Subject: Studies in the News 03-10 (February 28, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material ECONOMY
   Public return on early childhood development
EDUCATION
   Early childhood care and education trends
   Early childhood assessment
   Financing universal preschool
   Child-parent centers
   Coordinating health and children's services
   Transitions in early education
   The case for early care and education
   Components of early literacy
   Calculating the costs of school unreadiness
HEALTH
   Access and state dental practice laws
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child care subsidy practices and public policies
STUDIES TO COME
   Newborn early hospital discharge recommendations
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

ECONOMY

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return. By Art Rolnick and Rob Grunewald, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. (The Bank, Minneapolis, Minnesota) January 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/fedgaz/03-03/earlychild.pdf

["This report supports the argument that investment in early childhood development (ECD) 'if property funded and managed...yields an extraordinary return, far exceeding the return on most investments, private or public.' It notes the returns to ECDPs are especially high when placed next to other spending by governments made in the name of economic development." ECE-List (February 18, 2003).]

[Request #S7368]

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EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

"Social Transformations and Their Implications For the Global Demand for ECCE." Jodie Heymann, Harvard University. IN: UNESCO Policy Briefs on Early Childhood, no. 8 (November/December 2002) 2 p.

Full Text at: www.unesco.org/education/educprog/ecf/pdf/brief8en.pdf

["This paper reflects on international trends that will have an impact on the demand for early childhood care and education. Included among the trends considered were rapid urbanization, movement of men and women from agricultural to nonagricultural work, and the need for a more highly educated work force in order for nations to compete effectively in a globalized economy." Exchange EveryDay (January 26, 2003).]

[Request #S7369]

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Early Childhood Assessment. By Carol S. Lidz. (John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey) 2003. 314 p.

[Includes: "Observing Children, Programs, and Teachers;" "Families, Homes, and Cultural Contexts;" "The Neuropsychological Functioning of Young Children;" and others. NOTE: Early Childhood Assessment is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7370]

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Universal Preschool: Much to Gain But Who Will Pay? By Scott Scrivner, Public/Private Ventures, and Barbara Wolfe, University of Wisconsin. Prepared for the Foundation for Child Development. (The Foundation, New York, New York) October 2002. 53 p.

Full Text at: www.ffcd.org/pdfs/wolfe.pdf

["This paper begins with the assumption that children across the full spectrum of family income, family composition, and prior experience with child care would gain from being in a well-implemented preschool at ages three and four, then focuses on finding a feasible way to finance universal preschool. As such, the target is the financing of universal preschool for children of age four. If successful, such a plan could eventually be extended to three-year-olds."]

[Request #S7371]

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Child-Parent Centers. By the Promising Practices Network on Children, Families, and Communities. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 9 p.

Full Text at: www.promisingpractices.net/contact.asp

["The Child-Parent Centers program provides a school-based, stable learning environment for children in preschool through third grade and encourages active parental involvement to achieve positive results in a variety of areas. Improvements were found in areas of standardized testing, grade retention, remedial services, delinquent behavior, and more."]

[Request #S7372]

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"Cross-Sectoral Co-ordination in Early Childhood: Some Lessons to Learn." By the Early Childhood and Education Section, UNESCO. IN: UNESCO Policy Briefs on Early Childhood, no. 9 (January 2003) 2 p.

Full Text at: www.unesco.org/education/educprog/ecf/pdf/brief9en.pdf

["This brief explores the importance of coordinating health services and early childhood services. It also presents the elements of successful co-ordination." Exchange Everyday (February 23, 2003).]

[Request #S7373]

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Transitions in the Early Years: Debating Continuity and Progression for Young Children in Early Education. By Hilary Fabian and Aling-Wendy Dunlop. (RoutledgeFalmer, New York, New York) 2002. 163 p.

[Includes: "From Home to Childcare: Challenges for Mothers, Teachers and Children"; "Co-Constructing Transition into Kindergarten and School by Children, Parents, and Teachers" and others. NOTE: Transitions in Early Education ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7374]

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All Children Ready for School: The Case for Early Care and Education: A Guide for Policy Makers. By Janet M. Gruendel and others, Connecticut Voices for Children. (Connecticut Voices, New Haven, Connecticut) February 2003. 30 p.

Full Text at: info.med.yale.edu/chldstdy/CTvoices/kidslink/kidslink2/reports/PDFs/ResourceChallenges.PDF

["The report reviews the literature, provides "10-fast facts" on early care and education for Connecticut, outlines a series of goal statements and action items, and develops several legislative recommendations. The report also presents a set of guiding principles to consider." Ece-List (February 24, 2003).]

[Request #S7375]

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EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

Teaching 4- to 8- Year-Olds: Literacy, Math, Multiculturalism, and Classroom Community. By Carollee Howes. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing, Baltimore, Maryland) 2003. 184 p.

[Includes: "Creating Community-Oriented Classrooms: Nurturing Development and Learning;" "Early Literacy for Young Children and English-Language Learners;" "Classroom Practices the Support Children's Mathematical Ideas;" and others. NOTE: Teaching 4- to 8- Year-Olds ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7376]

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SCHOOL READINESS

A Stitch in Time: Calculating the Costs of School Unreadiness. By Charles Bruner. (The Finance Project, Washington, DC) 2002. 56 p.

Full Text at: www.financeproject.org/stitchintime.pdf

["This monograph presents approaches states and communities can use to make the case for investments in early childhood by focusing on the investment potential of early childhood services to school readiness and other desired results. It synthesizes the literature and evidence on early childhood development and school readiness and its relationship to future social problems and costs, and presents several alternative approaches that can be used to estimate the cost of school unreadiness." CT Voices ENotes (February 4, 2003).]

[Request #S7378]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

The Effects of State Dental Practice Laws Allowing Alternative Models of Preventive Oral Health Care Delivery to Low Income Children. By Leah Nolan, Center for Health Services Research and Policy, The George Washington University Medical Center, and others. (The Center, Washington, DC) January 2003.

["This report examines state dental practice laws and the extent to which these laws encourage alternative models of delivering oral health care. It analyzes existing state dental statutes and regulations and provides findings from case studies in six states looking at the delivery of oral health care to children from families with low incomes." National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health and Georgetown University, MCH Alert (February 7, 2003).]

Executive Summary. 7 p.:
http://www.gwhealthpolicy.org/downloads/oral_health_exec%20summ.pdf

Full Report. 272 p.:
http://www.gwhealthpolicy.org/downloads/Oral_Health.pdf

[Request #S7379]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Child Care Subsidy Policies and Practices: Implications for Child Care Providers. By Gina Adams and Kathleen Snyder. New Federalism: Issues and Options for States. Series A, Policy Brief No. A-57. (The Urban Institute, Washington, DC) February 2003. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310614_A57.pdf

["This report describes subsidy policies and practices that can affect providers - specifically how much they are paid and how they experience the subsidy system. It concludes that these policies may ultimately affect the willingness of providers to serve subsidized families as well as their financial stability and quality. The research is based on interviews and focus groups with child care administrators, key experts, child care subsidy caseworkers, parents and child care providers in 17 sites in 12 states." ECE-List (February 13, 2003).]

[Request #S7377]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

INFANTS

“Newborn Early Discharge Revisited: Are California Newborns Receiving Recommended Postnatal Services?” By Alison A. Galbraith and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 111, no. 2 (February 2003) pp. 364-371.

[“Two-day hospital stays are recommended, but half of all newborns, many of them poor, are discharged earlier. More disturbing to the medial community is that two-thirds of babies discharged early don’t get timely follow-up care. Those families also were more likely poor, Latino or publicly insured. Lack of timely follow-up could lead to complications from jaundice, dehydration or other conditions that may develop in a child’s third or fourth day.” Oakland Tribune (February 3, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7380]

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