March 2013 Women's History Calendar

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The Gillis Girls

Information Scientists

Among the first to collect and organize information about California were women enrolled in the State Library's own library school, which operated from 1913-1920 under the direction of State Librarian James Gillis. Known as the Gillis Girls, these early information scientists created index cards for articles published in California's newspapers, periodicals and county histories. Their legacy is the California Information File, which now contains over 720,000 cards and is still regarded as an essential research tool for California history.

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A passion for discovery: California women
trailblazers in science and technology

In celebration of National Women's History Month, this online calendar highlights remarkable yet little known women from California history who achieved success in STEM fields – science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

The calendar is produced by the California State Library, California Research Bureau and California Commission on the Status of Women and Girls. Images and biographical material are from the State Library's extensive collection of photos, prints, rare books and ephemera documenting the state's rich history.