Subject: Studies in the News 03-24 (April 16, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material

EDUCATION
   Assessing Head Start children
   Child advocacy and federal early education policy
   Public policy and the child care workforce
   Dynamics of social inclusion
   International comparative education indicators
HEALTH
   Children's health insurance
   State newborn screening variations
HUMAN SERVICES
   Support services for kinship care
   Children's issues
   Parenting after trauma
   Grandparents raising very young grandchildren
   TANF and disabled parents
   The health of the human services workforce
STUDIES TO COME
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Early Childhood Assessment. By Jessica McMaken, Education Commission of the States. (The Commission, Denver, Colorado) March 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/43/19/4319.pdf

["Earlier this year, President Bush announced that all Head Start students will be given a national, standardized skills assessment. This brief will address the issues policymakers need to consider when choosing child assessments to make decisions about the effectiveness of individual programs."]

[Request #S7852]

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A Child Advocate's Guide to Federal Early Care and Education Policy. By Stephanie Schaefer, National Association of Child Advocates. (The Association, Washington, DC) February 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.childadvocacy.org/ECEFederalGuide.pdf

["This guide provides an overview of federal programs of interest to early childhood advocates. It presents information on the history and key features of six major federal early childhood education funding sources and programs. The guide also presents information on federal early childhood programs that provide smaller-scale funding opportunities and can assist advocates by highlighting opportunities that federal programs provide to secure funding or to help implement programs." National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, Georgetown University, MCH Alert (March 28, 2003).]

[Request #S7853]

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Finding a Better Way: Defining and Assessing Public Policies to Improve Child Care Workforce Compensation. By Marcy Whitebook and Abby Eichberg, University of California, Berkeley. (Institute for Industrial Relations, Center for the Study of Childcare Employment, Berkeley, California) 2002. 25 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1001&context=iir/cscce

["It is worth recognizing that it took kindergarten teachers nearly 100 years to become considered the equals of other teachers in the public school system. Their task was made easier because they worked in the public schools already. Because child care services are so decentralized, with multiple funding sources and regulatory requirements, and because providers are so diverse with regard to professional preparation, location of care, and demographic characteristics, it is an especially daunting task to craft and fund policy reforms targeted to improving child care jobs."]

[Request #S7854]

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EDUCATION POLICY

The Dynamics of Social Inclusion: Public Education and Aboriginal People in Canada. By Terry Wotherspoon, University of Saskatchewan. Working Paper Series, Perspectives on Social Inclusion. (The Laidlaw Foundation, Ontario, Canada) December 2002. 42 p.

Full Text at: www.laidlawfdn.org/programmes/children/wotherspoon.pdf

["Recognizing the importance of difference and diversity has become central to new understandings of identity at both a national and community level. This paper explores the relevance of the renewed focus on social inclusion and exclusion for Canada's public education systems."]

[Request #S7855]

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INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS

Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-8 Countries: 2002. By Joel D. Sherman, American Institutes for Research, and others. (National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC) April 2003. 141 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2003/2003026.pdf

["How does the U.S. public education system compare to other industrialized countries? More kids are educated and high school and higher education completion rates are higher than in most other of the G-8 industrialized countries, but U.S. enrollment of preschoolers lags behind France, Germany, Italy and Japan." Connect for Kids (April 14, 2003).]

[Request #S7856]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

SCHIP Redistributions. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 03-13. (FFIS, Washington, DC) April 3, 2003. 6 p.

["Almost $2.2 billion in unused fiscal year (FY)2000 state allocations for the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) expired at the end of September 30, 2002. States have substantial discretion over how to use available funds but must expend their annual allocations within three years, with unspent funding subject to redistibution to other states."]

[Request #S7860]

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INFANTS

Newborn Screening: Characteristics of State Programs. GAO-03-449. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-449. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 2003. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03449.pdf

["This report provides information on the variations among state newborn screening programs, including information on criteria considered in selecting disorders to include in state programs, education for parents and providers about newborn screening programs, and programs' expenditures and funding sources."]

[Request #S7861]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

"A First Look at the Need for Enhanced Support Services for Kinship Care." By Amy L. Gordon and others. IN: Child Welfare, vol. 82, no. 1 (January/February 2003) pp. 77-96.

["When Relatives Care for the Kids: The league conducted focus groups as a 'first look' at what kind of services were needed to enhance [kinship] arrangements. The authors concluded that kinship caregivers need more information and a better relationship with Child Protective Services." Youth Today (March 2003) 34.]

[Request #S7862]

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"Children's Issues" [Issue Theme.] IN: Children's Voice vol. 12, no. 2. (March/April 2003) pp. 1-39.

[Includes: "No Comment: Confidentiality in Child Welfare;" "Cultural Customs in Tribal Child Welfare;" "Epidemic: Childhood Obesity--And the Health Problems and Costs Associated With It--Is on the Rise;" "Are Our Children What They Eat?; Can Food Sensitivities and Allergies Affect Children's Behavior and Mental Health?;" and others. NOTE: Children's Voice is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7863]

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FAMILIES

"Parenting After Trauma: Supporting Parents and Caregivers in the Treatment of Children Impacted by Violence." By Karen Appleyard and Joy D. Osofsky. IN: Infant Mental Health Journal, vol. 24, no. 2 (March/April 2003) pp. 111-125.

["The purposes of this article are to present an overview of current knowledge about trauma and parenting, to provide an illustrative clinical case study, and to offer recommendations for systemic treatment modalities, multidisciplinary program design, and empirical evaluation."]

[Request #S7865]

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GRANDPARENTS

"An Attachment Perspective on Grandparents Raising Their Very Young Grandchildren: Implications for Intervention and Research." By Julie Powhlmann. IN: Infant Mental Health Journal, vol. 24, no. 2, (March/April 2003) pp. 149-173.

["The purpose of this article is to apply an attachment perspective to the growing number of families with grandparents raising grandchildren to increase our understanding of the complexity of intergenerational relationship processes in these families and to guide early intervention and research."]

[Request #S7858]

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PARENTS

TANF and Disabled Parents. By Andrea Wilkins, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Choices on Welfare. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2003. 11 p.

["Now that recipients with multiple barriers to work comprise a greater share of the TANF caseloads, it is increasingly important for states to develop programs designed to help those who are capable of work to move into jobs and to provide the necessary exemptions and program modifications for those who cannot reasonably be expected to work."]

[Request #S7859]

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RESEARCH

The Health of the Human Services Workforce. By Paul C. Light, Center for Public Services, The Brookings Institute and Wagner School of Public Service, New York University. (The Insitute, Washington, DC) March 2003. 76 p.

Full Text at: www.brook.edu/dybdocroot/gs/cps/humanservices.pdf

["A nation that truly wants no child left behind must make sure that workers who care for children, youth, and families have the motivation, resources, and support to succeed. This report provides an overview of these workers, provided from a survey conducted on 1213 of them. At a minimum, this workforce numbers 2.5 million, of which two-thirds serve low-income children, youth, and families."]

[Request #S7868]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Child Custody & Domestic Violence: A Call for Safety and Accountability. By Peter G. Jaffe and others. (Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California) 2003. 194 p.

["The book focuses on the complexity of the challenges facing judges, lawyers, legislators, and mental health professionals in developing safe and effective strategies for resolving custody disputes." NOTE: Child Custody and Domestic Violence ... will be available for 3-day loan."]

[Request #S7869]

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