Subject: Studies in the News 04-12 (February 20, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News:
Employment, Training, Vocational Education and Welfare to Work Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material ECONOMY
   Employment in Enterprise Zones
   Struggles for women in high tech firms
   Job loss to temporary foreign workers
   Employment in high-tech industries
EMPLOYMENT
   Farm workers employment and earnings
   Employment retention and advancement programs
   Job services in public housing
   The state of California labor
   Engaging employees in workforce development
   H1-B hiring
   Strategies for diversity in healthcare workforce
   Immigrants and job prospects
   Immigration and organization of labor
   English language and job skills
   Low-wage worker advancement
   Labor market conditions
   Minimum wage in San Francisco
   One-stop employment centers
   Job search privacy study
   Unemployment drops
   Persistent wage gaps
   Dark side of the living wage
   The wage gender gap
   Women's earnings
   Workforce development in difficult times
   Labor market intermediaries
   Southern California's labor force
   Effective planning for strategic workforce
   Workforce Investment Act reauthorization
   Job insecurity and young workers
HUMAN SERVICES
   Proposal to reduce CalWORKs grants
   Assistance for health insurance premiums
   Transportation needs of welfare recipients
   Workforce Investment Act participation
PREVIOUSLY IN STUDIES IN THE NEWS
   Studies in the News, September 2003
   Studies in the News, October 2003
   Studies in the News, November 2003
   Studies in the News, December 2003
   Studies in the News, January 2004
   Studies in the News, February 2004
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

ECONOMY

ENTERPRISE ZONES

An Overview of California's Enterprise Zone Hiring Credit. By Mark A. Ibele, Office of the Legislative Analyst. Prepared for the Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation. (The Office, Sacramento, California) November 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2003/ent_zones/ezones_1203.pdf

["This report addresses the following topics regarding the EZC: provisions of the credit program; detailed information on how the program functions and applies to taxpayers; descriptive information on program utilization; overview of consensus views regarding the program's impacts on economic activity, taxpayers, and its overall effectiveness."]

[Request #S1269]

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HIGH TECHNOLOGY

Bit by Bit: Catalyst's Guide to Advancing Women in High Tech Companies: Fact Sheet. By Catalyst. (Catalyst, San Jose, California) November 11, 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.catalystwomen.org/press_room/factsheets/High%20Tech%20Factsheet.pdf

["Women in Tech Firms Still Struggling: Women are still denied many of the high-tech industry's leadership roles, according to a study. The obstacles women face while climbing the corporate ladder ... hold them back regardless of the industry, the report states. The study reveals that nearly a third of male and female participants agreed that women have a difficult time getting ahead." Sacramento Bee (November 17, 2003) D3.]

[Request #S1270]

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Deleting American Workers: Abuse of the Temporary Foreign Worker System in the High-Tech Industry. (FAIR: Federation for American Immigration Reform, Washington, DC) 2003. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.fairus.org/Research/Research.cfm?ID=2008&c=55

["The high-tech industry's push to maintain high temporary worker visa levels in the face of economic downturn and rising unemployment stems from a desire to have a supply of cheap, exploitable foreign workers.... Temporary foreign workers are paid lower salaries than their American counterparts, driving down the prevailing wage and putting American workers at a competitive disadvantage.... Although the H-1B program is meant to provide companies with labor unavailable in this country, no evidence exists of a worker shortage, to the contrary, the market is filled with laid off, unemployed American high-tech workers."]

Executive Summary. 1 p.:
http://www.fairus.org/news/NewsPrint.cfm?ID=2008&c=55

Full Report. 20 p.:
http://www.fairus.org/Files/OpenFile.cfm?id=2007

[Request #S1271]

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California's High-Tech Industries and Information Technology Occupations. By the Labor Market Information Division, Employment Development Department. Working Paper. 2003-02. (The Department, Sacramento, California) August 2003. 37 p.

Full Text at: www.calmis.ca.gov/SpecialReports/HighTech2003.pdf

["From 2001 to 2002, annual average employment in the high-tech industries declined by 55,900 or 44.5 percent of the overall industry decline of 125,500 jobs. While high-tech manufacturing employment trended down and fluctuated around 400,000 jobs throughout the 1990s, high-tech services industries employment doubled, from 300,000 to 600,000 jobs."]

[Request #S1272]

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EMPLOYMENT

AGRICULTURAL WORKERS

California Farm Labor Markets: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Employment and Earnings in 1991, 1996, and 2001. By M. Akhtar Khan and others, Labor Market Information Division, California Employment Development Department and the University of California, Davis. Working Paper. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2003. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.calmis.ca.gov/SpecialReports/Ag-Emp-1991to2001.pdf

["A new report sheds new light on the employment and earnings of the state's farm workers.... Production of labor intensive fruit, vegetable and horticultural specialty crops increased in the 1990s, and so did the employment of farm workers as average annual employment rose about 16 percent to almost 400,000."]

[Request #S1274]

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ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

Early Implementation Experiences of Employment Retention and Advancement Programs: Service Delivery and Institutional Linkages. By Jacquelyn Anderson and Karin Martinson, Management Decision and Research Center, Columbia University. (The Center, New York, New York) October 2003. 124 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/publications/356/full.pdf

["Describing the initial experiences of 15 Employment and Retention and Advancement programs in 8 states, this report emphasizes implementation issues and focuses on connections among the agencies and institutions that deliver retention and advancement services to low-income workers and hard-to-employ populations."]

[Request #S1275]

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Participation in a Place-Based Employment Initiative: Lessons from the Jobs-Plus Demonstration in Public Housing. By Linda Yuriko Kato, MDRC. (MDRC, Oakland, California) November 2003. 175 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/publications/364/full.pdf

["Describing efforts to build participation among public housing residents in a novel program that offers services and financial incentives designed to promote work this report recounts the obstacles Jobs-Plus administrators and local housing development site staff overcame to achieve program engagement at six housing developments across the country."]

[Request #S1276]

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CALIFORNIA

The State of California Labor 2003. By Ruth Milkman and Daisy Rooks, Institute for Labor and Employment, University of California. (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ucop.edu/ile/scl/2003/index.html

["The Institute reported that union membership in the state has increased by 500,000 over the past six years, climbing to 18 percent of the work force, a departure from national figures that showed a decline in union membership to 13 percent over the same period. The 2003 report also documented 'substantial' upward mobility among immigrant workers." Sacramento Bee (December 20, 2003) A3.]

[Request #S1277]

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EMPLOYMENT SERVICE PROGRAMS

By Design: Engaging Employees in Workforce Development Organizations. By Carol Clymar, Public/Private Ventures. Prepared for the Rockefeller Foundation's Initiative on Organizational Capacity Building. (Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) December 2003. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.ppv.org/ppv/publications/assets/151_publication.pdf

["This report describes strategies used by three organizations to effectively engage employers in workforce development efforts. Jewish Vocational Service, San Francisco; Training, Inc., Boston and WIRE-Net, Cleveland, have successfully involved employers in a variety of different ways -- from including them on the Board of Directors to having them teach training classes. The report outlines employer-engagement strategies in detail to help other organizations substantively involve employers in daily activities and services."]

[Request #S1279]

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EMPLOYMENT SKILLS

"The Global Battle for Talent and People." By Stuart Anderson, American Immigration Law Foundation. IN: Immigration Policy Focus, vol. 2, no. 2 (September 2003) pp. 1-23.

Full Text at: www.ailf.org/ipc/ipf0903.pdf

["Current concerns about the U.S. economy should not distract from an understanding that America’s long-term economic success requires the nation to attract skilled professionals and workers of all skill levels to fuel the growth of the U.S. labor force. By taking a longer term view, policy makers will recognize the important competitive advantage that America maintains –- and should not wish to lose –- in the global battle for talent and people."]

[Request #S1281]

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HEALTH CAREERS

Healthcare Workforce Diversity: Developing Physician Leaders: Testimony Before The Sullivan Commission on Diversity in the Healthcare Workforce. By Anne C. Beal and others, Commonwealth Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) October 3, 2003. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/minority/beal_sullivancommiss_682.pdf

["Racial disparities in clinical care and health outcomes are a well-described public health problem in the United States. National efforts to eliminate disparities include multiple strategies, with an emphasis placed on increasing diversity in the healthcare workforce."]

[Request #S1282]

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IMMIGRATION

A Profile of the Low-Wage Immigrant Workforce. By Randy Capps and others, Urban Institute, Immigration Studies Program. Immigrant Families and Workers. Brief No. 4 (The Urban Institute, New York, New York)November 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310880_lowwage_immig_wkfc.pdf

["Immigrants comprise an increasingly large share of the U.S. labor force and the low-wage workforce, but they are disproportionately limited in their job prospects -- and shut out of training programs -- by limited education and English proficiency. This profile has important data and insights for the reauthorization of the 1998 Workforce Investment Act -- the largest source of federal funding for job training, adult basic education, and English as a second language instruction." Connect for Kids (November 10, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S1283]

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How the Other Half Works: Immigration and the Social Organization of Labor. By Roger Waldinger and Michael I. Lichter. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) 2003. 325 p.

["Drawing upon a mountain of data, the book documents the process by which immigrants have come to dominate some employment niches in L.A. Along the way [they] explode any illusion that today's employers seek to empower workers in the service sector.... Recent immigrants fit employers' desires best because they are 'not yet aware that the task and conditions of a job are stigmatizing and therefore something against which one should chafe' and because they often view even exploitative jobs as better than the options offered in their native lands." Washington Post (March 9, 2003) T13.]

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The Language of Opportunity: Expanding Employment Prospects for Adults With Limited English Skills. By Heidi Spruck Wrigley, Aguirre International, and others. (Center for Law and Social Policy, Washington, DC) 2003. 70 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1062102188.74/LEP_report.pdf

["Virtually all of our nation's workforce growth for the foreseeable future will come from immigration, so failure to assist immigrants in improving their language and job skills is likely to hurt workforce productivity over the long term. CLASP says research points to the effectiveness of programs that combine full-time language, literacy and job skill training to increase earnings and prospects for low-skilled immigrants." Connect for Kids (November 20, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S1285]

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LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS

Worker Advancement in the Low-Wage Labor Market: The Importance of 'Good Jobs.' By Fredrik Anderson, U. S. Census Bureau, and others. Prepared for the Center of Urban and Metropolitan Policy, The Brookings Institution. (The Institution, Washington, DC) 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/es/urban/publications/200310_Holzer.pdf

["An analysis of data on low-wage workers and their employers from 1996 to 2001 reveals that: Smaller firms, and those in the retail trade and service industries, pay lower wages than other employers when worker characteristics are held constant; Almost half of workers who had persistently low earnings from 1996-98 earned somewhat higher incomes in 1999-2001; Most low-wage workers who increased their earnings over time did so by gaining employment at a higher-wage firm; and Medium- and high-wage firms are more heavily concentrated in urban counties than in suburban or rural ones."]

[Request #S1287]

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Labor Market Conditions in California. By the Labor Market Information Division, California Employment Development Department. (The Division, Sacramento, California) December 12, 2003. 24 p.; Appendix.

["California's seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was 6.4 percent in November. This was down 0.3 percentage point from the rate in October. The state rate was down 0.4 percentage point from one year ago. In comparison, the U.S. unemployment rate was 5.9 percent in November.... Civilian employment fell 20,000 in November to 16,518,000 persons, following a 87,000 person gain in October."]

[Request #S1288]

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MINIMUM WAGE

Raising Low Pay in a High Income Economy: The Economics of a San Francisco Minimum Wage. By Michael Reich and Amy Laitenen, Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley. Institute of Industrial Relations Working Paper Series. IIRWPS-099-03. (The Institute, Berkeley, California) November 24, 2003.

Full Text at: socrates.berkeley.edu/~iir/livingwage/pdf/minwage_may03.pdf

["This report was commissioned by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors to determine how a local minimum wage would affect workers, businesses and the San Francisco economy. Economic growth has generated more, not less, inequality among San Francisco residents and workers.... Given the especially high costs of living in San Francisco, it is increasingly difficult for low-wage workers to meet their basic needs at statewide minimum wage levels."]

[Request #S1289]

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ONE-STOP CAREER CENTERS

All in One Stop? The Accessibility of Work Support Programs at One-Stop Centers. By Elise Richer and others, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2003. 56 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1063733515.9/one-stop_rpt.pdf

["Under the Workforce Investment Act, all local workforce areas in the U.S. are required to develop a 'one-stop' delivery system that makes an array of federally funded employment programs available at one location. This report ... examines the level of access to seven work support programs (Earned Income Tax Credit, subsidized child care, food stamps, publicly funded health insurance, cash assistance, child support, and transportation assistance)."]

[Request #S1290]

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PRIVACY

Job Search Privacy Study 2003: Job Searching in the Networked Environment: Consumer Privacy Benchmarks. By Pam Dixon, The World Privacy Forum. November 11, 2003. 83 p.

Full Text at: www.worldprivacyforum.org/wpfjobstudy.pdf

["Feeble privacy protections mean online job seekers' personal information is increasingly being shared and bartered among companies, according to a new report.... From online job boards to retailers' in-store application kiosks, job hunters proffering resumes and Social Security numbers online are offered little in the way of privacy guards. The increasing movement of data across companies signals a greater likelihood of identity theft." Augusta Chronicle (December 21, 2003) F1.]

[Request #S1291]

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UNEMPLOYMENT STATISTICS

The Beat Goes On: Unemployment Drops. By William W. Beach an others, Heritage Foundation. Web Memo #380. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) December 5, 2003.

Full Text at: www.heritage.org/Research/Taxes/wm380.cfm

["While the Bureau of Labor Statistics report recognizes a number of short-term weak spots and shows that more work has to be done, it also reveals some longer-term, positive employment trends. As the number of unemployed workers in the labor force continues to decline, the focus on discouraged workers and other individuals maginally attached to the labor force has increased." Heritage Foundation Policy Wire (January 12, 2004) online.]

[Request #S1292]

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WAGES

The Gap Between Minimum and Median Wage Earners Continues to Grow. By Sylvia Allegretto and Jared Bernstein, Economic Policy Institute (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 22, 2003. 1 p.

Full Text at: www.epinet.org/content.cfm/webfeatures_snapshots_archive_10222003

["Over the last 30 years, the gap between middle-wage workers and those earning the minimum wage has expanded. Most recently, this gap is at its widest level on record."]

[Request #S1293]

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Keeping the Poor Poor: The Dark Side of the Living Wage. By Carl. F. Horowitz, Cato Institute. Policy Analysis No. 493. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 21, 2003.

Full Text at: www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa493.pdf

["According to a new study, the living wage actually harms those it's purportedly intended to help.... Those who benefit most are young workers and public-sector unionized employees.... Carl Horowitz writes, 'Decades of research have shown that the minimum wage harms the least-skilled workers from poor families while heavily benefiting young workers from middle-income households." Cato Institute Press Release (October 21, 2003) 1.]

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WOMEN

The Gender Gap: Progress of the 1980s Fails to Carry Through. By the Institute for Women's Policy Research. Fact Sheet. IWPR Publication; C353. (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.iwpr.org/pdf/C353.pdf

["The Fact Sheet analyzes trends in the gender wage gap over the last forty years. While substantial progress in closing the gap was made over the 1980s, little has been achieved since then. Dr. Heidi Hartmann characterized the period since 1993 as a 'disaster' for recent graduates (workers aged 16 to 24.) Hispanic women have experienced virtually no progress in wage equity with white men since 1981." U.S. Newswire (November 20, 2003) 1.]

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Women's Earnings: Work Patterns Partially Explain Difference Between Men's and Women's Earnings. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO 04-35. (The Office, Washington, DC) October 2003. 79 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d0435.pdf

["GAO Report Finds Continued, Gender Wage Gap; Women's Progress of 1980s Unmatched in Subsequent Years, Reports IWPR: Analyzing data for the period 1983 to 2000, GAO finds a wage gap of 44 percent (women earn about 44 percent less than men in any given year of the study)." U.S. Newswire (November 20, 2003) 1.]

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WORK FORCE DEVELOPMENT

Opportunity in Tough Times: Promoting Advancement For Low-Wage Workers in a Difficult Economic Environment. By Jack Mills and Claudia Green. (Jobs for the Future, Boston, Massachusetts) September 2003. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.jff.org/jff/PDFDocuments/Toughtimes.pdf

["This report describes the efforts of public officials and workforce development practitioners ... to continue providing advancement opportunities to low-wage workers in the context of the current economic downturn and difficult fiscal environment. Their efforts include strategies and policies developed during better economic and fiscal times."]

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WORKFORCE

Economic Opportunity in a Volatile Economy: Understanding the Role of Labor Market Intermediaries in Two Regions. By Manuel Pastor, University of California, Santa Cruz and others. 2003. 273 p.

Full Text at: www.willamette.edu/publicpolicy/lmi/LMI%20Final-May%202003.pdf

["This study examines the role of labor market intermediaries (LMIs), institutions or organizations that pair workers with employers.... The study also explores the role of social networks in the use of LMIs and the impact of LMIs on health insurance and it compares the services offered by temp agencies to those available from higher quality LMIs." California Labor and Employment (Fall 2003) 3.]

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Southern California's Labor Force: Diversity and Aging. By Paul M. Ong and others, Ralph and Goldy Lewis Center for Policy Studies, University of California, Los Angeles. Community Service Projects/ Paper 13. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1044&context=lewis

["This report profiles the labor force in Southern California for Human Resources Round Table (HARRT) and presents key findings regrding diversity and aging. This report will provide employers with basic trends and implications and will help promote potential strategies to improve practice in shaping the quality of the workforce."]

[Request #S1300]

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Human Capital: Key Principals for Effective Strategic Workforce Planning. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-39. (The Office, Washington, DC) December 11, 2003. 38 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d0439.pdf

["GAO identified five key principles for strategic workforce planning: Involve top management, employees, and other stakeholders in developing, communicating, and implementing the strategic workforce plan; determine the critical skills and competencies that will be needed; develop strategies that are tailored to address gaps; build the capability needed; and monitor and evaluate the agency's progress toward its human capital goals and the contribution that human capital results have made toward achieving programmatic results."]

[Request #S1301]

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Side-by-Side Comparison of Title I Provisions in House and Senate WIA Reauthorization Bills. By Nisha Patel and others, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) January 2004. 44 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1073926942.45/WIA_SBS_0104.pdf

["The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) expires this year and must be reauthorized. This table, done in conjunction with the Workforce Alliance, provides a side-by-side comparison of the current WIA law and the bills passed by the House and Senate." CLASP web site (January 13, 2004) online.]

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YOUTH

Hard Times in the New Millenium: The Fate of Youth in the Bush Years. By Heather Boushey and John Schmitt, Center for Economic and Policy Research. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2003. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.cepr.net/stateofnationsyouth.pdf

["Young people, ages 18 to 30, have been the hardest hit during the recession of the new millennium according to this new report. In the late 1990s, young people were generally able to find jobs with rising wages. However, this is no longer the case. Young people are now facing higher unemployment, slower wage growth, and increased job insecurity. For young African Americans and Latinos, the situation is even worse."]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CALWORKS

Governor Proposes to Eliminate CalWORKs COLA and Reduce Grants. By the California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) 2003. 1 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2003/031126CalWORKSelimination.pdf

["The Governor has proposed to eliminate the statutory COLA and reduce CalWORKs cash grants by 5.0 percent. These proposals would achieve total CalWORKs savings of $139.1 million in 2003-04, but would lead to a loss of purchasing power for recipients who depend on CalWORKs to support their families."]

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WELFARE

Premium Assistance Programs for Recent Welfare Recipients. By Shannon McConville, The Ralph and Goldy Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies Policy Briefs, University of California, Los Angeles. Paper 01. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 6 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1051&context=lewis

["This issue brief discusses the possibility of a premium assistance program in California that targets recent welfare recipients.... Premium assistance programs provide subsidies to assist workers with the costs of employment-based insurance and create a structure for combining private funds from employers with public dollars to cover the costs of providing health insurance."]

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WELFARE TO WORK

California Transportation Needs Assessment: The Transportation Barriers and Needs of Welfare Recipients and Low-Wage Workers. By Evelyn Blumenberg and others, Ralph and Goldy Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies, UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Prepared for the California Department of Transportation. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) May 30, 2003. 234 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1036&context=lewis

["The purpose of this report is to aid policymakers, planners, and administrators in using available funds to effectively plan for the transportation needs of welfare recipients and other low-income adults in California. Among the objectives are: to identify the transportation obstacles facing welfare recipients and other low-income individuals in California [and] to provide transportation options to better enable CalWORKs recipients and low-income individuals find and keep employment."]

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State-by-State WIA Program Participation Data: FY 2000 and FY 2001. By Abbey Frank and Hedieh Rahmanou, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2003. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1067285829.61/state_moe_fy02.htm

["Under the Act and associated regulations, states are required to collect a series of demographic and performance outcome information on each Workforce Investment Act participant. States are required to submit data on those participants that exited the program during the year. These tables provide state-by-state data on program participation for various groups of individuals."]

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PREVIOUSLY IN STUDIES IN THE NEWS
[This section links to items in Studies in the News since the last Employment, Training, Vocational Education and Welfare to Work Supplement.]

EMPLOYMENT

"Employment, Education and Human Services." IN: Studies in the News, Issue 03-56 - 03-59 (September 2003).

[Includes: "Workers' Compensation system's cost;" Employer health benefit survey;" "Job losses appear permanent;" and others].

[Request #S1273]

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"Employment, Education and Human Services" IN: Studies in the News, 03-63 - 03-71 (October 2003).

[Includes: "Employer costs of mandatory health coverage;" "Disabled young people gaining independence;" "Court OKs employment arbitration agreements;" "Present and future of pension insurance;" "Reform of workers' compensation courts;" "Workers' compensation reform laws;" "Federal unemployment benefits;" and others.]

[Request #S1278]

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"Employment, Education and Human Services." IN: Studies in the News, Issue 03-74 - 03-78 (November 2003).

[Includes: "Unemployment trust funds;" "Worker's Compensation insurance market overview;" "Major changes to WIA program;" and others.]

[Request #S1280]

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"Employment, Education, and Human Services." IN: Studies in the News, Issue 03-80 - 03-83 (December 2003).

[Includes: "Science and engineering workforce;" "History of California Workers' Compensation;" "Workers' compensation disability ratings;" "Interstate comparisons of workers' compensation;" and others.]

[Request #S1286]

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"Employment, Education, and Human Services." IN: Studies in the News, Issue 04-01 - 04-07 (January 2004).

[Includes: "Unemployed TANF leavers and insurance;" "Unemployment insurance in California;" "Workers exhausting unemployment benefits;" "Living wage laws and economic development;" "Retirement preparedness of boomers;" "Court limits liability for sexual harassment;" "Unemployment benefits;" "Employment-based insurance;" "Permanent disability schedule;" "Retiree health benefits decreasing;" "Worker's Compensation audit;" and others.]

[Request #S1298]

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"Employment, Education, and Human Services." IN: Studies in the News, Issue 04-10 (February 2004).

[Includes: "Drop in pay for mobilized National Guard;" "Workers compensation program;" and others.]

[Request #S1309]

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