Subject: Studies in the News 02-38 (July 3, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Policy implications of incarcerated mothers
EDUCATION
   Class-size benefits elusive
   Early care programming replication paradoxes
   Early education and workforce readiness links
   K-16 education policies
HEALTH
   Health enrollment via the Internet
   Health care for families
   Health coverage for the uninsured
   Promoting health and child care
   Home health care guidelines
   Legislative issues in children's health insurance
   Priorities and issues in Latino child health
   Implementation of California's Mental Health Parity Law
   Community-based mental health services
   Outcome strategies in mental health
   Tobacco settlements and fiscal responsiblities
HUMAN SERVICES
   Integrating research into social service systems
   Child development and child care
   Child care quality predictors
   Home visiting outcome achievement problems
   Immigrant & refugee children research issues
STUDIES TO COME
   Military child-care system costs
   Child rearing challenges
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News: Children and Family Supplement is a service provided to the California Children and Families Commission (CCFC) by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information and Reference Center. The service features weekly lists of current articles focusing on Children and Family policy. Prior lists can be viewed from the California State Library's Web Catalog by selecting the Special Resources link on the opening page at www.lib.state.ca.us.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

PRISONS & PRISONERS

"Policy Implications Relating to Inmate Mothers and Their Children: Will the Past Be Prologue?" By Lanette P. Dalley. IN: The Prison Journal, vol. 82, no. 2 (June 2002) pp. 234-268.

["The most compelling finding of this study is the reality that the majority of inmate mothers will be reunited with their children, and many will not be able to succeed in living crime-free and drug-free lives.... The purpose of this article is to present data that support recommendations for policy changes that other states should consider to prevent further incarcerations and facilitate a positive mother-child relationship."]

[Request #S5235]

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EDUCATION

CLASS SIZE REDUCTION

What We Have Learned About Class Size Reduction in California. [Capstone Report: Pre-Publication Electronic Version]. By the CSR Research Consortium. (American Institutes for Research, Palo Alto, California) 2002. 59 p.

Full Text at: www.classize.org/techreport/CSR_Capstone_prepub.pdf

["Experts from RAND and other top research groups spent four years studying the effectiveness of California's $1.6 billion-a-year effort to shrink the size of those classes. Among the eight recommendations in their final report is that school districts be allowed to lift the strict cap of 20 in classes with middle- and upper- middle class children. That way, poor children, who need more attention, could be placed in classes of 15. But the primary question -- whether kids in smaller classes learn more than kids in larger ones -- remains elusive because researchers could not compare the groups." San Francisco Chronicle (June 28, 2002) [online].]

[Request #S5320]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

"Resolving Paradoxical Criteria for the Expansion and Replication of Early Childhood Care and Education Programs." By Hirokazu Yoshikawa and others. IN: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1 (2002) pp. 3-27.

["This article aims to identify underlying paradoxical bases for expansion and replication of early childhood care and education programs, and to suggest potential solutions. It includes a brief history of early childhood care and education programs in the United States ... and concludes with recommendations for funders, policy makers, and evaluators interested in expanding and replicating programs."]

[Request #S5321]

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From Building Blocks to Books: Learning from Birth Through 8 in Pennsylvania. By Pennsylvania Partnership for Children. (The Partnership, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) 2002. 68 p.

Full Text at: www.papartnerships.org/blockstobooks.html#full

["This report deals with the importance of building an early learning foundation for all children, a task that advocacy groups say leaders of this state are way behind on compared with their peers in other states.... Businesses are increasingly looking to the state of early childhood education in the potential locale to gauge the readiness of the work force." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (June 12, 2002) D2.]

[Request #S5322]

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EDUCATION POLICY

K-16 Education Systems. By Demaree K. Michelau, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief, vol. 10, no. 25. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) June/July 2002. 2 p.

["K-12 and higher education policies and requirements are often not coordinated. At least 24 states have statewide K-16 partnerships. Despite challenges, comprehensive K-16 reform is starting to move its way onto legislative agendas. Legislators are passing incremental K-16 policies that support reforms aligning the systems."]

[Request #S5238]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

Enrollment Hits the Web: States Maximize Internet Technology in CHIP and Medicaid. By Brendan Krause, the National Governor's Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) 2002. 9 p.

Full Text at: www.nga.org/cda/files/SCHIPTECH053002.pdf

["This issue brief focuses on the use of the Internet on the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) enrollment. It examines the ways that the Internet has made CHIP and Medicaid enrollment easier and simpler. The use of the Internet for the enrollment process in CHIP and Medicaid reduces program enrollment time, increase access for applications, and centralizes social service applications in state governments."]

[Request #S5323]

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Reaching Out: Successful Efforts to Provide Children and Families With Health Care. By Sharon Silow-Carroll and others, Economic and Social Research Institute. Prepared for Community Voices: Healthcare for the Underserved, W. K. Kellogg Foundation. (The Foundation, Battle Creek, Michigan) June 2002. 41 p.

Full Text at: www.communityvoices.org/PDF/ReachingOut.pdf

["This new report provides an inventory of ideas and resources to improve enrollment rates and help more people access essential health care. It details the innovative outreach and enrollment efforts used to enroll uninsured, "hard-to-reach" populations in public coverage programs. The report also stresses that while real outreach takes place at the personal level, there are many things policymakers can do at the federal level to help these community efforts." HandsNet (June 7, 2002).]

[Request #S5324]

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Reaching Uninsured Children Through Medicaid: If You Build It Right, They Will Come. By Cindy Mann and others, Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. (The Commission, Menlo Park, California) June 2002. 37 p.

Full Text at: www.kff.org/content/2002/20020611/4040.pdf

["According to this report, neither children nor disabled adults are the major contributors to rising Medicaid costs. Regardless of the source of the higher costs, however, states facing budget shortfalls are forced to make difficult decisions. Medicaid enrollment has made and continues to make a major difference in children's lives. The challenge is to not let barriers creep back into the system as a hidden cost savings mechanism."]

[Request #S5329]

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CHILDREN

The Pediatrician's Role in Promoting Health and Safety in Child Care. By the American Academy of Pediatrics. (The Academy, Elk Grove Village, Illinois) 2001. 112 p.

[Includes: "Providing Guidance to Families on Child Care Issues"; "Providing Health Consultation to Child Care Programs"; "Advocating for Quality Child Care"; and others. NOTE: The Pediatrician's Role ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5326]

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Guidelines for Pediatric Home Health Care. By the American Academy of Pediatrics. (The Academy, Elk Grove Village, Illinois) 2002. 565 p.

[Includes: "Pediatric Home Health Care: Public Funding"; "Pediatric Home Health Care Providers"; "Family-Centered Home Health Care"; "Family-Directed Home Health Care"; and others. NOTE: Guidelines for Pediatric ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5327]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Legislative Issues. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Issue Brief 02-30. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 14, 2002. 10 p.

["SCHIP was first established for FY 1998, and many were unprepared to quickly implement the expanded coverage for children envisioned in the program....At the beginning of FY 2002, states held about $11 billion in unspent grants in reserve. However, as SCHIP matures, states have expanded their programs. Overall, state SCHIP expenditures are now projected by the Congressional Budget Office to exceed annual allotments."]

[Request #S5328]

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LATINOS

"The Health of Latino Children: Urgent Priorities, Unanswered Questions, and a Research Agenda." By Glenn Flores, Department of Pediatrics, Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Boston Medical Center, and others. IN: JAMA (Journal of the American Association), vol. 288, no. 1 (July 3, 2002) pp. 82-90.

["Latinos recently became the largest racial/ethnic minority group of US children. A panel of experts identified the most important urgent priorities and unanswered questions in Latino child health. Conclusions were drawn when consensus was reached among members, and a consensus statement with supporting references was drafted and revised. This article summarizes the key issues, including lack of validated research instruments, frequent unjustified exclusion from studies, and failure to analyze data by pertinent subgroups. Latino children are at high risk for behavioral and developmental disorders, and there are many unanswered questions about their mental health needs and use of services. The prevalence of dental caries is disproportionately higher for Latino children, but the reasons for this disparity are unclear. Culture and language can profoundly affect Latino children's health, but not enough cultural competency training of health care professionals and provision of linguistically appropriate care occur. Latinos are underrepresented at every level of the health care professions. Latino children are at high risk for school dropout, environmental hazards, obesity, diabetes mellitus, asthma, lack of health insurance, nonfinancial barriers to health care access, and impaired quality of care, but many key questions in these areas remain unanswered. This article suggests areas in which more research is needed and ways to improve research and care of Latino children."]

[Request #S5325]

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MENTAL HEALTH

A Snapshot of the Implementation of California's Mental Health Parity Law. By Timothy Lake and others. (Mathematica Policy Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts) 2002. 36 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/snapshot.pdf

[This report on California's Mental Health Parity Law found that in its first year, mental health services expanded with no apparent effects on the purchase of health insurance. The state law succeeded in removing limits on mental health benefits under private insurance, but more public awareness is needed to improve access to care and reduce social stigma." Connect for Kids (April 29, 2002).]

[Request #S5330]

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Providing Mental Health Services to Youth Where They Are: School- and Community- Based Approaches. By Harinder S. Ghuman and others. (Brunner-Routledge, New York, New York) 2002. 255 p.

[Includes: "Evaluation and Quality Improvement in School Mental Health"; "Family-Driven Treatment: Families as Full Partners in the Care of Children with Psychiatric Illness"; "Children are Newsworthy: Working Effectively with the Media to Improve Systems of Child and Adolescent Mental Health"; and others. NOTE: Providing Mental Health ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5331]

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Developing Outcome Strategies in Children's Mental Health. By Mario Hernandez & Sharon Hodges. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing, Baltimore, Maryland) 2001. 271 p.

[Includes: "A Magic Growth Formula for Mental Health Services in Santa Cruz County"; "Santa Barbara's Multiagency Integrated System of Care;" and others. NOTE: Developing Outcome Strategies ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5332]

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SMOKING

Saving Lives, Saving Money: Why States Should Invest in a Tobacco Free Future. By Paul G. Billings and others, The American Legacy Foundation. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) 2002. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.americanlegacy.org/content/PDF/278055.pdf

[Tobacco use remains the leading preventable cause of death and costly disease in the United States. Currently, only 5 percent of the money that states received from their tobacco settlements is being spent to reduce costs associated with tobacco use. According to this report, state lawmakers should resist the short-term fix of using tobacco-settlement dollars to address current budget deficits, and save hundreds of millions on adult Medicaid costs by using the tobacco-settlement dollars for tobacco prevention and control programs." Connect for Kids (April 15, 2002).]

[Request #S5333]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

What Works? Integrating Multiple Data Sources and Policy Research Methods in Assessing Need and Evaluating Outcomes in Community-Based Child and Family Service Systems. By Elan Melamid, RAND Graduate School. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002. 150 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/RGSD/RGSD161/RGSD161.pdf

["This research examines the roles that policy analysts and policy research may play in improving the effectiveness of systems of care serving at-risk children and their families. The author presents four separate analytic methodologies and discusses how they can be integrated to evaluate outcomes and improve the quality of service in community-based child and family social service systems. The author explicitly examines the roles that rigorous policy research can play in such contexts and the limitations and challenges of applying these new analytic techniques in public social service settings. Finally, the author suggests areas in which policy researchers, systems managers, political leaders, clients, and community members might focus their work in the future."]

[Request #S5335]

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"Do Regulable Features of Child-Care Homes Affect Children's Development?" By K. Alison Clarke-Stewart, University of California-Irvine, and others. IN: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1 (2002) pp. 52-86.

["Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care was used to assess whether regulable features of child-care homes affect children's development. Findings include: better educated staff provided higher quality caregiving, children performed better on cognitive and language development tests, and were more cooperative."]

[Request #S5336]

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"Structural Predictors of Child Care Quality in Child Care Homes." By Margaret Burchinal, National Center for Early Development and Learning and University of North Carolina, Carollee Howes, National Center for Early Development and Learning and University of California-Los Angeles, and Susan Kontos, Purdue University. IN: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1 (2002) pp. 87-105.

["This article explores the relationship between structural and process quality within home-based child care. The authors first identify the structural dimensions that best predicated global quality ...and suggest that parents and policy makers should rely more heavily on characteristics such as caregiver training or education than on group size or child:adult ratios as decisions are made about child care homes."]

[Request #S5337]

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HOME VISITING

"Inside the Black Box of Home Visiting: A Qualitative Analysis of Why Intended Outcomes Were Not Achieved." By Kathleen M. Hebbeler, SRI International, and Suzanne G. Gerlach-Downie. IN: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1 (2002) pp. 28-51.

["The authors conducted a longitudinal qualitative investigation of a home visiting program to explore the effectiveness of a program. The findings underscore the need to critically examine the theories that underlie home visiting programs and guide the day-to-day interactions of home visitors."]

[Request #S5338]

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RESEARCH

Immigrant and Refugee Children and Their Families: Clinical, Research, and Training Issues. By Fern J. Cramer Azima and Natalie Grizenko. (International Universities Press, Madison, Connecticut) 2002. 238 p.

[Includes: "Refugee Children and Their Families: Exploring Mental Health Risks and Protective Factors"; "Working with Children of Immigrant Parents; Clinical Viewpoints and Research Orientation"; "Transcultural Training Models for Therapists Treating Refugee and Immigrant Children and Families"; and others. NOTE: Immigrant and Refugee Children ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5339]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

CHILD CARE

Examining the Cost of Military Child Care. By Gail L. Zellllllman and Susan M. Gates, RAND Corportation. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 126 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1415/

["The military child-care system, the largest system of employer-sponsored child care in the country, has received high marks for providing quality, accessible care for children of military employees. In an effort to control expenses, the Department of Defense (DoD) has considered a number of different approaches to delivering this care. This book presents estimates of the cost of providing care in DoD-operated Child Development Centers (CDCs), Family Child Care (FCC) homes, and centers operated by outside providers under contract to the DoD." NOTE: Examining the Costs ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5334]

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CHILDREN

Child Rearing in America: Challenges Facing Parents with Young Children. Edited by Neal Halfon of the University of California, Los Angeles, Kathryn Taaffe McLearn of Columbia University, and Mark A. Schuster of the University of California, Los Angeles. (Cambridge University Press, Port Chester, New York) 2002. 448 p., tables, diagrams.

["This book portrays the lives of parents with young children in the U.S. Drawing from the Commonwealth Fund Survey of Parents with Young Children--the first national survey to ask parents about their experiences on a range of child rearing topics--a diverse group of scholars presents new information about what parents do, the economic and social challenges they face, and the resources they use to improve their children's health and development. The information in this book represents a critical part of the foundation on which develop social policies and programs to support parents and benefit the next generation of American children must be developed." NOTE: Child Rearing in America ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5342]

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