Subject: Studies in the News 03-13 (March 7, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "In 1853 the Government authorized the Nome Lackie reservation for the (ConCow Indians)…. (Previously) the head men of the ConCow territories were called to gather at the Bidwell Rancho on Chico Creek to conclude a treaty of ‘Peace and Friendship' with O.M. Wozencraft, U.S. Indian agent on August 1, 1851. The treaties promised the Indians approximately 227 square miles of land roughly from Chico to Nimshew to Oroville. One year later, 1852, the U.S. Senate rejected all the treaties."  

1853 - "Indians from Marysville, the foot hills near Chico, and Yuba City (the ConCow territories) were rounded up and driven to the Nome Lackie reservation and forced to stay there. It was estimated that in 1853 over 800 ConCow died of Pneumonia, Influenza, Tuberculosis, Small Pox, Malaria or Cholera. There were twenty rancherias in Butte County in 1853. (That year) forty ConCow Indians died of pneumonia at a little rancheria near Cherokee. "  

Contents This Week

   Analyzing racial profiling data
   California Ballistic Identification System
   State crime legislation
   CHP settles case on racial profiling
   Indictment of SF police officers
   Court upholds sex offender notice
   Three stikes law upheld
   Profile of California's aging population
   Brain injury and roller coasters
   Amusement park ride safety
   Economic forecast for LA region
   Strategy for economic recovery
   Economic down turns and rising unemployment
   The states' fiscal mess
   Market value of commercial property
   Accountability tests
   Undiagnosed dislexics
   Federal funding for schools
   Rural schools at risk of failing
   Report on Title IX and athletics
   Electricity supply and demand forecast
   Evidence of market manipulation submitted
   Energy assistance funds
   Suit over farm labor mediation law
   South coast draft air quality management plan
   The agricultural biotechnology industry
   Review of federal plan on climate change research
   Environmental contaminants and children
   States sue EPA on global warming
   Grazing on public land
   DOE audit of Los Alamos lab
   Presidential budget cuts
   Contracting and procurement review
   California's information technology programs
   FPPC can sue Agua Caliente Band
   Decision against mandatory arbitration
   Protection of critical infrastructure
   Securing cyberspace
   California perspective on federal appropriations
   Proposed tax savings incentives
   Federal grants for states
   Assessing the Governor's budget
   State taxation
   Health care costs survey
   Nursing graduate shortages
   Residential care facilities
   Maternity before maturity
   Noncompliance with the housing element law
   Child care funding is insufficient
   Loss in child care subsidies
   Foster care reform in California
   Hunger and food insecurity among the elderly
   Environmental Justice and transportation
   Car pool lanes to toll lanes
   Graduated driver licensing
   Transportation security grants
   California institute's briefing on federal issues
   Conflict of interest in states
   Early hospital discharge of newborns
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



How To Correctly Collect And Analyze Racial Profiling Data: Your Reputation Depends On It! By Joyce McMahon and Others, CNA Corporation. Prepared for The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice (The Office, Washingnton, DC) December 26, 2002. 158 p.

Full Text at:

["More than 400 law enforcement agencies have instituted traffic-stop data-collection measures and 14 states have passed legislation mandating racial profiling policies.... This project focuses on key issues regarding the collection of racial profiling data. The specific objectives were to ... provide an assessment of existing and planned data collection and analysis of techniques being employed by police agencies."]

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Feasibility of a California Ballistic Identification System: Assembly Bill 1717 (Hertzberg) (Stats. 2000, Ch 271) Report to the Legislature. By Attorney General Bill Lockyer California Department of Justice. (The Department, Sacramento, California) January 2003. 13 p.

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["In his report, Lockyer noted the success of a current national ballistic fingerprinting system that keeps track of spent cartridges and bullets used in crimes. Expanding that program to catalog fingerprints from newly manufactured firearms sold in California 'has the potential to be a great crime-solving tool. However, our analysis concludes that today's technology is not yet adequate to handle the volume associated with adding all new guns to the database and still provide useful information for investigators.'" San Francisco Chronicle (January 30, 2003) A15.]

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State Crime Legislation in 2002. By Donna Lyons, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 28, No. 3. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2003. 15 p.

["State anti-crime legislation in 2002 prominently included laws to require that more offenders provide a DNA sample to a state database. Death penalty laws were expanded in states to include acts of terrorism, while other new meaures prohibit death sentences for certain defendants or refine death sentencing procedures in response to U.S. Supreme Court rulings."]

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Rodriguez v. California Highway Patrol. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. C99-20895-JF/HRL. Terms and Conditions of Settlement Agreement. February 27, 2003.

["California Highway Patrol announced a series of measures aimed at ending the use of racial profiling by its officers, part of a settlement hailed as a major agreement by the American Civil Liberties Union.... The CHP's settlement with the ACLU of Northern California, which brought the suit, extends for three years an existing CHP moratorium on the use of consent searches -- those where officers who have no evidence of criminal activity ask drivers for permission to search their cars." Sacramento Bee (February 28, 2000) A1.]

Settlement. 14 p.
CHP press release. 1 p.
ACLU press release. 2 p.

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People v. Alex Fagan, et al. San Francisco County Superior Court. Indictment for Felonies and Misdemeanors, February 27, 2003. 6 p.

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["A San Francisco deputy chief of police and three police officers were indicted in connection with an off-duty fracas on Union Street that has preoccupied the Police Department for more than three months....The indictments were issued by a grand jury that heard from 42 witnesses over nine days of testimony, starting Jan. 28." San Francisco Chronicle (February 28, 2003) A1.]

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Smith v. Doe. And Connecticut Department of Public Safety v. Doe. U.S. Supreme Court. March 5, 2003.

["The rulings on a pair of cases from Alaska and Connecticut marked the first time the justices have reviewed any of the Megan's laws, which all 50 states and the federal government enacted in the mid-1990s to warn citizens about the convicted sex offenders living among them. Until now, California lawmakers have been reluctant to put the Megan's Law database on the Web out of concern over court challenges. Californians currently must go to a police or sheriff's station and fill out a form to see the list." San Jose Mercury News (March 6, 2003) 1.]

Smith v. Doe. 38 p.

Connecticut v. Doe. 12 p.

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Lockyer v. Andrade. And Ewing v. California. U.S. Supreme Court. March 5, 2003.

["A closely divided U.S. Supreme Court left California's "three strikes" law on firm legal ground, upholding sentences of up to life in prison for shoplifters and other small-time criminals with long records. In a pair of 5-4 rulings, the court said the constitutional ban on cruel and unusual punishment is not violated by sentences at the outer limits of the 1994 law: 50 years to life for a shoplifter of $153.54 worth of videotapes, and 25 years to life for a man who stole three golf clubs." San Francisco Chronicle (March 6, 2003) 1.]

Lockyer v. Andrade. 23 p.

Ewing v. California. 57 p.

[Request #S7502]

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The Growth and Aging of California's Population: Demographic and Fiscal Projections, Characteristics and Service Needs: Special Report. By Ronald Lee, Center on the Economics and Demography of Aging, University of California, and others. Prepared for the California Policy Researcy Center, University of California. (The Center, Berkeley, California) 2003. 55 p.

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["This report provides a composite demographic profile of California's aging population over the next 50 years.... [It] discusses state budget projections given these population trends.... [It also] discusses the characteristics of elderly Californians today as well as likely future demographic patterns and resulting service needs.... By 2050 the life expectancy in California will reach 84.2.""]

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Blue Ribbon Panel Review of the Correlation Between Brain Injury and Roller Coaster Rides. By Gregory O'Shanick, Brain Injury Association of America, and others. (The Association, Alexandria, Virginia) February 25, 2003. 35 p.

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["The risk of brain injury from riding a roller coaster is so remote that it may not merit further research, the authors of the latest study investigating the controversial issue said, ' This is not as high on the ladder as other more pressing issues such as bicycle helmets, seat belts and airbags.'" Los Angeles Times (February 26, 2003) B4.]

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Fixed Theme Park Rides and Neurological Injuries: Expert Panel Consensus Report. By the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. And Investigation of Amusement Park and Roller Coaster Injury Likelihood and Severity. By Exponent Failure Analysis Associates. Prepared for Six Flags, Emerson Associates. (The Associates, Bethesda, Maryland) 2003.

["Two Studies Find No Risk From Thrill Rides; But Critics Question the Credibility of Research Funded by Amusement Park Company: The announcement comes in the wake of a series of high profile aneurysm-related deaths on rides at California amusement parks ... and an effort in Washington to enact federal safety regulations for theme parks." Los Angeles Times (January 21, 2003) 1.]

Fixed Theme Park Rides. 27 p.

Investigation of Amusement Park. 55 p.

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2003-2004 Economic Forecast and Industry Outlook For California and the Los Angeles Five-County Area Including the National and International Setting. By Jack Kyser and others, Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation. (The Corporation, Los Angeles, California) February 2003. 59 p.

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["A war with Iraq would cause the nation's economic growth to slow during the first half of the year, and Californians would continue to struggle, according to a LAEDC forecast. In its first 'Economic Warcast,' the nonprofit business development organization predicted the state's budget shortfall and lackluster trends in retail and other key industries would leave California's economy at a standstill during the first six months of 2003." Sacramento Bee (February 13, 2003) A3.]

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2003 Business Issues and Legislative Guide: Strategy For Economic Recovery. By the California Chamber of Commerce. (The Chamber, Sacramento, California) 2003. 144 p.

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["The Chamber prepares this guide annually to provide complete and up-to-date overviews of our priorities and the data to support our positions.... Priority legislation, state propositions, federal topics and regulatory changes are all carefully considered by the Chamber so that it can support the people and issues that support our economy."]

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Dealing With The State Budget Crisis: More Taxes Or Less Spending? By Edward E. Leamer, Anderson Forecast, University of California (The University, Los Angeles, California) January 29, 2003. 4 p.

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["The economy is able to absorb slow and predictable changes in spending but rapid, and substantial reductions in spending by business, consumers or government is what causes economic downturns and rising unemployment.... Because of the sharp differences between the effects of spending cuts and tax increases on total spending, now is the time to lean strongly toward tax increases."]

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The States' Fiscal Mess: How Bad Is It? By Martin A. Sullivan, Tax Analysts. IN: State Tax Notes vol. 27, no. 5 (February, 3, 2003) pp. 411 - 414.

["As shown in the data presented in this article, it appears that advocates of federal aid to states are overstating the problem. In fact, commensurate with the size of the recent recession.... the states' current financial problems are probably less onerous than during previous economic slowdowns"]

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The Market Value Of Commercial Real Property In Los Angeles County In 2002. By Terri A. Sexton and Steven M. Sheffrin, The Center for State and Local Taxation, University of California, Davis. Prepared for the Senate Office of Research (The Center, Davis, California) 2003. 7 p.

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["The current assessed value of real property in California is significantly below market value and hence property tax revenues statewide are significantly less than what would be collected if property were assessed at market value. The question of how much is difficult to answer, since no attempt is made to track the market value between sales. This report summarizes our estimate of this revenue differential for commercial and industrial property."]

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Testing High Stakes Tests: Can We Believe the Results of Accountability Tests. By Jay P. Greene and others, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. (The Institute, New York, New York) February 2003. 28 p.

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["This report finds that student score levels on high stakes tests closely track score levels on other tests, suggesting that when a state’s high stakes test scores go up, we should have confidence that this represents real improvements in student learning. But, with the exception of Florida, the report’s analysis of year-to-year score gains finds that high stakes tests are less effective in measuring year-to-year student progress, suggesting they are not good measures of schools’ effects on student performance." Connect for Kids (February 24, 2003)]

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The Invisible Dyslexics: How Public School Systems in Baltimore and Elsewehere Discriminate Against Poor Children in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Early Reading Difficulties. By Kalman R. Hettleman. (The Abell Foundation, Baltimore, Maryland) February 2003. 37 p.

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["About 20% of children in many large urban school districts are 'invisible dyslexics,' according to this report. The report finds that failure to properly diagnose and treat early reading difficulties has a disproportionately harmful effect on poor and minority students." Education Commission of the States' ECS e-CONNECTION (February 26, 2003).]

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Senate Passes Increased Funding for Education. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-06. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 5, 2003. 2 p.

["The Senate-passed fiscal year (FY) 2003 omnibus appropriations bill would provide an additional $5 billion to states through the Innovative Education Program Strategies state grant program. The Innovative Education Program Strategies state grant program provides formula grants for state and local education programs for students at risk of failure. Funds may be used for a variety of puposes such as instructional materials, technology, teacher training and public library assistance."]

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Why Rural Matters 2003: The Continuing Need for Every State to Take Action on Rural Education. By Elizabeth Beeson and Marty Strange, Rural School and Community Trust. (The Trust, Washington, DC) February 2003.

["Nearly one in three of America's schoolchildren attend public schools in rural areas according to this report. It finds that many children in rural schools are at risk of failing to get a quality education due to poverty rates that remain as high as those in urban areas." Education Commission of the States' ECS e-CONNECTION (February 26, 2003).]

Summary Report. 14 p.:

Full Report. 104 p.:

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Open to All: Title IX at Thirty. By The Secretary of Education's Commission on Opportunity in Athletics. (U.S. Department of Education, Washington, DC) February 28, 2003. 70 p.

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["Under intense criticism that the Bush administration might weaken Title IX -- the landmark 1972 gender equity law that has transformed women's sports -- Education Secretary Rod Paige unexpectedly rejected all the controversial findings of his own commission just hours after its report was issued. Paige said he would accept only the commission's 15 unanimous recommendations, rejecting eight other proposals that had come under blistering assault from Democrats and two panel members." San Francisco Chronicle (February 27, 2003) A1.]

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California's Electricity Supply and Demand Balance Over the Next Five Years. By the California Energy Commission. Presented to the California Senate Energy Committee. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) January 28, 2003. 8 p.

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["California's electricity consumption is projected to grow an average of 2% annually through 2006, while natural gas consumption should grow by 0.8% annually over the next 10 years.... The baseline growth forecast is relatively low due to weak economic projections and the lingering effects of the state's 2000-2001 energy crisis, the report said." Dow Jones Business News (February 14, 2003) 1.]

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San Diego Gas and Electric v. Sellers of Energy. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. EL00-95, EL00-98. California Parties' Supplemental Evidence of Market Manipulation by Sellers. March 3, 2003.

["California officials accused 70 energy companies and municipal utilities of using 10 principal schemes to push up prices in the state, and said the findings of a 103-day investigation represented only the 'tip of the iceberg' of abuse during the energy crisis of 2000 and 2001.... While most of California's filing was kept under wraps, the state released a detailed summary that alleged rampant manipulation of its energy market and collusion among power sellers during the time of rolling blackouts and soaring prices." Los Angeles Times (March 4, 2003) C1.]

Public version of filing. 27 p.

Press release. 1 p.

[Request #S7504]

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HHS Releases Energy Assistance Funds from FY 2001. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-05. (FFIS, Washington, DC) January 30, 2003. 2 p.

["The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released $200 million in unspent fiscal year 2001 Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program emergency funds. These funds remain available until expended. The president's FY 2003 budget proposd to reduce the block grant from $1.7 billion in FY 2002 to $1.4 billion in FY 2003."]

[Request #S7466]

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Western Growers Association, et al. v. California Agricultural Labor Relations Board, et al. Sacramento County Superior Court. Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief. February 24, 2003.

["Major farm groups sued to overturn California's new farm labor law, which allows a mediator to step in and draft a contract when talks between a union and a grower hit an impasse.... 'This forced contract scheme strips private parties of their fundamental right to collectively bargain without government interference,' said Dave Stirling, vice president of the Pacific Legal Foundation, which represents the farm groups." San Francisco Chronicle (February 25, 2003) A14.]

Complaint. 17 p.

Press release. 1 p.
Press release

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2003 Draft Air Quality Management Plan. By the South Coast Air Quality Management District. (The District, Diamond Bar, California) February 2003. Various pagings.

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["Struggling to meet federal smog standards by 2010, air quality regulators said they need to convince motorists to drive cleaner-burning cars and consumers to eliminate pollutants from their lifestyles." Los Angeles Daily News (February 25, 2003) 1.]

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Agricultural Biotechnology at the Crossroads: The Changing Structure of the Industry. By Gregory Graff and James Newcomb, Bio Economic Research Associates. (The Associates, Cambridge, Massachusetts) February 2003. 26 p.

["The study quantifies a shift in research and development activity in recent years toward large agricultural biotechnology companies.... While more than 180 organizations are involved in agricultural biotechnology, the top eight firms account for 69 percent of research and development activity in 2002. The top four account for 57 percent." PR Newswire (February 20, 2003) 1.]

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Planning Climate and Global Change Research: A Review of the Draft U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan. By the Committee to Review the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan, National Research Council. (National Academies Press, Washington, DC) February 2003.

["A panel of experts strongly criticized the Bush administration's proposed research plan on the risks of global warming, saying it lacks focus and ignores climatic and biological research whose impacts are already clear. The panel, convened by the National Academy of Sciences at the administration's request, said some of the plan's proposals for new research seem to rehash questions that have already been largely settled." San Francisco Chronicle (February 26, 2003) A3.]

Report. 99 p.

Press release. 1 p.
press release

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America's Children and the Environment: Measures of Contaminants, Body Burdens, and Illness. By Tracy J. Woodruff, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and others. (The Agency, Washington, DC) February 2003. 176 p.

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["A new federal report on children's exposure to environmental contaminants blames air pollutants, mercury, lead, pesticides and solvents for damaging health and causing birth defects.... While the report doesn't present new single findings, it summarizes individual studies linking toxicants to illness." San Francisco Chronicle (February 25, 2003) A4.]

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States to Sue Bush Administration on Global Warming: Press Release. By Elliot Spitzer, New York State Attorney General, and others. (Office of the Attorney General, Albany, New York) February 20, 2003. Various pagings.

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["Seven states plan to sue the federal government over global warming in an effort to to force the Bush administration to regulate heat-trapping emissions of carbon dioxide from the nation's power plants. Attorneys general from Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Washington said the environmental Protection Agency has violated legal requirements that it update an analysis of air pollutants from power plants." Associated Press (February 20, 2003) 1.]

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Center for Biological Diversity, et al. v. Ann Veneman, Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture, et al. U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. 1:03CV00369. Complaint for Declaratory and Injucntive Relief. February 26, 2003

["In a frontal assault on one of the most contentious federal subsidies in the West, eight environmental groups sued the U.S. Forest Service for failing to complete a plan in the mid-1990s to increase fees that ranchers pay to graze livestock on public lands.... The issue has particular resonance in California, where 20 million acres, or 20 percent of all the land in the state, is owned by the Forest Service. Much is in the Sierra Nevada, and grazing is allowed." San Jose Mercury News (February 27, 2003) A17.]

Complaint. 20 p.

Press release. 1 p.

[Request #S7474]

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Special Inquiry: Operations at Los Alamos National Laboratory. By the Department of Energy Inspector General. (The Department, Washington, DC) January 2003. 15 p.

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["The university is being pilloried for incompetence, or worse, for failing to prevent the misuse of lab credit cards and widespread theft running into the millions of dollars. Following a devastatingly critical report issued by the Department of Energy's inspector general, UC now faces the very real possibility that, after 60 years, it will lose the prestigious contract for managing the laboratory that ushered in the nuclear age." San Francisco Chronicle (February 3, 2003) A1.]

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President's FY 2004 Budget: Cuts, Consolidations and a few Increases. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief 03-02, (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 10, 2003. 11 p.

["This Budget Brief describes the major proposals of importance to states. The president's budget funds most education and health and human services programs at their FY 2002 levels. States would see significant cuts in funding for transportation, labor and justice programs. Examples of other programs receiving notable reductions in funding compared to FY 2002 levels include vocational and adult education, immunization grants, and the Clean Water State Revolving Fund."]

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A Report To The Governor On The Implementation Of The Recommendations Of The Task Force On Contracting And Procurement Review. By The Department of General Services (The Department, Sacramento, California) February 14, 2003. 22 p.

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["The Department of General Services issued a status report on its effort to tighten procedures for information technology purchases. The department is making changes to comply with recommentdations from a task force created by [Governor] Davis in the midst of the Oracle investigation." The Sacramento Bee (February 15, 2003) A3]

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A Proposal For The Future Governance Of California's Information Technology Programs And Resources. By J. Clark Kelso, The State Chief Information Officer. (The Officer, Sacramento California) Februray 14, 2003. 25 p.

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["Governor Davis' top computer expert recommended an overhaul of the state's information technology governance, including a board to oversee programs and stategic plans....The five-member board would help prevent contracts like the one the state signed with Oracle." The Sacramento Bee (February 15, 2003) A3.]

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Fair Political Practices Commission v. Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians. Sacramento County Superior Court. 02AS04545. Ruling on Submitted Matter. February 27, 2003. 17 p.

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["In a case believed to be the first of its kind in the country, a Sacramento Superior Court judge ruled that a California Indian tribe can be sued in state courts for allegedly violating state campaign finance laws.... The case has been watched as a potential landmark in defining the line between tribal sovereignty and the rights of states to set and enforce their laws.... A similar FPPC suit against the Santa Rosa Rancheria of Tachi Yokut Indians, which operates a casino in Kings County, is set for a hearing in Sacramento Superior Court." Sacramento Bee (February 28, 2003) A1.]

Decision. 17 p.

Court filings. Various pagings

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Ting v. AT&T. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 02-15416. February 11, 2003. 42 p.

Full Text at:$file/0215416.pdf?openelement

["Long-distance telephone giant AT&T Corp. cannot force California customers to use private judges to resolve disputes, the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled. The justices sided with a consumer group that claimed AT&T's customer service agreements violated California law by requiring people to settle disputes through arbitration and placing other restrictions on their legal rights." Los Angeles Times (February 12, 2003) 1.]

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The National Strategy for The Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets. By the Department of Homeland Security. (The Department, Washington, DC) February 2003. 96 p.

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["The document outlines what government and the private sector should do to safeguard the country's 5,800 hospitals, 2 million miles of pipeline and 80,000 dams, among other vital assets. It calls on business sectors to form centers for sharing information on threats and promises federal guidance to help state and local governments assess the vulnerability of key infrastructure components." Government Executive Magazine (February 14, 2003) 1.]

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The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace. By the Office of the President. (The Office, Washington, DC) February 2003. 76 p.

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["The strategy offers five priorities: creating a response system; crafting a program to reduce threats and vulnerabilities; developing an awareness and training program; securing the government's computer networks; and encouraging international cooperation." Government Executive Magazine (February 14, 2003) 1.]

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Senate Omnibus Appropriations (H.J. Resoluion 2) for FY 2003 and California Implications: Special Report. By The California Institute for Federal Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) January 23, 2003. 14 p.

["[This report] represents a quick analysis of the Senate's Omnibus bill from a California perspective.... Our analysis is based on the legislative language in the Senate Amendment. Further details on specific funding implications for California may become available once the House and Senate have conferenced on the billl and issued a report."]

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Proposed "Savings Incentives" Would Cause Revenue Hemorrhage in Future Decades: Proposal Also Would Heavily Benefit Wealthy Taxpayers While Weakening Pension Coverage For Workers and Shifting Costs To Future Generations. By Robert Greenstein and Joel Friedman, Center On Budget And Policy Priorties. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 5, 2003. 10 p.

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["This analysis explores the proposal and finds it would have the following effects: Reduce federal revenues over the long run; Hurt states by reducing their revenues and raising borrowing costs; Provide windfalls to wealthy taxpayers; Move toward consumption tax; Create tax shelter opportunities; Likely to reduce national saving [and] likely to reduce pension coverage for ordinary workers.... The analysis explains in more detail how the proposal would work and why it would have these effects."]

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The VIP Series. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, Vol. 3, No. 1. (Washington, DC) February 2003 46 p.

["Includes: "Special Education---Basic State Grant;" "State Grants for Improving Teacher Quality;" "Vocational Education - State Grants;" "Foster Care;" "Promoting Safe and Stable Families;" "Temporary Asssistance for Needy Families (TANF);" "Vaccines for Children;" "Election Reform Grants;" "State Criminal Alien Assistance Program;" "Workforce Investment Act-Adult Employment and Training Activities;" "Unemployment - State Administration;" "Surface Transportation Program"; and others."]

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"California By The Numbers: Assessing the Governor's 2003 State of the State Address and Budget. By Lawrence J. McQuillan and others, Pacific Research Institute. PRI Briefing. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) January 2003. 22 p.

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["Lawrence McQuillan points out that the proposed sales tax will be harmful particularly to small businesses.... PRI looked at the combined effect of the proposed sales tax and income tax increases using the state's tax analysis modeling program. Their results show that if Davis' tax increases become law, California will lose almost 600,000 jobs over the next three years." Orange County Register (February 6, 2003. 1.]

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"The Way We Tax: A 50-State Report [Special Issue.]" By Katherine Barett and others. IN: Governing: The Magazine of States and Localities, vol. 16. no. 5 (Congressional Quarterly, Washington, DC) February 2003. pp. 20-96.

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["This report evaluates the 50 states' tax systems on the adequecy of their revenue streams, fairness to taxpayers and how efficiently they are managed. It includes a tax wonk's dictionary, an overview of each state, details state tax collection by source and finally ranks each state."]

[Request #S7486]

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"Patients Fear Rising Cost: San Jose Mercy News Health Care Survey. By Laura Kurtzman. IN: San Jose Mercury News, (February 24, 2003) pp. A1+

[“Californians are confronting a troubling new question as health-care costs rise, a Mercury News/NBC11 poll has found: whether they can afford the care they want and need. The poll shows that 60 percent of state residents are paying more for care than they did two years ago, and half are worried about their ability to afford future increases. Now consumers are encountering doctors who won't accept their insurance and insurance plans that won't pay as much for their care. As the pressure mounts, some say they are modifying medical treatment or avoiding it altogether to save money.” San Jose Mercury News (February 24, 2003) 1.]

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Admission Policies and Attrition Rates in California Community College Nursing Programs. By the Center for the Health Professions. (University of California, San Francisco, California) February 4, 2003. 71 p.

Full Text at:

["The report and concomitant recommendations provide several policy options that the Governor, Legislature, and community colleges should consider as a means to train and employ more nurses. [It] recommends ways to improve California community college nursing program admission practices ... and provides several ideas regarding the structure and services that should be available."]

[Request #S7488]

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Residential Care Facilities In The Neighborhood: Federal, State, And Local Requirements. By Lisa Foster, California Research Bureau, California State Library. Prepared for Senator Charles S. Poochigian (CRB, Sacramento, California) December 2002. 53 p.

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["Balancing the rights of individuals with special needs to live in the community and the rights of neighbors to preserve the integrity of their neighborhood result in a longstanding conflict between federal/state and local government requirements that impact land use regulation. This report looks at this public policy issue. It describes residential care facilities and residents; and identifies the relevant federal, state, and local laws that impact decisions about locating facilities."]

[Request #S7489]

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Maternity Before Maturity: Teen Birth Rates in California. By Hans P. Johnson, Public Policy Institute of California. California Counts, Population Trends and Profiles. Vol. 4, No. 3. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) February 2003. 19 p.

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["In this report, we examine the trends and patterns in teen birth rates in California.... There are substantial variations in teen birth rates across California's regions and counties.... Findings suggest that programs to reduce teen pregnancy and childbearing in California should consider cultural contexts, regional differences, and historical patterns and target interventions accordingly."]

[Request #S7490]

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California's Housing Element Law: The Issue of Local Noncompliance. By Paul G. Lewis, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 109 p.

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["Is It Time to Review California's Housing Element Law? Paul Lewis addresses this question by examining which types of city governments tend to be out of compliance with state guidelines.... Lewis concludes that the time is ripe for policymakers and affected interest groups to seek a more workable, transparent, and straightforward approach to housing." Research Brief (February 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7491]

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The House Welfare Bill (H.R. 4) Does Not Provide Enough Child Care Funding to Meet Work Requirements Without Forcing States to Restrict Access to Subsidies for Other Low-Income Families. By Jennifer Mezey, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 12, 2003. 3 p.

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["This analysis shows that the House welfare bill's proposed child care funding increase is not sufficient to allow states to meet new work requirements, to maintain their current levels of services against inflation, or to make up for decreased child care resources caused by strains on TANF funds and by state fiscal crises." Moving Ideas (Febrary 20, 2003)]

[Request #S7492]

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Bush Admistration Projects That The Number Of Children Receiving Child Care Subsidies Will Fall By 200,000 During The Next Five Years: Actual Loss in Child Care Subsidies Likely Would Be Far Greater. By Sharon Parrott, The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, and Jennifer Mezey, The Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 5, 2003. 2 p.

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["Under the Administration's child care block grant funding proposals, the number of children who will receive child care subsidies is projected to fall by 200,000, from 2.5 million children currently to 2.3 children by 2007.... The number of children under the age of five in the United States is projected to increase by 3 percent over the same period."]

[Request #S7493]

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Still in Our Hands: A Review of Efforts to Reform Foster Care in California. By Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) February 2003. 36 p.

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[“Despite more than $2 billion spent annually on California’s foster care system, thousands of children still receive inadequate care because neither the state nor counties will take responsibility for reforms. The group found that an estimated 25% of children in foster care have not received timely medical care and that 50% lack needed mental health services. Since 1999, according to the report, an estimated 2,800 children have left the system at age 18 only to become homeless.” Los Angeles Times (February 5, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7494]

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Hunger and Food Insecurity Among the Elderly. By the Center on Hunger and Poverty, Brandeis University. (The Center, Waltham, Massachusettes) February 2003. 12 p.

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["This report examines the prevalence, severity, and impact of food insecurity among the elderly. It provides up-to-date information on the demographics of the current and projected elderly population along with detailed data on poverty among the elderly.... Detailed information about the nature, scope, and impact of programs to meet the current nutritional needs of elders is provided."]

[Request #S7495]

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Environmental Justice And Transportation: A Citizen's Handbook. By Shannon Cairns, and others, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Berkeley (The Institute, Berkeley, California) 2003. 20 p.

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["Environmental justice is an increasingly important element of policy making in transportation.... Various approaches to environmental justice are discussed, along with steps in the planning process when citizen involvement is particularly effective, suggestions for how environmental justice can be incorporated into a project, and legal requirements for environmental justice."]

[Request #S7496]

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HOT networks: A New Plan for Congestion Relief and Better Transit. By Robert W. Poole, Jr. and C. Kenneth Orski, Reason Public Policy Institute. (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) February 2003

["Converting the Bay Area's carpool lanes to toll lanes could generate more than $427 million a year for transportation projects and cut congestion, according to a report released by a Southern California think tank....Under the plan, carpools would have to pay, too. Only buses and high-capacity vans would be allowed for free." San Francisco Chronicle (February 26, 2003) A19.]

Report. 46 p.

Press release. 1p.

[Request #S7497]

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Graduated Driver Licensing Symposium: The Collection Of Papers. By Mei-Li Lin and others. Prepared for the National Safety Council (The Council, Itasca, Illinois) 2003. Various pagings.

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[Includes: "Introduction: The Compelling Case for Graduated Licensing;" "Teenage Drivers: Patterns of Risk;" "How Well Do Parents Manage Young Driver Crash Risks?" "Enhancing the Effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing Legislation;" and others.]

[Request #S7499]

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Transportation Security Grants. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-04. (FFIS, Washington, DC) January 16, 2003. 4 p.

["On January 14, 2003, the U.S. Department of Transportation announced the availability of $148 million grants for transportation security programs. These are in addition to the $92.3 million in grants already made to 51 recipient port cities.... These grants are intended to help the Transportation Security Administration identify critical infrastructure, provide transit personnel security training, harden seaports, enhance vehicle tracking and driver protection, and increase security throughout the supply chain."]

[Request #S7500]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Volume 10, Bulletin 3-5. (The Institute, Washington DC) February 14 - March 6, 2003. 19 p.

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[Includes: "Omnibus Appropriations Conference Report Approved; House Approves Welfare Reauthorization Measure; "Los Angeles to Get Extra $150 Million for Hospitals;" "Foster Care Report Calls for Changes;" "Judiciary Subcommittee Examines P2P Piracy on College Campuses;" "Reduction in FY 2004 Highway Funds Defended By FHWA Official;" "Funding for Transportation Research Considered;" "Tea-21 reauthorization backed by California Delegation;" "California Seeks Further Damages For Energy Crisis;" and others.]

[Request #S7503]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Capitol Offenders: How Private Interests Govern Our States. By Diane Renzulli, Center for Public Integrity. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2003.

["Relying heavily on financial disclosure reports filed by state lawmakers around the nation, the book documents dozens of conflicts of interest and cases where the public interest took a backseat to lawmakers' personal financial interests.... [It] also reports which states rank highest in the number of lobbying interests in particular industries." Publisher's Announcement (March 2003) 1. NOTE: Capitol Offenders ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7508]

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“Newborn Early Discharge Revisited: Are California Newborns Receiving Recommended Postnatal Services?” By Alison A. Galbraith and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 111, no. 2 (February 2003) pp. 364-371.

[“Two-day hospital stays are recommended, but half of all newborns, many of them poor, are discharged earlier. More disturbing to the medial community is that two-thirds of babies discharged early don’t get timely follow-up care. Those families also were more likely poor, Latino or publicly insured. Lack of timely follow-up could lead to complications from jaundice, dehydration or other conditions that may develop in a child’s third or fourth day.” Oakland Tribune (February 3, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7380]

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