Subject: Studies in the News 03-70 (October 2, 2003)


CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Early childhood home visitation and domestic violence
EDUCATION
   Child care resource and referral
   Equality and inclusion in childcare
   Innovation and school readiness
   English learners receive inferior education
HEALTH
   Impact of TANF extension on Medicaid
HUMAN SERVICES
   Statistics about adopted children
   NACCRRA response to NICHD studies
   Roles of fathers in their newborns' lives
   Public response to low-income families
STUDIES TO COME
   Health care in commercial and Medicaid plans
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in Californiaís Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Libraryís website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

"First Reports Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Violence: Early Childhood Home Visitation: Findings from the Task Force on Community Preventive Services." By Robert A. Hanh and others. IN: MMWR Recommendations and Reports, vol. 52, no. RR14 (October 3, 2003) pp.1-9.

Full Text at: www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5214a1.htm

["Early childhood home visitation programs are those in which parents and children are visited in their home during the child's first 2 years of life by trained personnel who provide some combination of the following: information, support, or training regarding child health, development, and care. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) conducted a systematic review of scientific evidence concerning the effectiveness of early childhood home visitation for preventing several forms of violence: violence by the visited child against self or others; violence against the child (i.e., maltreatment [abuse or neglect]); other violence by the visited parent; and intimate partner violence."]

[Request #S9361]

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EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Poised For Shaping Results-Based Early Learning Systems: A Report on Child Care Resource and Referral in the United States. By Linda Smith and others, Nation's Network of Child Care Resource & Referral. (NACCRRA, Washington, DC) June 2003.

Full Text at: www.naccrra.net/docs/shaping_els-full.pdf

["Public demand for child care has risen sharply since NACCRRA published its first report on child care resource and referral (R&R) in 1996. Welfare reform, early brain development research, and new public education performance measures have all contributed to driving this demand, which has required both an increase in child care supply and quality. This report documents how the R&R field has responded to this increased demand in terms of the volume, scope and sophistication of services it provides to families, child care providers and communities. The underlying support and outspoken leadership for this growth has come from the national R&R network. As a result, R&R services are now available in all but two states."]

[Request #S9362]

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Parent's Eye: Building a Vision of Equality and Inclusion in Childcare Services. By Daycare Trust. (Daycare Trust, London, United Kingdom) October 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.daycaretrust.org.uk/mod/fileman/files/ParentsEye_Report.pdf

["This report focuses on issues in child care for black and minority ethnic families in England. It found that child care services that are inclusive and engage the communities they serve provide parents with the best experiences of child care; trust in child care services is critical, especially for families where child care is not a part of their previous cultural experience; child care can both aid and benefit from greater understanding and involvement of different cultures; parents from all backgrounds can benefit from the support of child care services, which can help overcome exclusion and isolation; and positive child care experiences can help challenge racism."]

[Request #S9363]

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Early Learning and Care Survey Results: School Districts Find Innovative Ways to Expand Programs. By Jen Brown, Economic Opportunity Institute. (The Institute, Seattle, Washington) August 2003. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.eoionline.org/ELC/EarlyLearning/PreKKSS.pdf

["Pre-kindergarten and full-day kindergarten programs are becoming key strategies in enhancing school readiness and closing the student achievement gap. In this survey of Washington's 296 school districts, EOI found that throughout the state districts are using various funding sources to go beyond-state-mandated programs."]

[Request #S9364]

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IMMIGRANTS

"English Learners in California Schools: Unequal Resources, Unequal Outcomes." By Patricia Gandara, U.C. Davis, and others. IN: Education Policy Analysis Archives, vol. 11, no. 36 (October 7, 2003) 53 p.

Full Text at: epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v11n36/v11n36.pdf

["The Williams vs the State of California class action suit on behalf of poor children in that state argues that California provides a fundamentally inequitable education to students based on wealth and language status. This article, an earlier version of which was prepared as background to that case, reviews the conditions of schooling for English learners in the state with the largest population of such students, totaling nearly 1.6 million in 2003, and comprising about 40 percent of nationís English learners...These students are assigned to less qualified teachers, are provided with inferior curriculum and less time to cover it, are housed in inferior facilities where they are often segregated from English speaking peers, and are assessed by invalid instruments that provide little, if any, information about their actual achievement."]

[Request #S9365]

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HEALTH

MEDICARE & MEDICAID

Impact of TANF Extension on Medicaid. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-46. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 2, 2003. 4 p.

["A number of provisions of Public Law 108-89, which extended the TANF Program will affect health entitlement programs -- the extension through March 2004 of the mandate for state Medicaid programs to pay Part B premiums for certain elderly individuals, the extension provisions aimed at equalizing urban and rural standardized Medicare inpatient hospital payments and the extension of Transitional Medicaid Assistance for those persons leaving the TANF program."]

[Request #S9366]

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HUMAN SERVICES

ADOPTION

Adopted Children and Stepchildren: 2000. By Rose M. Kreider. (U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC) October 2003. 22 p.

Full Text at: www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/censr-6.pdf

["The Census Bureau took its first-ever look at adopted children in this report which presents information on the characteristics of 2.1 million adopted children and 4.4 million stepchildren, as estimated from the Census 2000 sample that collected data from approximately 1 out of every 6 households. Some highlights of findings include: In 2000, 1.6 million adopted children under the age of 18 were living in U.S. households; 87 percent of these adopted children were born in the United States; Of the 258,000 adopted children who were foreign-born, nearly half (48 percent) were born in Asia, about one-third (33 percent) in Latin America, and about one-sixth (16 percent) in Europe." Children's Bureau Express (October 13, 2003).]

[Request #S9367]

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CHILD CARE

Key Findings and CCR&R Response to New NICHD Study Reports: Two Articles Link Time Spent in Child Care to Behavior Problems and Stress Levels. By the Nation's Network of Child Care Resource & Referral. (The Network, Washington, DC) 2003. 3 p.

["In response to the NICHD studies, this paper recommends that CCR&Rs give the following key messages to families and policy makers: 1) The vast majority of children in child care are doing just fine; 2) The quality of child care matters; 3) Quality child care is most importantly about the quality of the caregivers; 4) How much time a child spends in child care is only one of several family and child care factors linked to behaviors and social competence; 5) Parents have the greatest effect on how their children behave and get along with others."]

[Request #S9368]

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FATHERHOOD

Understanding Fathering: The Early Head Start Study of Fathers of Newborns. By Cheri A. Vogel and others. (Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, New Jersey) 2003 82 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/ehsnewborns.pdf

["This research examines factors affecting fathers' continuing support of and engagement in relationships with their very young children. It addresses who the fathers are, what level of involvement they have with their children and families, and how this involvement changes over time. Using a sample of men whose children were involved in Early Head Start or other comprehensive community-based programs, the researchers conclude that fathers were present in their children's lives, involved with them in multiple ways, and had nurturing and supportive interactions. Although fathers faced many stressors, including depression, they also had many supports."]

[Request #S9369]

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LOW INCOME

Public Attitudes Toward Low-Income Families and Children: Circumstances Dictate Public Views of Government Assistance. By Mary Clare Lennon, National Center for Children in Poverty, and others. (The Center, New York, New York) October 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.nccp.org/media/pat03a-text.pdf

["The first in the series, this report examines how the public responds to specific characteristics of women who face economic struggles. For example, the public favors many forms of assistance for low-income women regardless of whether they are employed or on welfare."]

[Request #S9370]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

MEDICAID

"Quality of Care for Children in Commercial and Medicaid Managed Care." By Joseph W. Thompson and others, University of Arkansas. IN: JAMA Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 290, no. 1, (September 17, 2003) pp. 1486 - 1493.

Pregnant women and children enrolled in Medicaid managed care plans generally receive lower-quality care than those in private health plans, according to this study...The study found that through Medicaid managed care plans, pregnant women had fewer physician appointments and fewer children received all recommended immunizations...In addition, 69% of children covered by private plans were fully immunized by age two, and 53% received more than six physician visits by age 15 months. In comparison, 31% of Medicaid beneficiaries ages 15 months had received more than six check-ups, and 54% of children under age two were fully immunized." Kaiser Daily Reports (September 17, 2003).]

[Request #S9371]

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