Subject: Studies in the News 02-13 (February 26, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material DEMOGRAPHY
ECONOMY AND SOCIETY
   News coverage of childrens' issues
   Handbook of children and the media
EDUCATION
   Social work ethics audit
   Quality preschool in Illinois
   Early childhood inclusion
   Targeting early care and education
   Childrens' home environments
   Biological and cultural effects on children
HUMAN SERVICES
   Creating a web of services for youth
   Child care use by low income families
   Child care subsidy use in low income families
   Effects of income on childrens' development
   Maternal depression and child development
   Teen pregnancy link to critical issues
   Public views on welfare reform and children
   Challenges in providing nutrition services
STUDIES TO COME
   Restructuring school programs
   Multicultural education
   Effect of violence on children
   Socio-cultural history of children
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

DEMOGRAPHY

FERTILITY

Births: Final Data for 2000. By Joyce A. Martin and others. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Vital Statistics Reports, vol. 50, no. 5, (February 12, 2002). 102 p.

Full Text at: www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr50/nvsr50_05.pdf

["Women in the United States are having more children than at any time in almost 30 years, according to the latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) birth statistics released, while births to teens continue to decline. The report presents data on a wide variety of characteristics ... describing and interpreting trends."]

[Request #S4352]

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ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

MEDIA

Coverage in Context: How Thoroughly the News Media Report Five Key Children's Issues. By Dale Kunkel and others, Casey Journalism Center on Children and Families, Philip Merrill College of Journalism, University of Maryland (The Center, College Park, Maryland). February 2002. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.casey.umd.edu/casey/web/Filesnsf.nsf/Lookup/FullReport2/$file/FullReport2.pdf

["According to this study, quick-hit stories of crime and violence are reported with little context, dominating news reports about children .... Over a three-month period, more than 90 percent of newspaper and TV stories about children focused on youth crime and violence or abuse and neglect.... While stories on child health and teen childbearing provided the most data and perspective, such stories were rarely told."]

[Request #S4353]

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MEDIA INDUSTRY

Handbook of Children and the Media. Edited by Dorothy G. Singer and Jerome L. Singer. (Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California) 2001. 765 p.

["This publication brings together an interdisciplinary group of researchers to analyse various aspects of the effects of the media on children. In addition to covering the traditional electronic media of television, film and advertising, it also examines video games and the Internet. While most of the papers are devoted to the effects of the electronic media, some discussion is also given to the print media." NOTE: Handbook ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4354]

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EDUCATION

AUDITS AND INVESTIGATIONS

The Social Work Ethics Audit: A Risk Management Tool. By Frederic G. Reamer. (The National Association of Social Workers, Washington, DC) 2001. 77 p.; diskette.

["This publication provides practitioners with a practical and easy-to-use tool that helps assess the adequacy of ethics-related policies, practices, and procedures related to clients, staff, documentation, and decision making.... A Computer disk provides access to the Audit Instrument and the template for their Action Plan." NOTE: The Social ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4355]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Ready, Set, Grow: A Framework for Universal Access to Quality Preschool in Illinois. By the Governor's Task Force on Universal Access to Preschool. (The Task Force, Springfield, Illinois). 2002. 32 p.

Full Text at: wwww.state.il.us/learning/pdf/inside.pdf

["Experts from early education, higher education, business, and government came together and created an action plan, with input from parents and others from throughout Illinois, to provide quality preschool programs for every family that wishes to participate.... The Task Force recommends creation of an integrated early education and care system that provides families with easy access to services and helps providers maintain stable, high-quality programs."]

[Request #S4356]

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Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change. Edited by Michael J. Guralnick, University of Washington, Seattle. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing, Baltimore, Maryland). 2001. 569 p.

[Includes: "Public Policy in Early Childhood Inclusion;" "Legal Considerations of Inclusion for Infants and Toddlers and for Preschool-Age Children;" "The Origins of Young Children's Attitudes Toward Peers with Disabilities;" "Inclusive Child Care for Infants and Toddlers: A Natural Environment for All Children;" "Head Start and the Inclusion of Children with Disabilities;" and others. NOTE: Early Childhood Inclusion ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4357]

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"Beginnings Workshop." IN: Child Care Information Exchange Magazine. (January/February 2002). pp. 37-52.

[Includes: "Early Childhood Education As An Emerging Profession: Ongoing Conversations;" "Voices In Search Of Cultural Continuity In Communities;" Early Childhood Professionals: Current Status And Projected Needs;" "How Do I Relate And Share Professionally;" and others.]

[Request #S4358]

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Targeting Early Childhood Care and Education: Myths and Realities. By the Childcare Resource and Research Unit, Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto. Occasional Paper No. 15. (The Centre, Toronto, Canada) 2001. 80 p.

[Includes: "Identification of Vulnerable Children;" "Targeted Child-focused Programs;" "Targeted Parent-Focused Programs;" "Two-generation Programs;" "Universal Programs;" and "Policy Implications;" and others. NOTE: Targeting ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4359]

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ETHNIC, RACIAL & CULTURAL DIVERSITY

"The Home Environments of Children in the United States: Variations by Age, Ethnicity, and Poverty Status. By Robert H. Bradley and others. IN: Child Development, vol. 72, no. 6 (November/December 2001) pp. 1844-1867.

["Over the past 4 decades, the home environment has become a central focus of inquiry in human development.... Item level data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth ... were analyzed for four major ethnic groups: European Americans, Asian Americans, African Americans, and Hispanic Americans.... and examined the size of the differences in performance on each item for families living in poverty and families living above the poverty line."]

[Request #S4360]

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PARENTS

Kids: How Biology and Culture Shape the Way We Raise our Children. By Meredith F. Small.(Doubleday, New York, New York) 2001. 272 p.

["This book can best be described as the 'anthropological' view of early childhood.... It's easy to stay within the confines of one's own culture, or even subculture, to act as our peers do and think like everyone else. This book looks beyond that immediate circle to illustrate that other people think and behave quite differently." NOTE: Kids: ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4361]

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HUMAN SERVICES

ADOLESCENTS

Creating a Seamless Web of Services for Youth: The DC Children and Youth Investment Partnership. By Sinead Keegan and Duncan Chaplin, The Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC). 2002. 57 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/pdfs/410410_DC-CYIP.pdf

["The Children and Youth Investment Partnership is working to coordinate and develop youth services in Washington, D.C., a city that has had particularly poor youth outcomes during the last few decades. This paper provides an overview of the important links between a large number of stakeholders who work closely together on their common goals."]

[Request #S4362]

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CHILD CARE

Family and Individual Predictors of Child Care Use by Low Income Families in Different Policy Contexts. By Aletha C. Huston and others, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. The Next Generation Working Paper Series No. 9 (The Corporation, New York, New York). 2002. 33 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/NextGeneration/Working_paper_series/NG_WkgPpr_9/NG_9_FamilyPredictors.pdf

["This paper examines family and individual characteristics that predict low-income parents' child care use, problems with child care, and receipt of public subsidies using data from three demonstration studies testing policies to promote employment for low-income parents (primarily single mothers)."]

[Request #S4363]

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"You Have to Push it - Who's Gonna Raise Your Kids?" Situating Child Care and Child Care Subsidy Use in the Daily Routines of Lower-Income Families. By Edward D. Lowe and Thomas S. Weisner, Manpower Demonstration Research Center. The Next Generation Working Paper No. 7 (The Corporation, New York, New York). 2001. 37 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/NextGeneration/Working_paper_series/NG_WkgPpr_7/NG_SituatingChildCare_WP7.pdf

["This paper uses qualitative and quantitative data from a multi-year study of low-income families ... to understand why low-income families' use of program-based child care as well as subsidies offered to pay for such care is often low and/or episodic.... The study found that child care subsidy programs can be more effective by offering greater flexibility and a range of options that better fit into the varied daily routines of the low-income families they are intended to serve."]

[Request #S4364]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT

Identifying Effects of Income on Children's Development: Integrating an Instrumental Variables Analytic Method with an Experimental Design. By Pamela A. Morris and Lisa A. Gennetian, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. The Next Generation Working Paper No. 8. (The Corporation, New York, New York). 2002. 26 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/NextGeneration/Working_paper_series/NG_WkgPpr_8/NG_8_IdentifyingEffects.pdf

["This paper describes an analytic approach that can provide an unbiased estimate of the causal effect of income on children, yielding conclusions that can inform both theoretical and intervention research.... The technique described combines the use of random assignment design with an instrumental variables strategy to better estimate the causal effect of income.... The second part of this paper presents findings from an analysis utilizing this technique, and discusses the implications of these findings."]

[Request #S4365]

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"Effects of Poverty and Maternal Depression on Early Child Development." By Stephen M. Petterson and Alison Blurke Albers. IN: Child Development, vol. 72, no. 6 (November/December 2001. pp. 1794-1813.

["Researchers have renewed an interest in the harmful consequences of poverty on child development. This study builds on this work by focusing on one mechanism that links material hardship to child outcomes ... the mediating effect of maternal depression.... Results showed that chronic maternal depression had severe implications for both boys and girls."]

[Request #S4366]

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TEEN PREGNANCY

Not Just Another Single Issue: Teen Pregnancy Prevention's Link to Other Critical Social Issues. By The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy (The Campaign, Washington, DC). February 2002. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.teenpregnancy.org/notjust.pdf

["Teen pregnancy is closely linked to a host of other critical social issues.... This paper begins by providing some general background about teen pregnancy, including why it is still a major problem, some key facts and trends, and why helping reduce rates of teen pregnancy is a good investment. This general information is followed by five fact sheets."]

[Request #S4367]

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WELFARE REFORM

Public Views on Welfare Reform and Children in the Current Economy. By Lake Snell Perry and Associates, Inc. Prepared for The Future of Children (The Future of Children, Los Altos, California) February 2002. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.futureofchildren.org/usr_doc/lsp_welfare_survey.PDF

["Report Calls for Specific Changes in Welfare Reform to Help Children; Recommends Policies to Increase Supports for Low-Income Working Families, Improve Access to Quality Child Care, Expand Education and Training Opportunities for Parents, and Promote Greater Father Involvement: The report points out that welfare reform has fallen short of any overarching toal of helping children." AScribe Newswire (February 20, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4368]

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WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN PROGRAM

Food Assistance, WIC Faces Challenges in Providing Nutrition Services. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-02-142. (The Office, Washington, DC). 2001. 64 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d02142.pdf

["The WIC program faces the following challenges in delivering high-quality nutrition services: (1) coordinating its nutrition services with health and welfare programs undergoing considerable change; (2) responding to health and demographic changes in the low-income population that it serves; (3) recruiting and keeping a skilled staff; (4) improving the use of information technology to enhance service delivery and program management; (5) assessing the effect of nutrition services; and (6) meeting increased program requirements without a corresponding increase in funding. The report identified and assessed 16 approaches and major challenges facing the program."]

[Request #S4369]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

One Million Children: Success for All. By Robert E. Slavin and Nancy A. Madden. (Corwin Press, Thousand Oaks, California) 2001. 330 p.

["Success for All and Roots & Wings are comprehensive restructuring programs for elementary schools designed to make the idea that all children can learn a practical, daily organizing principle for schools, especially those serving many children at risk.... This book describes the programs in detail, presents the extensive research evaluating them, and discusses the implications of this research for policy and practice." NOTE: One Million ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4370]

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ETHNIC, RACIAL & CULTURAL DIVERSITY

Diversity: Reconciling Contradictions. By Shanta Herzog and Milan Herzog, Early Childhood Education (Magna Systems, Barrington, Illinois). 1996. [Videorecording].

["The videorecording was developed by a multi-ethnic group of early childhood professionals struggling with defining quality care for children 0-6 in a culturally sensitive context that values diversity. It is designed to provide a framework and catalyst for discussion in early childhood training." NOTE: Diversity ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4371]

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VIOLENCE

Children Who See Too Much: Lessons from the Child Witness to Violence Project. By Betsy McAlister Groves. (Beacon Press, Boston, Massachusetts) 2002. 168 p. NTC Issue 02/12

["This book ... examines what happens when young children witness violence in their communities and homes.... Their stories speak strongly about the ways in which exposure to violence changes the landscape of childhood forever.... The message of these stories has two parts: Many children in this country are growing up in a sea of violence and violent images, and it is destroying their abilities to be hopeful and trusting of adults. The second message is that we as adults have enormous capacity to help these children." NOTE: Children Who See ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4326]

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HEALTH

INFANTS & CHILDREN

Enhancing Early Emotional Development: Guiding Parents of Young Children. By Jean Wixson Gowen and Judith Brennan Nebrig. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing, Baltimore, Maryland) 2002. 374 p.

[Includes: "Nurturing Babies, Toddlers, and Their Parents;" "Promoting Emotional Development During the First 2 Years;" "Understanding the Caregiving Environment;" and others. NOTE: Enhancing Early ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4372]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILDREN

A History of Children: A Socio-Cultural Survey Across Millennia. By AR Colon and PA Colon. (Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut) 2001. 541 p.

[Includes: "Prehistory: The Turkana Boy;" "Classical Civilizations: The Ephebe;" "The Medieval Perios: The Clergon;" "Modern Times: The Adolescent;" and others. NOTE: A History ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4373]

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The Child in the Family and the Community. By Janet Gonzalez-Mena. (Merrill, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey). 2002. 322 p.

[Includes: "The Child: Socialization in a Developmental Context;" "The Family: Socialization for High Self-Esteem in Healthy Families;" "Child Care: An Extension of the Family;" and others. NOTE: The Child ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4374]

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