Subject: Studies in the News 03-23 (April 15, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

April 1853 - "It was in April 1853 that Cantonese Chinese fishermen established a fishing village on shores of Point Alones in Monterey. The oriental pioneers were from San Francisco and the coastal mines of the west coast. Most of the catch was dried for markets in San Francisco and China. Dried squid was used as a fertilizer in china. After the completion of a railroad into Monterey the Chinese were able to export roughly two hundred to eight hundred pounds of fresh fish to San Francisco every day or one hundred tons per year. The Chinese style boats used for fishing were built in San Francisco. Large Chinese junks from china would anchor off what was to be cannery row, exchanging goods and loading their cargo holds with dried squid for the return trip to China. "  http://www.mtycounty.com/pgs-pioneers/chinese.html  

1853 - "Cave Johnson Couts built an adobe in 1853 for his wife, Ysidora Bandini.... Mission San Luis Rey, left in ruins, was scavenged by Cave Couts in the 1850s for building materials while constructing his Rancho Guajome. http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/99fall/masonryphotos.htm (As a wedding gift) Ysidora (the daughter of Don Juan Bandini, the prominent California politician) received more than 2,000 acres at Rancho Guajome, purchased for $550 from two Native American brothers who held the original land grant. In 1853, the newlyweds built an elegant home on the property (a 22-room, 7,000-square-foot ranch house). Couts was a young army lieutenant when he reported to the garrison in San Diego in 1849. On duty, he escorted the Mexican-American boundary commissioners on surveys and mapped and named San Diego area streets. "  http://www.aaa-calif.com/westways/0102/ranchos-1.a  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Prisoners and their children
   Voices of domestic violence victims
   Ex offenders coming home
   Classification of high-risk youth
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   American Indian trust management plan
   Race and ethnicity and the electorate
DEMOGRAPHY
   California metropolitan census rankings
ECONOMY
   Public perception of the arts
   Economic strategy for California
   Trade remedy laws
   Mexican immigrant workers
   Economic prospects for U.S. and California
   Interstate wine shipments and e-commerce
EDUCATION
   Arts education partnerships
   Charter schools report
   Educational and demographic profiles
   CalWORKS students at community colleges
   The rising price of higher education
   Economic affirmative action
   Education technology
EMPLOYMENT
   Prospects for an American labor movement
   Chiropractic care and workmen's compensation
   Dispute resolution for injured workers
ENERGY
   Energy market audit
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Order on dolphin-safe labels
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Personnel management reforms
   Biological and chemical terrorism
   Electronic government
   Contracting out for public managers
   Local revenue measures passed by voters
   Government surveillance
   States need tobacco money
   State and local revenue systems
HEALTH
   Low-wage workers and health insurance coverage
   Pathways to substance abuse
   Children and terrorism
   Inflation of hospital charges
   Seeking health information on the Internet
   Children and health insurance
   Federal drug plan savings to state
   Controlling infectious diseases
   Effects of cigarette tax increase
HOUSING
   Building better homes
HUMAN SERVICES
   Barriers to foster care
   Resources on homeless issues
   Ethnographic studies improve agency programs
   Social Security reform
TRANSPORTATION
   Ferry transit service in San Francisco
   Plans for Long Beach Freeway
   Transit liable for bus stop injuries
WASHINGTON READER
   California Institute briefing on federal issues
STUDIES TO COME
   Role of trauma in juvenile delinquency
   Socio-economic applications of GIS
   Protecing intellectual property
   Putting education research into action
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CORRECTIONS

California Law And The Children Of Prisoners. By Charlene Wear Simmons, California Research Bureau, California State Library. CRB-03-012. (CRB, Sacramento, California) 2003. 58 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/03/03/03-003.pdf

["This report examines California law as it touches on the lives of prisoners and their children. Most prisoners are parents (79 percent of women and two-thirds of men in California prisons), making the state’s criminal justice system an unwitting but important participant in the lives of their families.... State law provides very limited direction on how those authorities should interact with the families and children of prisoners."]

[Request #S7797]

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DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

"The Voices of Domestic Violence Victims: Predictors of Victim Preference for Arrest and the Relationship Between Preference for Arrest and Revictimization." By David Hirschel and Ira W. Hutchison. IN: Crime & Delinquency, vol. 49, no. 2 (April 2003) pp. 313-336.

["This article focuses on what female victims of domestic violence expect the police to do when they call for assistance during an abusive incident and whether there is an association between their desire for formal intervention and subsequent victimization and offender aggression.... The implications of these findings for preferred and mandatory arrest policies are discussed."]

[Request #S7798]

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REHABILITATION

"Mean Streets Revisited." By John Buntin. IN: Governing, (April 2003) pp. 30-33.

Full Text at: governing.com/4convict.htm

["Ex-cons coming home in big numbers threaten the stability of fragile inner-city neighborhoods.... It's an issue no urban government can afford to ignore.... City leaders and state corrections systems are waking up to it. They are conceding the central role of ex-offenders in a whole host of social ills and beginning to develop programs to ease their transition back into society."]

[Request #S7799]

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YOUTH

"A Classification of High-Risk Youths." By Richard Dembo and James Schmeidler. IN: Crime & Delinquency, vol. 49, no. 2 (April 2003) pp. 201-230.

["The authors report the results of developing and evaluating a classification of 315 arrested youths at the Juvenile Assessment Center in Tampa, Florida.... The findings indicate the youths were experiencing overlapping delinquency, alcohol/other drug use, and emotional/psychological problems."]

[Request #S7800]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

AMERICAN INDIANS

Comprehensive Trust Management Plan. By the Department of the Interior. (The Department, Washington, DC) March 28, 2003. 109 p.

Full Text at: www.doi.gov/indiantrust/pdf/doi_trust_management_plan.pdf

["This final Comprehensive Trust Management Plan ... presents a strategic plan to guide the design and implementation of integrated trust reform efforts.... DOI will regularly evaluate and update this plan to ensure its responsiveness to the ongoing needs of Interior's trust operations and adapt to changing environments."]

[Request #S7801]

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LATINOS

"Latino Political Integration Follows European Pattern." By Jack Citrin, Institute of Governmental Studies and Benjamin Highton, University of California, Davis. IN: Public Affairs Report, vol. 43, no. 4 (Winter 2002) pp. 6-10.

Full Text at: www.igs.berkeley.edu/publications/par/winter2002/winter2002.pdf

["This paper addresses the argument that Latino and Asian immigrants are less likely to become integrated into the American political system than their European counterparts, past and present.... The study investigates such differences and the political incorporation of immigrants by examining the most fundamental civic activity in a democracy -- voting."]

[Request #S7802]

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DEMOGRAPHY

CENSUS

American Community Survey: Change Profiles 2000-2001 Supplementary Surveys: California, Large Metropolitan Areas In the State and City Ranking Tables. By the U.S. Census Bureau. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) February 21, 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/SS01_CA.pdf

["Officials Unveil American Community Survey Results on Housing, Income, Transportation and Education for Californians: New figures show California home values are nearly double the national median of $127,000 increasing nearly $18,000 in a 12-month period. Officials also will release data showing where the state and California cities rank nationally on income, commute times, education and language spoken at home." U.S. Newswire February 21, 2003. 1.]

[Request #S7803]

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ECONOMY

ARTS & CULTURE

The Value of the Performing Arts in Five Communities: A Comparison of Household Survey Data in Alaska, Cincinnati, Denver, Pittsburgh and Seattle. By Mary Kopczynski and Mark A. Hager, The Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 2003. 70 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410648_CrossSite_PARC.pdf

["The findings reveal an arts audience far larger and more diverse than currently believed, comparable in size to audiences for movies and sports. Attendance was perceived to be of significant value to communities, and especially important to the development and education of children. Such information should be useful to a variety of stakeholders, including policymakers evaluating the role of government in supporting the arts."]

[Request #S7804]

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CALIFORNIA

Creating A Shared California Economic Strategy: A Call To Action. By the California Economic Strategy Panel (The Panel, Sacramento, California) December 2002. 89 p.

Full Text at: commerce.ca.gov/ttca/pdfs/detail/ersi/EconomicStrategyReport2003.pdf

["The Panel recommends ... long-term actions by state and local government in collaboration with business, labor, communities, education, training and regional organizations. Key entities would include Workforce Investment Boards, Economic Development Corporations, Collaborative Regional Initiatives and other stakeholders in California's diverse regions."]

[Request #S7805]

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FOREIGN TRADE

Trade Remedy Laws and NAFTA Agricultural Trade. By Colin A. Carter and Caroline Gunning-Trant, University of California. Paper 03-001. (The University, Davis, California) January 1, 2003. 22 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1022&context=are

["Trade remedy law is viewed as a major vehicle for protection in U.S. agriculture. The objective of this paper is to summarize the use of trade remedy law by U.S. agriculture and to highlight examples of where the use of these laws conflicts with free trade agreements such as NAFTA."]

[Request #S7806]

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IMMIGRATION

Mexican Immigrant Workers and the U.S. Economy: An Increasingly Vital Role. By Rob Paral, National Center on Poverty Law. Prepared for the American Immigration Law Foundation. Immigration Policy Focus. Vol. 1, Issue 1. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) 2002. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.ailf.org/pubed/focus/0902.pdf

["American employers in a wide variety of industries clearly recognize the value of Mexican immigrant workers.... Governmental and private sector leaders concerned about strengthening the productivity of the American workforce should therefore implement steps to maximize the contributions of Mexican workers and minimize any hindrances associated with their admission and integration into the country."]

[Request #S7807]

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U.S. ECONOMY

Economic Prospects for the U.S. and California: A Monetary Policymaker's View. By Robert T. Parry, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. No. 2003-07. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) March 14, 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2003/el2003-07.pdf

["The most likely outcome -- and one that a lot of forecasters share -- appears to be that we'll have another year of moderate growth, probably a bit faster than last year.... At the same time, growth isn't expected to be strong enough to make a significant dent in the excess capacity we currently face in labor and product markets, and core inflation is likely to trend modestly lower."]

[Request #S7808]

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WINE INDUSTRY

Interstate Wine Shipments And E-Commerce. By Daniel L. McFadden, University of California, Berkeley. Testimony 03-3. Prepared for The AEI-Brookings Joint Center For Regulatory Studies. (The Center, Washington, DC) March 2003. 7 p.

Full Text at: aei.brookings.org/admin/pdffiles/testimony_03_3.pdf

["States have a legitimate interest in controlling distribution, particularly to minors.... It would be simple to require that shippers deliver only to recipients who can show identification proving them to be of age.... Consider the issue of taxation.... Either the producer or the shipper could be charged with responsibility for collecting and forwarding state tax payments on wine shipments."]

[Request #S7809]

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EDUCATION

ART EDUCATION

For the Greater Good: A Framework for Advancing State Arts Education Partnerships. By Dawn M. Ellis and Craig Dreeszen. (National Assembly of State Arts Agencies, Washington, DC) March 2003. 61 p.

Full Text at: www.nasaa-arts.org/publications/GreaterGood.doc

["This study documents what was learned from one particular leadership network initiative activity: a workshop that brought together leaders representing the state-level arts education support networks from Florida, Hawaii, Mississippi, Ohio and South Carolina. Our intention was to share, analyze and summarize the five networks’ collective experience in such a way that other states interested in advancing their own arts education relationships could consult this report and realize valuable savings in expense, time and human resources."]

[Request #S7810]

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CHARTER SCHOOLS

Charter Schools and Inequality: National Disparities in Funding, Teacher Quality and Student Support. By Bruce Fuller and others, Policy Analysis for California Education. Working Paper Series 03-2. (PACE, Berkeley, California) April 2003. 48 p.

Full Text at: pace.berkeley.edu/Chartersummary.pdf

["Report Critical of Charter Schools, Uncredentialed Teachers, Funding shortage, Racial Isolation Cited: Researchers polled 2,847 charter school teachers in 870 schools in the 1999-2000 school year, 88 percent of the nation's charter schools at the time.... Charter classrooms are 20 percent more crowded." San Francisco Chronicle (April 8, 2003) A15.]

[Request #S7811]

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HIGHER EDUCATION

Educational And Demographic Profiles. By California Postsecondary Education Commission (The Commission, Sacramento, California) March 17, 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.cpec.ca.gov/profiles/profiles.asp

["These profiles provide a graphic portrayal of factors related to the educational and economic well being of Californians. They depict these factors for legislative districts, regions, and the State as a whole, to highlight the variations that exist in the state."]

[Request #S7812]

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Opening Doors To Earning Credentials: Supporting CalWORKs Students At California Community Colleges: An Exploratory Focus Group Study. By Laura Nelson and Rogeair Purnell, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (The Corporation, New York, New York ) February 2003. 58 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/Reports2003/open_doors_calworks/od_calworks_fullreport.pdf

["This exploratory study investigated the challenges working low-income parents face as they pursued an Associate's degree or postsecondary credential, and it examined how comprehensive student services offered by the CalWORKs community college program affected students' persistence."]

[Request #S7813]

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The Rising Price of Higher Education. By William Trombley, The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education (The Center, San Jose, California) 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.highereducation.org/reports/affordability_supplement/affordability_1.shtml

["State spending for public colleges and universities dropped sharply last year, as the state-by-state numbers contained in this special report demonstrate. At the same time tuition and required fee charges rose significantly in many states.... The University of California already has increased tuition by $135 for the spring semester and might triple that sum for the 2003-2004 academic year."]

[Request #S7814]

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Economic Affirmative Action in College Admissions: A Progressive Alternative to Racial Preferences and Class Rank Admissions Plans. By Richard Kahlenberg, The Century Foundation. Issue Brief Series. (The Foundation, New York, New York) April 2003. 13 p.

Full Text at: www.tcf.org/Publications/Issue_Briefs/kahlenberg-affaction.pdf

["Ranks of Poor Are Thin at Top Colleges; Report Finds Diversity Goes Only So Far; Group Backs Class-based Affirmative Action: Only 3% of freshman at the 146 most selective colleges and universities come from families in the bottom quarter of Americans ranked by income. About 12% of the students on these campuses are black or Latino." Los Angeles Times (April 6, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7815]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

The Sustainability Challenge: Taking Edtech to the Next Level. By the Benton Foundation and the Education Development Center, Inc. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) 2003. 74 p.

Full Text at: www.benton.org/Library/sustainability/sus_challenge.pdf

["Based on case studies in districts that are on the cutting edge of using instructional technology, this report also introduces a framework, or critical factors, for successful technology integration that are the building blocks of sustainable educational technology programs."]

[Request #S7816]

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EMPLOYMENT

LABOR UNION

"Organizing Power: The Prospects for an American Labor Movement." By Margaret Levi. IN: Perspectives on Politics, vol. 1, no. 1 (March 2003) pp. 45-68.

["The American labor movement is becoming an active partner in a range of social-movement coalitions and reclaiming its role in mobilizing voters on behalf of candidates and public policies.... I explore what has been and could be done to increase the power and influence of the U.S. labor movement ... and enable it to help American governing institutions become more democratic and accountable."]

[Request #S7817]

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WORKERS COMPENSATION

Changes in Utilization of Chiropractic Care in California Workers' Compensation, 1993-2000. By the California Workers' Compensation Institute. CWCI Research Report. (The Institute, Oakland, California) March 21, 2003. 8 p.

["Insurers' annual payments to chiropractors jumped from $77 million to $195 million during the period [1996 to 2001]. As a result, chiropractors surpassed clinics, orthopedists, and physical therapists to become the number one classified medical specialty group tendering treatment.... Debate over the cost and utilization of chiropractic care is likely to heat up in the 2003 legislative session."]

[Request #S7818]

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Improving Dispute Resolution for California's Injured Workers. Rand MR-1425-ICJ. CD-ROM. By Nicholas M. Pace and others, RAND Institute for Civil Justice. Prepared for the California Commission on Health and Safety and Workers' Compensation. MR-1425/1. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 22 p.; CD.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1425.1/MR1425.1.pdf

["The Institute study team focused on how the courts work, why they work the way they do, and how they can be improved.... [They] found that the main problems afflicting the courts stem from decades of underfunding in the areas of staffing and technological improvements." NOTE: Improving Dispute Resolution ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7819]

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ENERGY

UTILITIES

California Energy Markets: The State's Position Has Improved, Due to Efforts by the Department of Water Resources and Other Factors, but Cost Issues and Legal Challenges Continue. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2002-009. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) April 2003. 153 p.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/bsa/pdfs/2002-009.pdf

["Californians could have saved $20 million or more on electricity last year if utilities had been willing to share more information about their own generating plants, a state audit concludes.... For example, on March 5, 2002, DWR estimated it could have saved $115,000 by using PG&E's hydropower generators to lessen the need for spot market purchases. A similar estimate for Edison suggested savings of the same order." Orange County Register (April 3, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S7820]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

MARINE MAMMALS

Earth Island Institute, et al. v. Donald Evans, et al. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. C 03-0007 TEH. Preliminary Injunction. April 10, 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: tinyurl.com/9bk1

["A federal judge blocked the Bush administration from loosening labeling standards for 'dolphin-safe' tuna and raised questions about the integrity of government research on the issue.... The lawsuit and injunction result from a Dec. 31 decision by Commerce Secretary Donald Evans to apply the dolphin-safe label to tuna caught with dolphin-encircling nets, as long as shipboard observers certified that no dolphins were killed or harmed.... The new label, which has not taken effect, would open U.S. markets to tuna from a number of Latin American countries -- primarily Mexico -- that continue to drop tuna nets on dolphins. Mexico has threatened to sue the United States in the World Trade Organization if the label isn't changed." San Francisco Chronicle (April 11, 2003) A4.]

[Request #S7821]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

CIVIL SERVICE

"The Reinvention of Public Personnel Administration: An Analysis of the Diffusion of Personnel Management Reforms in the States." By J. Edward Kellough and Sally Coleman Selden. IN: Public Administration Review, vol. 63, no. 2 (March/April 2003) pp. 165-175.

["Recent efforts associated with the reinventing government movement have proposed numerous alterations to civil service rules and procedures.... This article examines the extent to which these kinds of personnel reforms have been implemented by state governments.... [It] considers a wide range of human resource practices that are consistent with recent efforts to reform public personnel systems."]

[Request #S7822]

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EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

Biological and Chemical Terrorism. By Glen Andersen, National Conference of State Legislatures. Terrorism Preparedness. Vol. 1, No. 1. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February/March 2003. 11 p.

["In response to the tragedies of 2001, federal and state lawmakers have worked on plans and legislation to improve terrorism preparedness. Much of this legislation is focused on improving the public health readiness and response."]

[Request #S7823]

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GOVERNMENT PRODUCTIVITY

Electronic Government: Success of The Office Of Management And Budget's 25 Initiatives Depends On Effective Management And Oversight. By The U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-495T. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 13, 2003. 31 p.

Full Text at: http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-495T

["The initiatives focus on a wide variety of services, aiming to simplify and unify agency work processes and information flows, provide one-stop services to citizens, and enable information to be collected on line.... GAO recommended that the OMB Director ensure that the managers of the e-government initiatives solicit input from the public and conduct user needs assessments."]

[Request #S7824]

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Governing by Contract: Challenges and Opportunities for Public Managers. By Phillip J. Cooper. (CQ Press, Washington, D.C.) 2003. 192 p.

["Is the public getting a good deal when the government contracts out the delivery of goods and services? Rather than focusing on the continuing debate over privatization, the author emphasizes the tools managers need to form, operate, terminate, or transform contracts amidst a complex web of intergovernmental relations." NOTE: Governing by Contract: Challenges and Opportunities for Public Managers is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7825]

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE

Fiscal Effects of Voter Approval Requirements on Local Governments. By Kim S. Rueben and Pedro Cerdan, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 135 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_103KRR.pdf

["Kim Rueben and Pedro Cerdan investigate the ways local governments have used the ballot to raise taxes, assess fees, and pass bond measures. Their findings indicate substantial variation in voter reaction to fiscal measures depending on region, election timing, the type of measure proposed, and the service to be funded.... Between 1986 and 2000, California voters were asked to vote on over 2,500 local tax and bond measures." Research Brief (January 2003)1.]

[Request #S7826]

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PRIVACY

Bigger Monster, Weaker Chains: The Growth Of An American Surveillance Society. By Jay Stanley and Barry Steinhardt, Technology and Liberty Program, The American Civil Liberties Union (The Union, Washington, DC) 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.aclu.org/Files/OpenFile.cfm?id=11572

["When Big Brother Starts to Turn Ugly: The ominous turnaround has been highlighted by the ACLU.... 'A combination of lightning-fast technological innovations and the erosion of privacy protections threatens to transform Big Brother from an oft-cited but remote threat into a very real part of American life.' A growing 'surveillance monster' is emerging." Gulf News (February 3, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7827]

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STATE REVENUES

Once Foes of Big Tobacco, States have Been Hooked. By Gordon Fairclough and Vanessa O'Connell. IN: The Wall Street Journal. (April 1, 2003) 1.

["Philip Morris Verdict Sparks Scramble by States Hooked on Settlement Cash to Protect Company.... State governments, once among the tobacco industry's fiercest foes, now find themselves in an unusual position: They are poised to try to rescue the country's biggest cigarette maker in one of its darkest hours."]

[Request #S7828]

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Balancing Acts: State and Local Revenue Systems. By Judy Zelio, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 21. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2003. 2 p.

["Experts recommend spreading the state-local tax burden among different sources in order to stabilize the revenue flow in good times and bad; equalize the effect of taxes on different forms of economic activity; and keep rates for each kind of tax as low as possible through the use of as many tax bases as possible."]

[Request #S7829]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

On the Edge: Low-Wage Workers and Their Health Insurance Coverage. By Sara R. Collins and others, The Commonwealth Fund, and Diane Colasanto, Princeton Survey Research Associates. (The Commonwealth Fund, Washington, DC) March 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: http://www.cmwf.org/programs/insurance/collins_ontheedge_ib_626.pdf

["Even in larger firms, only 69 percent of low-wage workers are eligible for health benefits, compared with 96 percent of higher-wage employees. The authors note that even when low-income workers are offered health insurance, many have difficulty paying their share of premiums for coverage that is often of inferior quality. As a result of either a lack of health benefits or high insurance premium costs, one of five low-wage workers is uninsured."]

[Request #S7830]

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ALCOHOL & DRUG USE

The Formative Years: Pathways to Substance Abuse among Girls and Young Women Ages 8-22. By The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Columbia University. (The Center, New York, New York.) February 2003. 242 p.

Full Text at: www.casacolumbia.org/usr_doc/Formative_Years_Pathways_2003R.pdf

["Big Differences in Why Girls vs. Boys Use Cigarettes, Alcohol and Drugs; Consequences Swifter and Harsher for Girls, Says CASA: Despite promising statistics on recent declines in youth substance abuse, more than a quarter (26.4 percent) of high school girls currently smoke cigarettes, 45 percent drink alcohol, more than a quarter (26.4) binge drink and 20 percent use marijuana. The findings cry out for a fundamental overhaul of public health prevention programs." U.S. Newswire (February 5, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7831]

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CHILDREN

Children and Terrorism. By Jennifer De Cesaro, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 22. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2003. 2 p.

["Should a release of a chemical or biological agent occur, it would disproportionately affect children. Connecticut has enacted legislation specifically addressing the needs of children during a terrorist event.... California introduced legislation requiring the Chidren's Environmental Health Center to take preparatory steps to ensure that children receive health care tailored to their unique needs in the event of a terrorist attack."]

[Request #S7832]

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HOSPITAL COSTS

Inflation in Hospital Charges: Implications for the California Workers' Compensation Program: Testimony Presented to the California Senate Labor and Industrial Relations Committee. By Barbara O. Wynn, Rand Law & Health Initiative. CT-202-ICJ. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) January 2003. 6 p.

["Lawmakers Question Tenet Workers' Comp, Medi-Cal Payments: Committee members questioned Tenet's reliance on supplementary payments for worker's compensation and Medi-Cal.... Barbara Wynn said the workers' compensation system is more susceptible to fraud because of an outdated threshold that triggers the extra payments." Associated Press State & Local Wire (January 5, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7833]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Seeking Health Care Information: Most Consumers Still on the Sidelines. By Ha T. Tu and J. Lee Hargraves, Center for Studying Health System Change (The Center, Washington, DC) March 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.hschange.com/CONTENT/537/

["Most Consumers Rely on Physicians, Not Internet, for Health Information, Study Finds: Only one in six consumers uses the Internet to find health information, according to a survey released .... Only 16% of health information seekers used the Internet.... Twenty-nine percent of respondents with a postgraduate degree went online for health information, compared with 10% of respondents with just a high school diploma and 4% of those who did not graduate from high school." California Healthline (March 18, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7834]

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INSURANCE

Health Insurance For Children [Issue Theme.] IN: The Future of Children, vol. 13, no. 1 (Spring 2003). 254 p.

Full Text at: www.futureofchildren.org/usr_doc/tfoc13-1_nophoto.pdf

["The journal finds that although as many as 8.5 million children -- nearly 12% of all children in the United States -- still lack health insurance, programs already in place have the potential to greatly reduce this number through simplified enrollment and renewal systems, proactive outreach and education, and program expansion. Special sections of the journal focus on program design and marketing issues, and creative solutions currently being tested by state and local governments."]

[Request #S7835]

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MEDICAID

State Medicaid Prescription Drug Expenditures for Medicare-Medicaid Dual Eligibles; Estimates of Medicaid Savings and Federal Expenditures Resulting from Expanded Medicare Prescription Coverage. By Stacy Berg Dale and James M. Verdier, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. Prepared for the Task Force on the Future of Health Insurance, Commomwealth Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) April 8, 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/medfutur/dale_rxdualeligibles_ib_627.pdf

["Drug Plan Could Save State $1 billion Annually: Legislation moving through Congress could save California more than $1 billion annually in paying for prescription drugs for its senior and disabled citizens on both Medicare and Medicaid, according to a study.... Completely covering prescription drug costs under Medicare would improve access to drug coverage for dual eligibles and facilitate coordination of their acute care services." Sacramento Bee (April 8, 2003) A5.]

[Request #S7836]

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PUBLIC HEALTH

To Protect and Prevent: Rebuilding California's Public Health System. By the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) April 2003. 118 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/170/report170.pdf

["California's public health system for control of infectious disease and possible bioterrorism is the weak link in the state's homeland defense, a watchdog agency has concluded.... Because germs travel quickly, controlling diseases requires that state and local agencies be in sync with the hospitals, clinics and medical professionals who treat patients." Sacramento Bee (April 11, 2003) A3.]

[Request #S7837]

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SMOKING

Tobacco Control: Reports On Industry Activity: Health And Economic Effects Of Two Proposals to Increase the California State Cigarette Excise Tax. By Michael Ong and others, University of California. Paper CATAX2003. (The University, Oakland, California) 2003. 27 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/context/tc/article/1059/type/pdf/viewcontent/

["Governor Davis has proposed a $1.10 increase in the cigarette tax and Speaker Wesson has proposed a $2.13 increase in the tax.... The combined effects of the price increase and reinvigorated Tobacco Control Program would have substantial benefits for California smokers: with a $1.10 tax, 555,000 smokers would quit; with a $2.13 tax, 818,000 smokers would quit."]

[Request #S7838]

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HOUSING

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Building Better Homes: Government Strategies for Promoting Innovation in Housing. By Scott Hassell and others, Rand Science and Technology Policy Institute. Prepared for the Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. MR-1658. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 108 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1658/MR1658.pdf

["This report examines the structure, characteristics, and motivations of major participants in the housing industry to explore how innovation might be accelerated. It identifies options and strategies for the federal government to consider as it attempts to further advance innovation in housing to make homes more affordable, durable, and safe."]

[Request #S7839]

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HUMAN SERVICES

FOSTER CARE

Foster Care: States Focusing on Finding Permanent Homes for Children, but Long-Standing Barriers Remain. GAO-03-626T. By the U.S. Government Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 8, 2003. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03626t.pdf

["In response to concerns that some children were languishing in temporary foster care, Congress enacted the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA) to help states move children in foster care more quickly to safe and permanent homes. While the annual number of adoptions has increased by 57%, the lack of comparable pre- and post-ASFA data makes it difficult to determine ASFA's role in the increase. This testimony explores some of the long-term barriers to permanency facing foster children."]

[Request #S7840]

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HOMELESS

Selected Resources on Homelessness Issues. By Maggie Kauffman, California Department of Housing and Community Development. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.hcd.ca.gov/hpd/hrcbiblio,homelessnessissues.pdf

[This publication lists citations and annotations for: "A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities: 2002;" "A Summary Report on California's Programs to Address Homelessness;" "A Home for Every Californian: Final Recommendations and Report;" "Emergency and Transitional Shelter Population: 2000;" and others.]

[Request #S7841]

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SOCIAL POLICY

Federal Programs: Ethnographic Studies Can Inform Agencies' Actions. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-455. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 2003. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03455.pdf

["Emphasis on performance and results ... agencies and committees can benefit from knowing the full range of social science methods that can help them improve the programs they oversee.... Ethnography can fill gaps in what we know about a community whose beliefs and behavior affect how federal programs operate."]

[Request #S7842]

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SOCIAL SECURITY

Social Security Reform: Analysis of Reform Models Developed by the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security. GAO-03-310. (The Office, Washington,DC) January 2003. 109 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03310.pdf

["Hard Decisions Await Congress on Social Security: The Social Security system will require benefit cuts, tax increases or a higher retirement age to remain financially viable, regardless of whether workers are allowed to put some of their payroll taxes into personal investment accounts.... The GAO said several trillion dollars would be needed, with or without the accounts." Associated Press (January 15, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7843]

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TRANSPORTATION

COMMUTERS & COMMUTING

Revised Draft Program Environmental Impact Report: Expansion of Ferry Transit Service in the San Francisco Bay Area. Prepared for Water Transit Authority. By URS Corporation. (The Corporation, San Francisco, California) April 2003. Various pagings.

["This Environmental Impact Report evaluates the potential environmental consequences of ... the expansion of ferry service in the Bay Area.... This document is a program-level EIR that is intentionally broad-based and regional in how it treats each issue, focusing on the impacts and mitigation relevant to the overall program."]

[Request #S7844]

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INFRASTRUCTURE

I-710 Major Corridor Study: Final Set of Alternatives, Revised. By Gateway Cities Council of Governments, and others. (The Council, Paramount, California) 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.gatewaycog.org/i710/I-710January03Alts.pdf

["Rebuilding the Long Beach Freeway could cost more than $4 billion and require the purchase of as many as 370 acres of land along a densely populated swath from Long Beach to Commerce, new research shows.... Local officials are rushing to choose one of five designs this spring in hopes of obtaining federal funding.... Others are leery of the prospect of more trucks emitting diesel exhaust." Los Angeles Times (March 27, 2003) 1 p.]

[Request #S7845]

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PUBLIC TRANSIT

Darlene Bonanno v. Central Contra Costa Transit Authority. California Supreme Court. S099339. April 7, 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S099339A.PDF

["Transit agencies in California can be held legally responsible when patrons are injured on their way to a bus stop that is hazardous to reach, the California Supreme Court ruled. The ruling was a defeat for more than 200 transit agencies in California. A lawyer for the transit agencies predicted that the ruling will increase lawsuits and hurt public transportation in California.... But an attorney for a woman who was injured on her way to a bus stop said the decision will force transit agencies to take notice when patrons complain of unsafe conditions." Los Angeles Times (April 8, 2003) B6.]

[Request #S7846]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute For Federal Policy Research. Vol.10, Bulletin 10 (April 11, 2003) 6 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/b1010.pdf

[Includes: "Budget Accord Reached, Postpones Tax Issue;" "House Education Committee Begins Renewal of Disabled Education Law;" "Senate Environment Committee Approves Ethanol Mandate;" "CSU Leaders Seek Support for System Priorities in Washington;" and others.]

[Request #S7847]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY

Trauma and Juvenile Delinquency; Theory, Research, and Interventions. By Ricky Greenwald. (Haworth Press, Inc., New York, New York) 2002. 276 p.

[Includes: "The Role of Trauma in Conduct Disorder;" "Traumatic Victimiztion in Childhood and Persistent Problems with Oppositional-Defiance;" "Chaos and Trauma in the Lives of Adolescent Females and Antisocial Behavior and Delinquency" and others. NOTE: The Role of Trauma in Conduct Disorder ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7848]

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ECONOMY

ECONOMIC STATISTICS

Socio-Economic Applications of Geographic Information Science. By David Kidner and others. (Taylor & Francis, London, England) 2003. 288 p.

[Includes: "Geographic Information Science (GIS) and Crime"; "GIS and Planning"; "GIS and Urban Applications and others". NOTE: Socio-Economic Applications ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7849]

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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

The Value of a Good Idea: Protecting in An Information Economy. By Kristen Loberg and others. (Silver Lake Publishing, Los Angeles, California) 2002. 436 p. ; Appendies.

["This book explains the types of intellectual property that exists, and provides a working knowledge of how you can protect your good ideas from others.... [It has sections on] the most commonly recognized types of intellectual property: copyrights, trademarks and patents." NOTE: The Value of Good Idea ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7850]

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EDUCATION

EDUCATION

What Works in Schools Translating Research into Action. Robert J. Marzano. (Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, Virgnia) 2003. 219 p.

["This book is about the possibility that K-12 education is on the brink of the best of times if we so choose. My premise is that if we follow the guidelines offered from 35 years of research, we can enter an era of unprecedented effectiveness for the public practice of education." NOTE: What Works in Schools ... will be avialable for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7851]

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