years. The Task Force, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, is the leading independent panel of private-sector experts in prevention and primary care and conducts rigorous, impartial assessments of all the scientific evidence for a broad range of preventive services. Its recommendations are considered the gold standard for clinical preventive services."]

Recommendations and Rationale. 7 p.:
http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/3rduspstf/dentalchild/dentchrs.htm

Task Force Ratings. 2 p.:
http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/3rduspstf/ratings.htm

[Request #S1831]

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HEALTH CARE

Results From the First California Health and Social Services Survey. By Elaine Reardon and others, RAND Corporation. Prepared for the California Department of Social Services. TR-121-CDSS. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) January 2004. 87 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/TR/TR121/TR121.pdf

["[The authors] provide information about the surveyed population, beginning with respondents who were on aid at the time of the survey. They discuss their knowledge of CalWORKs rules; their attitudes toward the program; the work, training, or educational activities they engage in; and their outcomes while on aid, such as earnings, income, poverty, hunger, and housing. [The authors] then discuss the same outcomes for those who have left the aid rolls. Next, they describe family and child outcomes, including household characteristics, child care, health, and substance abuse among survey respondents."]

[Request #S1832]

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MENTAL HEALTH

"There Are Benefits to Boredom." By Barbara F. Meltz. The Boston Globe (January 22, 2004) 3 p.

Full Text at: www.boston.com/yourlife/family/articles/2004/01/22/there_are_benefits_to_boredom/

["Beginning in infancy, children are bombarded with noise, stimulation, and instant gratification, from crib mobiles with flashing lights and music to DVD entertainment systems for the car. Quiet time? It's virtually programmed into children never to have it.'The gadgetry may distract a baby from crying, but does he ever discover his toes?' wonders Wheelock College early-childhood educator Diane Levin. Literally, the fussy baby who is left alone long enough to find his toes (not more than a few minutes, after all) is making the first step in a long journey. 'He's figuring out that he can entertain and distract himself,' Levin says. 'He's also learning something profound: that he has the capacity to solve his own problem.'" ExchangeEveryDay (April 13, 2004).]

[Request #S1833]

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RESEARCH

"Perspectives on Premature Infants and Their Families [Issue Theme.]" IN: Zero to Three: National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families, vol. 24, no. 2 (November 2003) pp. 1-55.

[Includes: "Relationships between Preterm Infants and Their Parents: Disruption and Development;" "Is There Any Such Thing as a Low-Risk Preemie?;" "Special Start: A Collaborative Project Designed to Support Premature Babies and Their Families;" and others. NOTE: Zero to Three ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1834]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Child Care at the Cross-Roads: An Analysis of the Governor's FY 2004-2005 Budget Proposals. By the Child Development Policy Institute. (The Institute, Sacramento, California) March 2004. 63 p.

Full Text at: www.cdpi.net/crossroads.pdf

["This report is a response to the current proposals presented by the [Schwarzenegger] Administration. With a new administration and many new legislators, this... policy paper, which is at once a primer and also an in-depth analysis of reform proposals, will serve as a foundation during the next several years of child care budget policy reform considerations. It presents research and outcomes based policy recommendations that are rooted in what is best for children. To provide a better understanding of the issues and vital questions that need to be answered before any significant reforms are posed, a history of reform policies is included." Child Development Policy Institute Announcement (April 7, 2004).]

[Request #S1835]

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CHILDREN

2004 Report Card and Data Briefing Book: The Status of Greater Kansas City's Children and Youth. By Partnership For Children. (The Partnership, Kansas City, Missouri) 2004. 54 p.

Full Text at: www.pfc.org/2004RC.pdf

["Each year, the Report Card tracks the progress of metro area kids in 18 benchmarks of child well-being. In 2004, the overall Report Card grade was a C+, which is a decline from the B- recorded in 2003. The Report Card shows an increase in the number of children eligible for free and reduced school lunch (a childhood poverty indicator) and an increase in some categories of youth substance abuse." Partnership for Children E-News (April 7, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1836]

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POVERTY

The Growing Number of Kids in Severely Distressed Neighborhoods: Evidence from the 2000 Census. By William O'Hare, Annie E. Casey Foundation, and Mark Mather, Population Reference Bureau. (The Foundation, Baltimore, Maryland) October 2003. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.aecf.org/kidscount/distressed_neighborhoods.pdf

["Between 1990 and 2000, there was a decrease in the number of children living in high-poverty neighborhoods, but the picture provided by the decrease in poverty levels alone is incomplete and potentially misleading. Using a more comprehensive measure of neighborhood quality, we found that the number of children living in severely distressed neighborhoods increased significantly between 1990 and 2000."]

[Request #S1837]

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RESEARCH

"Promoting Well Being in Children and Youth: Findings from the Chicago Longitudinal Study" [Special Issue.] IN: Children and Youth Services Review: An International Multidisciplinary Review of the Welfare of Young Children, vol. 26, no. 1 (January 2004) pp. 1-119.

["In this special issue, the impact of early childhood, family support, and school-related experiences on later well-being is investigated for over 1500 inner-city minority youth in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. The intervention, child, family and school factors investigated in this issue are only some of the many influences that need to be taken into account in assessing needs and planning interventions. The total environment of the child needs to be considered to effectively tailor services to the needs of children and families." NOTE: Children and Youth Services Review ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1838]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

IMMUNIZATIONS

"Impact of Health Insurance Status on Vaccination Coverage in Children 19-35 Months Old, United States, 1993-1996." By Z. Zhou and others. IN: Public Health Reports, vol. 119, no. 2 (March/April 2004) pp. 156-162.

["'Uninsured and publicly insured children were less likely than privately insured children to be up-to-date in their vaccinations. Especially, the children with CHAMPUS/CHAMP-VA or other Military health insurance were far less likely to have their vaccinations up-to-date than privately insured children,' state the authors of an article. The article describes a study designed to investigate the relationship between vaccination coverage and health insurance status among preschool-aged children." Maternal and Child Health Alert (April 16, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1839]

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