1 Eugene Martin Christiansen, "Gross Annual Wager," International Gaming and Wagering Business, August 1996, p. 66.

2 Mary Lynne Vellinga, "Palm Springs Victor Eyes Gambling's Spread," Sacramento Bee, 9 November 1995, p. A3.

3 California Horse Racing Board, 1994-95 Annual Report, p. 3.

4 Charles T. Clotfelter and Philip J. Cook, Selling Hope: State Lotteries In America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989), p.152.

5 Ibid., p. 153.

6 California Business and Professions Code, Sections 19800-19826.

7 "Gross Annual Wager," International Gaming and Wagering Business vol. 17, no. 8 (August 1996), p. 80.

8 Ibid., p. 66.

9 Andy Furillo, "Cardroom Owners Want to Replace Seamy Dives," Sacramento Bee, 18 October 1995, p. A1.

10 Ginger Rutland, "Folsom's Dangerous Gamble," Sacramento Bee, 8 January 1996, p. B4.

11 Bob Ciaffone, "A Comparative Study of State Laws on Social Gambling," in Eadington & Cornelius, eds., Gambling and Public Policy (Reno, NV: Institute for the Study of Gambling & Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, 1991), p. 203.

12 California Penal Code, Section 330.

13 Mary Lynne Vellinga, "Government Tries to Quash Gambling Rivals," Sacramento Bee, 10 November 1995, p. A3.

14 Jim Tranquada, "Gambling Proposals a Long Shot," Los Angeles Daily News, 7 August 1994, p. N1.

15 John Van de Kamp, The Bicycle Club and The City of Bell Gardens, 14 July 1995, p. 23.

16 Ibid., p. 23.