Subject: Studies in the News 04-58 (August 31, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

Summer 1854 - "It was unfortunate that just after the end of the (legislative) session, on 13 July 1854, a fire destroyed the Sacramento courthouse (where the legislature met) and much of the city itself. The new courthouse had been completed in 1851. It was a wooden two story building with four columns in front which supported a balcony. Work began on the permanent capitol building. The public square located at 9th and 10th, I and J Streets was the donated area for the new edifice. Work began in December of 1856, but was stopped by the courts and never resumed. This area is now known as Cesar E. Chavez Plaza. "  http://www.usacitiesonline.com/castatecapitals.htm  

1854 - "In 1854, the first annual California State Fair was held in San Francisco’s Music Hall located on the corner of Bush and Montgomery Streets. The livestock was quartered in Mission Dolores. The features in 1854 were 2 inch long peanuts, 72 pound beets, and a 10-pound carrot measuring 3 feet long.... The Alta California newspaper had encouraged the formation of an agricultural society to enhance the State’s reputation as an ideal place for farming and industry. Eager to meet that challenge, the California legislature created the State Agricultural Society in 1852. Eighty enthusiastic individuals signed up to be part of the initial effort to plan an agricultural exposition. The first Fair was managed and funded by Col. J.L.L. Warren, a respected California seed and floral agri-businessman. "  http://www.bigfun.org/html/history.aspx  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Hepatitis in state prisons
   Handgun commerce in California
   Current strategies for reducing recidivism
   Social policy and crime
   Government regulation of privacy
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Finances for state arts agencies
ECONOMY
   Budget and tax actions by state
   E-commerce sales tax.
   Profile of news media viewers
   Intellectual property law
   Productivity and real wage growth
   Labor market problems and higher education
EDUCATION
   Charter schools score lower
   Cyber and home charter schools
   Discretionary grant programs
   Homeschooled students
   No Child Left Behind peer review
   For-profit postsecondary schools
   Supplemental materials for history teachers
   Discipline policies in classrooms
EMPLOYMENT
   Women, child care and long-term earnings
   International equity index of work and family
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Aviation and the environment
   California's threatened habitat
   Ballast water management
   Water conservation and electricity use
   Water scarcity and business risk
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Congressional progress with spending bills
   Federal competitive grant update
   Human resources architecture
   Public service management
   Strategic human capital approaches
   Transformational change in state personnel systems
   Government reorganization proposals
   LAO's supplemental report of the 2004 Budget Act
   Personnel management crisis
   California performance review and tax commission
HEALTH
   ADA’s application to insurance coverage
   Health care resource sharing
   Healthcare cost increases.
   Geographic variation in Medicare spending
   Safety of Streptococcal vaccine.
HOUSING
   Affordable housing in California
   Housing prices declining
   Manufactured housing tenants
HUMAN SERVICES
   Homelessness in Los Angeles
   Poverty and access to social services
   Poverty and uninsured on the rise
STUDIES TO COME
   Supportive and Successful Schools
   Evidence in reading research
   Strategies for teaching reading
   Parents managing child asthma triggers.
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CORRECTIONAL HEALTH CARE

Hepatitis Testing and Treatment in State Prisons. By Allen J. Beck and Laura M. Maruschak, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. NCJ 199173. (The Department, Washington, DC) 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/httsp.pdf

["Of the 57,018 hepatitis C tests performed in state prisons, 52,813 (93%) were completed in just 23 states. California alone accounted for more than a quarter (27%) of all tests. Nearly all of the confirmed positive test results (93%) were in those 23 states."]

[Request #S3878]

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GUNS & GUN CONTROL

Handgun Commerce in California 2000. By Barbara Claire and others, Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis. (The Program, Sacramento, California) 2004. 128 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/vprp/gc2000all.pdf

["This report provides basic information on handgun commerce in California for the year 2000. Its principal focus is on the handguns sold that year. It also contains information on handgun purchasers, denied sales, handgun manufacturers, and commercial firearm licensees such as gun dealers and pawnbrokers."]

[Request #S3879]

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PRISONERS & PAROLEES

Current Strategies for Reducing Recidivism. By Lisa McKean and Charles Ransford, Center for Impact Research. (The Center, Chicago, Illinois) August 2004. 31 p.

Full Text at: impactresearch.org/documents/recidivismfullreport.pdf

["This study reports on programs for inmates and released inmates that are contributing to reductions in recidivism. Programs showing the greatest success address the issues of substance abuse, low educational attainment, and the need for vocational training, job readiness, and placement services." Moving Ideas (August 11, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3880]

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PRISONS

The Prison Index: Taking the Pulse of the Crime Control Industry. By Peter Wagner. The Prison Policy Initiative. (The Initiative, Northampton, Massachusetts) 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.prisonpolicy.org/prisonindex/toc.shtml

["The Index is intended as a quick reference tool that can provide a broad range of data to inform the debate on criminal justice.... It is [the author's] hope that the information gathered in the Index will aid journalists in their search for background data."]

[Request #S3881]

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PRIVACY & SECURITY

Understanding Privacy -- and the Real Threats to It. By Jim Harper, Cato Institute. Policy Analysis. No. 520. (The Institute, Washington, DC) August 4, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa520.pdf

["Even though the Internet brought privacy to the fore, the discussion should not happen at 'Internet speed.' Too many innovations and consumer benefits are at stake. As it continues to mature, the privacy debate should be carried out deliberately and thoughtfully, by open minds, with an aim toward developing sound long-term policies."]

[Request #S3882]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT

State Art Agencies 1965-2003: Whose Interests to Serve? By RAND. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2004. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/MG/MG121/MG121.pdf

["A new study is taking state arts agencies (SAAs) across the nation to task for failing to be forward-thinking in their visions and politically astute in their operations, and for failing to become financially insulated from the vagaries of the economy and state budgeting."]

[Request #S3883]

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ECONOMY

CALIFORNIA

State Budget & Tax Actions 2004: Preliminary Report. By National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.ncsl.org/print/fiscal/presbta04.pdf

["[According to the report] balances rose in 26 states, but declined in 18. In seven states, balances exceeded 10% of their budgets, and in 11 states, balances exceeded 5%. State rainy-day fund balances rose to $9.5 billion in 2004, up from $7.9 billion the year before." The Bond Buyer (July 22, 2004) 6.]

[Request #S3885]

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ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

The Growth of Multichannel Retailing. By Carrie Johnson, Forrester Research, Inc. Prepared for the National Governor's Association and the National Conference of State Legislatures (The Association, Washington, DC) 2004. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.nga.org/cda/files/0407MULTICHANNEL.PDF

["According to the report, online sales topped $104 billion in 2003, a nearly 40 percent jump over the previous year, and yet state and local governments lost an estimated $15.5 billion in revenue because states cannot effectively collect sales and use taxes on e-commerce purchases." Government Technology (July 16, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3886]

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MEDIA INDUSTRY

How News Habits Changed in 2004: Biennial Pew Media Survey: Transcript. By the Brookings/Pew Research Center Forum. (The Forum, Washington, DC) 2004. 44 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/dybdocroot/comm/events/20040608.pdf

["While news habits have been relatively stable in recent years ... the cable news audience continues to grow modestly. In particular, Fox News has made significant gains in audience over this period, thanks to the increasing viewership of Republicans and conservatives. Fully 52 percent of the Fox News audience, the people who say that they're regular viewers of Fox News Channel, are political conservatives. That compares to only 40 percent who said that back in the year 2000. At the same time, CNN has a more Democratic-leaning audience than in the past."]

[Request #S3887]

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TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY

The Political Economy of Intellectual Property Law. By William M. Landes and Richard A. Posner, AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.aei.org/docLib/20040608_Landes.pdf

["The paper is presents empirical evidence regarding the growth in intellectual property protection over the past fifty years [and] reviews the theory of 'public choice,' which models the political and governmental process as the product of demand and supply factors."]

[Request #S3888]

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U.S. ECONOMY

The Productivity and Jobs Connection: The Long and the Short Run of It. By Carl E. Walsh, Federal Reserve Board of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. No. 2004-18. (The Board, San Francisco, California) July 16, 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2004/el2004-18.pdf

["This letter discusses the different perspectives on the productivity-jobs connection.... [It] distinguishes between a microeconomic and macroeconomic perspective on productivity and between the short-run and long-run effects of changes in productivity."]

[Request #S3889]

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Current Recovery Blind to Education Attainment. By Sylvia Allegretto, Economic Policy Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) August 2004.

Full Text at: www.epinet.org/content.cfm/webfeatures_snapshots_08112004

["When asked to testify on labor market problems in the current economy, Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan emphasized the importance of higher educational attainment. Unfortunately, higher education has not been providing the cushion against economic shocks that it once did. Two economic indicators -— unemployment and employment rates -— broken down by educational status, provide an interesting insight."]

[Request #S3890]

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EDUCATION

CHARTER SCHOOLS

Charter School Achievement on the 2003 National Assessment of Educational Progress. By F. Howard Nelson and others, American Federation of Teachers. (The Federation, Washington, DC) August 2004. 26 p.

Full Text at: www.aft.org/pubs-reports/downloads/teachers/NAEPCharterSchoolReport.pdf

["An analysis of U.S. Department of Education data by the American Federation of Teachers finds that most students attending charter schools have lower reading and math scores than their public-school counterparts. This AAFT also charges that the repeated delays in releasing NAEP charter school achievement data are 'especially disturbing because one of the sanctions for [public] schools that persistently fail to make adequate yearly progress under the federal No Child Left Behind Act is restructuring as a charter school.'" Connect for Kids Weekly (August 24, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3891]

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Cyber and Home School Charter Schools: How States are Defining New Forms of Public Schooling. By Luis A. Huerta and Maria-Fernanda Gonzalez. Teachers College-Columbia University and University of California Berkeley. (The University, Berkeley, California) 2004. 61 p.

Full Text at: www.ecs.org/html/offsite.asp?document=http://www.ncspe.org/publications_files/Paper87.pdf

[“What sets cyber and home school charters apart from traditional schooling models is the non-classroom based instruction which students receive outside the confines of the traditional school house setting…. Cyber and home school charters also differ from traditional charter schools in the type of students they enroll, serving primarily students who were previously privately home schooled, and drawing enrollment from wide catchment areas.”]

[Request #S3894]

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EDUCATION FINANCE

Forecast Of Funding Opportunities Under the Department Of Education Discretionary Grant Programs for FY 2004 and FY 2005. By the U.S. Department of Education. (The Department, Washington, DC) July 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ed.gov/fund/grant/find/edlite-forecast.html

["This document lists virtually all programs and competitions under which the Department has invited or expects to invite applications for new awards and provides actual or estimated deadline dates for the transmittal of applications under these programs."]

[Request #S3892]

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HOME SCHOOLING

1.1 Million Homeschooled Students in the United States in 2003. By Daniel Princiotta and others, Education Statistics Services Institute. Prepared for National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. Issue Brief. NCES 2004-115. (The Center, Washington, DC) July 2004. 3 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2004/2004115.pdf

["This brief uses data from the 2003 National Household Education Surveys Program to estimate the number of homeschooled students in the United States in 2003 and to discuss the reasons parents decide to homeschool their children. The brief also shows that the number of homeschoolers, and the proportion of the student population they represent, has increased since 1999."]

[Request #S3893]

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NATIONAL STANDARDS

Standards and Assessments Peer Review Guidance: Information and Examples for Meeting Requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. By the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, U.S. Department of Education, (The Office, Washington, DC) 2004. 63 p.

Full Text at: www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/guid/saaprguidance.doc

["The purpose of this guidance is: (1) to inform states about what would be useful evidence to demonstrate that they have met NCLB standards and assessments requirements; and (2) to guide teams of peer reviews who will examine the evidence submitted by states and advise the Department as to whether a state had met the requirement. The intent is to help States develop comprehensive assessment systems that provide accurate and valid information for holding districts and schools accountable for student achievement against state standards."]

[Request #S3895]

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POST SECONDARY EDUCATION

For-Profit Postsecondary Educational Institutions: Overview of Accreditation and State and Federal Oversight. By Lisa K. Foster, California Research Bureau, California State Library. CRB 04-010. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) July 2004. 59 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/04/10/04-010.pdf

["This report describes the for-profit educational institutions in California. It presents an overview of the external quality review system, a complex system that includes a private non-governmental process (accreditation), a state oversight function, and a federal recognition process, all of which address quality and consumer protection. It also includes a historical perspective and a discussion of current trends, issues, and policy implications."]

[Request #S3896]

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TEACHERS

The Stealth Curriculum: Manipulating America's History Teachers. By Sandra Stotsky, Thomas B. Fordham Foundation (The Foundation, Washington, DC) 2004. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.edexcellence.net/doc/StealthCurriculum[FINAL]04-01-04.pdf

["Many of our history teachers don’t know enough history. To make matters worse, the textbooks on which they typically depend are vast yet surprisingly shabby compendia of dull, dated, and denatured information.... This reality has led to the development of an immense cottage industry in our primary-secondary education system, one designed to supply history and social studies teachers with pre-digested 'supplemental materials' and 'professional development,' ostensibly to help remediate teachers who do not have sufficient historical knowledge or suitable instructional materials."]

[Request #S3897]

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Teaching Interrupted: Do Discipline Policies in Today's Public Schools Foster the Common Good? Executive Summary. By Public Agenda. (Public Agenda, New York, New York) 2004. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.publicagenda.org/research/pdfs/teaching_interrupted_exec_summary.pdf

["Too many teachers are leaving the profession -- because of the behavior of a few persistent classroom troublemakers. Teachers in particular complain about the growing willingness of some students and parents to challenge teacher judgment and threaten legal action. Both teachers and parents support a variety of remedies, including stricter enforcement of existing rules of conduct, alternative schools for chronically disruptive students and limiting parents' ability to sue schools over disciplinary decisions."]

[Request #S3898]

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EMPLOYMENT

LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS

Still a Man's Labor Market: The Long-Term Earnings Gap. By Stephen J. Rose and Heidi I. Hartmann, Institute for Women's Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) 2004. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.iwpr.org/pdf/C355.pdf

["This report finds that women earn substantially less than men in the long term in part because their working hours are constrained by the lack of affordable, quality child care."]

[Request #S3899]

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WORK CONDITIONS

The Work, Family and Equity Index: Where Does the United States Stand Globally. By Jody Heymann and others, The Project on Global Working Families, Harvard School of Public Health. (The School, Boston, Massachusetts) 2004. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.hsph.harvard.edu/globalworkingfamilies/images/report.pdf

["The report found that the United States lags behind all high-income countries and many middle- and low-income countries in its support for working families." Family Initiative Bulletin (August 24, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3900]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Critical Issues in Aviation and the Environment. By the Environmental Impacts of Aviation Committee, Transportation Research Board. (The Board, Washington, DC) August 2004. 25 p.

Full Text at: gulliver.trb.org/publications/circulars/ec069.pdf

["The value of the summary is intended to be its cross-disciplinary review of topics of interest to airports and other elements of the aviation community, with the focus on the state of science rather than on policy. The summary addresses the major environmental media affected by aviation activities (noise, air quality, and water)."]

[Request #S3901]

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HABITAT PROTECTION

Our Natural Heritage at Risk: California's 10 Most Threatened Wild Places: 2004. By the California Wilderness Coalition. (The Coalition, Davis, California) February 2004. 22 p.

Full Text at: www.calwild.org/resources/pubs/10Most04.pdf

["A plan to triple logging in 11.5 million acres of Sierra Nevada national forests has landed the area atop an environmental group's new list of the 10 most threatened wild places in California.... New areas are the Furnace Creek area in the White Mountains, east of the Sierra Nevada, and the Golden Trout Wilderness Addition area, southeast of Fresno. Four of the 10 sites are in Southern California, most of which are threatened by heavy development there." Marin Independent Journal (February 15, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3902]

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Ballast Water Management to Combat Invasive Species. By Eugene H. Buck, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. (National Council on Science and the Environment, Washington, DC) April 8, 2004. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/04Apr/RL32344.pdf

["Congress is considering legislative proposals to amend and reauthorize the National Invasive Species Act, including specific provisions that would modify how ballast water is managed. This report provides background on various approaches to ballast water management and reviews current ballast water laws and programs."]

[Request #S3903]

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WATER CONSERVATION

Energy Down the Drain: The Hidden Costs of California's Water Supply. By Ronnie Cohen, Natural Resources Defense Council, and others. (The Council, New York, New York) August 2004. 78 p.

Full Text at: www.nrdc.org/water/conservation/edrain/edrain.pdf

["[The report states that] California's electricity and water shortages are related.... Conservation, the report said, is the best way to solve the state's growing water needs, not seeking new water supplies, building new dams or desalination plants." Oakland Tribune (August 25, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3904]

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WATER SUPPLY

Freshwater Resources: Managing the Risks Facing the Private Sector. By Jason Morrison and Peter Gleick, the Pacific Institute. (The Institute, Oakland, California) August 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.pacinst.org/reports/business_risks_of_water/business_risks_of_water.pdf

["The report warns that companies face increasing difficulty finding enough water to run their plants in the United States and around the world, and are not doing enough about it. Problems include water cutoffs, scarcity, contamination and rising costs.... California's water battles could be replicated worldwide, resulting in community opposition to companies' water use that could lead to plant shutdowns or disruptions." Oakland Tribune (August 25, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3905]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

FEDERAL BUDGET

August Recess Update: Going Nowhere Fast. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief. 04-06. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 20, 2004. 9 p.

["Little progress was made on the 13 annual appropriations bills. Only one FY 2005 spending bill (defense) passed Congress.... So far the House has passed 10 spending bills.... It is now foregone conclusion that Congress will combine several appropriation bills into an omnibus spending bill and that a continuing resolution will be necessary for the more controversial bills."]

[Request #S3906]

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FFIS Competitive Grant Update. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Update 04-26. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 20, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ncsl.org/ffis/subs/cg/2004/CG04-26.htm

["Includes: "Grazing Lands Assistance for Education and Outreach" "Minority Business Development Center (MBDC) Program" "Research Grants in Biomedical Informatics and Bioinformatics" and others.]

[Request #S3907]

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GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES

Human Resources Architecture: Testimony. By Jeffrey C. Schutt, National Association of State Personnel Executives. Presented to the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) August 26, 2004. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/management/SchuttAug04.pdf

["(Among other state trends) Washington Works will improve public services by 1) streamlining the state’s classification system from 2,400 to several hundred and 2) enabling and supporting a modern, flexible human resource management system..... Florida outsourced all transaction processes –- payroll, recruitment, employee benefits, employee assistance program. (Human resource) employees were either retirement eligible and retired, were placed in a different position within the state or hired (outside state service) for employment within the state."]

[Request #S3908]

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Refounding Management in California Public Service: Prioritized Actions for Making Reforms Work: Testimony. By Chester A Newland. Presented to the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) August 26, 2004. 9 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/management/NewlandAug04.pdf

["To make large-scale reform work, a unifying civic vision of Public Service is essential, along with accomplishment of prioritized specific reforms.... Succession Management and related staffing reforms [are] now urgent."]

[Request #S3909]

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Human Capital: An Organization's People Achieve Results and Drive Transformation: Testimony. By J. Christopher Mihm, Managing Director, Strategic Issues, U.S. Government Accountability Office. Presented to the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) August 26, 2004. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/management/MihmAug04.pdf

["This statement, based on GAO’s work for the Congress, is a review of paths contemporary federal public sector organizations follow to build the necessary infrastructure to implement their strategic human capital approaches."]

[Request #S3910]

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Leading Transformational Change in the Executive Branch's Personnel System: Testimony. By J. Clark Kelso, Director, Capital Center for Government Law and Policy, University of the Pacific McGeorge School of Law. Presented to the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) August 26, 2004. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/management/KelsoAug04.pdf

["We will face significant challenges to adoption of best practices in personnel management and administration because of the predictable organizational resistance to change that will quickly surface. These changes cannot be implemented by the mere stroke of a pen. We will need very strong, consistent gubernatorial leadership over a prolonged period of time, a well-constructed change management process and sustained engagement and communication among all of the major stakeholders."]

[Request #S3911]

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PERFORMANCE REVIEW

An Initial Assessment of the California Performance Review. By the Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) August 27, 2004. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2004/cpr/082704_cpr_review_ov.htm

["The state would clearly benefit from changes that enhance workforce productivity, improve and streamline services, and reduce inefficiencies in government-even if the savings were only a fraction of the CPR estimates.... We believe that a more reasonable cumulative estimate for all funds (saved) over the next five years would be roughly $10 billion to $15 billion.... Yet, in many other areas, the reorganization plan lacks a strong rationale."]

[Request #S3923]

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STATE BUDGET

Supplemental Report of the 2004 Budget Act 2004-05 Fiscal Year: Containing Statements of Intent for Requests for Studies Adopted by the Legislature. Compiled by the Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) July 2004. 85 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2004/supp_report/supp_rpt_2004_budget_act.pdf

["This report contains statements of legislative intent that were adopted by the conference committee on the 2004 budget."]

[Request #S3912]

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STATE EMPLOYEES

Testimony. By Chon Gutierrez, Co-Executive Director, California Performance Review. Presented to the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) August 26, 2004. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/management/GutierrezAug04.pdf

["34% (or 70,000) state workers are at least 50 years of age and eligible to retire within 5 years.... 68% of the state's current civil service workforce are at least 40 years of age.... The current personnel system is transaction and process-based not outcome focused. ... Thoughtful and intelligent workers are critical to the future of good government."]

[Request #S3913]

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TAXATION

"Governor's Review Urges Consolidated Tax Agency, Other Changes." IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 33 no. 6 (August 9, 2004) pp. 429-430.

["California should consolidate tax administration and governance into a new California Tax Commission, according to a recommendation in the California Performance Review.... The report contains a number of other tax policy recommendations, among them providing a sales tax credit for manufacturing equipment, adding state auditors, streamlining Board of Equalization technology, speeding up the settlement process in tax disputes, centralizing assessment of aircraft property, and reforming the homeowners' and renters' assistance programs."]

[Request #S3914]

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HEALTH

AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT

The ADA’s Application to Insurance Coverage. By Jennifer Mathis. Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.bazelon.org/issues/disabilityrights/resources/insurance.htm

["Examining the application of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to insurance, the report explores court rulings and describes legal claims that can be brought to prevent discrimination by insurers against people with disabilities." Moving Ideas (August 18, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3915]

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HEALTH CARE

Veteran's Administration and Department of Defense Health Care: Resource Sharing at Selected Sites. Presented to the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Veterans' Affairs, House of Representatives. By the U.S. Government Accountability Office. GAO-04-792. (The Office, Washington, DC) July 2004. 39 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d04792.pdf

["The Government Accountability Office is reporting on the types of benefits that have been realized from health resource sharing activities and the obstacles that impede health resource sharing."]

[Request #S3917]

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MANAGED HEALTH CARE

"MarketWatch: Managed Care Rebound? Recent Changes in Health Plans' Cost Containment Strategies." By Glen Mays and others. IN: Health Affairs (August 11, 2004) p. 1.

["Surging healthcare costs have prompted a return to some unpopular money-saving measures that were scaled back after the backlash against managed care during the late 1990's, according to a new study. Requirements such as referrals for specialists and preauthorizations for some medical services are quietly reappearing in some health plans." Los Angeles Times (August 12, 2004) C2.]

[Request #S3918]

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MEDICARE

Geographic Variation in Medicare Per Capita Spending: Should Policymakers Be Concerned? By Marsha Gold, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. Prepared for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Research Synthesis Report No. 6. (The Foundation, Princeton, New Jersey) July 2004. 26 p.

Full Text at: www.rwjf.org/research/files/RWJF%20Medicare%20SYNTHESIS%20July04.pdf

["The studies examine components of geographic differences in [Medicare] spending, which include the characteristics of the population and their health care needs, the price of services that may vary across areas, and differences in the quantity and mix of services used, which are influenced by patients, providers and other factors."]

[Request #S3919]

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VACCINES

"Safety and Immunogenicity of a Recombinant Multivalent Group A Streptococcal Vaccine in Healthy Adults." By Karen L. Kotloff and others. IN: Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no.6 (August 11, 2004) pp. 709-715.

["Scientists say they are making headway in developing a vaccine against a common strep germ, the cause of millions of sore throats as well as a deadly but uncommon flesh-eating disease. A test of an experimental vaccine in just 28 people prompted an immune response with no serious side effects, but it's still not known if the shot would keep people from catching the strep germ." San Francisco Chronicle (August 11, 2004)A5.]

[Request #S3845]

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HOUSING

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Paycheck to Paycheck: Wages and the Cost of Housing in the Counties, 2004. By Barbara J. Lipman, Center for Housing Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) July 2004. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.nhc.org/nhcimages/Paycheck_Counties2004.pdf

["Communities in counties across the country are recognizing the importance of affordable housing to their future economic and social well-being.... For business, the ability to attract and retain labor depends partly on the availability of decent and affordable housing."]

[Request #S3920]

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HOMEBUYING

"Are Home Prices the Next Bubble?" By Jonathan McCathy and Richard W. Peach, New York Federal Reserve Board IN: Economic Review (forthcoming) pp. 1-17.

Full Text at: www.ny.frb.org/research/epr/forthcoming/mccarthy.pdf

["There is no bubble in U.S. home prices despite the price surge in recent years, the New York Federal Reserve Bank said ... and even if regional prices do fall, that will not pose a threat to the overall economy. The recent increase in house prices had been in line with declining mortgage rates, a factor that many arguments about a housing bubble ignore."]

[Request #S3921]

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HOUSING

Manufactured Housing Community Tenants: Shifting the Balance of Power. By Carolyn L. Carter and others, National Consumer Law Center. (Public Policy Institute, Washington, DC) 2004. 151 p.

Full Text at: research.aarp.org/consume/d18138_housing.pdf

["Manufactured homes ... are a major source of housing for older Americans. In 2001, an estimated 7.2 million manufactured housing units were occupied year-round as primary residences.... Housing in a manufactured home community is unique, because residents have a blended set of advantages and disadvantages from being both owners and renters.... These barriers make it possible for a segment of community operators to adopt exploitive rules and practices that are unique to this type of housing arrangement."]

[Request #S3922]

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HUMAN SERVICES

HOMELESS

Just the Facts: Homelessness in Los Angeles. By Institute for the Study of Homelessness and Poverty. (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) August 2004. 4 pages.

Full Text at: www.weingart.org/institute/research/facts/pdf/JusttheFactsHomelessnessla.pdf

["This report provides comprehensive definitions and statistics of homelessness in Los Angeles, including facts on the number of homeless who are families, children, single adults, men, or women. It also gives details about homeless people's employment, income, education, mental health, child experience, substance abuse, and health trends."]

[Request #S3924]

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POVERTY

Access to Social Services: The Changing Urban Geography of Poverty and Service Provision. By Scott W. Allard, Brown University. Metropolitan Policy Program. Survey Series. (The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC) August 2004. 19 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20040816_allard.pdf

["Using three cities -- Los Angeles, Chicago, and Washington -- as examples, this paper analyzes the shifting geography of concentrated poverty and its impact on access to social services. Among its findings is that the location of social service providers does not always match well to the changing demographic composition of cities. Greater proximity to social service providers is thought to increase the likelihood that eligible individuals in need will receive assistance."]

[Request #S3884]

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Census Data Show Poverty Increased, Income Stagnated and the Number of Uninsured Rose to a Record Level in 2003. By Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) August 27, 2004. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/8-26-04pov.pdf

["Census data ... show that the number and percentage of Americans living below the poverty line increased for the third consecutive year in 2003, and the number and percentage of people without health insurance also climbed for the third straight year, leaving 45 million Americans uninsured in 2003 - the largest number on record."]

[Request #S3925]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

EDUCATION

Safe, Supportive and Successful Schools: Step by Step. By David Osher and others. (Sopris West Educational Services, Longmont, Colorado) 2004. 288 p.

["All schools want to improve academic achievement; improve school safety and discipline; increase teacher and parent satisfaction; improve attendance and graduation rates; decrease class disruptions; and decrease bullying and fighting. These goals are not incompatible. Research and practical experience demonstrate that they are mutually reinforcing." NOTE: Safe Supportive and Successful Schools ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3926]

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READING

The Voice of Evidence in Reading Research. By Peggy McCardle and Vinita Chhabra. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland) 2004. 496p.

["This text provides a comprehensive exploration of reading research and the methods used to obtain it. It outlines the importance of using research evidence to guide practice, clarifies the definition of scientific research, examines three types of research studies, and provides simple guidelines for determining the quality of a study." NOTE: Voice of Evidence... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3916]

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Seven Strategies of Highly Effective Readers: Using Cognitive Research to Boost K-8 Achievement. By Elaine K. McEwan. (Corwin Press, Thousand Oaks, California) 2004. 194 p.

["This book melds scientific research with hands-on experience to offer a comprehensive look at reading instruction. Instructors will discover that they can use the seven strategies no matter what their teaching style, and students will discover how to read to learn." NOTE: Seven Strategies ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3927]

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HEALTH

ASTHMA

"Parental Management of Asthma Triggers Within a Child's Environment." By Michael D. Cabana and others. IN: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 114, no. 2 (August 2004) pp. 352-357.

["Parents of children with asthma try hard to protect their youngsters but often overlook the most important measures,including banning smoking in the house and shutting windows to keep pollen out." Reuters (August 19, 2004] 1.]

[Request #S3928]

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