Subject: Studies in the News 03-26 (April 22, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   State actions, local lessons and early education
   Exploring the first years of school
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Evidence-based policy making
HEALTH
   Adolescent mental health
   Children's health insurance program evaluation
   Postpartum lengths-of-stay and cost-effectiveness
   Intellectual impairments and blood lead levels
   Mental health services for children
HUMAN SERVICES
   Low income families
   Welfare reforms and child maltreatment
   Children of young mothers
STUDIES TO COME
   Early childhood education and policy
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Early Care and Education Partnerships: State Actions and Local Lessons. By Diane Schilder and others. Partnership Impact Research Project. (Education Development Center, Newton, Massachusetts) March 26, 2003. 147 p.

Full Text at: ccf.edc.org/ecare_edupartner.pdf

["This study of early childhood education programs across the country explores different ways states and local early education programs have used their funding and resources to improve child care services. The study describes the continuing difficulty for low-income parents who continue to have difficulty finding accessible, high-quality child care, despite increases in public funding for these services." Council of Chief State School Officers, Early Childhood and Family Education Listserv (April 11, 2003).]

[Request #S7881]

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The First Years of School [Issue Theme.] IN: Educational Leadership, vol. 60, no. 7 (April 2003).

[Includes: "Integrating Early Care and Education;" "Should We Try to Keep Class Sizes Small?;" "When Children Aren't Ready for Kindergarten;" and others. NOTE: The First Years of School is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7882]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

POLITICS & PUBLIC POLICY

"Evaluation, Policy Learning and Evidence-Based Policy Making." By Ian Sanderson. IN: Public Administration, vol. 80, no. 1 (2002) pp. 1-22.

["The overall purpose of this paper is to explore the notion of evidence-based policy making in the context of policy intervention.... Rigorous quantative evaluation will continue to be important, but so will the use of qualitative, case-study and organisational research. Only if this takes place will we be able to learn not only what works better, but how it works better."]

[Request #S7886]

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HEALTH

ADOLESCENCE

"Reciprocal Influences Between Stressful Life Events and Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Problems." By Kee Jeong Kim and others. And "A Secure Base in Adolescence: Markers of Attachment Security in the Mother-Adolescent Relationship." By Joseph P. Allen and others. IN: Child Development, vol. 74, no. 1 (January/February 2003). pp. 127-143; pp. 292-307.

["Investigated in this study were hypothesized reciprocal influences between stressful life events and adolescent maladjustment using data from a 6-year, prospective longitudinal study.... The results suggest that the reciprocal process between negative life events and maladjustment has a developmental dynamic that unfolds in a meaningful and understandable fashion across the years of adolescence.... (The second study) sought to identify ways in which adolescent attachment security ... is manifest in qualities of the secure base provided by the mother-adolescent relationship.... Findings suggest that security is closely connected to the workings of the mother-adolescent relationship via a secure-base phenomenon, in which the teen can explore independence in thought and speech from the secure base of a maternal relationship."]

[Request #S7891]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

Interim Evaluation Report: Congressionally Mandated Evaluation Of The State Children's Health Insurance Program. By Judith Wooldridge and others, Mathematica Policy Research and The Urban Institute. Prepared for the Department of Health and Human Services. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 26, 2003. 190 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410642_SCHIP_InterimEvalRpt.pdf

["The report draws primarily on findings from case studies in six of the 10 states selected for the evaluation, whose early experiences implementing SCHIP have been examined closely: California, Colorado, Louisiana, Missouri, New York, and Texas. Case study respondents included state officials, advocates, plan staff, providers and parents of child health program participants." Health Care Policy Report (March 17, 2003) 369.]

[Request #S7883]

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HOSPITAL STAYS FOR CHILDBIRTH

"Postpartum Length of Stay and Newborn Health: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis." By Jesse D. Malkin and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 111, no. 4 (April 2003) pp. e316-e322.

Full Text at: www.pediatrics.org/cgi/reprint/111/4/e316.pdf

["According to this study, at hospitals that do not experience additional capacity costs as a result of increased lengths of stay, lengthening short postpartum stays seems to be more cost-effective than many common health interventions and well below cost-effectiveness thresholds suggested by the literature. Even at hospitals that experience additional capacity costs, the cost-effectiveness of lengthening short postpartum stays seems to be roughly equal to the benchmark of $100,000 per quality-adjusted life-year suggested by the literature."]

[Request #S7889]

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LEAD POISONING

"Intellectual Impairment in Children with Blood Lead Concentrations below 10 µg per Deciliter." By Richard L. Canfield and others. IN: The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348, no. 16 (April 17, 2003) pp. 1517-1526.

["This study suggests that lead may be harmful even at very low blood concentrations. The five-year study found that children who have blood lead concentration lower than 10 micrograms per deciliter suffer intellectual impairment from the exposure. The researchers also discovered that the amount of impairment attributed to lead was most pronounced at lower levels."]

[Request #S7884]

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MENTAL HEALTH

Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice: Federal Agencies Could Play a Stronger Role in Helping States Reduce the Number of Children Placed Solely to Obtain Mental Health Services. GAO-03-397. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 21 , 2003. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03397.pdf

["Many parents have difficulty accessing mental health services for their children, and some choose to place their children in the child welfare or juvenile justice systems in order to obtain the services they need. This report determines: 1)the number and characteristics of children voluntarily placed in the two systems; 2) the factors that influence such placements; and 3)promising state and local practices that may reduce the need for child welfare and juvenile justice placements."]

[Request #S7885]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Partnerships for Quality: Improving Infant-Toddler Child Care for Low-Income Families. By Diane Paulsell and others, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. (Mathematica, Princeton, New Jersey) 2002. 105 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/partnership.pdf

["This interim report describes what we have learned ... about promising strategies for building community collaborations and partnerships, as well as preliminary operational themes that may be helpful for programs, communities, and state and federal policymakers who seek to develop, implement, and support partnership strategies."]

[Request #S7888]

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CHILDREN

"Welfare Reforms, Family Resources, and Child Maltreatment." By Christina Paxson and Jane Waldfogel. IN: Journal of Policy Analysis and Manaagement, vol. 22, no. 1 (2003) pp. 85-113.

["This paper examines the impact of welfare reforms on several measures of child maltreatment. The authors ... examine whether recent welfare reforms have increased or reduced the incidence of reported and substantiated cases of maltreatment.... Overall, they provide some evidence that the recent welfare reforms may have increased child maltreatment."]

[Request #S7890]

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TEENS

"Are Children of Young Mothers Disadvantaged Because of Their Mother's Age or Family Background?" IN: Child Development, vol. 74, no. 2 (March/April 2003) pp. 465-474.

["The results show that children born to older mothers do not fare much better than those born to younger mothers. This suggests that the disadvantages associated with having been born to a young mother are not due to the mother's age but to her disadvantaged background."]

[Request #S7887]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Early Childhood Education and Care in the USA. By Debby Cryer and Richard M. Clifford, University of North Carolina. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland) 2003. 227 p.

["With this research-based resource, professionals and students will receive a comprehensive overview of early childhood education and care - and develop a new awareness of the strengths, challenges, and concerns facing this system in the USA. Highly respected expert contributors give historical background, data and findings on the state of the field, and reflections on future directions." NOTE: Early Childhood Education and Care ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7892]

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