Subject: Studies in the News 03-9 (February 26, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

February, 1853 - "Benicia was the capitol of California from 1853 to 1854. The city leaders had built a wonderful building as a city hall, but when the newly formed state government decided to move closer to the center of the state, the leaders offered Benicia.... The old capitol building is now a state park and was recently modified with new stairs and a fire escape. The state legislature held an anniversary legislative meeting here on February 16, 2000, in honor of California's 150 years of statehood."  benicialiving.tripod.com/history_capitol.htm  

February, 1853 - "The painters and carpenters had scarcely time enough to sweep up and clear away their tools before the Legislature began arriving in Benicia to occupy the new capitol building.... On Saturday evening, February 9, 1853, a grand ball was held in the Assembly Chambers of the new statehouse to celebrate the move. A brass band from the nearby military barracks played far into the night for the pleasure of the numerous guests, some of whom came all the way from San Francisco or Sacramento expressly for the event."  www.rootsweb.com/~cagsv/BenCap/b_capital.html  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Capital punishment in the United States
   World court stays execution of Mexican nationals
   Community supervision of felons
   Meeting legal needs of low-income clients
   Surveillance of private lives
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Immigrants' views of life in the U.S.
   Shifting immigration debate
DEMOGRAPHY
   California population estimates
   Population based allocations
   Temporary Visa program
ECONOMY
   ISP ordered to identify music pirates
   Worker earnings and production
EDUCATION
   PK-12 state education policies
   Educational reform outcomes
   Culturally responsive American Indian education
   Paying for schools
EMPLOYMENT
   Personal reemployment accounts
   Demand for mental health care
ENERGY
   Natural gas market recommendations
   Lessons from electricity restructuring
   Interconnection standards for utilities
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Environmentally friendly budget cuts
   Trout fishery plan
   Ballot measures on open space
   Residential water bills and usage
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   High risk of waste and mismanagement
   Fiscal relief for states
   Federal budget reducing state revenues
   Federal budget measures for California
   Funds from federal grants
   Internet gambling revenues
   State and local spending
   Federal bailout for states
   LAO report on budget
   Key provisions in state budget
   Mid-year budget cuts in many states
   Federal budget cuts
HEALTH
   State disability program wasting millions
   California physical fitness testing
   Retiree health benefits
   Mental health workforce
HUMAN SERVICES
   CalWORKs time limits
   CalWORKs overview
   Child care subsidies to decline
   Underserved foster care children
   Homelessness in California
   Fingerprint program and welfare recipients
   Complex child welfare system
INTERNATIONAL READER
   Foreign investment in Latin American banks
NATIONAL READER
   Illegal aliens
STUDIES TO COME
   Students seeking psychological counseling
   Redesigning child care
   Ronald Reagan and his presidency
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

Capitol Punishment 2001. By Tracy Snell and Laura M. Manushchak, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. NCJ 197020. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) December 2002. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/cp01.htm

[“Fifteen states and the Federal Government executed 66 prisoners during 2001. The number executed was 19 fewer than in 2000. Those executed during 2001 had been under sentence of death an average of 11 years and 10 months, 5 months more than that for inmates executed in 2000. At year end 2001, 2,581 prisoners were under sentence of death. California held the largest number on death row(603) followed by Texas (453), Florida (372) and Pennsylvania (241). Nineteen people were under Federal death sentence.”]

[Request #S7311]

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Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States of America): Provisional Measures. International Court of Justice. (The Court, The Hague, Switzerland) February 5, 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/idocket/imus/imusorder/imus_iorder_20030205.PDF

["The United States must temporarily stay the execution of three Mexican citizens on death row in the United States, the World Court ruled.... Mexico filed its suit against the United States last month, asking the court to stay the execution of all 51 Mexicans on death row, but it found the United States must stay death sentences in just the three most urgent cases" Associated Press State & Local Wire (February 5, 2003) 1.]

Press release
http://www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/ipresscom/ipress2003/ipresscom2003-09_mus_20030205.htm

[Request #S7312]

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FELONS

Washington's Offender Accountability Act: Update and Progress Report On The Act's Evaluation. By the Washington State Institute for Public Policy (The Institute, Olympia, Washington) January 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.wa.gov/wsipp/crime/pdf/OAAReportJan2003.pdf

["In 1999, the Washington Legislature passed the Offender Accountability Act (OAA). The Act primarily affects how the state provides community supervision to adults convicted of felony crimes.... In this year's report, we present the first results on how well the Department of Corrections risk assessment tool predicts actual recidivism."]

[Request #S7313]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Equal Justice and the Digital Revolution: Using Technology to Meet the Legal Needs of Low-Income People. By Julia Gordon. Center for Law and Social Policy and National Legal Aid and Defender Association. (CLASP, Washington, DC) 2002. 50 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1035576585.33/digital_revolution.pdf

["Technology use by the middle and upper class and by whites is significantly ahead of use by poorer people and people of color, a gap that some observers have termed the digital divide. Legal services programs made remarkable strides in harnessing the potential of technology to improve services to low-income clients."]

[Request #S7314]

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PRIVACY & SECURITY

Bigger Monster, Weaker Chains: The Growth of an American Surveillance Society. By Jay Stanley and Gerry Steinhardt, Technology and Liberty Program, American Civil Liberties Union. (The Union, Washington, DC) January 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.aclu.org/Files/getFile.cfm?id=11572

["This new report seeks to provide greater understanding of how our activities are increasingly being tracked and recorded, and how all that data could be drawn together from different sources to create a single high-resolution image of our private lives."]

[Request #S7315]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

IMMIGRANTS

Now That I'm Here: What America's Immigrants Have to Say about Life in the U.S. Today. By Steve Farkas and others, Public Agenda. Prepared for the Carnegie Corporation. (The Corporation, New York, New York) 2003. 66 p.

["[This report] captures the views of the nation's immigrants, focusing especially on their attitudes about the U.S. and their experiences here in recent years. It uses random sampling techniques to explore the opinions of those who have come from other countries to live in the U.S.... The purpose was to understand more about immigrants' perspectives and give voice to their observations and concerns."]

[Request #S7316]

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IMMIGRATION

CQ's Vital Issues Series: Immigration. By Ann Chih Lin and Nicole W. Green. (CQ Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 290 p.

["New critical issues arise in the wake of the 2001 terrorist attacks: the proposed shift in the immigration debate from economic to security concerns. Immigration provides an in-depth examination of ... major issues, including illegal policies, the characteristics and difficulties of present-day American immigrants and the debate over family reunification, and the role of immigration policy in the prevention of terrorism."

[Request #S7317]

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DEMOGRAPHY

CALIFORNIA

County Population Estimates and Components of Change, July 1, 2001-2002, with Historical Tables 2000 and 2001. By the California Department of Finance (The Department, Sacramento, California) January 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.dof.ca.gov/HTML/DEMOGRAP/E-2.XLS

["California's population rose an estimated 1.74 percent in the 12 months ending June 30, pushing the number of residents to more than 35 million.... Migration from other states and other counties accounted for 51 percent of the growth. The rest was 'natural' growth, or the number of births minus the number of deaths." Sacramento Bee (January 28, 2003) A4.]

[Request #S7318]

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CENSUS

Population Data for 2002---Impact on Bond Caps, SSBG Allocations. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-02. (FFIS, Washington, DC) January 10, 2003. 8 p.

["This Issue Brief summarizes the new Census population estimates, calculates their effect on the 2003 private-activity bond limitations and provides projections for fiscal year 2005 Social Services Block Grant allocations."]

[Request #S7319]

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IMMIGRATION

Shortcuts to Immigration: The "Temporary" Visa Program Is Broken. By Jessica Vaughan. Center for Immigration Studies Backgrounder. (The Center, Washington, DC) January 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.cis.org/articles/2003/back103.pdf

["The United States has experienced explosive growth in the number of foreigners admitted to the country temporarily under the 'non-immigrant' visa (NIV) program over the last 20 years -- from seven million non-immigrants admitted in 1980 to nearly 33 million in 2001.... The NIV program has evolved into an alternative entree to permanent residence that is far less controlled than is the existing immigrant visa (IV) program.... Finally, the NIV program is rife with fraud."]

[Request #S7320]

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ECONOMY

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Recording Industry Association of America v. Verizon Internet Services Inc. U.S. District Court, District of Columbia. 02-MS-0323. January 21, 2003. 37 p.

Full Text at: www.dcd.uscourts.gov/02-ms-323.pdf

["Ruling that there is no right to anonymity when sharing music online, a federal judge ordered the Internet unit of Verizon Communications Inc. to reveal the name of a customer accused of piracy by the Recording Industry Assn. of America. The decision, which Verizon plans to appeal, is a boon not only to major record labels but also to Hollywood studios, book publishers, video game developers and other copyright holders whose works are copied freely online." Los Angeles Times (January 22, 2003) C1.]

[Request #S7322]

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MANUFACTURING

Statistics For Industry Groups and Industries 2001: Annual Survey of Manufacturers. By the U.S. Census Bureau. M01(AS)-1. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) January 2003. 260 p.

Full Text at: www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/m01as-1.pdf

["California Led Nation in Manufacturing Jobs in 2001 Says Census Bureau: About 18 million people were employed in manufacturing jobs in California in 2001, more than in any other state, and manufacturing workers in that state earned $75 billion" U.S. Newswire (January 29, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7323]

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EDUCATION

EDUCATION POLICY

Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education: 2002; Results from the 2002 CCSSO Policies and Practices Survey. By Abigail Potts and others, Council of Chief State School Officers. (The Council, Washington, DC) 2002. 58 p.

Full Text at: www.ccsso.org/pdfs/KeyState2002.pdf

["The primary purpose of this biennial report is to inform policymakers and educators about the current status and trends in policies across the 50 states that define Pre-K and Kindergarten, elementary and secondary education." Includes: "Time and Attendance;" "Early Childhood Education;" "Graduation Requirements;" "Content Standards;" "Teacher Standards and Licensure;" "School Leader Licensure;" and "Student Assessment." Early Childhood and Family Education (February 7, 2003) online.]

[Request #S7325]

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EDUCATION REFORM

Children As Pawns: The Politics of Educational Reform. By Timothy A. Hacsi. (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts) 2002. 262 p.

[Includes: "What Difference Does Head Start Make?"; "Does Class Size Matter?"; "Does More Money Make Schools Better?" and others. NOTE: Children As Pawns.... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7326]

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ETHNIC, RACIAL & CULTURAL DIVERSITY

Widening the Circle: Culturally Relevant Pedagogy for American Indian Children. By Beverly J. Klug and Patricia T. Whitfield. (RoutledgeFalmer, New York, New York) 2003. 322 p.

Full Text at: http://www.routledge-ny.com/

[Includes: "A Brief History of American Indian Education"; "Language and Cultural Values: Defining Who We Are"; "American Indians and Their Cultures"; "Refusing to Believe in the Doctrine of Failure: Culturally Responsive Pedagogy for American Indian Children" and others." NOTE: Widening the Circle.... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7327]

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SCHOOL FINANCE

“Paying for Schools: Series.” By Deb Kollars. IN: Sacramento Bee (February 2, 2003 - February 7, 2003) p. A1+.

[Includes: “Equity Inequities Strange Merger Benefits But A Few;" “Touching Students Funding Game;" “It Pays To Be Pushy;" “Name Game Politicians Love To See Their Monikers;" “A Labyrinth of Spending Special Programs Have Grown Into Vast Bureaucratic Jungle;" “Minding The Store A Block Grant Plan Could Further Limit Important Program Reviews;" “Counseling For Sophomores: A Program Adrift;" “Prize Program Leaves Many Out In The Cold;" “A $4 Million Tale Of Forgiveness;" and “Dropout Program Reaches Few Pupils - After 18 Years.”

[Request #S7310]

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EMPLOYMENT

UNEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS

Issues Raised By President's Proposed Personal Reemployment Accounts. By Jessica Goldberg and Wendell Primus, The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) January 31, 2003. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/1-31-03ui.pdf

["The Bush Administration's proposal for 'Economic Growth and Job Creation' ... includes a proposed new program to assist the unemployed: Personal Reemployment Accounts. This analysis ... is an attempt to raise some issues related to the likely effectiveness of the accounts and to look at the proposal in relation to other components of the growth package."]

[Request #S7329]

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WORKFORCE

The Mental Health Workforce: Who's Meeting California's Needs? By Tina McRee and others, California Workforce Initiative, University of California, San Francisco. (The Initiative, San Francisco, California) February 2003. 116 p.

Full Text at: www.futurehealth.ucsf.edu/pdf_files/MH-report.pdf

["Demand for mental health care in California could rise by as much as 30% in this decade, and there may not be enough mental health professionals to fill the need, according to this study. Researchers suggest improving mental health care in the state by changing to a 'demand' model of care that would identify mental health needs and then determine the number and qualifications of mental health professionals needed to address the demand." California Healthline (February 4, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7330]

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ENERGY

2003 Natural Gas Market Assessment. By the Office of Market Oversight and Investigations, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) January 2003. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.ferc.fed.us/market-oversight/ngma-2003.pdf

["Federal power regulators have found that the nation's natural-gas market is still vulnerable to price manipulation and requires more-aggressive oversight.... As a key recommendation to combat fraud, the report says that all future gas trades should be directed through a centralized, regulated, independent exchange -- similar to the New York Stock Exchange -- where bid and ask prices would be recorded and published." San Francisco Chronicle (January 30, 2003) B1.]

[Request #S7331]

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ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

Lessons Learned from Electricity Restructuring: Transition to Competitive Markets Underway, but Full Benefits Will Take Time and Effort to Achieve. U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) December 17, 2002. 74 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-271

["The goal of restructuring the electricity industry is to increase the amount of competition in wholesale and retail electricity markets, which is expected to lead to a range of benefits for electricity consumers. These benefits include lower prices and access to a wider array of retail services than were previously available.... The federal government had taken steps to bring about these changes by among other things, promoting and opening access to regional wholesale markets and proposing to standardize a market design for these markets."]

[Request #S7332]

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UTILITIES

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Five Years Later: Federal and State Policies and Programs Update. By R. Neal Elliott and others, American Council for an Energy–Efficient Economy. (The Council, Washington, DC) January 2003. 18 p.

Full Text at: aceee.org/pubs/ie031full.pdf

["While the growth rate of CHP (combined heat and power) capacity in the United States had leveled off over the past five years, progress has been made on the following fronts. The current presidential administration promoted CHP in its National Energy Plan. The 107th Congress took steps to address the barriers facing CHP by establishing national utility interconnection standards, as well as many other steps promoting CHP. National model rules for emission regulations are currently under development by several organizations. The Federal Regulatory Commission (FERC) had addressed small generator interconnection standards and continues to move forward."]

[Request #S7333]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Green Watchdog 2003: 10 Recommendations to Address California's Budget Crisis and Protect California's Environment and Public Health. By the California League of Conservation Voters, and others. (EcoVenture, Oakland, California) February 2003. 13 p.

Full Text at: www.ecoventure.org/greencapitol/greenDog03.pdf

["Coalition Proposes Eco-Friendly Budget Cuts: Among the suggestions in the report: Increase state permit fees for air polluters, loggers and water polluters; boost fees on farm pesticides; eliminate a tax credit for factory equipment; and make landowners share state costs of putting out wildfires." San Jose Mercury News (February 5, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7334]

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FISHERIES

Strategic Plan for Trout Management: A Plan for 2002 and Beyond; Draft. By James Hopelain, California Department of Fish and Game. (The Department, Sacramento, California) July 2002. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.dfg.ca.gov/fishing/html/Publications/pdf_publications/trout%20plan.pdf

["California fisheries managers may soon shift from a decades-old emphasis on stocking lakes and streams with hatchery-raised trout and focus more on improving waterways that can sustain wild fish populations.... The Department of Fish and Game is proposing to cut $1.2 million from its popular urban fishing program, and $1.5 million from what had been a $20.5 million fish hatcheries budget. But the philosophical evolution predates the budget crisis and should outlast it, said department officials and fishing advocates." San Diego Union Tribune (February 9, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7335]

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OPEN SPACE

Land Vote 2002: Americans Invest in Parks and Open Space. By The Trust for Public Land and the Land Trust Alliance. (The Trust, Boston, Massachusetts) January 2003. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.tpl.org/content_documents/landvote2002.pdf

["Americans Vote For Open Space: LandVote 2002 Documents Strong Support for Conservation: The report tracks land conservation ballot measures nationwide for 2002. According to the report, 75 percent (141 of 189) of parks and open space ballot measures passed in 2002, up from 70 percent in 2001." PR Newswire (January 30, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7336]

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WATER RESOURCES

"Does the Median Voter Consume Too Much Water? Analyzing the Redistributive Role of Residential Water Bills." By Christopher Timmins, Yale University. IN: National Tax Journal, vol. 55, no. 4 (December 2002) pp. 687-702.

["Over the last 65 years, growing urban populations and the devotion of water resources to irrigated agriculture in this region, in conjunction with the more recent rededication of scarce supplies to environmental concerns have resulted in substantial overuse of water relative to predicted long-run supply replenishment.... Results confirm ... that cities with more skewed income distributions tend to engage in more redistributive activities than other conditionally similar communities."]

[Request #S7337]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

ACCOUNTABILITY

Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: A Governmentwide Perspective. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. Performance and Accountability Series. GAO-03-95 - GAO-03-118. And High-Risk Series. GAO-03-119 - GAO-03-122. (The Office, Washington, DC) January 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/pas/2003/

["These reports are part of a special GAO series. The Series contains separate reports covering each cabinet department, most major independent agencies, and the U.S. Postal Service.... The companion 2003 High-Risk Series: An Update identifies areas at high risk due to either their greater vulnerabilities to waste, fraud, abuse, and mismanagement of major challenges associated with their economy, efficiency, or effectiveness."]

[Request #S7338]

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FEDERAL BUDGET

Economic Stimulus Proposals: Will States be Net Losers? By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief, 03-01, (FFIS, Washington, DC) January 13, 2003. 9 p.

["This Budget Brief outlines the major provisions of the proposals and their effect on state budgets. Table 1 provides a side-by-side comparison of the three plans [of the Senate, House and president], focusing on their target areas and funding levels.... The two issues of particular importance to states are whether the proposals would provide states fiscal relief and the extent to which the tax code in all of the plans would alter the federal tax calculations that most states use as a basis for their own taxes."]

[Request #S7324]

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President's Tax Proposals Would Reduce State Revenues By $64 Billion Over 10 Years. By Iris J. Lav, The Center On Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) February 4, 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/2-4-03sfp.pdf

["There are 11 tax proposals in the President's budget that would affect state revenues, causing states to lose up to $64 billion over the next 10 years. These provisions all would reduce in various ways the amount of a taxpayer's income that is potentially subject to tax."]

[Request #S7339]

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Analysis Of The President's FY 2004 Budget. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 3, 2003. 22 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/pubs/prbdg04.pdf

[The job of assessing President Bush's FY 2004 budget proposal is made significantly more challenging by the fact that appropriations for the current fiscal year (FY 2003) are still not complete and thus we do not have a firm benchmark for comparison. With that disclaimer, this document provides a quick, California-oriented analysis of the proposal prepared by the staff of the California Institute."]

[Request #S7340]

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FEDERAL GRANTS

Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant, 03-01. (FFIS, Washington. DC) January 16, 2003. 10 P.

["This Update includes recent announcements about the availability of funds for many programs. Sources for this information include the Federal Register and the websites of many of the federal agencies."]

[Request #S7341]

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GAMBLING

Internet Gambling: An Overview of the Issues. By U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) December 2002. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d0389.pdf

["Internet gambling is a fast-growing industry with estimated 2003 revenues of more than $4 billion. However, concerns have been raised about its social and economic impact."]

[Request #S7342]

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REVENUES & EXPENDITURES

Perspectives on Government Receipts and Expenditures in the 1990s. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-03. (FFIS, Washington, DC) January 13, 2003. 3 p.

["A review of government receipts and expenditures over the past decade shows relative stability in the state and local sector and fairly large changes at the federal level. Excluding Medicaid, state and local government spending from own-source revenues declined from 9.1% of the gross domestic product in the federal fiscal year 1991 to 8.5% in FY 1998, and increased to 8.8% of the GDP in FY 2001."]

[Request #S7344]

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STATE / FEDERAL RELATIONS

The Case Against a Federal Bailout of the States. By Brian M. Riedl, American Heritage Foundation. Executive Memorandum. No. 857. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) February 4, 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.heritage.org/Research/Budget/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=36127

["State governments have wisely concluded that their constituents should be spared higher state taxes, but the bailout solution would simply raise federal taxes instead.... Congress should forget accounting gimmicks and cost shifting. It is time for all levels of government to take responsibility for their budgets and reduce excessive spending."]

[Request #S7345]

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STATE BUDGET

Analysis of the 2003-04 Budget Bill. And The 2003-04 Budget: Perspectives and Issues. And Highlights of the: 2003-04 Analysis and Perspectives & Issues. By the Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) Febraury 2003.

["California's nonpartisan legislative analyst confirmed that the budget submitted by Governor Gray Davis could resolve the state fiscal crisis, but she also laid out an extensive menu of alternative cuts and tax hikes for lawmakers to consider." Los Angeles Times (February 20, 2003) A1.]

2003-04 Budget Analysis, various pagings.
http://www.lao.ca.gov/analysis_2003/analysis_2003_contents.html
Perspectives and Issues, 176 p..
http://www.lao.ca.gov/analysis_2003/2003_pandi/pandi_2003.pdf
Highlights, various pagings.
http://www.lao.ca.gov/analysis_2003/03-04_budget_highlights.html

[Request #S7343]

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The Governor's Proposed 2003-4 Budget. By The California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California ) January 10, 2003. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2002/030113govbudget.pdf

["This update summarizes key provisions in the Governor's budget.... The Proposed Budget reflects both the $10.2 billion in reductions and other budget 'solutions' announced by the Governor in December and $24.4 billion in new proposals. Wherever possible, the summary identifies whether cuts were originally included in the January release."]

[Request #S7346]

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STATE BUDGETS

State Budget Update: February 2003. By the Fiscal Affairs Program, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2003. 31 p.

["States' Financial Woes Escalating Rapidly: California is not alone. The states' already desperate financial troubles are getting rapidly worse. The amount of budget slashing that governors and state lawmakers must complete by midyear has soared 50 percent in just two months and now exceeds $25 billion, according to a report." Sacramento Bee (February 5, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7347]

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STATE OF THE UNION

Reality Check: The President's State Of The Union Address. By The Children's Defense Fund (The Fund, Washington, DC) 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.childrensdefense.org/pdf/sotu_reality_check.pdf

["By the estimate of the Children's Defense Fund, about 600,000 children will lose child care and after-school services by this budget, and scheduled increases in Pell Grants for college students will be canceled." The Oregonian (February 5, 2003) D7.]

[Request #S7348]

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HEALTH

DISABILITIES

"Disability Plan Loses Millions; State Insurance Program's Costs Skyrocket Through Errors, Abuse." By Robert Salladay. IN: San Francisco Chronicle (January 26, 2003) A1.

["Costly Disability Snafus Earn Tough State Scrutiny: Hearing to be set on wasted millions.... Internal department audits showed the State Disability Insurance program overpaid workers at least $124 million over three years because of paperwork and other bureaucratic errors. Another $191 million that should have gone to injured workers was either delayed or denied because of these errors." San Francisco Chronicle (January 29, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S7349]

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EXERCISE

California Physical Fitness Test 2002: Report to the Governor and Legislature. By The Standards and the Assessment Division, California Department of Education. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2003. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.cde.ca.gov/statetests/pe/pftrptgov2002.pdf

["In spring 2002, physical fitness testing was conducted in California public schools in grades 5, 7, and 9. The test used was the Fitnessgram, designated for this purpose by the State Board of Education. This report summarizes results of the 2002 test administration and provides a summary comparison with the results from 2001."]

[Request #S7350]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

The Current State Of Retiree Health Benefits: Findings From The Kaiser/Hewitt 2002 Retiree Health Survey. By The Kaiser Family Foundation and Hewitt Associates (The Foundation, Menlo Park, California) December 2002. 70 p.

Full Text at: www.kff.org/content/2002/20021205a/6061v4.pdf

["One in five large employers is likely to eliminate retiree health coverage for future retirees within the next three years, according to a survey released by the Kaiser Family Foundation and Hewitt Associates. The total employer and retiree cost of providing health benefits to retirees and their dependents is expected to increase by 16 percent, from $12.5 billion in 2001 to $14.5 billion in 2002." Health Care Policy Report (December 9, 2002) 1589.]

[Request #S7351]

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MENTAL HEALTH

The Mental Health Workforce: Who's Meeting California Needs? By Tina McRee and others, California Workforce Initiative. (The Initiative, San Francisco, California) February 2003. 116 p.

Full Text at: www.futurehealth.ucsf.edu/pdf_files/MH-report.pdf

["This report presents one of the first comprehensive profiles of the California mental and behavioral health care workforce.... This study is a critical first step in developing a policy framework for understanding mental and behavioral health services and the professionals who provide them."]

[Request #S7352]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CALWORKS

Timing Out: CalWorks Recipients Face the State's Five-Year Time Limit. By the California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) December 2002. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2002/bb021231timingout.pdf

["This Update examines how many CalWORKs recipients may reach the state time limit between January and June 2003, evaluates key characteristics of those who may time out, explains how time limits will work, explores how counties are preparing for time limits, and summarizes how former recipients have fared in states where time limits have already taken effect. [It] concludes by making several policy recommendations."]

[Request #S7353]

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Understanding CalWORKs: A Primer for Service Providers and Policymakers. By Deborah Reidy Kelch, California Center for Research on Women and Families. (The Center, Berkeley, California) December 2002. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.ccrwf.org/publications/CalWORKsPrimer.pdf

["This primer provides a brief history of welfare and welfare-to-work programs, an overview of state and federal rules governing CalWORKs, and information on the program structure and funding streams of county programs. It also presents a profile of welfare families and key issues for present and future changes...The primer is intended to increase understanding by policymakers, advocates, and direct service staff about the still very complex California welfare program and the needs of the families it continues to serve."]

[Request #S7354]

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CHILD CARE

Bush Administration Projects That The Number of Children Receiving Child Care Subsidies Will Fall By 200,000 During the Next Five Years. By Sharon Parrott, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and Jennifer Mezey, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Centers, Washington, DC) February 5, 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/2-5-03tanf.pdf

["The decline [in child care subsidies] is the result of the Administration’s proposal to freeze various sources of federal child care funding over the next five years, including the Child Care and Development Block Grant, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant (a substantial portion of which is used for child care), and the Social Services Block Grant. Because the cost of providing child care increases as the wages, salaries, and rental costs of child care programs rise with inflation, freezing child care funding causes the number of children who can be served each year to decline."]

[Request #S7355]

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FOSTER CARE

Still in Our Hands: A Review of Efforts to Reform Foster Care in California. By The Little Hoover Commission. Report #168. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) February 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/168/report168.pdf

["Foster Care Report Urges Statewide Boss; Watchdog agency says 'muddle of authority' in California system has proved fatal to children: The group found that an estimated 25% of children in foster care have not received timely medical care and that 50% lack needed mental health services.... The main recommendation ... is the appointment of a statewide czar to oversee foster care, which served 91,509 children in 2002." Los Angeles Times (February 5, 2003) 9.]

[Request #S7356]

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HOMELESS

Recommendations of the Interagency Task Force on Homelessness. By Interagency Task Force on Homelessness. Prepared for Governor Gray Davis. (The Task Force, Sacramento, California) 2002. 105 p.

Full Text at: www.hcd.ca.gov/hpd/IATF_rpt_homeless.pdf

["Programs and services of the State of California should be administered in a manner that facilitates the prevention or alleviation of homelessness.... Long-term solutions require programs that are broad-based, comprehensive collaborative, and integrated."]

[Request #S7357]

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WELFARE

Statewide Fingerprint Imaging System: The State Must Weigh Factors Other Than Need and Cost-Effectiveness When Determining Future Funding for the System. By California State Auditor. (Auditor, Sacramento, California) January 2003. 75 p.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/bsa/pdfs/2001015.pdf

[“Worried that welfare and food stamps recipients were receiving so-called duplicate-aid benefits by using fake names or reapplying when moving to a new county, the California Department of Social Services implemented a fingerprinting program three years ago to catch cheats and save millions in tax dollars…. But, according to a state audit … California officials had little idea how much fraud actually existed in those aid programs, making it impossible to know whether the $31 million fingerprint program was necessary.” Sacramento Bee (January 3, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7358]

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Understanding the Child Welfare System in California: A Primer for Service Providers and Policymakers. By Diane F. Reed and Kate Karpilow, CalWORKs/Child Welfare Partnership Project, California Center for Research on Women and Families. (The Center, Berkeley, California) November 2002. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.ccrwf.org/publications/ChildWelfarePrimer.pdf

["This primer provides an overview of the child welfare system - its history, structure and funding streams. It also presents a profile of the children who are in the system and the multiple challenges facing a system in transition. The primer is intended to increase understanding by child welfare professionals, policymakers, and others about the complex nature of the child welfare system."]

[Request #S7359]

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INTERNATIONAL READER

The Foreign Conquest of Latin American Banking: What's Happening and Why? By James Barth and others, The Milken Institute. Presented at the European Union and the Americas Conference on Spanish Investment in Latin America. Policy Brief. No. 32. (The Institute, Santa Monica, California) November 2002. 45 p.

Full Text at: www.milkeninstitute.org/pdf/latin_america_banking32.pdf

["This paper documents the dramatic changes in the banking markets of the major Latin American countries brought about by the foreign penetration. It discusses the reasons for the greater presence of foreign banks and the impact of these banks on the allocation of credit."]

[Request #S7360]

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NATIONAL READER

NATIONAL READER

Giving Cover to Illegal Aliens: IRS Tax ID Numbers Subvert Immigration Law. By Marti Dinerstein. Center for Immigration Studies. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2002. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.cis.org/articles/2002/back1202.pdf

["Through its issuance of Individual Tax Identification Numbers (ITINs), the Internal Revenue Service appears to be blind or indifferent to the reality that it has created an official U.S. tax number that illegal aliens are using as identification, thereby making it easier for them to meld unnoticed into our society.... There are many ITIN-related problems that need to be addressed by IRS management and by Congressional committees.... By far the most urgent issue related to homeland security."]

[Request #S7361]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

CHILDREN

"Changes in Counseling Center Client Problems Across 13 Years." By Sherry A. Benton. IN: Professional Psychology Research and Practice, vol. 34 no. 1 (February 2003) pp. 66-72.

["A study of college students seeking psychological counseling had found that their emotional difficulties are far more complex and more severe that those seen in the past. Between 1989 and 2001, the percentage of students treated for depression doubled." San Francisco Chronicle (February 3, 2003) A9.]

[Request #S7362]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Time to Care: Redesigning Child Care to Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities. By Joan Lombardi, National Institute for Early Education Research. (The Institute, New Brunswick, New Jersey) February 2003. 248 p.

["This book suggests a beginning for reversing the history of neglect in America's early child care system. The author provides an agenda for investing in and reforming child care - to make it work better by redesigning the system to promote child development, support family life, and foster the spirit of community." NIEER Online News (February 6 2003) NOTE: Time to Care ... will be available for 3 day loan.]

[Request #S7363]

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NATIONAL READER

NATIONAL READER

Ronald Reagan: The Power Of Conviction And The Success Of His Presidency. By Peter J. Wallison. (Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado) December 2002. 304 p.

["Peter Wallison argues that both Reagan's success and much of the criticism he received are explained by the way he chose to conduct his office. Unlike any other modern president, Ronald Reagan had a philosophy of government and a strategy for getting it implemented." AEI Book Summary (January 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7364]

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