Subject: Studies in the News 02-76 (December 17, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   Financial benefits of preschool
   Linking pre-K and child care
   Preschool models and school readiness
HEALTH
   Health status indicators of American children
   Health disparities in children
   Children's health and dental care
   Health insurance among Latina mothers
   Disparity in prenatal measurements of care
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child care workforce
STUDIES TO COME
   Funding early mental health services
   Relative caregivers guide to early education
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

A Benefit Cost Analysis of the Abecedarian Early Childhood Intervention. By Leonard N. Masse and W. Steven Barnett, National Institute for Early Education Research. (The Institute, New Brunswick, New Jersey) 2002. 50 p.

Full Text at: nieer.org/resources/research/AbecedarianStudy.pdf

["According to this study, children who receive high-quality preschool care and education will make roughly $143,000 more over their lifetimes than other children, and save the school districts they attend $11,000 each by reducing the need for remedial education." ECS E-CONNECTION (November 27, 2002).]

[Request #S6939]

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EARLY EDUCATION

Bridging Gaps: Linking Pre-Kindergarten and Child Care. By the Committee for Economic Development. (The Committee, Washington, DC) October 2002. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.ced.org/newsroom/inbrief/brief_preschool.pdf

["This research brief calls on the state and federal governments to share the responsibility of funding universal access to pre-kindergarten, but it looks to the states to take the lead in building coherent early care and education systems."]

[Request #S6940]

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"Moving up the Grades: Relationship between Preschool Model and Later School Success." By Rebecca A. Marcon, University of North Florida. IN: ECRP: Early Childhood and Research Practice, vol. 4, no. 1 (Spring 2002) [online.]

Full Text at: ecrp.uiuc.edu/v4n1/marcon.html

["Noting that preschools are under increasing pressure to offer instruction in basic academic skills to help improve the academic performance of American schoolchildren, this article looks into the continuing debate over teacher-directed versus child-centered preschool models. The author found no significant differences in the academic performance of children who participated in any of the three preschool models at the end of their fifth year in school; however, by the end of their sixth year in school, children whose preschool experiences had been academically directed earned significantly lower grades compared to children who had attended child-initiated preschool classes. Marcon concluded that children's later school success appears to have been enhanced by more active, child-initiated early learning experiences, and their progress may have been slowed by overly academic preschool experiences that introduced formalized learning experiences too early for most children. As Marcon notes, 'Pushing children too soon may actually backfire when children move into the later elementary school grades and are required to think more independently and take on greater responsibility for their own learning process.' ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education at the University of Illinois ECENET-L (December 13, 2002).]

[Request #S6941]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Child Health USA 2002. By the National Center for Health Statistics and others. Prepared for the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Department of Health and Human Services. (The Department, Washington, DC) 79 p.

Full Text at: www.mchb.hrsa.gov/chusa02/main_pages/page_03.htm

["This reports on the health status and service needs of America's children through a compilation of secondary data for 59 health status indicators. The report presents both graphical and textual summaries of data for the target populations of Title V funding: infants, children, adolescents, children with special health care needs, and women of childbearing age. Health status and health services utilization are addressed, as are long-term trends, where applicable." National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health and Georgetown University, MCH Alert (November 26, 2002).]

[Request #S6942]

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The Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families. By Jane Reardon-Anderson and others. Policy Brief B-52. (The Urban Institute, Washington, DC) November 2002. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.urbaninstitute.org/UploadedPDF/310584_B52.pdf

["Children of immigrants are more than twice as likely to be in "poor or fair" health as children of U.S.-born parents. The report found that 9% of children of immigrants were in poor or fair health, compared to 4% of children of U.S.-born parents. Factors that may contribute to the health disparities among immigrant families include lower incomes, a lack of health insurance and limited access to Medicaid." California Healthline (November 27, 2002).]

[Request #S6943]

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"Factors That Influence Receipt of Recommended Preventive Pediatric Health and Dental Care." By Stella M. Yu and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 110, no. 6 (December 2002) [online.]

Full Text at: www.pediatrics.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/e73.pdf

["Using nationally representative data, this study examined the factors that affect children's receipt of recommended well-child and dental visits and found that 23.4% of children did not receive the recommended well-child visits and 46.8% did not receive the recommended number of dental visits. It also found that while publically insured children experience higher rates of recommended well-child visits, much improvement is needed in providing recommended dental care." CDF Child Health Information Project (December 6, 2002).]

[Request #S6944]

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PRENATAL CARE

Challenges Associated with Applying for Health Insurance Among Latina Mothers in California, Florida and New York. By Tamar Bauer and others, Department of Pediatrics, University of San Francisco, The New York Forum for Child Health and The New York Academy of Medicine. (The Academy, New York, New York) December 2002. 31 p.

Full Text at: www.nyam.org/news/pdf/latinamedicaidpolicyreport.pdf

[“Pregnant Latina women in California faced greater obstacles and a greater sense of fear when applying for public health insurance to cover prenatal care than similar women in New York and Florida. Fifty-five percent of the California women interviewed reported that they found the process confusing or feared that applying for Medi-Cal would trigger immigration problems. Such obstacles could cause these women to delay seeing a doctor during pregnancy and lead to babies born with greater medical needs, which would be costlier for society as a whole.” San Francisco Chronicle (December 5, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S6945]

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"Racial differences in prenatal care use in the United States: Are disparities decreasing?" By Greg R. Alexander and others. IN: American Journal of Public Health, vol. 92, no. 12 (December 2002) pp. 1970-1975.

["The authors of this article examined trends in prenatal care use by African-American and white women in the United States. They also investigated the prenatal care trends of women considered at higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: women with low education (<12 years of education completed), young women (<18 years of age), and unmarried women. The authors found that the percentages of women beginning care in the first trimester increased for both race groups, as did the proportion of mothers with adequate use of prenatal care. The authors conclude that health care coverage for all pregnant women, ongoing education of providers, and comprehensive women's health care programs are among the possible initiatives that could be explored to better provide all children with a good start in life." National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health's MCH Alert listserv (December 13, 2002).]

[Request #S6946]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Building a Stronger Child Care Workforce: A Review of Studies of the Effectiveness of Public Compensation Initiatives. By Jennifer Park-Jadotte and others. (Institute for Women's Policy Research, Washington, DC) 2002. 83 p.

Full Text at: www.iwpr.org/pdf/CCW.pdf

["Pay them better, and they will come! This analysis looks at how public compensation initiatives improve staff retention and the quality of early care and education programs. The institute recommends increasing starting salaries, establishing minimum education and training requirements for workers, linking professional development activities to bonuses or pay increases, providing credits toward a college degree, and sustaining programs through multiple funding streams in order to attain and measure long-term benefits." Connect for Kids Weekly (December 9, 2002).]

[Request #S6947]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

MENTAL HEALTH

Funding Early Childhood Mental Health Services & Supports. By Amy Wishmann, Donald Kates, and Roxane Kaufmann, Center for Child and Human Development, Georgetown University. Prepared for U. S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (The Center, Washington, DC) March 2001.

["Although preventive efforts can have great benefit for children ages birth to 8 years of age, insufficient attention has been paid to both prevention and early intervention efforts with respect to mental health issues affecting this age group. This paper illustrates how the physical, mental and emotional health of young children provides the foundation for all further development." NOTE: Funding Early Mental Health Services & Supports will be available for 3-day loan.]

Overview, Table of Contents, 14 p.:
http://www.georgetown.edu/research/gucdc/fundingpub1.pdf

Tables of Services, Funding Sources, 60 p.:
http://www.georgetown.edu/research/gucdc/fundingpub3.pdf

Matrix of Services and Support, 2 p.:
http://www.georgetown.edu/research/gucdc/fundingpub2.pdf

[Request #S6948]

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HUMAN SERVICES

GRANDPARENTS

The Grandparent's and Other Relative Caregiver's Guide to Child Care and Early Childhood Education Programs. By Rhoda Schulzinger, Family Policy Associates. (The Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC) November 2002. 56 p.

["This guide provides an overview of different types of child care and early childhood education programs. It explains how to look for them and for before-or after-school programs available for older grandchildren. It also describes how to get help paying for this care." NOTE: The Grandparent's and Other Relative ... will be available for 3-day loan. ]


[Request #S6949]

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