Subject: Studies in the News 03-39 (June 17, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

June 1853 - "On the evening of June 5, 1853, a clipper ship on its maiden voyage ran aground on the California coastline 50 miles south of San Francisco.... The Carrier Pigeon had sailed for San Francisco from Boston carrying 1300 tons of cargo. Four months into its journey, the ship encountered several days of dense fog off the California coast. On June 5, lost in a thick blanket of fog, it was pulled by strong currents into the rocky shoreline. All hands were saved, but the ship was a total loss. "  http://www.openspacetrust.org/POST_Lands/whalers_c  

June 1853 - "The Carrier Pigeon ran aground near what was then called La Punta de la Ballena (Whale Point). Before long, the point of land was renamed Pigeon Point in memory of the Carrier Pigeon. Perched on a cliff on the central California coast, 50 miles south of San Francisco, sits the Pigeon Point Lighthouse. The lighthouse is now owned by the Coast Guard and leased to the California State Department of Parks and Recreation. "  http://www.norcalhostels.org/pigeonpointlighthouse  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
    Disabled juvenile inmates
    State procedures on firearm sales
    Immigration enforcement and police
    Court limits Miranda warning
    Victims' rights legislation
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
    Paiute sovereignty intact
    Cultural diplomacy and U.S. ambivalence
DEMOGRAPHY
    Economic consequences of population change
ECONOMY
    New requirements for investment banks
    UCLA economic forecast
    Emerging domestic markets
    False claims in spam
    IT revolution and regional economic development
    Insurance regulation
    Urban growth boundaries and light rail
EDUCATION
    Improving student achievement
    State expenditures on statewide testing
    Court ruling on education mandates
    School administrators
    School lunches and nutrition
EMPLOYMENT
    Court backs family leave act
    California racial and ethnic wage gaps
    Tech job outlook to remain soft
    Minimum wage indexing
    State report card for workers' comp
ENERGY
    Overcharging by Bonneville Power
    New cars decline in fuel economy
    Competitive local and long-distance markets
    Market design for electricity grid
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
    Settlement agreement on valley air quality
    Land conservation and water quality issues
    Court upholds MTBE ban
    Climate warming and California water
    Salton Sea filtering proposal
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
    Federal funds for competitive grants
    Immunity from searches on reservations limited
    Proposed reduction of SSI/SSP
    California's current fiscal crisis
    Qualty-of-life priorities budget
    Public survey on state budget
    State budget actions
    Sluggish state revenue performance
    Taxation of telecommunication
HEALTH
    Growth of autistic disorders
    Public hospital crisis
    Personal income shifts
    Nursing home allotments to states
HOUSING
    Urban land redevelopment
HUMAN SERVICES
    Mayors views on poor working families
    Substance abuse and TANF
INTERNATIONAL READER
    U.S. ranks low in environmental performance
TRANSPORTATION
    Highway safety research
    Easing environmental review of projects
STUDIES TO COME
    A guide for decision making in local government
    Teen drinking leads to adult problems
    New test of drug education program
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DISABLED PRISONERS

Addressing the Needs of Youth with Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System: The Current Status of Evidence-Based Research. By the National Council on Disability. (The Council, Washington, DC) May 1, 2003. 234 p.

Full Text at: www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/pdf/juvenile.pdf

["This study finds that despite legal requirements, the juvenile justice system does not adequately serve youth with disabilities. Evidence suggests that the limited resources in most justice systems barely meet the needs of any youth, especially those with disabilities. Programs focus on sanctioning delinquent behavior, not on prevention and early intervention efforts." Connect for Kids (May 5, 2003).]

[Request #S8259]

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FIREARM PERMITS

Survey of State Procedures Related to Firearm Sales, Midyear 2002. By the Regional Justice Information Service, St. Louis , Missouri. Prepared for the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. NCJ 198830. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) April 2003. 96 p.

Full Text at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/ssprfs02.pdf

["This report describes laws, regulations, procedures, and information systems related to sales and other transfers of firearms that were in effect as of June 30, 2002.... This edition incorporates recent changes in Federal and State procedures, and provides expanded coverage on topics related to firearm sales."]

[Request #S8260]

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IMMIGRATION

Officers Need Backup: The Role of State and Local Police in Immigration Law Enforcement. By John R. Edwards, Center for Immigration Studies. (The Center, Washington, DC) April 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.cis.org/articles/2003/back703.pdf

["Hundreds of thousands of law enforcement officers patrol every community, every mile of road, 24 hours every day.... But when it comes to enforcing immigration laws, these lawmen largely remain an untapped human resource. This Backgrounder examines the role that state and local law enforcement plays — or does not play — in the enforcement of immigration laws, and its potential for enhancing homeland security."]

[Request #S8262]

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POLICE

Chavez v. Martinez. U.S. Supreme Court. 01-1444. May 27, 2003. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/02pdf/01-1444.pdf

["The Supreme Court narrowed the right against self-incrimination, ruling that police and government investigators can force an unwilling person to talk, as long as those admissions are not used to prosecute them.... The decision also could prove useful to the government in the war on terrorism." Los Angeles Times (May 28, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S8313]

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VICTIMS

Victims' Rights Legislation in the 21st Century. By Sarah A. Brown, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 28, No. 7. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April 2003. 11 p.; Appendices.

["In recent years, laws have addressed organization of victims' services; notification; participation in the criminal justice process; protection of victims' privacy and vulnerable populations of victims, such as the elderly or children; ensuring rights of victims in the workplace and compensation. This report highlights selected state laws enacted from 1999 through 2002."]

[Request #S8263]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

AMERICAN INDIANS

Inyo County, California, et al. v. Paiute-Shoshone Indians of The Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony et al. United States Supreme Court of the United States. No. 02-281. May 19, 2003. 9 p.

Full Text at: caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=US&navby=case&vol=000&invol=02-281

["Both Sides Claim Victory in Casino Suit: The high court's action leaves Paiute sovereignty intact, county not liable.... In a narrow ruling, the court said the Bishop Paiute tribe's civil rights weren't violated when Inyo County officials -- armed with a search warrent -- seized --casino employee records as part of a welfare fraud investigation." Sacramento Bee (May 24, 2003) A3.]

[Request #S8314]

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CULTURAL POLICY

Recent Trends in Department of State Support for Cultural Diplomacy: 1993-2002. By Juliet Antunes Sablosky, Georgetown University. Prepared for the Center for Arts and Culture. Cultural Diplomacy Research Series. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2003. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.culturalpolicy.org/pdf/JASpaper.pdf

["This paper reviews some of the basic elements in the Department of State's cultural diplomacy program, particularly those related to the arts, looks at budget and staffing trends, and notes some new directions and opportunities, in an effort to provide a framework for further discussion and recommendations."]

[Request #S8264]

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DEMOGRAPHY

POPULATION

The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change. By David E. Bloom, Harvard School of Public Health, and others. Prepared for Rand Program of Policy-Relevant Research Communication. Population Matters. MR-1274. (RAND, Santa Monica, California.) 2003. 107 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1274/

["The report synthesizes recent research that sheds light on the debate over the impact of population dynamics on economic development -- in particular, the importance of age structure. [It] also examines the relationship between population change and economic growth in specific regions of the world and discusses the policy environment needed for nations to benefit economically from the transition to lower fertility rates." Rand Policy Brief (2003) 1.]

[Request #S8265]

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ECONOMY

BANKING

Treasurer Angelides Announces Tough New Requirements for Investment Banks That Do Business with the State of California: Press Release. By the Office of the California State Treasurer. (The Office, Sacramento, California) May 8, 2003. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.treasurer.ca.gov/news/releases/2003/20030508ips.pdf

["California Treasurer Phil Angelides turned up the financial heat on investment banking firms, ordering them to enact strict investor protection reforms if they want to do business with the state. The move follows the landmark $1.4 billion federal settlement with the nation's 10 largest investment banking houses accused of Wall Street stock fraud that led to steep losses for millions of investors." Sacramento Bee (May 9, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8266]

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CALIFORNIA

The UCLA Anderson Forecast for the Nation and California: 2nd Quarter 2003 - 4th Quarter 2004. By the UCLA Anderson Forecasting Project, Anderson Graduate School of Management. And Quarterly Business Forecast Seminar: Packet. By Tom Lieser, Anderson Graduate School of Management, and others. (The School, Los Angeles, California) June 2003. Various pagings.

["Statewide job growth is anticipated to be a mere 0.4% in 2003, down from the anemic 0.7% predicted earlier this year, translating to roughly 45,000 fewer new jobs than had been projected, according to the quarterly UCLA Anderson Forecast. Taxable sales and personal income, critical revenue sources for the state, also are estimated to come in lower than had been expected this year as well as in 2004.... The UCLA forecast says the recession probably will end in the third quarter of this year." Los Angeles Times (June 5, 2003) C1.]

[Request #S8315]

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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Creating Capital, Jobs and Wealth in Emerging Domestic Markets; Financial Technology Transfer to Low-Income Communities. By Glenn Yago and others, Milken Institute. (The Institute, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 50 p.

Full Text at: www.milkeninstitute.org/pdf/ford_policybrief.pdf

["Resolving the EDM capital gap is critical to national economic health as we experience a seemingly jobless recovery from a recession threatened by the constriction of consumer demand. Closing this gap necessitates the transfer of financial technologies and market-based public policy innovations from mainstream applications to emerging domestic markets, carving channels of capital from investors to entrepreneurs."]

[Request #S8270]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

False Claims in Spam: A Report by the FTC's Division of Marketing Practices. By the Federal Trade Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) April 30, 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.ftc.gov/bcp/workshops/spam/

["In this report the FTC describes the results of it's review of approximately 1,000 pieces of unsolicited commercial email, commonly know as 'spam.'... This represents the first extensive review of false claims appearing in unsolicited commercial email ."]

[Request #S8268]

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What The IT Revolution Means For Regional Economic Development. By Paul Sommers and Daniel Carlson, The Brookings Institution (The Institution, New York, New York) 2003. 62 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/es/urban/publications/sommers.htm

["The IT revolution extends far beyond the technology sector. All kinds of firms -- not just 'tech' companies -- are finding ways to cut costs dramatically by automating tasks, outsourcing certain functions, and linking customers to the factory floor.... This report seeks to give a look inside companies to see how they are using IT, and to begin a conversation about what regional leaders can do to support technology-based development."]

[Request #S8312]

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INSURANCE INDUSTRY

Insurance Regulation: Preliminary Views on States' Oversight of Insurers' Market Behavior. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-738T (The Office, Washington, DC) May 6, 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03738t.pdf

["The focus ... is on the states' use of market analysis and examinations in market regulation, and the effectiveness of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' efforts to improve these oversight tools and encourage the states to use them.... We collected data and interviewed officials from nine state insurance departments (including California)."]

[Request #S8269]

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URBAN AREAS

San Jose Demonstrates the Limits Of Urban Growth Boundaries and Urban Rail. By Randy O'Toole and Adrian T. Moore, Reason Public Policy Institute. Policy Study No. 309. (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) April 2003. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.rppi.org/ps309.pdf

["Urban growth Boundaries don't allow the kind of suburban house with a yard that most Americans want to own. Instead they drive up the cost of all homes to increasingly unaffordable levels.... Likewise, light rail systems just don't meet any of the goals envisioned for them.... Light rail systems all carry vastly fewer passengers than expected as all transit systems keep losing market share to automobiles."]

[Request #S8271]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

Exploring Sustained Improvement in Low Performing Schools. By Richard S. Brown, University of California, Irvine, and Marsha Ing, University of California, Los Angeles. Prepared for Policy Analysis For California Education, University of California. (PACE, Berkeley, California) May 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at: pace.berkeley.edu/wp_03-3.pdf

["This study claims that sustained student improvement was much more common in elementary schools than in middle and high schools.... since past research has shown that reducing class size has little or no noticeable impact on student achievement, reducing school size might have a positive impact on at least middle and high school levels."]

[Request #S8272]

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ASSESSMENT

Title 1: Characteristics of Tests Will Influence Expenses; Information Sharing May Help States Realize Efficiencies. By U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-389. (The Office, Washington, DC) May 2003. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03389.pdf

[“ The majority of states administer statewide tests and customize questions to measure student learning against their state standard. These states differ along other characteristics, however, including the types of questions on their tests and how they are scored…. If all states use tests with multiple-choice questions, which are machine scored, GAO estimates that the total state expenditures will be about 1.9 billion. If all states use tests with multiple-choice questions and a limited number of open ended questions … which are hand scored, GAO estimates spending to be 5.3 billion…. Several states are exploring ways to reduce assessment expense, but information on their experiences is not broadly shared among states.”}

[Request #S8273]

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EDUCATION FINANCE

Department of Finance v. Commission on State Mandates. California Supreme Court. S109219. May 22, 2003. 35 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S109219.PDF

["The decision involves a costly and complicated area of school finance - mandate reimbursement. Through the mandate process, schools and local governments get reimbursed by the state controller's office for doing things the state requires.... According to the court decision, eight of the nine programs covered under the mandate are voluntary, meaning schools can choose whether to do them. As a result, the open meetings requirements that apply to these programs are not a reimbursable mandate area." Sacramento Bee (May 23, 2003) A3.]

[Request #S8316]

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SCHOOL GOVERNANCE

Who Is Leading Our Schools? An Overview of School Administrators and Their Careers. By Susan M. Gates and others, Rand Education. MR-1679-EDU. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 258 p.

["A study ... reviewed and analyzed existing data and found little evidence of a natiowide crisis in the market for certified school administrators.... The study did identify several key areas of concern: a significant portion of the administrative population nearing retirement, substantial variation in career incentives ... and barriers that affect teachers' willingness to become school administrators." Rand Research Brief (2003) 1.]

[Request #S8274]

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SCHOOL LUNCHES

School Lunch Program: Efforts Needed to Improve Nutrition and Encourage Healthy Eating. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-506. (The Office, Washington, DC) May 2003. 41 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03506.pdf

["The report states that while many nutritional requirements are being met through school lunches, many lunches do not meet the required 30 percent limit for calories from fat. Recommendations made by the GAO emphasize that federal agencies should work together to identify specific strategies to help schools promote nutrition education and increase the nutritional value of lunches." CDF Child Health Information Project (May 16, 2003).]

[Request #S8275]

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EMPLOYMENT

FAMILY & MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF

Nevada Department of Human Resources, et al. v. Hibbs, et al. U.S. Supreme Court. 01-1368. May 27, 2003. 43 p.

Full Text at: www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/02pdf/01-1368.pdf

["After limiting suits by disabled and older state employees, the U.S. Supreme Court put the brakes on its drive to expand states' rights and allowed state government workers to sue for denial of unpaid family leave.... The ruling has little direct impact in California, which has been ahead of the federal government in protecting workers' rights." San Francisco Chronicle (May 28, 2003) B1.]

[Request #S8317]

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INCOME INEQUALITY

Racial and Ethnic Wage Gaps in the California Labor Market. By Deborah Reed and Jennifer Cheng, Public Policy Institute of California (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 102 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_503DRR.pdf

["Study Finds Continuing Race Disparity in Wages: Latino and African American workers earn lower hourly wages than whites in California, according to a study.... The report also concluded that the wage gap between blacks and whites grew over the last decade despite improvements in the education and job status of African Americans." Los Angeles Times (May 7, 2003) 7.]

[Request #S8276]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

2003 IT Workforce Survey. Presented to the National IT Workforce Convocation. By the Information Technology Association of America. (The Association, Arlington, Virginia) May 5, 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.itaa.org/workforce/studies/03execsumm.pdf

["Demand for information technology positions ranging from software programmers to network engineers will hold steady or decline in the next 12 months, according to a telephone poll of 400 hiring managers.... The tight market for technology jobs comes as hundreds of American companies outsource positions to smaller engineering and programming firms in India, China, Russia and other countries with inexpensive labor forces." San Jose Mercury News (May 5, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8277]

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MINIMUM WAGE

Indexing the Minimum Wage: A Vise on Entry-Level Wages. By the Employment Policies Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) 2003. 13 p.

Full Text at: www.minimumwage.org/study_IndexingMW_03-2003.pdf

["Indexing the minimum wage is a rising trend at the state and local levels. Whether through a ballot initiative ... or state legislature ... efforts have increased in recent years to tie minimum wage increases to economic indicators.... Indexing is little more than an effort to institutionalize on auto-pilot a cycle of rising labor costs leading to reduced job growth.]

[Request #S8278]

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WORKERS COMPENSATION

State Report Card for Workers' Comp: Press Release. By the Work Loss Data Institute (The Institute, ) 2003. 1 p.

Full Text at: www.disabilitydurations.com/pr_repsrc.htm

["California's workers' compensation system earned an 'F' for effectiveness in a recent study based on injuries and illnesses recorded on a log required by federal law. The study of all states looked at data recorded on the OSHA Form 200 to rate the performance of each state's workers' compensation system." California Association for Local Economic Development Bulletin (April 2003) p. 1.]

[Request #S8279]

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ENERGY

ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

Bonneville in Crisis. By Richard Munson, Northeast-Midwest Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) April 2003. 30 p.

Full Text at: www.nemw.org/bonnevillecrisis.pdf

["The Northeast-Midwest Institute issued a report blaming mismanagement at the Bonneville Power Administration for the financial problems it currently faces, and, in a chapter entitled, 'Bonneville Sticks It To Californians,' it alleges that BPA continues to gouge California with its federally-subsidized electricity." Capitol Hill Bulletin (May 1, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8280]

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ENERGY CONSERVATION

Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2003. By Karl H. Hellman and Robert M. Heavenrich, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (The Office, Ann Arbor, Michigan) April 2003. 71 p.

[“Vehicle fuel economy has improved little since the mid-1980s, at least partly because of the continuing popularity of sport utility vehicles, the Environmental Protection Agency said in a report. The average fuel economy for 2003 cars and trucks is 6 percent lower than in 1988, the EPA said. The average fuel economy of cars and light trucks peaked in 1987 and 1988, when it reached 22.1 miles per gallon. In 2003, the average fuel economy was 20.8 miles per gallon.” San Diego Union Tribune (May 3, 2003) A9.]

Full report. 71 p.
http://www.epa.gov/otaq/cert/mpg/fetrends/r03006.pdf

Executive summary. 8 p.
http://www.epa.gov/otaq/cert/mpg/fetrends/s03004.pdf

[Request #S8281]

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UTILITIES

The Role of UNE-P (Unbundled Network Elements Pricing) in Vertically Intergrated Telephone Networks: Ensuring Healthy and Competitive Local, Long-Distance and DSL Markets. By Yale M. Braunstein, School of Information Management and Systems University of California Berkeley. (The School, Berkeley, California) May 2003. 13 p.

Full Text at: www.sims.berkeley.edu/~bigyale/UNE/UCB_Study_UNE_May_2003.pdf

["Residential telephone competition in California is saving customers $189 million a year, according to a new study.... The California Public Utilities Commission now is deciding whether to make those rates permanent." Sacramento Bee (May 14, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8282]

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Wholesale Power Market Platform: White Paper. By the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) April 28, 2003. 12 p.

["After months of heated criticism by industry and state regulators in the Southeast and West, the FERC released a 12-page 'white paper' in which it said it would back down on key elements of its standard market design proposal for the nation's electricity grid. Most prominently, FERC changed its tune on the issue of bundled retail transmission, a central point of debate in the controversy." The Energy Daily (April 29, 2003) 1.]

White paper. 12 p.
http://www.ferc.gov/Electric/RTO/Mrkt-Strct-comments/White_paper.pdf

Press release. 4 p.
http://www.ferc.gov/news/pressreleases/whitepaper-04-28-03.pdf

[Request #S8283]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AIR POLLUTION

Medical Advocates for Healthy Air, et al. v. Christine Todd Whitman, et al. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. Consent Decree. C-02-5102. May 1, 2003. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.earthjustice.org/news/documents/5-03/BACMConsentDecree.pdf

["The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency agreed to take over the San Joaquin Valley's dust and soot cleanup plan next year if local air regulators cannot produce an acceptable program. The EPA made the agreement to settle a lawsuit with air activists over a 10-year-old Valley plan that did not achieve health standards for dust, soot and chemical specks in the air. For such pollution, the Valley ranks among the worst places in the country." Fresno Bee (May 15, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8285]

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CALIFORNIA

Propositions 12 and 13: A Status Report. By The Planning and Conservation League Foundation (The Foundation, Sacramento, California) Spring 2003. 35 p.

Full Text at: www.pcl.org/bonds/report.pdf

["Through Propositions 12 and 13, California voters approved $4.1 billion in parks and water bonds in 2000. This report finds that the vast majority of these funds have been spent, obligated, or programmed, with a particular focus on urban parks needs and on improved methods of providing safe drinking water, water quality and water supply.... This report relies on data from each relevant agency to illustrate how funds are being invested."]

[Request #S8286]

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CLEAN AIR ACT

Oxygenated Fuels Association, Inc. v. Gray Davis, et al. U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 01-17078. June 4, 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/newopinions.nsf/43EA7BD8DA0FBFC388256D3A007CA177/$file/0117078.pdf?openelement

["The court ruled that Governor Gray Davis' order to ban MTBE did not violate the federal Clean Air Act. 'Environmental regulation is an area of traditional state control,' Judge William Fletcher said in the 3-0 ruling. He noted that California plans to substitute ethanol for MTBE as an additive to meet federal tailpipe standards and said federal law allows the state to make that choice." San Francisco Chronicle (June 6, 2003) A19.]

[Request #S8318]

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CLIMATE CHANGE

Climate Warming and California's Water Future. By Jay R. Lund, and others, University of California, Davis. (The University, Davis, California) Prepared for the California Energy Commission. March 20, 2003. 86 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: cee.engr.ucdavis.edu/faculty/lund/CALVIN/ReportCEC/CECReport2003.pdf

["This report presents the method and results of an application of the CALVIN economic-engineering optimization model to provide insights into the potential effects of climate changes on California water management in the distant future, 2100. Much will happen in California in the coming 100 years. No one can be sure exactly what will happen, but prudence asks that we examine a range of reasonable scenarios."]

[Request #S8287]

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SALTON SEA

Review of U.S. Filter Corporation Salton River Proposal: Final Report. By Tetra Tech, Inc. Prepared for Salton Sea Authority. (The Authority, La Quinta, California) March 2003. 135 p.

Full Text at: www.usbr.gov/lc/region/saltnsea/pdf_files/usfilterrvw.pdf

["Cut California's largest lake in half. Capture and treat farm runoff that flows into it. Then send the treated water back to Imperial Valley for reuse, allowing farmers from the region to ship some of their Colorado River water to taps along the heavily urbanized coast. That is the latest scheme for saving the Salton Sea. It is quickly catching the attention of politicians and environmentalists, who say the plan may just satisfy enough competing interests to end decades of stalemate over the future of the imperiled inland sea." Los Angeles Times (May 12, 2003) B1.]

[Request #S8288]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

FEDERAL GRANTS

Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant, 03-05 - 03-07. (FFIS, Washington, DC) April 30, 2003 - May 29, 2003. 35 p.

[Includes: "Emergency Response and Crisis Management Grant Program;" "Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers to Use Technology Program;" "Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Program;" "Commmunity Oriented Policing Services (COPS) FY 2003 Community Policing Discretionary Grants;" "Research Studies on Homeownership and Affordable Lending;" "Mentoring Children of Prisoners Grants;" and others.]

[Request #S8289]

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INDIAN TRIBES

Inyo County, California, et al. v. Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony, et al. U.S. Supreme Court. 02-281. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/02pdf/02-281.pdf

["Indian tribes may not sue authorities to stop searches under a federal civil rights law, the Supreme Court ruled, sidestepping the larger issue of whether tribes have immunity from searches. The court unanimously threw out a ruling by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals decision on a case involving the Bishop Paiute Tribe of Inyo County. It asked lower courts to determine whether tribes have another basis on which to assert their immunity." Los Angeles Times (May 20, 2003) A3.]

[Request #S8290]

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STATE BUDGET

Governor's 2003-04 Budget Proposes to Reduce Supplemental Security Income/State Supplementary Payment (SSI/SSP) Grants. The California Budget Project. Budget Brief (The Project, Sacramento, California) April 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2003/bb030414SSISSP.pdf

["Governor Davis' 2003-04 Budget proposes to reduce Supplemental Security Income/State Supplemental Payment grants by 6.5 percent and suspend the June 2003 and January 2004 state cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs). The reduction and COLA suspensions will result in General Fund savings of $1.1 billion."]

[Request #S8291]

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Did California Spend Its Way Into the Current Fiscal Crisis? By The California Budget Project (The Project, Sacramento, California) May 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2003/030519spending.pdf

["Many analysts and journalists have attributed the unprecedenated budget gap -- estimated at $38.2 billion -- to out-of-control spending during the late 1990s. However, a closer examination of the data indicates that spending since 1989-90 grew more slowly than in previous decades. In fact, much of the spending growth that occurred in the late 1990s represented a restoration of cuts made during the budget crises of the early 1990s."]

[Request #S8311]

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Citizens' Budget: 2003-05: A 10-Point Plan to Balance the California Budget and Protect Quality-of-Life Priorities. By Carl DeMaio and others, The Performance Institute and the Reason Public Policy Institute. (The Institutes, Arlington, Virginia and Los Angeles, California) 2003. 150 p.; Executive Summary 14 p.; and CD-ROM.

Full Text at: www.rppi.org/citizensbudget.pdf

["The document purports to balance the budget without increasing taxes.... Many of the proposals would take years to implement, and the savings probably wouldn't be as great as the authors hope. But that shouldn't stop the lawmakers from seizing on the many intriguing options that sprinkle the report.... Underlying the document is a call for accountability. Every agency, the authors say, should have specific goals laying out what it is trying to accomplish." Sacramento Bee (May 4, 2003) E1.]

[Request #S8319]

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PPIC Statewide Survey: Special Survey on the California State Budget. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) June 2003. 38 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/S_603MBS.pdf

["Californians are frustrated with politicians and the state's $38 billion deficit but oppose most plans to raise taxes to balance the budget and don't want to see services cut, according to a new poll.... Voters may be realizing that some of their actions have caused problems and are showing more willingness to make major changes in the way the state operates, Baldassare said." San Francisco Chronicle (June 12, 2002) A25.]

[Request #S8320]

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STATE BUDGETS

State Budget Actions 2002: Special Fiscal Report. By Corina Eckl and Arturo Perez, Fiscal Affairs Program, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April 2003. 44 p.; Appendices.

["This annual report provides general fund budget information for all 50 states. It summarizes state finances in fiscal year 2002 and provides the outlook for fiscal year 2003. Based on a 2002 survey of legislative fiscal offices, [it] provides an overview of state fiscal conditions and serves as an indicator of state fiscal trends."]

[Request #S8293]

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STATE REVENUES

Sluggish State Revenue Performance Continues. By Nicholas W. Jenny, Fiscal Studies Program, The Nelson A Rockefeller Institute of Government. State Revenue Report No. 51. (The Institute, Albany, New York) April 2003. 15 p.

["State tax revenue grew by 1.9 percent in the October-December quarter of 2002. This was the second quarter of slight growth, most of which resulted from legislated tax increases.... Personal income tax revenue was down by 0.7 percent this quarter, the sixth straight quarter of decline."]

[Request #S8294]

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TAXATION

The Taxation of Telecommunication in California in the Information Age. By James E. Prieger, University of California, Davis, and others. Prepared for the Policy Research Program, California Policy Research Center (The Center, Berkeley, California) April 2003.

Full Text at: www.ucop.edu/cprc/telecomtaxrpt.pdf

["In this report we review and analyze telecommunications taxes and fees in California. The primary objectives of our research were to provide a comprehensive overview of the telecommunications tax system in the state ... and to examine the economic consequences of current tax policy, including inequity, inefficiency, and administrative complexity."]

Full Report. 169 p.
http://www.ucop.edu/cprc/telecomtaxrpt.pdf
Brief. 4 p.
http://www.ucop.edu/cprc/telecomtaxbrf.pdf

[Request #S8295]

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HEALTH

AUTISM

Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Challenges in the California Caseload An Update: 1999 Through 2002. By California Department of Developmental Services. (The Department, Sacramento, California) April 2003. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.dds.cahwnet.gov/autism/pdf/AutismReport2003.pdf

["The number of autism cases has nearly doubled in California in the last four years, and the rate of increase appears to be accelerating, according to a study.... The report found that the number of people with autism who are receiving services from the department rose from 10,360 in December 1998 to 20,377 by the end of December 2002 - a 97% increase." Los Angeles Times (May 13, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8296]

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HOSPITALS

On The Brink: How the Crisis in California's Public Hospitals Threatens Access to Care for Millions. By the California Association of Public Hospitals and Health Systems. (The Association, Oakland, California) 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at: www.caph.org/publications/WhitePaperFINAL.pdf

["Declaring a public health fiscal crisis, officials said that essential public hospitals in the Bay Area and across California are on the brink of financial collapses that would further slash services or force major closures.... At stake officials said, is nothing less than the health and even the lives of untold numbers of poor and uninsured residents who would be unable to receive care at private hospitals." Oakland Tribune (May 6, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8297]

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MEDICAID

2005 FMAP Projections. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 03-18. (FFIS, Washington, DC) April 24, 2003. 8 p.; Tables.

["The release of preliminary per capita personal income data for calendar year 2002 permits projections of fiscal year 2005 federal Medicaid matching rates (the Federal Medicaid Assistance Percentage (FMAP).... Based on preliminary data, 21 states would receive increased FMAPs and 17 would experience declines."]

[Request #S8299]

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MEDICARE & MEDICAID

Nursing Home Survey and Certification Allotments Released. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 03-19. (FFIS. Washington, DC) April 25, 2003. 3 p.; Table.

["The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services released state allotments for nursing home and other provider survey and certification activities. For long-term care providers, these Medicare funds add to Medicaid funds for this jointly financed program and are relatively stable from year to year."]

[Request #S8300]

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HOUSING

REDEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

The State Role in Urban Land Redevelopment. By Nancey Green Leigh, The Brookings Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) April 2003. 52 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/es/urban/publications/leighvacant.pdf

[“Vacant and abandoned properties present both a significant problem, and an opportunity for many central cities…. State legislative reforms can contribute directly to the redevelopment of vacant or abandoned properties. Broader state programs can promote local redevelopment more generally…. Finally, many states have moved to boost local redevelopment efforts with traditional financial mechanisms.”]

[Request #S8301]

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HUMAN SERVICES

FAMILIES

Welfare, Working Families, and Reauthorization: Mayor's Views. By Margy Waller, Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.brook.edu/dybdocroot/es/urban/publications/wallermayors.pdf

["Families need help, according to 31 mayors across the country. Child care and other work supports aren't enough to meet the needs of working parents on or off Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). In roughly one-third of the cities, more than one in five recipients could hit a TANF time limit this year. Mayors anticipate that budget crises will force states to reduce services for these families, and worry that lack of jobs may prevent compliance with the stricter TANF rules proposed in Congress." Connect for Kids (May 12, 2003).]

[Request #S8302]

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TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES

Substance Abuse and TANF. By Andrea Wilkins, National Conference of State Legislatures. Welfare Reform State Policy Choices. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April 2003. 11 p.

["Recent studies have estimated that anywhere from five percent to 35 percent of parents on TANF have a substance abuse problem that can impede their ability to work.... The flexibility of the program has provided new opportunities for state welfare offices to collaborate with state substance abuse treatment providers to create programs that meet the need of TANF clients.... States will need to develop effective services for rural TANF recipients who are in need of substance abuse treatment."]

[Request #S8305]

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INTERNATIONAL READER

An Index Of Rich-Country Environmental Performance. By David Roodman, Center For Global Development. (The Center, Washington, DC) April 2003. 20 p.; Tables.

Full Text at: www.cgdev.org/rankingtherich/Environment_Component.pdf

["Ranking the Rich: Commitment to Development Index Is First to Rank Rich Countries' Efforts to Help the World's Poor: The Netherlands is the most development-friendly of 21 rich nations ranked in a groundbreaking new index.... the United States ranks first in the openness of its trade policy but in the overall index finishes at the bottom with Japan, in 20th and 21st place, respectively." U.S. Newswire (April 28, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8306]

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TRANSPORTATION

HIGHWAY SAFETY

Highway Safety: Research Continues on a Variety of Factors That Contribute to Motor Vehicle Crashes. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-436. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 31, 2003. 55 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03436.pdf

["This study examined human, environmental, and vehicle factors that contribute to crashes. [It] provides more recent information from data, experts, and studies about the factors that contribute to motor vehicle crashes and information about major ongoing and planned Department of Transportation research into factors that contribute to crashes."]

[Request #S8307]

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SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

Secretary Mineta Unveils Bush Administration's Surface Transportation Reauthorization Proposal: Press Release. By the U.S. Department of Transportation. (The Department, Washington, DC) May 14, 2003.

["The Bush administration proposed easing environmental reviews for transportation projects and more than doubling federal money for safety programs. The proposals are part of a $247-billion, six-year spending plan for highways and public transit to succeed the current program that expires in October....The department proposal requires congressional approval. Money for states to make roads safer would increase to about $8.66 billion over six years from about $3.97 billion." Los Angeles Times (May 15, 2003) 1.]

Press release. 2 p.
http://www.dot.gov/affairs/dot04003.htm

SAFTEA: Bill, Analysis and Funding. Various pagings.
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reauthorization/safetea.htm

[Request #S8308]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

GENERAL GOVERNMENT

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Tools for Decision Making: A Practical Guide for Local Government. By David N. Ammons. (CQ Press, Washington, D. C.) 2002. 252 p.

[Includes: "Graphic Techniques for Planning, Monitoring, and Evaluating;" "Work Flow and Work Measurement;" "Making Comparisons;" and others. NOTE: Tools for Decision Making will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S8321]

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HEALTH

ALCOHOL & DRUG USE

Ten-Year Prospective Study of Public Health Problems Associated With Early Drinking. By Phyllis L. Ellickson and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 11, no. 5, (May 2003) pp. 949-955.

["This study claims that early drinkers and experimenters were more likely than nondrinkers to report academic problems, substance use, and delinquent behavior in both middle school and high school. By young adulthood, early alcohol use was associated with employment problems, other substance abuse, and criminal and violent behavior. Early drinkers do not necessarily mature out of a problematic lifestyle as young adults. Interventions for these high-risk youth should start early and address their other public health problems, particularly their tendency to smoke and use other illicit drugs."]

[Request #S8322]

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DRUG EDUCATION

"A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Middle and Junior High School D.A.R.E. and D.A.R.E. Plus Program." By Cheryl Perry and others. IN: Archives in Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157 no. 3 (February 2003) pp. 178-184.

["A program called DARE Plus, which combined DARE with components such as peer-led parental involvement classes and youth-led extracurricular activities, was developed and implemented in Minnesota. A new study indicates that these additions enhance the effectiveness of DARE curriculum." Youth Today (April 2003) 34.]

[Request #S8323]

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