Subject: Studies in the News 02-36 (June 20, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Child protective services interventions
   Child maltreatment and household composition
   Policy implications of inmate mothers and their children
EDUCATION
   Lessons from higher achieving schools
   Monitoring accountability systems
   K-16 education systems
   Scientific inquiry in education
   Issues in special education
HEALTH
   Health supervision guidelines
   Early childhood interventions
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child development and adolescent mothers
   Perspectives on custodial grandparents
   Grandparents caring for disabled children
   Financing comprehensive family initiatives
   Changes in California welfare policy
   Concepts in social policy
   Teenage birth trends
STUDIES TO COME
   Portrait of parenthood
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News: Children and Family Supplement is a service provided to the California Children and Families Commission (CCFC) by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information and Reference Center. The service features weekly lists of current articles focusing on Children and Family policy. Prior lists can be viewed from the California State Library's Web Catalog by selecting the Special Resources link on the opening page at www.lib.state.ca.us.

This service works as before: Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CHILD ABUSE

"Protecting Children from Exposure to Domestic Violence: The Use and Abuse of Child Maltreatment Statutes." By Lois A. Weithorn, Hastings Law School. IN: Hastings Law Journal, vol. 53 (November 2001). Reprinted IN: The Future of Children Email Newsletter, no. 6. (June 4, 2002) pp. 1-156.

Full Text at: www.futureofchildren.org/usr_doc/has_53-1w.pdf

["This article lays out the arguments for when child protective services interventions are appropriate in cases involving child exposure to domestic violence, and describes the array of coordinated responses needed to adequately address this problem."]

[Request #S5233]

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CHILD PROTECTION

"Household Composition and Risk of Fatal Child Maltreatment." By Michael N. Stiffman and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 109, no. 4 (April 2002) pp. 615-621.

["Approximately 2000 children die annually in the United States from maltreatment. Our objective was to evaluate household composition as a risk factor for fatal child maltreatment. Conclusions: children living in households with 1 or more male adults that are not related to them are at increased risk for maltreatment injury death."]

[Request #S5234]

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PRISONS & PRISONERS

"Policy Implications Relating to Inmate Mothers and Their Children: Will the Past Be Prologue?" By Lanette P. Dalley. IN: The Prison Journal, vol. 82, no. 2 (June 2002) pp. 234-268.

["The most compelling finding of this study is the reality that the majority of inmate mothers will be reunited with their children, and many will not be able to succeed in living crime-free and drug-free lives.... The purpose of this article is to present data that support recommendations for policy changes that other states should consider to prevent further incarcerations and facilitate a positive mother-child relationship."]

[Request #S5235]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Policy Lessons From California Public Schools that Achieve Higher than Expected. By Robert W. Wassmer, California State University, and others. Prepared for the Senate Office of Research. (The Office, Sacramento, California) April 15, 2002. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.csus.edu/indiv/w/wassmerr/apiall.pdf

["When schools have similar characteristics, yet their student bodies demonstrate radically different levels of overall academic achievement, it makes sense to try to learn why. This paper is a scientifically constructed effort to do that. Its goal is to determine what the state's high-performing are doing differently than low-performing schools with similar characteristics."]

[Request #S5236]

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ACCOUNTABILITY

"Putting Theory To the Test: Systems of 'Educational Accountability' Should Be Held Accountable." By Brian M. Stecher and Laura S. Hamilton, RAND. IN: RAND Review, vol. 26, no. 1 (Spring 2002) [online.]

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/randreview/issues/rr.04.02/theory.html

["Based on evidence now emerging from California and other states, predictions can be made on what will likely happen as the remaining states implement their new, tougher testing policies. A table provides a partial list of the potentially positive and negative impacts of high-stakes tests on students, teachers, administrators, and policymakers."]

[Request #S5237]

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EDUCATION POLICY

K-16 Education Systems. By Demaree K. Michelau, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. vol. 10, no. 25. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) June/July 2002. 2 p.

["K-12 and higher education policies and requirements are often not coordinated. At least 24 states have statewide K-16 partnerships. Despite challenges, comprehensive K-16 reform is starting to move its way onto legislative agendas. Legislators are passing incremental K-16 policies that support reforms aligning the systems."]

[Request #S5238]

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EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

Scientific Research in Education. Edited by Richard J. Shavelson and Lisa Towne. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 188 p.

Full Text at: books.nap.edu/books/0309082919/html/index.html

["This book describes the similarities and differences between scientific inquiry in education and in other fields and disciplines, and provides suggestions for how the federal government can best support high-quality scientific research." NOTE: Scientific Research ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5239]

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SPECIAL EDUCATION

When It's Your Own Child: A Report on Special Education from the Families Who Use It. By Jean Johnson and others. (Public Agenda, New York, New York) 2002. 36 p.

["The stigma once attached to children with disabilities is disappearing, according to parents of special education students. Majorities also give their local special education programs and teachers high marks. But parents offer mixed views on whether the right kids are getting the right services, with most saying too many special-needs children lose out because their parents aren't aware of what's available. Some 65 percent say some children with behavior problems get misdirected into special ed."]

[Request #S5240]

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HEALTH

HEALTH CARE POLICY

Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Edited by Morris Green and Judith S. Palfrey. Prepared for Maternal and Child Health Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, Georgetown University, Arlington, Virginia) 2002. 338 p.; charts.

["The goal of this book is to respond to the current and emerging preventive and health promotion needs of infants, children, and adolescents. The expertise and informed opinions of a large number of health professionals and consumers were elicited." NOTE: Bright Futures ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5241]

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RESEARCH

"Early Childhood Interventions: Knowledge, Practice, and Policy." By Arthur J. Reynolds, University of Wisconsin-Madison. IN: Focus, vol. 22, no. 1 (Special Issue 2002) pp. 112-117. [online]

Full Text at: www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/focus/foc221-part4.pdf

["This article reviews the history of early childhood intervention in the United States ... and the problems and difficulties experienced by those in the field. The author draws upon his experience with the Chicago Child-Parent Center Program to highlight the effectiveness of early intervention."]

[Request #S5250]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILDREN

"Behavior and Development of Preschool Children Born to Adolescent Mothers: Risk and 3-Generation Households." By Maureen M. Black and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 109, no. 4 (April 2002) pp. 573-580.

["It may not be advisable to rely on 3-generation households as young mothers enter adulthood, particularly among those with a history of maltreatment or depression. Children with the fewest number of behavior problems were living with their mothers in their own household (often with the father), had not been maltreated, and had mothers with few symptoms of depression."]

[Request #S5242]

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GRANDPARENTS

To Grandmother's House We Go and Stay: Perspectives on Custodial Grandparents. Edited by Carole B. Cox. (Springer Publishing Company, New York, New York) 2000. 333 p.

["This book addresses the growing phenomenon of grandparents assuming responsibility for raising their grandchildren. It explores the grandparent-grandchild relationship and its intricacies. Lack of preparation, social isolation, psychological and emotional stress, and financial strain all contribute to the myriad of issues involved. Additional topics include: ethnicity and diversity, social services and interventions, and policy reforms." NOTE: To Grandmother's House ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5243]

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Grandparents As Carers of Children with Disabilities: Facing The Challenges. Edited by Philip McCallion and Matthew Janicki. (Haworth Press, New York, New York) 2000. 128 p.

["Due to social conditions that precipitate grandparent care, such as HIV/AIDS, drug use, and abuse/neglect, the children in custody of grandparents may have challenging behavioral, physical and emotional needs. This volume addresses children with disabilities to highlight both the challenges for and resilience of their grandparent caregivers." NOTE: Grandparents as Carers ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5244]

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INTEGRATED SERVICES

Thinking Broadly: Financing Strategies for Comprehensive Child and Family Initiatives. By Cheryl D. Hayes, The Finance Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) 2002. 58 p.

Full Text at: www.financeproject.org/ThinkingBroadly.pdf

["This guide is intended to assist policymakers, community leaders and program developers by outlining an array of approaches to finance comprehensive community initiatives. It presents general principles to guide the selection of financing strategies. It also provides considerations to help state and local leaders develop financing plans that closely align with their program goals, available resources, and the political and economic environments in which they work."]

[Request #S5245]

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SOCIAL POLICY

Recent Changes in California Welfare and Work, Child Care, and Child Welfare Systems. By Deborah Montgomery, American Institutes for Research, and others. Prepared for the Urban Institute. Assessing the New Federalism, State Update No. 11. (The Institute, Washington, DC) May 2002. 30 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310495_recent_changes_CA.pdf

["This brief offers a detailed description of current policies and recent changes in the areas of TANF and employment and training, child care, and child welfare in California. It begins with a short profile of California's population, economy, and politics, followed by an overview of the income support and social services safety net. The final section offers concluding statements about changes in these three social welfare policy areas."]

[Request #S5246]

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Understanding Care, Welfare, and Community: A Reader. Edited by Bill Bytheway and others. (Routledge, New York, New York) 2002. 374 p.

["This reader covers a wide range of topics associated with social policy. The focus is on how policies and practice can be developed appropriately and sensitively through an understanding of current issues." NOTE: Understanding Care ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5247]

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TEEN PREGNANCY

"Teenage Births in the United States: State Trends, 1991-2000, An Update." By Stephanie J. Ventura and others, Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics. IN: National Vital Statistics Reports, vol. 50, no. 9 (May 30, 2002) pp. 1-4.

Full Text at: www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr50/nvsr50_09.pdf

["This report finds that teen birth rates dropped 5% in 2000. The decline in teen birth rates fell for the 10th straight year, hitting a record low in 2001. The birth rate for teenagers 15-17 years of age fell 8% in 2001. The rate for teens 18-19 years of age dropped 4% in 2001. The reduction in teen birth rates from 2000 to 2001 was greatest among black teenagers (8%)." CDF Child Health Information Project (June 7, 2002).]

[Request #S5248]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

PARENTS

Charting Parenthood: A Statistical Portrait of Fathers and Mothers in America. By Child Trends. (Child Trends, Washington, DC) June 2002. 220 p.

Full Text at: www.childtrends.org/PDF/ParenthoodRpt2002.pdf

["While most parenting statistics have focused only on mothers, this report looks at what we know about both parents, offering a more complete picture of family life in the United States. The report details more than 40 indicators in three areas: parenting, family formation and fertility. Topics include: parenting practices, activities with children, child care, and marriage, divorce and cohabitation." NOTE: Charting Parenthood ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5249]

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