Subject: Studies in the News 02-42 (July 24, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Policymaker's guide to gun violence and children
   Gun violence and children
ECONOMY
   Marketing violent entertainment to children
EDUCATION
   Promoting school readiness
HEALTH
   Family support programs & chronically ill children
   Effects of hunger on children
   Infant mortality & birth weight
   Welfare sanctions & children's health
HUMAN SERVICES
   Kinship care in Washington state
   Child care use and costs
   Child care centers
   Children's well-being
STUDIES TO COME
   Infant mental health
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

FIREARMS

Children, Youth, and Gun Violence: Issues and Ideas. A Guide for Policymakers and Journalists. By Mark Arigemma and others. The David and Lucile Packard Foundation. The Future of Children, vol. 9, no. 3. (The Foundation, Palo Alto, California) July 2002. 36 p.

Full Text at: www.futureofchildren.org/usr_doc/tfoc_12-2_iig.pdf

["Each year, more than 20,000 young people under age 20 are killed or injured by guns in the United States.... But too often, gun policy debates focus on the rights of adults to own guns and pay scant attention to issues of children's safety.... This guide provides key facts about youth gun violence and highlights options that policymakers can consider to address the problem."]

[Request #S5506]

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Children, Youth and Gun Violence. By the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. The Future of Children, vol. 9, no. 3. (The Foundation, Palo Alto, California) Summer/Fall 2002. 182 p.

Full Text at: www.futureofchildren.org/usr_doc/tfoc_12-2_full.pdf

["This issue focuses on youth gun violence in the United States, examining the impact of such violence upon children, examining the impact of such violence upon children, families, and communities, and exploring policies that aim to reduce gun deaths and injuries to children and youth.... It argues that strategies to restrict young people's unsupervised access to guns should be given greater emphasis."]

[Request #S5507]

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ECONOMY

MEDIA INDUSTRY

Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A Twenty-One Month Follow-Up Review of Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording, and Electronic Game Industries. A Report to Congress. By the Federal Trade Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) June 2002. 62 p.

Full Text at: www.ftc.gov/reports/violence/mvecrpt0206.pdf

["According to the latest FTC report, the entertainment industries are still marketing adult-rated violent movies, video games, and music to children. The report found only minor improvements in the practices of all three industries - despite two years of 'self regulatory' efforts and parents' requests for marketing restraints." CDF Violence Prevention Listserv (July 12, 2002).]

[Request #S5508]

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EDUCATION

SCHOOL READINESS

Ready to Enter: What Research Tells Policymakers About Strategies to Promote Social and Emotional School Readiness Among Three-and Four-Year-Old Children. By C. Cybele Raver and Jane Knitzer. National Center for Children in Poverty. (The Center, New York, New York) July 2002.

["This policy paper makes it clear that although there is still much more to learn about the effectiveness of pre-school aged interventions, the scientific evidence of the need for early intervention is compelling. Further, the intervention research that does exist is beginning to tell a sufficiently coherent story to enable policymakers to respond."]

Executive Summary, 4 p.:
http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/nccp/PP3sum.pdf

Full Report, 24 p.:

http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/nccp/ProEmoPP3.pdf

[Request #S5510]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

"A Randomized, Controlled Trial of a Community Based Support Program for Families of Children with Chronic Illness: Pediatric Outcomes." By Robin G. Chernoff and others. IN: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 156, no. 6, (June 2002) pp. 533-539.

Full Text at: archpedi.ama-assn.org/issues/v156n6/rpdf/poa10379.pdf

["This study tested a family support intervention for children with chronic illnesses, who have a heightened risk for mental health problems, and their mothers. The intervention, which was provided by 'experienced mothers' and child life specialists and included telephone contacts, face-to-face visits, and special family events, had modest positive effects in promoting children's adjustment." HandsNet (July 12, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S5511]

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HUNGER

The Consequences of Hunger and Food Insecurity for Children: Evidence from Recent Scientific Studies. By the Center on Hunger and Poverty, Brandeis University. Prepared for ConAgra Foods' Feeding Children Better Foundation. (The University, Waltham, Massachusetts) June 2002. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.centeronhunger.org/pdf/ConsequencesofHunger.pdf

["This study highlights an array of recent research findings that depict the adverse consequences of hunger and food insecurity for children. It groups a number of recent research findings into three broad areas: health consequences, psychosocial and behavioral impacts, and learning and academic outcomes. A section on the relationship between food insecurity and obesity is also included, since this is an issue receiving growing attention." HandsNet (July 12, 2002).]

[Request #S5513]

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INFANT MORTALITY

"Infant Mortality and Low Birth Weight Among Black and White Infants, United States, 1980-2000." By the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. IN: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 51, no. 27. (July 12, 2002) pp. 589-592.

Full Text at: www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5127a1.htm

["Although the overall national infant mortality rate has declined in the past 20 years, black infants are now more than twice as likely to die before their first birthdays as white infants, according to this new study. The result is that the current infant mortality rate among white infants is 5.7 deaths per 1,000 live births, while among black infants there are 14 deaths per 1,000 live births." Atlanta-Journal Constitution (July 12, 2002).]

[Request #S5514]

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INFANTS & CHILDREN

The Impact of Welfare Sanctions on the Health of Infants and Toddlers. By the Children's Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program. (The Program, Boston, Massachusetts) July 2002. 24 p.

Full Text at: dcc2.bumc.bu.edu/csnappublic/C-SNAP%20Report.pdf

["This report summarizes the association of welfare sanctions with the health and food security of children less than three years of age in six large U.S. cities. The report finds that welfare sanctions and benefit decreases are associated with significantly increased rates of hospitalizations of young children and increased rates of food insecurity in households of young children."]

[Request #S5515]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Kinship Care in Washington State: Prevalence, Policy and Needs. By Jim Mayfield and others, Washington State Institute for Public Policy. (The Institute, Olympia, Washington) June 2002. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.wsipp.wa.gov/childfamily/pdf/Kinship%20CareWA.pdf

["State Looking at Support Services; Grandparent Caregivers Seek Help from the 'Village:' A new state study shows that kinship caregivers -- relatives caring for kids in place of drug-addicted, incarcerated, abusive, neglectful or in some cases deceased parents -- are far from alone.... In Washington, 32,000 children -- 1 in 50 --live with a non-parent relative.... The study will help determine the 'village' lawmakers hope to offer caregivers needing help." Seattle Post-Intelligencer (July 6, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S5517]

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What Happens When the School Year Is Over? The Use and Costs of Child Care for School-Age Children during the Summer Months. By Jeffrey Capizzano and others. The Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) 2002. 45 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310497_OP58.pdf

["Child-care Need is Growing: Most children whose parents work are in some type of child-care situation ... but the care received depends greatly on the family structure, income level and age of the child, according to the Institute.... About three of every four children who are four years old or younger are in nonparental care.... An additional 10 percent of school-age children are usually home alone or with a sibling younger than 13." Denver Post (June 20, 2002) B6.]

[Request #S5518]

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A Stark Plateau - California Families See Little Growth in Child Care Centers. By Bruce Fuller and others, Policy Analysis for California Education, Child Development Projects. Policy Brief 02-2. (PACE, Berkeley, California) July 2002. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.cdpi.net/final.pdf

["This new report is an analysis of change in preschool and center enrollment capacity in California since 1996. Little growth is discernible statewide after adjusting for child population growth. County-level patterns vary significantly with a few major counties showing declines in enrollment slots for every 100 young children, age 0-5. In addition, center enrollment capacity levels remain unequal across counties with relatively low supply of center and preschool programs in the Central Valley, Los Angeles County, and the Inland Empire region of southern California. Policy implications for this stagnation in center capacity -- despite rising child care funding in California --are discussed. Positive effects of state capacity-building efforts are apparent, especially in rural counties." CDPI Report (July 19, 2002).]

[Request #S5519]

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CHILDREN

America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well Being, 2002. By the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (The Forum, Washington, DC) July 2002. Various Pagings. Appendices.

Full Text at: www.childstats.gov/ac2002/pdf/ac2002.pdf

["The report found: a substantial drop in infant mortality from 1998 to 2000; more children are covered by health insurance than in 1999; certain groups of high school students are smoking less; young children have a better diet than in 1996. Unfortunately, some well-being factors did not have any positive changes. The number of children who live in poverty, the number of toddlers with the recommended immunizations and the percent of students who finish high school stayed the same." CDF Child Health Information Project (July 12, 2002).]

[Request #S5520]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

MENTAL HEALTH

Case Studies in Infant Mental Health: Risk, Resiliency, and Relationships. Edited by Joan J. Shirilla and Deborah J. Weatherston. (Zero to Three, Washington, DC) 2002. 203 p.

["This book profiles case studies on how infant mental health specialists strengthen the development and well-being of infants and young children within secure and stable parent relationships." Action Alliance for Children. NOTE: Case Studies ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5516]

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