Subject: Studies in the News 04-40 (June 15, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1854 - "By 1854, more than 300,000 people made their way to California following the discovery of gold. The female population in California was 8 percent of the total population. In the mining towns the proportion fell below 2 percent. The census of 1850 found that 73 percent of California's population was between the ages of 20 and 40, and 92 percent were male."  www.calgoldrush.com/resources/gr_timeline.html  

1854 - "John R. McConnell, 4th Attorney General (of California, 1854 - 1856) was born in Kentucky in 1826. Most of his first year in office was spent visiting friends and relations in the eastern and southern United States, leaving the office in charge of his law firm partner, William Stewart. In June 1854, McConnell was compelled to take a leave of absence as Attorney General, and selected Stewart to fill in. Stewart, the 5th Attorney General (for part of 1854 only) went on to serve as the District Attorney in Carson City, then two terms in the United States Senate. www.caag.state.ca.us/ag/history/aghistory.htm"    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   California Youth Authority infrastructure
   Drug DUIs require jail
   Court supports California Miranda decision
   Violent crime statistics dropping
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   American Indians and federal labor law
   Latino immigrants sending money to homelands
DEMOGRAPHY
   Hispanic settlement in rural America
ECONOMY
   State biotechnology initiatives
   Southern California economic forecast
   The San Fernando Valley Economy
   Nations value immigrant workers
   Decline in industrial R&D expenditures
   Small firms and technology
   Regional concentration of venture capital
EDUCATION
   Shoring up the academic pipeline
   Federal special education funding
   Data on trends in education
   Hearing on higher education access
   Proposed six year compact with UC and CSU
   University eligibility
   UC eligibility reviewed
EMPLOYMENT
   Audit of delinquent labor claims
   Worker health and safety in adult film industry
   Hidden public costs of low-wage jobs
   Encouraging job advancement
   Declining labor force and women
ENERGY
   California's hydrogen highway
   Market concentration increases gasoline prices
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Mexican avocados may be allowed in California
   Court limits fees for generic ads
   Beaches ranked for filth
   Pacific Lumber Company logging violations
   Funding eligibility of private water companies
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Reallocation of bioterrorism funds
   Government corruption costs jobs
   Federal business activity tax bill
   Electronic government performance
   How Americans contact government
   Governor's local government proposal
   Analysis of states' agendas
HEALTH
   Partial birth abortion ban unconstitutional
   Changing options for insurance coverage
   Lead content in Mexican candy
   Medicaid managed care evaluations
   Doubling copays for drugs increases risk
   State report cards on women's health
HOUSING
   State of the nation's housing
HUMAN SERVICES
   Homelessness in Alameda County
   Hunger in Los Angeles County
   Welfare reform and immigrants
   Marriage and child well-being
NATIONAL READER
   Land grant claims 1848-1898
TRANSPORTATION
   Mexican trucks gain entry
STUDIES TO COME
   Progressive platform for the states
   Morning-after pills for teens
   Safety of personal care products
   Daily calories from sweets, junk food and alcohol
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News (SITN) is a current compilation of policy-related items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information & Reference Center to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state employees and other interested individuals, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CALIFORNIA

A Review of the California Youth Authority's Infrastructure. By Elizabeth Hill, Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) May 2004. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2004/cya/052504_cya.pdf

["In this report, we look at the condition of the Youth Authority's facilities and its capital outlay plans.... It may be that a more cost-effective program can be delivered though some combination of institution closures, construction of one or more new institutions, and some level of replacement and renovation of facilities at existing institutions, rather than continuing with a less comprehensive project-by-project approach to capital planning."]

[Request #S3178]

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DRUGS

People v. Michelle Elaine Canty. California Supreme Court. S109537. May 27, 2004. 22 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S109537.PDF

["In a decision that could have a substantial impact on California's Proposition 36, the court ruled that people convicted of driving under the influence of drugs must go to jail and not into treatment programs.... The court didn't list the crimes that would qualify for leniency under the initiative but said DUI wasn't among them. It suggested the line would be drawn at offenses relating to 'the individual offender's own private involvement with drugs.'" Sacramento Bee (May 28, 2004) A3.]

[Request #S3179]

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POLICE

Yarborough, Warden v. Alvarado. U.S. Supreme Court. 02-1684. June 1, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01june20041200/www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/03pdf/02-1684.pdf

["A sharply divided court ruled that police officers do not always have to advise juveniles of their legal rights when interrogating them.... Adult suspects are advised of their Miranda rights only when in custody. The lower court had concluded that police did not have to advise Alvarado of his legal rights because he was not in custody when he was questioned in the slaying of a truck driver. He was only being interrogated.... The court's majority opinion concluded 'the state court's application of our custody standard was reasonable.'" San Francisco Chronicle (June 2, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3180]

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VIOLENCE

Preliminary Uniform Crime Report. By Robert S. Mueller, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department of Justice. (The Bureau, Washington, D.C.) May 24, 2004. 17 p.

Full Text at: www.fbi.gov/ucr/2003/03prelimucr.pdf

["Violent crime dropped 3.2 percent nationwide last year, according to statistics kept by the FBI. The Bureau's preliminary report surveys more than 11,000 police and other law enforcement departments across the country. The FBI's data show that murder was the only category of crime showing an increase last year, up 1.3 percent."]

[Request #S3181]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

AMERICAN INDIANS

San Manuel Indian Bingo and Casino and Hotel Employees & Restaurant Employees International Union, AFL-CIO, CLC and Communication Workers of America AFL-CIO, CLC, Party in Interest and State of Connecticut, Intervenor: Cases 31-CA-23673 and 31-CA-23803. Decision. By the National Labor Relations Board. (The Board, Washington DC) May 28, 2004. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.nlrb.gov/nlrb/shared_files/decisions/341/341-138.pdf

["The decision involved a dispute between the San Manuel Band of Serrano Mission Indians ... and the ... Union, which is attempting to organize casino workers throughout the country. The ... decision ... ends a longstanding precedent that excluded American Indian employers from federal labor law.... Indian reservations ... have been exempt from federal labor law until now." Associated Press (June 8, 2004) online.]

[Request #S3182]

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IMMIGRANTS

Latin American Immigrants in the United States to Send $30 Billion to Homelands in 2004. Press Release. By the Inter-American Development Bank (The Bank, Washington, DC) May 17, 2004. 1 p.

Full Text at: www.iadb.org/NEWS/DISPLAY/PRPrint.cfm?PR_Num=98_04&Language=English

["California, which is home to one in four of the nation's 32.5 million immigrants, ranked first among the states, with immigrants here sending $9.6 billion to Latin America, according to a report." North County Times (May 24, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3184]

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DEMOGRAPHY

LATINOS

New Patterns of Hispanic Settlement in Rural America. By William Kandel and John Cromartie, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Rural Development Research Report. No. 99. (The Service, Washington, DC) May 2004. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.ers.usda.gov/publications/rdrr99/rdrr99.pdf

["Since 1980, the nonmetro Hispanic population in the United States has doubled and is now the most rapidly growing demographic group in rural and small-town America.... Many ... are recent U.S. arrivals with relatively low education levels, weak English proficiency, and undocumented status.... Hispanic settlement patterns warrant attention by policymakers because they affect the well-being of both Hispanics and rural communities themselves."]

[Request #S3186]

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ECONOMY

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Laboratories of Innovation: State Bioscience Initiatives 2004. By the Battelle Technology Partnership Practice and the State Science and Technology Institute. Prepared for the Biotechnology Industry Organization. (The Organization, Washington, DC) June 2004. 430 p.

Full Text at: www.bio.org/speeches/pubs/battelle2004.pdf

["The study shows that California has benefited as the birthplace of biotechnology, but it suggests that communities in other states are doing much more than the Golden State to capture future growth." San Jose Mercury News (June 8, 2004) A4.]

[Request #S3187]

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CALIFORNIA

Economic Forecast and Industry Outlook For California and the Los Angeles Five-County Area Including the National and International Setting: 2004 - 2005. By Jack Kyser and others, Economic Information and Research Department, Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation (The Corporation, Los Angeles, California) 2004. 78 p.

Full Text at: laedc.info/pdf/LAEF-2004-02.pdf

["There is both good news and bad news for the economic conditions facing California.... California should pay close attention to the areas of unemployment, population, possible inflation." Capitol Hill Bulletin (May 16, 2004) 3.]

[Request #S3188]

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LOS ANGELES

The San Fernando Valley Economic Report of Findings on the San Fernando Valley Economy, 2003 - 2004. San Fernando Valley Economic Research Center, California State University, Northridge (The Center, Northridge, California.) May 25, 2004. 95 p.

Full Text at: buslab3.csun.edu/sfverc/reports/0304toc.html

["The San Fernando Valley's economy will create more than 39,000 jobs over the next three years and is leading Los Angeles County's economic resurgence, according to a forecast. About 11,000 jobs will be added this year and next before increasing to more than 17,000 jobs in 2006....The important information sector, which includes the entertainment component, is poised for a turnaround this year. CSUN is forecasting 2.2 percent growth, or more than 2,000 jobs, this year." Los Angeles Daily News (May 25, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S3185]

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OUTSOURCING

"Reactions in Immigration Leading Nations." By Ipsos-Public Affairs and the Associated Press. (Ipsos-Public Affairs, Washington, DC) May 17, 2004. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.ipsos-na.com/news/pdf/media/mr040527-2releaserevis.pdf

["People in some of the world's leading industrial nations say immigrants mostly take jobs that citizens of their own countries do not want, yet they still say immigrants are a bad overall influence." Las Vegas Sun (May 26, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3189]

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RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT

Largest Single-year Decline in U.S. Industrial R&D Expenditures Reported for 2002. By Raymond M. Wolfe, Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation. NSF 04-320. (The Foundation, Arlington, Virginia) May 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/infbrief/nsf04320/nsf04320.pdf

["According to estimates produced ... companies spent $190.8 billion on research and development they performed in the United States during 2002, compared with $198.5 billion spent in 2001. This $7.7 billion decline is the largest single-year absolute and percentage reduction in the current dollar cost of industrial R&D performance since the surveys inception in 1953."]

[Request #S3190]

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SMALL BUSINESS

Small Firms and Technology: Acquisitions, Inventor Movement, and Technology Transfer. By CHI Research Inc. Prepared for the Office of Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration. Small Business Research Summary. No. 233. (The Office, Washington, DC) 2004. 39 p.

Full Text at: www.sba.gov/advo/research/rs233_tot.pdf

[“Small firms, as much as large ones, may be key to the nation’s ability to innovate, particularly in emerging fields…. A report shows that large firms in the biotechnology, medical electronics, semiconductor, and telecommunications industries are citing patents by small firms in higher-than-expected numbers…. The report's conclusions are drawn from two 1,000-plus databases of company patent activity from 1996 to 2000 and from 1998 to 2002.”]

[Request #S3191]

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VENTURE CAPITAL

"The Two Californias of Venture Investing." By Jim Armstrong, Clearstone Venture Partners. In VOX, vol. 6, no. 20 (May 23, 2004) online.

Full Text at: www.larta.org/lavox/articlelinks/2004/040517_investing.asp

["Silicon Valley has a unique place in the world of venture investing, as it is located within a confined radius in Northern California.... About 400 miles south to the Los Angeles basin, you'll find things are the same but different.... New ideas for companies are born daily in Southern California -- though over a wider area and much lower intensity, as compared to Silicon Valley's concentrated environment."]

[Request #S3192]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC STANDARDS

"Shoring Up the Academic Pipeline." By Richard Kazis and others. IN: Education Week (March 24, 2004) online.

Full Text at: www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=28kazis.h23

["The authors ask how states can make good on commitments to ensure that every high school graduate is ready to succeed in college or a good job. The answer, they say, lies in a policy agenda that can simultaneously improve student achievement and increase the efficiency of public secondary and postsecondary sectors." Moving Ideas (April 26, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3193]

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DISABILITIES

IDEA Ready for Conference. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-18. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 25, 2004. 5 p.

["The Senate passed its amended version of H.R. 1350, a bill to reauthorize the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which governs the federal special education program.... Both the House and Senate bills authorize significant new funding for the program, although those decisions will ultimately be made by congressional appropriators."]

[Request #S3194]

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EDUCATION

The Condition of Education: 2004. By John Wirt, National Center for Education Statistics, and others. (The Center, Washington DC) June 2004. 324 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2004077

["[This study] summarizes important developments and trends in education using the latest available data.... [It] includes 38 indicators in six main areas: (1) enrollment trends and student characteristics at all levels of the education system; (2) student achievement and the longer term; (3) student effort and rates of progress through the educational system among different population groups; (4) the contexts of elementary and secondary education in terms of courses taken, teacher characteristics, and other factors; (5) the contexts of postsecondary education; and (6) societal support for learning."]

[Request #S3195]

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HIGHER EDUCATION

Will California's Promise of Access to Higher Education for all Students be Maintained? Hearing. Presented to Assembly Higher Education Committee. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) May 21, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.assembly.ca.gov/acs/newcomframeset.asp?committee=11

[Includes: "Why Invest in Higher Education?" "Proposed Budget Cuts in Higher Education in the Governor's May Revision for the 2004-05 State Budget;" [and] "The Higher Education Compact: A Plan to Reduce Access in California's Higher Education."]

[Request #S405]

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The Policy Implications of the Proposed Six Year Compact with the University of California and California State University: Hearing. Presented to Assembly Higher Education Committee. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) June 1, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.assembly.ca.gov/acs/newcomframeset.asp?committee=11

["Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger commits to a long-term resource plan, for the University of California and the California State University that addresses base budget allocations, enrollment, student fees and other key program elements for 2005-06 through 2010-11."]

[Request #S406]

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The Conclusions and Recommendations of the 2004 University Eligibility Study, Prepared by the California Postsecondary Education Commission: Hearing. Presented to Assembly Higher Education Committee. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) June 1, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.assembly.ca.gov/acs/newcomframeset.asp?committee=11

["The Commission supports providing CSU and UC with adequate enrollment growth funding so that both systems can continue to admit eligible students, per the Master Plan. CPEC's revised enrollment projections show annual average growth rates of 3% for CSU and 25% for UC through 2013; actual demand may be higher if additional enrollment funding is available."]

[Request #S406]

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University Eligibility Study for the Class of 2003. By the California Postsecondary Education Commission. Commission Report 04-05. (The Commission, Sacramento, CA.) May 2004. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.cpec.ca.gov/completereports/2004reports/04-05.pdf

["A study found that 14.4 percent of last year's public high school graduates were eligible to attend the UC's. The state's 1960 Master Plan for Education, which guides higher education the state, calls for 12.5 percent to be eligible. UC Provost Greenwood says that the study results indicate that the university's efforts to help disadvantaged students become more academically prepared are working." San Francisco Chronicle (May 20, 2004) A1.]

[Request #S3196]

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EMPLOYMENT

EMPLOYMENT LAW

Franchise Tax Board: Significant Program Changes Are Needed to Improve Collections of Delinquent Labor Claims. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2003-131. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) May 2004. 42 p.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/bsa/summaries/2003-131.html

["The Franchise Tax Board is authorized to collect the delinquent fees, wages, penalties, costs, and interest (claims) owed to the Department of Industrial Relations.... The claims that the board processes involve money owed to individuals from all walks of life including minimum-wage earners, commissioned sales people, data engineers, and others.... The board often takes a significant amount of time to process these claims ... averaging almost 18 months.... Recommendations: ... Adopt rules and regulations to charge a fee, as state law requires, to employers that delay paying their claim [and] prepare a cost analysis to determine the appropriate fee."]

[Request #S3197]

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OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH

Worker Health and Safety in the Adult Film Industry: Hearing. Presented to Assembly Labor and Employment Committee, Van Nuys, California (The Committee, Sacramento, California) June 4, 2004. Various pagings.

["A Los Angeles Times article on January 12, 2003 entitled 'See No Evil' sparked interest among local and state officials to look into issues of worker safety and health in the adult film industry. The article commented on the general lack of regulation in the industry and claimed that a number of performers in that industry are infected with HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases." Includes: "Background Report;" "Adult Film Industry Health and Safety" (LA County Department of Health Services); "Assembly Bill 2798;" and others.]

[Request #S406]

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WAGES

The Hidden Public Costs of Low-Wage Jobs in California. By Carol Zabin and others, Center for Labor Research and Education, University of California, Berkeley. Prepared for the National Economic Development and Law Center. (The Center, Berkeley, California) May 2004. 55 p.

Full Text at: laborcenter.berkeley.edu/livingwage/workingpoor.pdf

["Nearly half of the $21.2 billion that California pays in public assistance goes to families whose working members earn too little to be self-supporting, according to this study.... The study looks at how much public assistance goes to working families in California, examining federal and state programs such as Medi-Cal, welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, among others." San Francisco Chronicle (May 20, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3199]

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WELFARE RECIPIENTS

Encouraging Job Advancement Among Low-Wage Workers: A New Approach. By Harry J. Holzer, Brookings Institution. Policy Brief #30. (The Institution, Washington, DC) May 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/es/wrb/publications/pb/pb30.pdf

["'Work first' approaches -- such as immediate job placement for those on welfare -- produce modest gains over time, while early work at a higher-wage employer or with a temp agency generates larger gains. Policymakers should therefore encourage better job placements for low earners as well as targeted training that is integrated with these placements. Policies to support the creation of more higher-wage jobs for the unskilled should be considered as well. Private labor market intermediaries can play important roles in both processes." Brookings Institution (May 24, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3200]

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WOMEN

Plunging Employment: Blame Mom? By Dean Baker and Heather Boushey, Center for Economic and Policy Research. (The Center, Washington DC) June 2, 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.cepr.net/publications/blame_mom.pdf

["According to this study, the argument that the sharp falloff in labor force participation rates is attributable to the voluntary decision of mothers to stay home with their young children is completely contradicted by the data. The falloff in labor force participation among men is comparable to the falloff among women, and there is little difference in the decline between women with children and women without children. Further, slower wage growth for men does not make it easier for women to give up their jobs."]

[Request #S3201]

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ENERGY

ALTERNATIVE FUELS

California's Hydrogen Highway: The Case for a Clean Energy Science and Technology Initiative: Testimony Informational Hearing Select Committee on Air and Water Quality. By Dan Sperling, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis. Paper UCD-ITS-RR-04-03. (The Institute, Davis, California) 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1059&context=itsdavis

["Governor's top environmental aide told state lawmakers the new governor's vision of a 'hydrogen highway' to spur the ultimate replacement of the internal combustion engine is realistic by 2010, and won't even cost the state much money.... 'California is uniquely positioned to be a national leader in the hydrogen revolution,' urged Dan Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, Davis, because of its existing edge in technology and experts. California needs to think big here.'" Associated Press State and Local Wire (February 25, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3203]

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PETROLEUM

Energy Markets: Effects of Mergers and Market Concentration in the U.S. Petroleum Industry. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-96. (The Office, Washington, DC) May 2004.

["Consumers face higher gasoline pump prices today in part because a wave of oil industry mergers over the last decade reduced competition, according to a government study. The merger of oil giants Exxon and Mobil in 1999 -- when the two companies were number one and two in the industry -- added up to 5 cents to the price of a gallon of gasoline sold by the combined company.... The Federal Trade Commission, which signed off on the merger, said in an official response that was included in the report that the GAO analysis had 'fundamental methodological flaws,' which means 'the report cannot provide a reliable basis for addressing the issues it claims to study.'" San Diego Union Tribune (May 28, 2004) 1.]

Highlights. 1 p.:
http://www.gao.gov/highlights/d0496high.pdf

Report. 230 p.:
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0496.pdf

[Request #S3204]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AGRICULTURE

Mexican Hass Avocado Import Program: Proposed Rule. By the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. IN: Federal Register, vol. 69, no. 100 (May 24, 2004) pp. 29466-29477.

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/14mar20010800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2004/pdf/04-11709.pdf

["U.S. regulators may soon lift a California ban on imports of Mexican-grown avocados, a move that will likely drain more than $100 million from one of the state's most deeply rooted industries.... The growers' greatest fears stem from a new breed of crop-destroying insects that could accompany fruit from Mexico.... In the late 1990s, the USDA decided to allow the shipment of Mexican avocados to 31 states, mostly throughout the Northeast and Midwest." Los Angeles Daily News (May 27, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3205]

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Gerawan Farming Inc. v. A. G. Kawamura. California Supreme Court. S104019. June 3, 2004. 50 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S104019.PDF

["The court set tough standards for California agriculture officials to justify making farmers pay for generic advertising about their products. But, at the same time, the court gave the state another chance to defend its grower-funded ads for plums. The court said farmers can be made to pay fees to support generic promotions only if the state shows that they improve product sales significantly and that alternatives wouldn't work as well.... The court relied on the California Constitution's free-speech protections to set more-demanding standards than the U.S. Supreme Court has required states to meet when defending similar programs." San Francisco Chronicle (June 4, 2004) C6.]

[Request #S3206]

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BEACHES

Heal the Bay Beach Report Card: 2003-2004. By Heal the Bay. (Heal the Bay, Santa Monica, California) May 26, 2004. 88 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.healthebay.org/brc/annual/2004/pdfdocs/fullreport.pdf

["Three Beaches on Top Ten for Filth; Northern California Generally Clean: While most California beaches earned good grades for water quality during dry weather, the three Northern California beaches -- including one in San Mateo County near where 700 gallons of gasoline spilled -- were ranked among the 10 dirtiest beaches in the state." San Francisco Chronicle (May 27, 2004) B3.]

[Request #S3207]

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FORESTRY

Setting the Record Straight: Maxxam/Pacific Lumber's Lawless Logging Continues: March 1999-April 2004. By the Environmental Protection Information Center. (The Center, Garberville, California) 2004. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.wildcalifornia.org/cgi-files/0/pdfs/1085604039_PL_Violation_Report_2004.pdf

["The Environmental Protection Information Center found that Maxxam/Pacific Lumber has wracked up 325 reports of noncompliance -- with 116 last year -- of its Habitat Conservation Plan. The California Department of Fish and Game corroborated the number and said that some, though not all, the problems were serious." Eureka Times-Standard (May 27, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3208]

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WATER SUPPLY

Funding Eligibility of Private Water Companies. By Elizabeth G. Hill, Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) May 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2004/prop_50/051404_Prop_50_Bonds.pdf

["The implementation of the Proposition 50 resources bond has raised the issue of whether private water companies should be eligible for these funds. We identify several legal, tax, and policy issues for legislative consideration in evaluating this issue. We recommend that the Legislature declare its policy position on this matter. Our review concludes that the broad public purpose of Proposition 50 bond funds would be served by including private entitities as eligible recipients of such funds."]

[Request #S3209]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

HHS Plans to Reallocate FY 2004 Bioterrorism Funds. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-20. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 26, 2004. 5 p.

["The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recently announced plans to reallocate $55 million in fiscal year 2004 bioterrorism funds. The proposal will reduce each state's base award for the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's state and local capacity program and redirect the funds to specific cities and infrastructure improvements."]

[Request #S3210]

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ETHICS

The Economics of Ethics: The Cost of Political Corruption. By Steve P. Lanza, Connecticut Center for Economic Analysis. (The Center, Storrs, Connecticut) 2004. 7 p.

Full Text at: ccea.uconn.edu/studies/The%20Economics%20of%20Ethics-%20The%20Cost%20of%20Political%20Corruption.pdf

["Corruption Costs Jobs, Study Says: Government corruption can create uncertainty for businesses and stunt job growth -- even more than rising taxes.... The study found that each federal conviction for misconduct per 100 elected officials reduced job growth by 1.1 percentage points. That is more than double the 0.5 point decline attributed to a $100 increase in per-capita state taxes.... The analysis is based on nationwide data on convictions for the period between 1986 and 1995." Hartford Courant (February 25, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3211]

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FEDERAL / STATE RELATIONS

"Analysis of H.R. 3220: The Effects on the California Corporation Tax and the Personal Income Tax." By the California Franchise Tax Board. And "Response to California Franchise Tax Board Analysis of H.R. 3220: The Federal Business Activity Tax Bill." By the Coalition for Fair and Rational Taxation. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 32, no. 9 (May 31, 2004) pp. 719-730; 697-704.

["The Analysis will consider the effects of proposed federal legislation on the California Personal Income Tax and on the California Corporation Tax. The bill would provide a substantial number of federally imposed state tax exemptions, well beyond limitations currently in constitutional and federal statutory law.... Virtually all of the concerns outlined in the FTB concern how California tax is calculated ... rather than when California is allowed to impose a tax."]

[Request #S3212]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

eGovernment Leadership: High Performance, Maximum Value. By Accenture (Accenture, Sacramento, California) 2004. 112 p.

Full Text at: www.accenture.com/xdoc/en/industries/government/gove_egov_value.pdf

["Accenture's annual e-Government study ranks countries according to the maturity of on-line services, describes global trends and provides recommendations to governments for improving their on-line services and delivering innovative solutions." Canadian Corporate Newswire (May 4, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3213]

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How Americans Get in Touch With Government: Internet Users Benefit From the Efficiency of E-Government, but Multiple Channels are Still Needed for Citizens to Reach Agencies and Solve Problems. By John B. Horrigan, Pew Internet & American Life Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) May 24, 2004. 38 p.

Full Text at: www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_E-Gov_Report_0504.pdf

["The drive by public agencies to provide information and services on the Internet opens up a way for Americans to contact government that was not available a decade ago. This report takes stock of how e-government is faring by placing e-gov in the context of the other ways people get in touch with government.... This comparative look at how Americans get hold of government reveals the benefits and limits of e-government at its current stage of evolution."]

[Request #S3214]

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Governor's Local Government Proposal: An Assessment. By Elizabeth Hill, Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) May 24, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2004/local_gov/052404_loc_gov_proposal.pdf

["Tiny Towns May Go Bust in Budget Deal: Legislative Analyst Elizabeth Hill was critical of the deal, predicting 'major short-term fiscal problems' for some governments.... She suggested the state could soften the blow by taking less annually over a longer period of time." Sacramento Bee (June 1, 2004) A3.]

[Request #S3215]

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STATE GOVERNMENTS

The Governors Speak: State-of-the-State Addresses. By Thad R. Nodine, NGA Center for Best Practices. Prepared for the National Governors Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) 2004. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.nga.org/cda/files/2004SOSAnalysis.pdf

["Governors Emphasize Jobs, Health Care, Education: NGA Analysis of State-of-the-States Finds Economic Landscape Still Tight, but Improved. Governors continue to deal with tight budgets in 2004 while concentrating on workforce, health care and education issues, but a majority describe a more optimistic economic climate than they did a year ago, according to a new analysis."]

[Request #S3216]

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HEALTH

ABORTION

Planned Parenthood Federation of America v. Ashcroft. United States District Court for the Northern District of California. C03-4872. June 1, 2004. 117 p.

Full Text at: www.cand.uscourts.gov/cand/judges.nsf/a3beeef5ac9129e688256d480060b718/a09f8ac26a4157c188256ea60057f2c2/$FILE/6-1PPORDER.pdf

["A federal judge in San Francisco struck down a federal law that banned a form of abortion, saying it created a risk of criminal liability for virtually all abortions performed after the first trimester." New York Times (June 2, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3217]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

How Does the Future Look for Low- and Middle-income Workers if Employer Sponsored Coverage Is Not an Option? By Sharon K. Long and Yu-Chu Shen, Urban Institute. Health Policy on-Line. No. 10. (The Institute, Washington, DC) May 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1000646_healthpolicyonline_no10.pdf

["This paper analyzes what is likely to happen to low- and middle-income workers that lose access to Employer-Sponsored Insurance (ESI).... It found 50 percent of low-income workers and 20 percent of middle-income workers have no affordable insurance options outside the ESI market. According to the authors, 43 percent of low-income workers and 20 percent of middle-income workers would become uninsured if ESI were no longer available to them." Assessing the New Federalism (March 20, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3218]

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LEAD POISONING

Lead Content in Mexican Candy: Joint Informational Hearing. By the Senate Health and Human Services Committee and the Select Committee on Government Oversight. June 3, 2004. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) Various pagings.

["Lawmakers Warn About Lead in Mexican Candy: Health officials have warned for years about the danger of lead in paint and in the air, but now state lawmakers want to sound the alarm about candy manufactured in Mexico. Confections from south of the border have grown increasingly popular among California children, but some of the products contain enough lead to harm children who continuously eat the candy in large amounts. However, state health officials downplayed the risk at a hearing. The state Department of Health Services has tested 317 candy products for lead content over the past decade and found 22, or 7 percent exceeded the federal maximum." Long Beach Press-Telegram (June 5, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S406]

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MEDICAID

State Medicaid Managed Care Evaluations and Reports: Themes, Variations, and Lessons. By James M. Verdier, Mathematica Policy Research and Robert E. Hurley, Virginia Commonwealth University. Prepared for the Center for Health Care Strategies. (The Center, Princeton, New Jersey) May 2004. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.chcs.org/usr_doc/StateMonitoringEvaluation.pdf

["States have undertaken a wide range of efforts to evaluate and report on their Medicaid managed care programs to help ensure that public dollars are being put to good use and that Medicaid beneficiaries are receiving high-quality, efficiently administered care. The report looks at how four states -- Arizona, Maryland, Rhode Island, and Virginia -- have carried out this responsibility, and draws lessons for other states from their experiences. It highlights lessons that focus on identifying audiences and tailoring evaluations and reports to these audiences' interests and needs."]

[Request #S3219]

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PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

Pharmacy Benefits and the Use of Drugs by the Chronically Ill. By Dana P. Goldman and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 291, no. 19 (May 19, 2004) pp. 2344-2350.

["Doubling Prescription Drug Copays Reduces Use, Increases Risk, Study Finds: Doubling copayments for prescription drugs is associated with decreased use of eight types of medications for common chronic diseases and a rise in emergency department visits and hospitalizations.... Researchers examined prescription drug data for 5328,969 members of 52 health plans offered by 30 large U.S. employers between 1997 and 2000." Wall Street Journal (May 19, 2004) D1.]

[Request #S3220]

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WOMEN

Making the Grade on Women's Health: A National and State-by-State Report Card: 2004. By the National Women's Law Center and Oregon State University (The Center, Washington, DC) May 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.nwlc.org/details.cfm?id=1861§ion=health

["Based on health status indicators, federal and state governments earn failing grades in their efforts to meet women's health care needs, according to an annual report card released by the national women's law center and the Oregon Health and Science University." Health Care Policy Report (May 17, 2004) 687.]

[Request #S3222]

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HOUSING

HOUSING

State of the Nation's Housing: 2004. By the Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University. (The Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts) June 2004. 40 p.

Full Text at: www.jchs.harvard.edu/publications/markets/son2004.pdf

["Women and minorities will play a larger role in the housing industry's future, and the sector is well-positioned for another strong decade, according to a study.... In many areas, especially Southern California, home prices have appreciated much more than inflation while income growth has not kept pace. This is eroding affordability and causing concern." Los Angeles Daily News (June 8, 2004) 1.]

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HUMAN SERVICES

HOMELESS

Comprehensive Data About Homelessness in Alameda County ... The People, The Facts, The Solutions. By the Alameda County-wide Homeless Continuum of Care Council. (The Council, Hayward, California) May 13, 2004. Various pagings.

["According to the survey, of the 6,215 homeless people countywide, 1,755 are children. In south and east county cities, 592 of 1,260 homeless people are children.... In addition to mental illness and disabilities, the survey also revealed high rates of drug and alcohol abuse among those who are chronically homeless throughout the county." Tri-City Valley Herald (May 24, 2004) 1.]

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HUNGER

Hunger in Los Angeles County Affects Over 200,000 Low-Income Adults, Another 560,000 At Risk. By Charles A. DiSogra and others. UCLA's Center for Health Policy Research. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) June 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/pubs/files/hunger_PB_06032004.pdf

["Nearly a third of Los Angeles County's 2.6 million poor adults suffer from a 'lack of assured access to enough food,' and an estimated 214,000 of them are hungry, according to a report.... The report... shows that the 775,000 adults in the county who have been hungry or flirted with hunger are spread across urban and suburban landscapes." Los Angeles Times (June 3, 2004) 1.]

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IMMIGRATION

Welfare Reform and Immigrants: A Policy Review. By Audrey Singer. (Brookings Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, Washington, DC) May 2004. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/dybdocroot/urban/pubs/200405_singer.pdf

["One of the most serious issues poor families in the United States will face in the coming decade is job loss due to a tightening labor market as a result of economic recession. On top of that, the events of the September 11, 2001, attacks and aftermath may push some immigrants quickly into precarious economic states, particularly in cities that had an abundance of service jobs, for example, in the hospitality sector. This leads to a new scenario in which many working poor immigrants who have limited mobility face uncertain work futures —- important to consider as reauthorization approaches (and as many people reach their five-year time limits)."]

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PARENTS

What Do "I Do"s Do? Potential Benefits of Marriage for Cohabitating Couples With Children. By Gregory Acs and Sandi Nelson, the Urban Institute. New Federalism. Series B. No. B-59. (The Institute, Washington, DC) May 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311001_B-59.pdf

["Recently, government policies actively promoting marriage as a way to reduce poverty and improve the well-being of children and families have gained currency. This study finds that more than 70 percent of the difference in poverty, low-income status, and food insecurity between children living with married and cohabiting couples can be attributed to differences in the work status, education, age, and race/ethnicity of these couples. The remaining difference can be attributed to unmeasured family characteristics and the intrinsic benefits of marriage. The authors conclude that successful marriage promotion efforts aimed at cohabiting couples with children could bring about modest improvements in child well-being." Urban Institute Update (May 25, 2004) 1.]

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NATIONAL READER

NATIONAL READER

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Findings and Possible Options Regarding Longstanding Community Land Grant Claims in New Mexico. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) June 2004.

[Claimants actually lost more land after the confirmation process was concluded, through voluntary transfers, tax foreclosures and partitioning suits, than during the federal process... While maintaining there is no legal basis for remedial action by Congress, the report does outline five options to provide relief for grant claimants, should Congress decide action is justified." Alburguerque Journal (June 5, 2004) 1.]

English Version. 232 p.:
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0459.pdf

Spanish Version. p. 256.:
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0460.pdf

[Request #S3183]

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TRANSPORTATION

U.S. / MEXICO BORDER

Department of Transportation, et al. v. Public Citizen, et al. U.S. Supreme Court. 03-358. June 7, 2004. 23 p.

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/07june20041115/www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/03pdf/03-358.pdf

["The Supreme Court ruled unanimously today that the Bush administration can skip a lengthy environmental study and open U.S. roadways to Mexican trucks as soon as it wishes.... The court said the president has authority to open the border, and a federal agency responsible for truck safety has no say in the matter. Thus, the agency was under no obligation to study environmental effects from opening the border, as a lower federal court had ordered." Los Angeles Times (June 7, 2004) 1.]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

GENERAL GOVERNMENT

GOVERNMENT INFORMATION

Progressive Platform for the States. By the Center for Policy Alternatives. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004. 204 p.

Full Text at: www.stateaction.org/2004candidatebook/

["This book is a useful resource for state legislative candidates and advocates with information on 90 separate issues within the topics of Budget and Taxation, Business and Labor, Civil Rights and Liberties, Consumer Protection, Criminal Justice, Education, Elections, Environment, Health, and Workforce Investments." Moving Ideas (June 1, 2004) 1.]

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HEALTH

BIRTH CONTROL

"The Effects of Advance Provision of Emergency Contraception on Adolescent Women's Sexual and Contraceptive Behaviors." By Melanie A. Gold and others. IN: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 17, no. 2 (April 2004) pp. 87-96.

["Study: Morning-after Pill Doesn't Alter Teen Sex: Teenagers who have emergency 'morning-after' birth control pills at home are no more likely than other young people to have unprotected sex, a study found." CNN (April 1, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3202]

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ENVIRONMENTAL TOXINS

Skin Deep: A Safety Assessment of Ingredients in Personal Care Products. By the Environmental Working Group. (The Group, Washington, DC) June 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ewg.org/reports/skindeep/report/executive_summary.php

["Most ingredients in cosmetics and shampoos are never tested for safety by any government regulatory agency before they go on the market, according to an environmental group's review of 7,500 products. Instead, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration relies, in part, on a self- policing scientific review board formed by the cosmetics industry in 1976 to evaluate the safety of ingredients.... Among the ingredients in personal care products, the group found known carcinogens, reproductive toxicants, harmful impurities and untested chemicals." San Francisco Chronicle (June 8, 2004) 1.]

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PUBLIC HEALTH

"Foods Contributing to Energy Intake in the US: Data from NHANES III and NHANES 1999-2000." By Gladys Block. IN: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, vol. 17, nos. 3-4 (June/August 2004) pp. 439-447.

["Junk food, sugary drinks and beer make up nearly one-third of the calories adult Americans consume daily, according to a study. The findings, the most recent and comprehensive look at what the nation eats based on caloric intake, show that three types of foods -- sweets; soft drinks and alcoholic beverages -- make up almost 25 percent of all calories." San Francisco Chronicle (June 2, 2004) 1.]

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