Subject: Studies in the News 03-34 (May 27, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material ECONOMY
   Children's television and media consolidation
EDUCATION
   Early intervention and cost-effectiveness
   Heath promotion in Head Start
   Public libraries and youth development
HEALTH
   Healthy spaces for children
   Community mapping and disabled youth
   Child welfare and juvenile justice
   Health of migrant farmworkers in California
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child care funding myths
   Child care options for working mothers
   Family structure and child well-being
   Demographics and children's living arrangements
STUDIES TO COME
   Antibiotics, parents, and day care
   Violence and substance abuse among adolescents
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

ECONOMY

MEDIA INDUSTRY

Big Media, Little Kids: Media Consolidation and Children's Television Programming. By Christina Romano Glaubke and Patti Miller. (Child Trends, Washington, DC) May 21, 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.childrennow.org/media/fcc-03/fcc-ownership-study-05-21-03.pdf

["As the Federal Communications Commission prepares to announce sweeping changes to regulations governing how many media outlets a single company can own, this new study shows a dramatic decrease in children's TV programming following a rise in media consolidation." Moving Ideas News (May 21, 2003).]

[Request #S8249]

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EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

"The Long-Term Effects and Cost-Effectiveness of Success For All." By Geoffrey D. Borman, University of Wisconsin, and Gina M. Hewes, Johns Hopkins University. IN: Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, vol. 24, no. 4 (Winter 2002) pp. 243-266.

["This article examines the long-term outcomes and costs of another popular early intervention: Success for All. Relative to controls, Success for All students completed 8th grade at a younger age, with better achievement outcomes, fewer special education placements, fewer retentions, and at the same educational expense."]

[Request #S8250]

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HEAD START

Promoting the Health of Poor Preschool Children: What Do Federal Head Start Performance Standards Require? By Rachel Schumacher, Center For Law and Social Policy. (CLASP, Washington, DC) May 15, 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1053012415.12/HS_health.pdf

["Head Start is a federal-to-local grant program for the provision of early childhood education, comprehensive services, and family support to more than 900,000 low-income children and their families. Head Start programs must adhere to a set of performance standards regarding what services are to be provided, including health, parental involvement, nutritional, social, and transition to school."]

[Request #S8251]

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LIBRARIES

Public Libraries as Partners in Youth Development: Lessons and Voices From the Field. By Nicole Yohalem and Karen Pittman. (The Forum for Youth Investment, Washington DC) April 2003. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.forumforyouthinvestment.org/papers/publiclibraries.pdf

["The public library can be a community resource for teens, but few are set up to serve as community centers for large numbers of young people, and librarians are rarely trained as youth workers. This report finds that transforming libraries to better serve young people takes time, deliberative effort, funding help and, most importantly, teen involvement." Connect for Kids (May 19, 2003).]

[Request #S8252]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

"Healthy Spaces for Kids: For the Kids' Sake; Community Mobilization is the Key to Better Environments for Children." By Alexandre Spatuzza. IN: Perspectives in Health, the Magazine of the Pan American Health Organization, vol. 8, no. 1 (2003) pp. 2-7.

["Children need clean and healthy living spaces to grow and thrive. Yet degraded environments expose millions of children in the Americas to serious health threats every day. Now communities are mobilizing to improve living conditions and ensure healthier environments for their kids."]

[Request #S8253]

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DISABILITIES

Community Resource Mapping: A Strategy for Promoting Successful Transition for Youth With Disabilities. By Kelli Crane, TransCen, Inc., and Becky Skinner, The MacKenzie Group. (National Center on Secondary Education and Transition, Minneapolis, Minnesota) April 2003. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.ncset.org/publications/info/NCSETInfoBrief_2.1.pdf

["Community mapping can help put a community's resources in the neighborhoods where they are most needed. This brief includes a detailed explanation of Community Resource Mapping, a list of the benefits of mapping for youth with disabilities, examples of mapping efforts, and related contacts and resources." Connect for Kids (May 19, 2003).]

[Request #S8254]

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MENTAL HEALTH

Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice: Federal Agencies Could Play a Stronger Role in Helping States Reduce the Number of Children Placed Solely to Obtain Mental Health Services. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-397. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 21, 2003. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-397

[“Child welfare directors in 19 states and juvenile justice officials in 30 counties estimated that in fiscal year 2001 parents placed over 12,700 children into the child welfare or juvenile systems so that these children could receive mental health services…. Although no agency tracks these children or maintains data on their characteristics, officials said most are male, adolescent, often having multiple problems, and many exhibit behaviors that threaten the safety of themselves and others.”]

[Request #S]

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MIGRANT & SEASONAL LABOR

Health of Migrant Farmworkers in California. By Michael Rodriguez, Jennifer L. Toller, and Patrick Dowling, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Prepared for the California Research Bureau. 2002 Educational Tour Series. Policy Brief No. 4. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) March 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/03/05/03-005.pdf

["In spite of the economic value of the harvest they produce, California's migrant workers still find themselves largely marginalized and impoverished. Since they are excluded from basic labor regulations with respect to overtime pay, child minimum age requirements, and some health and safety worker protections, it is not suprising that they had made little progress.... With low wages, inadequate housing, and dangerous work, it is not surprising that studies have documented high rates of injuries among farm workers; further, a significant number suffer from poor nutrition and chronic disease as well as depression. Although access to affordable quality health care for migrant women and chidren has improved, it still falls below national standards."]

[Request #S8098]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

The Myth of a Child Care Crisis. By Brian M. Riedl. (The Heritage Foundation, Washington, DC) May 2, 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.heritage.org/Research/Welfare/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=41046

["Despite the dramatic increase in child care funding over the past six years, some activists and Members of Congress are still lamenting an alleged 'child care crisis.' However, many of the arguments concerning welfare and child care are outdated or misleading. This paper debunks six persistent myths about child care in America."]

[Request #S8102]

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Who Cares? The Child Care Choices of Working Mothers. By Heather Boushey, Center for Economic and Policy Research. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 6, 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.cepr.net/Data_Brief_Child_Care_Choices.PDF

["This brief finds that familial care by a parent or relative remains the most common kind of child care used by working mothers, followed by formal daycare." Moving Ideas News (May 14, 2003).]

[Request #S8255]

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PARENTS

Are Married Parents Really Better For Children: What Research Says About the Effects of Family Structure on Child Well-Being. By Mary Parke, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 2003. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/Pubs/DMS/Documents/1052841111.75/marriage_brief3_annotated.pdf

["This brief summarizes research on the effects of family structure on child well-being, discusses some of the complexities of the research, and identifies issues that remain to be explored. It concludes that research largely supports the notion that, on average, children do best when raised by two married, biological parents who have a low-conflict relationship. However, this new review also finds that discussions of this research are too often oversimplified, which leads to exaggeration by proponents of marriage promotion initiatives and to skepticism from critics."]

[Request #S8256]

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TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES

Age, Race, and Children's Living Arrangements: Implications for TANF Reauthorization. By Ronald B. Mincy and Helen Oliver, Urban Institute. New Federalism Series B, No. B-53. (The Institute, Washington, DC) April 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310670_B-53.pdf

["This brief presents estimates of poor children's living arrangements and father-child contact. Consistent with previous work, we find that young poor children are likely to see their fathers frequently even if their parents are not married. Analysis of these results reveals how the administration's welfare reform proposals may affect children living in different types of families, and it leads to the recommendation of a set of policies designed to improve the well-being of these children."]

[Request #S8257]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

ANTIBIOTICS

"Acute Care and Antibiotic Seeking for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections for Children in Day Care: Parental Knowledge and Day Care Center Policies." By J.F. Friedman and others. IN: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157, no. 4 (April 2003) pp. 369-374.

["This study sought to determine parental knowledge about upper respiratory infections and the proper use of antibiotics and to determine whether parents had knowledge of daycare policies regarding exclusions for illness. The authors concluded that daycare policies are not related to parental care seeking for illness and the expectation for being prescribed antibiotics."]

[Request #S8215]

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DRUG USE

"Violence Exposure and Substance Use in Adolescents: Findings From Three Countries." By Rober Vermeiren and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 111, no. 4 (March 2003) pp. 535-540.

["Drug abuse and expose to community violence are thought of as American problems, but a new study conducted on youth in Antwerp, Belgium, Arkangelsk, Russia and New Haven, Conneticut found considerable exposure to drugs and violence and similar dysfunctional responses to it." Youth Today (April 2003) 35.]

[Request #S8258]

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