Subject: Studies in the News 02-44 (August 1, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   After School Education and Safety Program Act
   Second language learning practices
   Special education and foster care
HEALTH
   Research on long-term disabilities
   Anti-vaccination web sites
HUMAN SERVICES
   Adoption attitudes survey
   Child care arrangements
   Low-income families, work, and child well-being
   Support and hardship for single-mothers
STUDIES TO COME
   Welfare reform and children's health
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

What Would Proposition 49, The After School Education and Safety Program Act, Mean For California? By Delaine McCullough, The California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) July 2002. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2002/bb020701.pdf

["This policy brief states that setting state budget priorities through the initiative process encourages voters to consider spending for one area, such as after school programs, in isolation from other state spending. While many voters may support spending for the ASESP, they might prefer to spend less than required by the measure if they knew that it could result in cuts to health, higher education, other after school enrichment programs, or increases in taxes. As it would take a subsequent ballot measure to reduce the ASESP funding level required by Proposition 49, voters must carefully consider the impacts of setting future priorities based on current conditions."]

[Request #S5557]

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MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION

"Evaluating Classroom Communication: In Support of Emergent and Authentic Frameworks in Second Language Assessment." By Miguel Mantero. IN: Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation (PARE), vol. 8, no. 8. (2002) (online) 5 p.

Full Text at: ericae.net/pare/getvn.asp?v=8&n=8

["This paper addresses sociocultural theory and pedagogy ... in the second language classroom, particularly as it relates to student assessment. While teaching practices may be evolving to reflect the theory, methods of assessment are still largely the same: based on a priori structures and grammar .... Authentic assessment ... and instructional conversations ... are introduced as better methods for student assessment in language classrooms that operate within the sociocultural framework."]

[Request #S5558]

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SPECIAL EDUCATION

Special Education and Foster Care: State Policies Leave Foster Children with Disabilities Unprotected in the Special Education System. By Nancy Ruoff Tubbs, Children's Legal Resource Center, Association for Children of New Jersey. (The Association, Newark, New Jersey) Spring 2002. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.kidlaw.org/main.asp?uri=1003&di=136.htm&dt=0&sti=2

["Without a parent who can legally advocate for special education services, foster children with disabilities are often cut off from the services to which they are entitled. In Maine and Massachusetts, every child with special needs who is placed in foster care by court order is entitled to representation by a qualified foster parent or surrogate parent. New Jersey advocates argue that serious consideration should be given to development of an expanded surrogate parent program to meet this need." Connect for Kids (July 22, 2002).]

[Request #S5559]

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HEALTH

DISABILITIES

"Health Services Research for Children With Disabilities: Special Issue." IN: The Milbank Quarterly, a Journal of Public Health and Health Care Policy, vol. 80, no. 2 (June 2002).

[Includes: "Assessing the Field of Disability Research in the Organization and Financing of Health Services for Persons with Disabilities"; "Uses of Evidence in Disability Outcomes and Effectiveness Research"; "Using Administrative Data to Study Persons with Disabilities"; "Meeting the Health Care Needs of Persons with Disabilities"; and others. NOTE: The Milbank Quarterly ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5560]

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VACCINES

"Content and Design Attributes of Antivaccination Web Sites." by Robert M. Wolfe and others. IN: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), vol. 287, no. 24 (June 26, 2002). pp. 3245-3248.

["According to this recent study, many of the websites opposing childhood vaccination use emotional appeals rather than scientific data to influence people's opinions of vaccination. Since widespread immunization of children has meant that many debilitating diseases are now rarely seen, the parents' tales included on these websites of their children's illness or death allegedly caused by vaccination are likely to elicit emotional reactions against immunizations." CDF Child Health Information Project (July 3, 2002).]

[Request #S5561]

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HUMAN SERVICES

ADOPTION

National Adoption Attitudes Survey. By Harris Interactive Market Research for The David Thomas Foundation for Adoption and The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute. (The Institute, New York, New York) June 2002. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.adoptioninstitute.org/survey/Adoption_Attitudes_Survey.pdf

["The 2002 National Adoption Attitudes Survey finds that a large majority of Americans support adoption and a significant minority have considered adopting. The survey also reveals that Americans increasingly view adopted children no differently from children raised by biological parents." Connect for Kids (July 22, 2002).]

[Request #S5562]

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CHILD CARE

Primary Child Care Arrangements of Employed Parents: Findings From the 1999 National Survey of America's Families. By Freya L. Sonenstein and others, The Urban Institute. Occasional Paper No. 59. (The Institute, Washington, DC). 2002. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310487_OP59.pdf

["New research finds that most children whose parents work are in some form of child care during non-school hours, but the type of care varies dramatically, depending on family structure, income, and age of the child. 'Despite increased investment in child care subsidies, the use of child care centers declined for preschool children in low-income two-parent families from 1997 to 1999.' These findings suggest that child care policymakers should address the needs of two-parent families, in addition to single-parent families." HandsNet (July 26, 2002)]

[Request #S5563]

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LOW INCOME

Parent Work and Child Well-Being in Low-Income Families. By Katherin Ross Phillips, The Urban Institute. Occasional Paper No. 56. (The Institute, Washington, DC). 2002. 46 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310509_OP56.pdf

["This paper examines contemporaneous relationships between patterns of parent work and positive child outcomes among low-income families by asking three questions: how do parents organize their work schedules?; are there relationships between patterns of parent work and child well-being?; and are the relationships the same for children of single parents and children of married parents?"]

[Request #S5564]

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SINGLE-MOTHERS

A Balancing Act: Sources of Support, Child Care, and Hardship Among Unwed Mothers. By Julien O. Teitler and others, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing. Working Paper #02-06-FF(The Center, Princeton, New Jersey). May 2002. 40 p.

Full Text at: crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP02-06-FF-Teitler.pdf

["This paper describes the sources of support and child care arrangements upon which unwed mothers with young children rely approximately five years after PRWORA. It also describes the levels and types of financial, physical, and emotional difficulties these mothers face. It focus on unwed mothers because they are at disproportionately high risk for poverty, dependence on public assistance, and hardship."]

[Request #S5565]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

WELFARE REFORM

"Welfare Reform and the Health of Young Children: A Sentinel Survey in Six US Cities." By John T Cook and others. IN: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 156, no. 7 (July 2002) pp. 678-684.

["According to this study, terminating or reducing welfare benefits by sanctions, or decreasing benefits because of changes in income or expenses, is associated with greater odds that young children will experience food insecurity and hospitalizations."]

[Request #S5566]

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