Subject: Studies in the News 02-23 (April 9, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Fostering change through human rights
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Public policy and unmarried fathers
EDUCATION
   Extending the school day
   President Bush's early childhood initiative
   Development of young minds
   Ecological perspectives of infant development
   Emerging issues in school, family & community connections
   Effects of maternal education on children
HEALTH
   Asthma in the Latino community
   At-risk children suffer lifelong health problems
   Policies for children's healthy development
   Early childhood poverty profile
   Assessing behavior
   Securing health services for uninsured parents
HUMAN SERVICES
   Inclusive preschool services
   Child care compensation movement
STUDIES TO COME
   Health and nutritional effects on asthma
   Nicotine's effect on SIDS
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News: Children and Family Supplement is a service provided to the California Children and Families Commission (CCFC) by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information and Reference Center. The service features weekly lists of current articles focusing on Children and Family policy. Prior lists can be viewed from the California State Library's Web Catalog by selecting the Special Resources link on the opening page at http://www.lib.state.ca.us/. Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

FAMILY VIOLENCE

Culture and Family Violence: Fostering Change Through Human Rights Law. By Roger J. R. Levesque, American Psychological Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) 2001. 278 p.

[Includes: "Family Violence and Cultural life;" "Culturally Rooted Challenges to Law Reform;" "Reaching Family Violence Through Human Rights Law;" and others. NOTE: Culture ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4702]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

AFRICAN AMERICANS

What About Black Fathers. By Ronald B. Mincy. IN: The American Prospect Online, vol. 13, no. 7 (April 8, 2002). [online.]

Full Text at: www.prospect.org/print-friendly/print/V13/7/mincy-r.html

["By placing so much emphasis on marriage, public policy could set back efforts to bring unmarried fathers into more constructive contact with their children. If marriage becomes the heavily favored family strategy of welfare policy, family-service providers and other supporters of responsible fatherhood will find it harder to help families as they actually exist -- families that are not always headed by married couples.]

[Request #S4703]

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EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

"Extending the School Day: Making the Case for After-School Programs." By Lucy Friedman, Open Society Institute, New York, New York. IN: Ideas for an Open Society, vol. 2, no. 2 (March 2002) 2 p.

Full Text at: www.soros.org/ideas/spring02/ideas_extending.html

["After-school programs are educationally valuable, socially responsible, and economically sound. Children do better in school, risky youth behavior diminishes, and parents are more productive on the job when they know their children are engaged in safe, enriching activities. A 2001 evaluation of California's after-school initiative found that over a two-year period, students improved in math and reading tests at twice the rate of all students statewide."]

[Request #S4704]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Good Start, Grow Smart: The Bush Administration's Early Childhood Initiative. By President George W. Bush. (The White House, Washington DC) April 3, 2002. 13 p.

Full Text at: www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/earlychildhood/toc.html

["This new early childhood proposal...would make changes in Head Start program standards and how states can use federal child care funds. The program would also launch a public awareness campaign about the importance of early education. However, the President's proposal does not include any new funds for the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), Head Start, or TANF to help implement these changes." CDF Child Care Advocacy Newsletter (April 3, 2002)]

[Request #S4705]

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The Youngest Minds: Parenting and Genes in the Development of Intellect and Emotion. By Ann B. Baranet and Richard J. Barnet. (Simon & Schuster, New York, New York) 1998. 352 p.

[Includes: "How the Brain Takes Shape;" "Pathways of Language;" "I and Thou: Emotional Relationship and the Discovery of Self;" "Empathy, Conscience, and Moral Development;" "Children's Anger and Adult Violence;" "Summing Up: Shaping the Mind;" and others. NOTE: The Youngest ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4718]

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EARLY EDUCATION

Infant Development: Ecological Perspectives. Edited by Hiram E. Fitzgerald and others. (Routledge Falmer, New York, New York) 2002. 328 p.

[Includes: "Pathways to Developmental Outcomes in Preterm Infants;" "Infant Attention and the Development of Cognition;" "Ecological Influences on Mother-Infant Relationships;" "Understanding the Caregiving Practices of Adolescent Mothers;" "Origins of Addictive Behavior;" "The Effects of Exposure to Violence on Infants;" and others. NOTE: Infant ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4706]

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FAMILIES & SCHOOLS

Emerging Issues in School, Family and Community Connections: Annual Synthesis 2001. By Catherine Jordan and others. National Center for Family and Community Connections with Schools, Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (The Center, Austin, Texas) 2002. 76 p.

Full Text at: www.sedl.org/connections/resources/emergingissues.pdf

["This research synthesis identifies four issues crucial to helping schools, families and communities work together to improve the education system. One key issue is the need for more precise measures of the impact of various parent/community involvement programs." ECS e-Connection (March 27,2002)]

[Request #S4707]

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SCHOOL READINESS

The Effect of Increasing Welfare Mothers' Education on Their Young Children's Academic Problems and School Readiness. By Katherine A. Magnuson, Northwestern University and Sharon M. McGroder, Child Trends, Joint Center on Poverty Research (The Center, Evanston, Illinois) February 2, 2002. 31 p.

Full Text at: www.jcpr.org/wpfiles/magnuson_mcgroder.pdf

["Research often points to correlations between maternal and child educational achievement, but does an increase in a mother's education cause an improvement in her young child's academic performance? Researchers say their findings on the causal effects of maternal education on children's academic improvements are large enough to be of considerable importance for policies that affect the work, welfare and training of low-income mothers." Connect for Kids (April 1, 2002)]

[Request #S4708]

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HEALTH

ASTHMA

Taking Action: Confronting the Health, Social and Environmental Factors Associated with Asthma in the Latino Community. By Raquel F. Donoso and Christina Reyes, Latino Issues Forum. (The Forum, San Francisco, California) January 2002. 65 p.

Full Text at: www.lif.org/health/Asthma_Report.pdf

["Latinos in counties such as Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino are hospitalized for asthma-related complications at a rate higher than the state average of 120 per 100,000.... Researchers said that overall, asthma disproportionately affects Latino communities because of inadequate access to health care and higher environmental risks, such as attending class in portables." Orange County Register (March 9, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4709]

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CHILDREN

"Risky Families: Family Social Environments and the Mental and Physical Health of Offspring." By Rena L. Repetti and others, University of California at Los Angeles. IN: Psychological Bulletin, vol. 128, no. 2 (March 2002) pp. 330-366.

Full Text at: www.bol.ucla.edu/~repetti/riskyfam.pdf

["In the first study to analyze more than a decade of research showing how a family's social environment influences physical and mental health, a team of UCLA scientists found strong evidence that children who grow up in "risky families" often suffer lifelong health problems, including some of society's most common serious ailments, such as cancer, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, depression and anxiety disorders, as well as early death." HandsNet (March 22, 2002)]

[Request #S4710]

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MENTAL HEALTH

Building Services and Systems to Support the Healthy Emotional Development of Young Children: An Action Guide for Policymakers. Promoting the Emotional Well-Being of Children and Families, Policy Paper #1. (National Center for Children in Poverty, New York, New York) 2001. 31 p.

["To date, there has been very little systematic attention paid to how to develop policies and practices to promote healthy emotional development in children. This guide is for policymakers and community leaders who want to craft such policies and improve practices. It offers concrete tips form early leaders in these efforts, as well as more general recommendations." NOTE: Building ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4711]

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POVERTY

Early Childhood Poverty: A Statistical Profile (March 2002). By the National Center for Children in Poverty, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University. (The Center, Columbia University, New York, New York) March 2002. 6 p.

Full Text at: cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/nccp/ECPprofile302.pdf

["Despite the unprecedented economic boom in the 1990s, there are still 2.1 million children under age three living in poverty. Research demonstrates that the first years of life are important for children's emotional and intellectual development. Postponing a national debate about how to reduce the rate of young child poverty increases the ultimate costs of corrective action."]

[Request #S4712]

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RESEARCH

Assessing Youth Behavior: Using the Child Behavior Checklist in Family and Children's Services. By Nicole S. Le Prohn and others. (CWLA Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 200 p.

[Includes: "Using the Child Behavior Checklist 4-18, Teacher's Report Form, Youth Self-Report, and Related Measures in Child and Family Services;" "Using the Child Behavior Checklist in Child Welfare Practice;" and others. NOTE: Assessing ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4713]

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UNINSURED

Options for Assisting Uninsured Parents in Securing Basic Health Services. Policy Brief. By Sara Rosenbaum and Colleen Sonosky. Prepared for the National Academy for State Health Policy. The Commonwealth Fund (The Academy, Portland, Maine) February 2002. 17 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/child/rosenbaum_nashp_cw4.pdf

["This report analyzes various approaches to financing health services for low-income parents who lack insurance. The authors also explore key federal programs offering health care to low-income people and provide state policymakers with options for creating sources of care for uninsured parents." The Commonwealth Fund (April 2, 2002)]

[Request #S4714]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Supplementary Information to Accompany America's Child Care Problem: The Way Out. By Suzanne Helburn and Barbara Bergmann. (Palgrave for St. Martin's Press, New York, New York) 2002. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.ffcd.org/wp_helburnbergmann.pdf

["The ideal of integrating children with special needs into mainstream classrooms is now clearly agreed upon by both professionals and the public. Securing appropriate child care for preschool special-needs children requires coordination among a diverse group of service providers. Coordination at the state level is clearly called for, but is just beginning to happen."]

[Request #S4715]

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Working for Worthy Wages: The Child Care Compensation Movement, 1970-2001. (Abridged Version). By Marcy Whitebook. Foundation for Child Development (The Foundation, New York, New York) Fall 2001. 38 p.

Full Text at: www.ffcd.org/wp_whitebookabridged.pdf

["This paper explores each phase of the movement with respect to the economic and policy climate; key players, including their relationships with others within the child care community and their links to other movements; the primary assumptions and key strategies employed by activists; and accomplishments and challenges. The final section of the paper focuses on the current tasks facing the compensation movement.]

[Request #S4716]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

ASTHMA

"Identification of Population Subgroups of Children and Adolescents With High Asthma Prevalence: Findings From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." By Michael A. Rodriguez and others. IN: The Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 156, no. 3 (March 2002) pp. 269-275.

["The purpose of this study was to provide national estimates of asthma prevalence in African-American, Mexican American and white (non-Latino) children and adolescents using several common definitions; to evaluate familial, sociodemographic, and environmental risk factors that are independently associated with current asthma in children; and to identify subgroups at particular risk for current asthma using 2 complementary data analytic approaches."]

[Request #S4717]

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SMOKING

"Lung Tissue Concentrations of Nicotine in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). By K.I. McMartin and others. IN: Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 140, no. 2, (February 2002) pp. 205-209.

["Within both reportedly smoking and nonsmoking families, children who die of SIDS have higher concentrations [of nicotine] in their lungs than control children who die of other causes," state the authors. They hypothesize that measurements of nicotine and/or its metabolite -- cotinine -- in lung tissue samples from pediatric patients may contribute to the understanding of the role of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in SIDS. This article reports on a comparison of lung tissue analysis of nicotine and cotinine in SIDS and non-SIDS cases and on stratification according to the smoking status of the household." National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health (MCH Alert, March 22, 2002)]

[Request #S4719]

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