Subject: Studies in the News 03-59 (September 22, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

September 1853 - "Apparently there was some dissention in the rank and file of the Eureka Light Horse Guard, for on September 5, 1853, Captain Coy sent a letter to. Governor Bigler, resigning his commission as Captain, and giving as his reason for doing so 'circumstances of an unpleasant nature having occurred within the unit, and although not serious, nevertheless were very disagreeable.' It is assumed that the dissention, continued after the election of the new Captain,. Isaac Rowell, as the company disbanded sometime during 1854. "  http://www.militarymuseum.org/EurekaLightHorseGuar  

September 1853 - "In September 1853 the first telegraph line in California, six miles in length, was completed connecting Point Lobos and Telegraph Hill. From early in 1849 a signal announcing the arrival of ships was located on the top of Telegraph Hill. This consisted of a mast with wooden arms which could be raised at different positions to indicate what kind of ship was arriving. The information was relayed from a similar signal at Point Lobos at the Golden Gate. As Point Lobos was not always visible from Telegraph Hill, there was an intermediate mast and arm about one mile south of Fort Point in the Presidio."  www.angelfire.com/ca/bearflag/sfo/sfostreetsmisc.h  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Reforming California state government
CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Court rules on inmates condemned by judges
   Identity theft 1998-2003
   Women offenders in criminal justice system
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Exclusive new neighborhoods
DEMOGRAPHY
   Seasonal and migrant farm workers
   Country of origin for foreign-born residents
ECONOMY
    Geographic concentrations in farms subsidies
   Auto body shop fraud
   CEO compensation survey
   State of American infrastructure.
EDUCATION
   Student achievement in San Diego
   Reinterpretation of education spending data
   Trends in state-level financial assistance policies
   Survey of teachers in public schools
EMPLOYMENT
   Employer health benefit survey
   Job losses appear permanent
ENERGY
   FERC lacks information from power generators
   Attorney General alleges excess gasoline profit
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   EPA relaxes plant pollution standards
   States sue EPA on greenhouse gases
   Coastal resource management
   Court stops Navy sonar
   Superfund program current status
   Underfunding the superfund program
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Views on same-sex marriages
   Federal appropriations in spending bills
   Competitive federal grants
   Citizen participation in e-government
   Mexico and the USA's Smart Border Plan
   Legislative intent regarding state budget
   Latino electorate in California
   Court rejects punch-card voting
   Voting rights for people with disabilities
HEALTH
   Language barriers to health care access
   Consumer-directed health plans
   Health insurance for children
   Slight increase in adult diabetics
   Employer support for health insurance
   Fiscal crisis impact on Medi-Cal
   Federal funds for public health
HUMAN SERVICES
   Faith-based social services
   Economic opportunity and the poor
   Unspent welfare-to-work funds rescinded
TRANSPORTATION
   New York's statewide ban on phone use while driving
   Trends in state capital investment in highways
   Bus rapid transit popularity
WASHINGTON READER
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
STUDIES TO COME
   Challenges for trade infrastructure
   Capacity for globalization in the West
   New technologies of surveillance worldwide
   Unmet need for drug abuse treatment
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CALIFORNIA READER

CALIFORNIA READER

Roadmap To Reform: A Commission and Seven Principles For Fundamentally Reforming California State Government. By Carl DeMaio and others. (Reason Public Policy Institute, Los Angeles, California) August 2003. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.rppi.org/roadmap.pdf

["State leaders openly acknowledge that this year's budget will result in a beginning deficit of at least $8 billion next year.... We have highlighted a series of reforms that the state must adopt in order to emerge from the current crisis stronger, healthier, and more competitive. We are also suggesting a mechanism by which reform can be made."]

[Request #S9041]

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

Wesley Summerlin v. Terry L. Stewart. United States Court of Appeal for the Ninth Circuit. September 2, 2003. 90 p.

Full Text at: www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/newopinions.nsf/C9D33A3EF8BC665C88256D95005BFD72/$file/9899002.pdf?openelement

["The ruling stems from a 2002 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, which found that juries, not judges, must render death sentences. By an 8-3 vote Tuesday, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said all condemned inmates sentenced by a judge should have their sentences commuted to life terms." Associated Press (September 3, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9042]

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IDENTITY THEFT

Federal Trade Commission Overview of the Identity Theft Program. By the Federal Trade Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) September 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.ftc.gov/os/2003/09/timelinereport.pdf

["Over the past five years, 27.3 million Americans, including 9.9 million in 2002, were victimized by identity theft, the Federal Trade Commission reported Wednesday. In addition to physical theft of data, computer hackers and corrupt employees of financial institutions contributed to the problem." Sacramento Bee (September 4, 2003) D1.]

[Request #S9043]

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WOMEN

Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders. By Barbara Bloom and others. National Institute of Corrections. (The Institute, Washington, DC) 2003. 145 p.

Full Text at: nicic.org/pubs/2003/018017.pdf

["Numbering more than 1 million in 2001, female offenders make up 17 percent of all offenders under some form of correctional sanction. This report summarizes current knowledge on the characteristics of women in correctional settings, the ways in which gender makes a difference in current criminal justice practice, and multidisciplinary research and theory on women's lives that have implications for managing women in the criminal justice system. It concludes by offering guiding principles and strategies for improving the system's response to women offenders."]

[Request #S9044]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

HOUSING

California's Newest Neigborhoods. By Hans P. Johnson and Joseph M. Hayes, Public Policy Institute of California. California Counts. Vol. 5, No.1 (The Institute, San Francisco, California) August 20, 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/CC_803HJCC.pdf

["The report suggests that new housing developments are more exclusive than older neighborhoods when it come to location and the type of housing they encompass.... The report found that far fewer new residential developments in the 1990's were created in the state than in previous decades.... The report states that the Inland Empire, the San Joaquin Valley, and the Sacramento Metro regions together account for almost half of the state's new neighborhoods." California Capitol Hill Bulletin (September 5, 2003) 2.]

[Request #S9045]

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DEMOGRAPHY

CENSUS

Decennial Census: Lessons Learned for Locating and Counting Migrant and Seasonal Farm Workers. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-605 (The Office, Washington, DC) July 2003. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-605

["The report assesses the adequacy of the Census Bureau's operations for locating and counting migrant and seasonal farm workers. The GAO study finds the Bureau's procedures to provide complete and accurate address lists and maps appear adequate for pinpointing the hidden dwellings in which some migrant farm workers reside. The report also finds that the Bureau's operations do not work as well in prevailing over barriers to counting migrant farm workers such as the mobility of the workers themselves, language and literacy obstacles, and a distrust of outsiders." California Institute Capitol Hill Bulletin (August 15, 2003) 5.]

[Request #S9046]

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IMMIGRANTS

Where Immigrants Live: An Examination of State Residency of the Foreign Born by Country of Origin in 1990 and 2000. By Steven A. Camarota and Nora McArdle, Center for Immigration Studies (The Center, Washington, DC) September 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.cis.org/articles/2003/back1203.pdf

["Mexico alone accounted for 43 percent of the growth in the foreign-born population between 1990 and 2000.... Immigrants from Spanish-speaking Latin America accounted for more than 60 percent of the growth in the foreign-born population nationally in the 1990s.... The dramatic growth in the nation’s immigrant population has been accompanied by a significant decline in diversity."]

[Request #S9047]

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ECONOMY

AGRICULTURE

Farm Subsidy Database Returns with New Information: Press Release. By the Environmental Working Group. (The Group, Washington, DC) September 9, 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ewg.org/farm/home.php

["Some of the richest aid payments doled out by the U.S. government last year went to the largest agricultural concerns in the state, including Corcoran cotton growers.... The payout to California farms last year represented a fraction of the $12.2 billion in total U.S. agricultural assistance.... The Environmental Working Group says the system isn't equitable. The group contends that payouts tend to favor large agricultural businesses and do little to support the small farms the program was designed to protect." Los Angeles Times (September 9, 2003) C1.]

[Request #S9048]

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CONSUMER PROTECTION

Auto Body Repair Inspection Pilot Program: Report to the Legislature. By the Bureau of Automotive Repair, California Department of Consumer Affairs. (The Department, Sacramento, California) September 2003

["State investigators found billing fraud in nearly half of the auto body repair jobs they inspected during a two-year study, with an average of $811 in overcharges for parts or labor not received.... During the study, a total of 1,315 vehicles with at least $2,500 worth of repairs were inspected at no charge for consumers who requested a check through a toll-free hotline." Los Angeles Times (September 10, 2003) B1.]

Fact sheet. 2 p.
http://www.dca.ca.gov/r_r/autobody_fact_sheet.pdf

Report. 9 p.
http://www.dca.ca.gov/r_r/autobody_report_090903.pdf

[Request #S9049]

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CORPORATIONS

Executive Excess 2003: CEOs Win, Workers and Taxpayers Lose: Annual CEO Compensation Survey. By Sarah Anderson, Institute for Policy Studies, and others. (The Institute, Boston, Massachussetts) August 26, 2003. 31 p.

Full Text at: www.faireconomy.org/press/2003/EE2003.pdf

["Chief executives of companies that had the largest layoffs and most underfunded pensions and that moved operations offshore to avoid U.S. taxes were rewarded with the biggest pay boosts in 2002, on average, a new report has found.... While the median CEO pay increase was 6% in 2002, median pay rocketed 44% for chiefs of the 50 companies that announced the biggest layoffs in 2001. At the 30 companies with the greatest shortfall in their employees' pension funds in 2002, CEOs that year made 59% more than the median. Among the companies with the most offshore subsidiaries in tax-haven countries, CEOs earned 87% more than the median pay for the last three years." Fresno Bee (September 7, 2003) D1.]

[Request #S9050]

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INFRASTRUCTURE

Report Card for America's Infrastructure: 2003 Progress Report. By the American Society of Civil Engineers. (The Society, Washington, DC) September 2003.

["To those who drive on increasingly snarled roads or found themselves without power last month, a new report from the nation's civil engineers that gives near-failing grades to most of the country's structural foundation probably comes as little surprise. But at $ 1.6 trillion over the next five years, the price tag to fix everything from highways to the electrical grid might be more of a shock.... The group found no significant progress since 2001 when it gave the nation's structures an overall grade of D-plus. Engineers say most areas -- including roads, sewer systems and the energy grid -- are getting worse." Sacramento Bee (September 5, 2003) A15.]

Report. 7 p.
http://www.asce.org/reportcard/pdf/fullreport03.pdf

California Infrastructure. 3 p.
http://www.asce.org/reportcard/pdf/ca.pdf

[Request #S9051]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Determinants of Student Achievement: New Evidence From San Diego. By Julian R. Betts and others, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003.

["In this report, they examine resource inequalities across schools, explore trends in achievement, and, most important, provide detailed statistical estimates of the school and classroom factors that most influence student achievement.... The authors conclude the study with a discussion of the implications of their findings, especially in light of the grim new financial reality facing most school districts as a result of California's serious budget deficits."]

Full Report. p. 174.
http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_803JBR.pdf

Research Brief. p. 2.
http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/RB_803JBRB.pdf

[Request #S9052]

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ACCOUNTABILITY

Child's Play? The Bush Administration's Misuse of Data. By David Rosnick, Center for Economic and Policy Research. (The Center, Washington, DC) August 29, 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.cepr.net/Childs_Play.PDF

["This short paper analyzes the Department of Education's use of data in a graph on its homepage. The graph, entitled "Why No Child Left Behind Is Important to America," selectively slants the data, appearing to show a vast increase in federal spending on education over the last thirty-five years with no improvement in student reading test scores. This graph gives a highly distorted and incomplete picture of the reality of the impact of educational spending in the United States. The paper offers an example of a more representative graph, which accounts for adjustment in inflation, the number of students enrolled in K-12 schools, a comparison to math and science scores, and a more representative choice of scale."]

[Request #S9053]

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HIGHER EDUCATION

State Tuition, Fees, and Financial Assistance Policies: 2002-03. By Christopher J. Rasmussen. (State Higher Education Executive Officers, Denver, Colorado) 2003. 42 p.

Full Text at: www.sheeo.org/finance/tuitionfee.pdf

["The latest version by Christopher J. Rasmussen is a comprehensive assessment of state policies related to public college and university tuition, fees, and financial aid. It also includes expanded information on the various goals and objectives of state-level student financial assistance policies, a report of the impact of state legislative term limits on higher education policy, and a new section on state policy responses to the federal educational tax credits implemented in 1997."]

[Request #S9054]

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TEACHERS

Status of the American Public School Teacher. By the National Education Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) September 2003. 384 p.

["Survey: U.S. teaching force short on men, minorities: Only two out of 10 teachers in America's classrooms are men.... Just one in 10 teachers is a minority.... The largest percentage of teachers, 43 percent, got into the field more than 20 years ago.... Six in 10 teachers said they would choose teaching again if they could go back to their college days and start over." Associated Press (August 27, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9055]

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EMPLOYMENT

EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Employer Health Benefits: 2003 Annual Survey. By the Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust. (The Foundation, Menlo Park, California) September 2003. 165 p.

Full Text at: www.kff.org/content/2003/3369/report.pdf.pdf

["Private health insurance premiums increased 13.9% in 2003 ... the largest increase since 1990.... Over the past three years, the amount of the premium employees pay for family coverage has increased almost 50%, from $1,619 to $2,412.... The combination of double-digit increases in health care costs and a weak economy means fewer jobs, lower wages, and higher health care payments for workers." PR Newswire (September 9, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9056]

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LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS

"Has Structural Change Contributed to a Jobless Recovery?" By Erica L. Groshen and Simon Potter. Current Issues in Economics and Finance. Vol. 9, No. 8. (The Federal Reserve Bank, New York, New York) August 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.newyorkfed.org/rmaghome/curr_iss/ci9-8.pdf

["Most Jobs Lost Since 2001 Gone for Good, Study Says: The vast majority of the 2.7 million jobs lost since the 2001 recession began were the result of permanent changes in the U.S. economy and are not coming back, a study has concluded.... The labor market will not regain strength until positions are created in novel and dynamic economic sectors." Sacramento Bee (September 6, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9057]

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ENERGY

ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

Energy Markets: Additional Actions Would Help Ensure That FERC's Oversight and Enforcement Capability Is Comprehensive and Systematic. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-845. (The Office, Washington, DC) August 2003. 78 p.

Full Text at: frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/useftp.cgi?IPaddress=162.140.64.21&filename=d03845.pdf&directory=/diskb/wais/data/gao

["The General Accounting Office has found FERC doesn't receive enough information about energy markets because it doesn't have enough authority to gather the data about, for example, regional fuel prices, supply and the operational condition of power plants. This information deficit has existed for several years, during a time when most of the country has been deregulating energy prices, and part of FERC's job is to see that prices are fair and reasonable. The judgment is hard to make when information isn't available from the power generators." Riverside Press-Enterprise (August 4, 2003) A7.]

[Request #S9058]

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GASOLINE AND DIESEL

Attorney General Lockyer Releases Data Showing Fast-Rising Profit Margins for State's Gas Refiners; Urges Policymakers to Fix Structural Defects in California Market: Press Release. By the Office of the Attorney General. (The Office, Sacramento, California) September 8, 2003.

["Attorney General Bill Lockyer urged legislators to blunt gasoline price increases by creating a fuel reserve, tapping new pipelines or taking other steps that could lead to a more competitive market.... 'The fact is that our market's over-concentrated, we're all paying too much, and we ought to figure out ways to enhance supply and increase competition,' Lockyer said." Los Angeles Times (September 9, 2003) C1.]

Press release. 1 p.
http://caag.state.ca.us/newsalerts/2003/03-106.htm

Data. 20 p.
http://caag.state.ca.us/newsalerts/2003/03-106.pdf

[Request #S9059]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AIR POLLUTION

Equipment Replacement Provision of the Routine Maintenance, Repair and Replacement Exclusion: Final Rule. By the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (The Agency, Washington, DC) August 27, 2003.

["The Bush administration revised Clean Air Act rules, exempting companies from installing new pollution-control devices if they modify their facilities to make them more efficient but also more polluting.... The revision allows a utility, refinery, manufacturing plant or other large industrial facility to spend for repairs as much as 20% of what it would cost to replace a major component of its plant before the requirement is triggered." Los Angeles Times (August 28, 2003) A1.]

Press release. 1 p.
http://www.epa.gov/newsroom/headline2_082703.htm>

Final Rule. 176 p.
http://www.epa.gov/nsr/ERP_merged_8-27bh.pdf

Fact sheet. 3 p.
http://www.epa.gov/nsr/827factsheet.pdf

[Request #S9061]

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CLIMATE CHANGE

States to Challenge EPA's Refusal to Regulate Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Press Release. By the Office of Maine Attorney General Steven Rowe. (The Office, Augusta, Maine) September 3, 2003. And Control of Emissions from New Highway Vehicle and Engines: Notice of Denial of Petition for Rulemaking. By the Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (The Office, Washington, DC) August 28, 2003

[Connecticut, Massachussetts and Maine are taking the Environmental Protection Agency to federal appeals court over the agency's decision not to regulate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The EPA said that it lacked authority from Congress to regulate the gases, and denied a petition by several organizations to impose new controls on vehicles' greenhouse gas emissions blamed for contributing to global warming.... 'The EPA's recent flip-flop regarding its authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions ignores the Clean Air Act and all the problems that global warming will cause,' (Maine Attorney General Steven)Rowe said. 'We just want the EPA to do its job.'" Associated Press (September 3, 2003) 1.]

Attorney General's Press Release. 1 p.
http://www.state.me.us/ag/press_release_pop_up.php?press_id=174

EPA Denial of Petition. 25 p.
http://www.epa.gov/airlinks/co2petition.response.pdf

[Request #S9062]

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COASTAL RESOURCES

Coast Dairies Long-Term Resource Protection and Access Plan. Draft Final. Prepared for the Trust for Public Land. (Environmental Science Associates, San Francisco, California) June 26, 2003. 168 p.

Full Text at: www.tpl.org/content_documents/ca_coast_dairies_plan_6_03.pdf

["The specific purpose of the... Plan is to provide direction and guidance on how best to manage natural and physical resources, visitor use, development and use of lands and facilities, and resource protection of (Hollister Peak Ranch).... Once completed, the... Plan will be used as a template against which future project implementation plans are reviewed."]

[Request #S9060]

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MARINE MAMMALS

Natural Resources Defense Council v. Donald Evans. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. C-02-3805-EDL. August 26, 2003. 73 p.

Full Text at: tinyurl.com/m4jb

["A judge knocked down a Navy plan to deploy submarine-hunting sonar in most of the world's oceans, saying the devices endanger entire populations of whales, porpoises and fish.... But she left open the possibility of limited use of new low-frequency active sonar technology for testing and training in certain areas not considered rich in sea life. Also, Congress is considering legislation that would effectively allow wider use of the sonar technology, despite the judge's ruling.... The judge ordered the parties to meet to negotiate possible terms of the permanent injunction." San Francisco Chronicle (August 27, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9063]

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SUPERFUND

Superfund Program: Current Status and Future Fiscal Challenges. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-850. (The Office, Washington, DC) July 2003. 45 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03850.pdf

["At the end of fiscal year 2002, the NPL (National Priorities List) had 1,233 sites in various stages of cleanup.... As the Superfund program continues to add sites to the NPL and funding sources shift toward general fund appropriations, the effect of EPA's actions to address future program challenges remains uncertain."]

[Request #S9064]

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Cleanup Slowdown: How Under-Funding The Superfund Program Harms Communities Across America. By Julie Wolk, U.S. Public Interest Research Group (PIRG) Education Fund. (The Fund, Washington, DC) August 2003. 64 p.

Full Text at: uspirg.org/reports/CleanupSlowdown2003.pdf

["One in four people in America lives within four miles of a Superfund toxic waste site. Eighty-five percent of all Superfund sites have contaminated groundwater; half of Americans, including most of those living in rural areas, rely on groundwater for drinking water.... This report details the potential local impacts of the Bush administration’s under-funding of the Superfund program and its failure to reinstate the polluter-paid fees. 522 Superfund sites in 48 states and the U.S. territories -— representing 42 percent of all Superfund sites -— may be subject to a delayed cleanup or less stringent EPA oversight of cleanup activities conducted by polluters."]

[Request #S9065]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

FAMILY LAW

A Digest on How California Voters View Issues Relating to Same-Sex Marriage. By the Field Poll. California Opinion Index. (The Poll, San Francisco, California) August 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.field.com/fieldpollonline/subscribers/COI-03-Aug-GayRights.pdf

["California voters are becoming more accepting of same-sex marriage, but half of them remain opposed, according to a Field Poll. And half of the state's voters now oppose any efforts to amend the U.S. Constitution to define marriage as between a man and a woman, while only 42 percent favor such a move, according to the poll." Sacramento Bee (August 29, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9066]

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FEDERAL BUDGET

August Recess Update: Moving Right Along. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief, 03-07. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 13, 2003. 7 p.

["Moving fast the House passed 11 of 13 fiscal year (FY) 2004 spending bills prior to its August recess.... Two exceptions were the District of Columbia and the Transportation/Treasury bills, both approved at committee level.... Senate is lagging having only passed four bills.... With the exception of the House Homeland Security bill, appropriators have followed their 302(b) allocation."]

[Request #S9067]

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FEDERAL GRANTS

Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Update, 03-13. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 29, 2003 6. p.

[Includes: "Community-based Habitat Restoration Projects;" "Rehabilitation Long-term Training;" "Lead-based Paint Program Grants;" "Grants for Injury Control Research Centers;" and others.]

[Request #S9068]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

E-Democracy, E-Governance and Public Net-Work. By Steven Clift. (Publicas.net, Minneapolis, Minnesota) September 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.publicus.net/articles/edempublicnetwork.html

["To many, e-democracy suggests greater and more active citizen participation enabled by the Internet, mobile communications, and other technologies in today’s representative democracy. It also suggests a different role for government and more participatory forms of direct citizen involvement in efforts to address public challenges."]

[Request #S9069]

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MEXICO

"Mexico-Estados Unidos: Frontera Eficiente, Pero No Abierta." By Gustavo Ernesto Emmerich, Universidad Autonamo Metropolitana. IN: Frontera Norte, vol. 15 (January-June 2003) pp. 7-33.

["In March 2002, Mexico and the United States, through the Smart Border Plan, agreed to work to make the border more efficient. While responding to the shared bilateral objective of accelerating legal flows of people and goods across the border, this article concludes that a) although there will be more bilateralism in its management, b) the efficient border will respond to U.S. security needs, and c) it will continue to divide Mexico and the U.S."]

[Request #S9070]

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STATE BUDGET

Supplemental Report of the 2003 Budget Act 2003-04 Fiscal Year: Containing Statements of Intent for Requests for Studies Adopted by the Legislature. Compiled by the Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) September 8, 2003. 106 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2003/supp_report/supp_rpt_2003_budget_act.pdf

["This report contains statements of legislative intent that were adopted by the conference committee on the 2003 budget."]

[Request #S9071]

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VOTERS & VOTING

Are Naturalized Voters Driving the Latino Electorate? Measuring the Impact of IRCA on Latino Voting in California. By Matt Barreto. (Midwest Political Science Association, Bloomington, Indiana) 2003. 26 p.

Full Text at: mpsa.indiana.edu/conf2003papers/1031964689.pdf

["We find that IRCA (Immigration Reform and Control Act) naturalizations did not spur the increases in Latino voting in the 1990s as some have expected. Instead, demographic and mobilization variables explain why the Latino vote grew between 1996 and 2000.]

[Request #S9072]

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Southwest Voter Registration Education Project, et al. v. Kevin Shelly, California Secretary of State. No. 03-56498; D.C. No. CV-03-05715-SVW. United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. September 15, 2003. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/newopinions.nsf/24CB44D4ABF7AFD088256DA2005DA6D6/$file/0356498.pdf?openelement

["Court Rejects Punch Cards: The decision prohibited the scheduled October 7 election because error-prone punch-card voting machines would be used in six counties ... that together account for 44 percent of the state's registered voters.... The 9th Circuit stayed its own order for a week to accommodate an ... appeal to either the entire 9th Circuit or the Supreme Court." Sacramento Bee (September 16, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9088]

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VOTING RIGHTS

"Constitutional and Statutory Voting Rights for People with Disabilities." By Michael Waterstone. IN: Stanford Law and Policy Review, vol. 14, no. 2 (2003) pp 353 - 387.

["This article examines voting rights for people with disabilities ... and presents the range of barriers that people with disabilities face in exercising their fundamental right to vote. It is clear that choices made by the state and local officials contribute to decreased voting levels and different voting experiences for people with disabilities. The four federal statutes that have traditionally protected the voting rights of people with disabilities have not ensured uniformity of voting or procedures, and the states have not done so themselves."]

[Request #S9073]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

Immigrant Health Care and Linguistic Access. By the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. (The Commission, Washington, DC) September 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.kff.org/content/2003/20030821

[Includes: "Immigrants' Health Care Coverage and Access Fact Sheet;" "Disparities in Health Coverage, Access, and Quality: The Impact of Citizenship Status and Language on Low-Income Immigrants;" "How Race/Ethnicity, Immigration Status, and Language Affect Health Insurance Coverage, Access to and Quality of Care Among the Low-Income Population;" and "Ensuring Linguistic Access in Health Care Settings: An Overview of Current Legal Rights and Responsibilities."]

[Request #S9074]

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Understanding Consumer-Directed Health Care in California. By Jon Gabel, Health Research and Educational Trust, and Thomas Rice, UCLA School of Public Health. Trends & Analysis: Insurance Markets. (California Healthcare Foundation, Oakland, California) August 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.chcf.org/documents/insurance/ConsumerDirectedHealthCare.pdf

["Despite a shared interest among insurers and employers in exploring the potential of consumer-directed health plans, such coverage remains a rarity in California. The report examines consumer-directed health plans, which link consumers’ health coverage choices to the financial consequences of those choices. This report explains how the products work, identifies the industry players behind them, and discusses the factors likely to influence their growth."]

[Request #S9075]

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CHILDREN

FY 2004 SCHIP Allotments. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-40. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 4, 2003 6 p.

["New allocations for the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) for federal fiscal year 2004 illustrate effects of new Census Bureau data on health insurance for children.... States in each region saw increases and decreases.... Changes in state allotments range from increases in Colorado, Connecticut, and Florida and ... declines in Delaware, Montana, Nebraska and New Hampshire."]

[Request #S9076]

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DIABETES

"Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Adults --- United States, 1999--2000." By the Centers for Disease Control. IN: MMWR, vol. 52, no. 35 (September 5, 2003) pp. 833-837.

Full Text at: www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5235a1.htm

["Despite a 'sharp increase' in obesity, diabetes rates 'rose only slightly' from an estimated 8.2% of U.S. adults from 1988 to 1994 to 8.6% of adults in 1999 to 2000 -- an increase of less than 5%.... The small increase in diabetes was a surprise to the CDC because rates of obesity, which can lead to diabetes, rose quickly over the 1990s. According to the CDC, about 30% of U.S. adults were obese as of 2000, up from 23% from 1988 to 1994. Lifestyle changes -- such as dieting and more exercise -- could explain why some high-risk adults have not developed diabetes, CDC officials said. However, health officials cautioned that diabetes rates could climb sharply over the next couple of years because diabetes is a slow-developing disease." Washington Post (September 5, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9077]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

2003 California Establishment Survey: Preliminary Findings on Employer Based Healthcare Reform. By Arindrajit Dube and Michael Reich, University of California, Berkeley. (The University, Berkeley, California) September 2003.

["Many California businesses support the idea of giving all workers health care coverage and face minimal increases in costs to provide it, according to a UC Berkeley study.... In a study of 776 businesses in the state, 64 percent of business respondents said they favor requiring business to provide coverage for workers or pay into a state fund that would cover uninsured employees. Of businesses that don't already provide health care coverage, 59 percent support the idea." Contra Costa Times (September 11, 2003) F4.]

Press release. 2 p.
http://www.berkeley.edu/news/media/releases/2003/09/10_health.shtml

Report. 9 p.
http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/research/ces.pdf

[Request #S9078]

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MEDI-CAL

The Impact of California's Fiscal Crisis On Medi-Cal Health Plans. Prepared by Branch McNeal and others, Mercer Government Human Services Consulting. (Medi-Cal Policy Institute, Oakland, California) September 2003. 64 p.

Full Text at: www.medi-cal.org/documents/access/CAFiscalCrisisOnMCHealthPlans.pdf

["Understanding the current financial position and future viability of the health plans participating in Medi-Cal is critical, because more than half of Medi-Cal's membership is enrolled with and receiving health care services through 22 contracted health plans. If health plans exit Medi-Cal, quality will suffer and state spending will increase." Business Wire, September 3, 2003. (on-line).]

[Request #S9079]

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PUBLIC HEALTH

Federal Actions Affecting States. By Federal Funds Information for States. (FFIS Washington, DC) September 3, 2003. 4 p.

["The Department of Health and Human Services announced that the $1.4 billion in allotments for hospital and public health terrorism preparedness, which were initially announced in April, is now available to the states. When the allotments were initially released, states were entitled to a 20% advance on their FY 2003 funding. The full balance is now available." FFIS News (September 3, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9080]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHARITIES

The Use of Public Funds For Delivery of Faith-Based Human Services: A Review of the Research Literature Focusing on the Public Funding of Faith-Based Organizations. By Lisa M. Montiel and others, The Roundtable on Religion and Social Welfare Policy, Nelson A. Rockerfeller Institute of Government. (The Institute, Albany, New York) June 2003. 91 p.

Full Text at: www.religionandsocialpolicy.org/docs/bibliographies/9-24-2002_use_of_public_funds.pdf

["This report provides an overview of the public funding of faith-based social services in America. Based on a comprehensive review of existing research, it highlights the current state of knowledge and identifies the significant gaps which need to be filled. In particular, the report focuses on the difficulty in tracking public funding of these services, and it offers recommendations for better accounting of such funds."]

[Request #S9081]

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FAMILIES

Making It: What It Really Takes to Live in Texas. By the Center for Public Policy Priorities (The Center, New York, New York) September 2002. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.cppp.org/products/fsi-pdfs/complete.pdf

["As Americans, we generally believe that economic opportunity is available to anyone willing to work hard.... Only a couple of decades ago these assumptions often were true. But in Texas today, this vision of economic well-being has become illusive.... Some of the poor and near-poor are actually worse off now than they were five years ago, having lost Food Stamps, Medicaid, and other public benefits even though their incomes remained low enough for them to qualify for assistance. With this publication, the Center for Public Policy Priorities offers the Family Security Index and the Family Security Portfolio as two new tools to help build economic security for all families in our neighborhoods, our cities, and our state."]

[Request #S9082]

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WELFARE TO WORK

Senate Proposes to Rescind Welfare-to-Work Funds. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 03-41. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 4, 2003. 2 p.

["The Senate version of fiscal year 2004 Labor/Health and Human Services (HHS)/Education appropriations bill contains a provision to rescind $211 million in unspent welfare-to-work funds.... This includes those funds that already have been obligated.... This amount represents almost all of the unspent funds."]

[Request #S9083]

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TRANSPORTATION

HIGHWAY SAFETY

"Hand-held Cell Phone Use Goes Back Up in New York, Despite Year-long Ban." By The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. IN: Status Report, vol. 38, no. 8, (August 26, 2003) pp. 7-8.

["Less than two years after New York enacted the nation's first statewide ban on talking on hand-held cellphones while driving, compliance with the law has dropped by about half, according to a study by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.... The ban prompted many people to begin using hands-free devices or to stop using cellphones at all while driving, rather than face $100 tickets." New York Times (September 2, 2003) B3.]

[Request #S9084]

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HIGHWAYS

Trends in Federal and State Capital Investment in Highways. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-744R (The Office, Washington, DC) June 18, 2003. 73 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-744R

["The nation's capital investment in its highway system has more than doubled in real terms over the past 20 years....Although the nation's highway investment has increased, the nation's 'level of effort' on highway capital spending -- that is, investment relative to fiscal capacity, as measured by GDP -- has remained relatively stable.... Although states primarily pay for highway projects with federal grants and state revenues, states have increasingly used debt financing to fund highway projects."]

[Request #S9085]

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PUBLIC TRANSIT

Bus Rapid Transit: Case Studies in Bus Rapid Transit. By the Transit Cooperative Research Program. (The Program, Washington, DC) 2003. 62 p.

Full Text at: gulliver.trb.org/publications/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_90v1.pdf

["Bus rapid transit systems are found throughout the world. Their operating flexibility and their ability to be built quickly, incrementally, and economically underlie their growing popularity. The systems vary in design, operations, usage, and effectiveness."]

[Request #S9086]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Vol. 10, Bulletin 24-25. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 5-12, 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/b1025.pdf

[Includes: "GAO Report Says California Impact of House WIA Bill Would Be Mixed;" "Leon Panetta To Lead State Budget Deficit Task Force;" "New Statistics On Immigrant Population:" "FERC Staff Urging Settlements in California Overcharge Cases;" "Davis Letter on TEA-21;" and others.]

[Request #S9087]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

ECONOMY

WORLD TRADE

Enhancing Southern California's Global Gateways. By Steven Erie, University of California, San Diego. (The Pacific Council on International Policy, Los Angeles, California) 2003.

["[The study] ... explores the challenges and opportunities for trade infrastructure development in Southern California. Dr. Erie finds that while Southern California's infrastructure is substantial, it requires considerable up-grading, especially its airports." California Capitol Hill Bulletin (September 5, 2003) 2.]

[Request #S9089]

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A Tale of Five Regions: Meeting the Challenge of Globalization in the West. By Dr. Gregory Treverton, Senior Policy Analyst. (RAND, Santa Monica) 2003.

["Dr. Treverton's report examines the progress and attitudes toward globalization in the American West. He finds a mismatch beween regional challenges and the capacity for regional governanace, and posits that a more concerted approach to the challenges of globalization is likely to come from the private sector." California Capitol Hill Bulletin (September 5, 2003) 2.]

[Request #S9090]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

PRIVACY

Privacy and Human Rights 2003: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developements. By Privacy International. (Electronic Privacy Information Center, Washington, DC) 2003.

Full Text at: www.privacyinternational.org/survey/phr2003/

["This extensive survey examines the state of civil liberties around the world. Key topics include Total Information Awareness, the public response to the Patriot Act, biometric identification, and new technologies of surveillance.... Other new topics include genetic privacy, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), and the WHOIS database." Publisher's Announcement.]

[Request #S9091]

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HEALTH

SUBSTANCE ABUSE

Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility. Edited by Richard J. Bonnie and Mary Ellen O'Connell, Alcholol Policy Project, Center for Science in the Public Interest. (National Research Council, Washington, DC) September 2003. 295 p.

Full Text at: www.nap.edu/catalog/10729.html?onpi_newsdoc0309089352

["Alcohol comsumption is the fastest-growing substance abuse problem for people age 12 to 20, according to a new government survey on the nation's drug habit. It estimated that nearly 19 million people in that age goup need treatment for alcohol abuse and almost 8 million need treatment for drug abuse." Sacramento Bee (September 6, 2003) A17.]

[Request #S9092]

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