1 Much of the history of lotteries comes from John Scarne, Scarne's Complete Guide to Gambling (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1961).

2 International Wagering and Gaming Business vol. 18, no. 5 (May, 1995), p. 1.

3 Charles T. Clotfelter and Philip J. Cook, Selling Hope: State Lotteries In America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989), p. 20.

4 I. Nelson Rose, "The Rise and Fall of the Third Wave: Gambling Will be Outlawed in Forty Years," in Eadington & Cornelius, eds., Gambling and Public Policy (Reno, NV: Institute for the Study of Gambling & Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, 1991), p. 78.

5 Ibid.

6 Russell Baker, "Big Rot Candy Lesson," New York Times (8 September 1984) in Charles T. Clotfelter and Philip J. Cook, eds., p. 10.

7 Dick Netzer, "Legal Gambling, Now That We Have Lots of It," New York Affairs vol. 8 (1984), p. 66.

8 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 11.

9 Ibid., p. 51.

10 William R. Eadington, "The Legalization of Casinos: Policy Objectives, Regulatory Alternatives and Cost/ Benefit Considerations," Journal of Travel Research vol. 34, no. 3 (Winter 1996), p. 6.

11 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 59.

12 Ibid., p. 93.

13 Ibid., p. 96.

14 Ibid., p. 134.

15 Ibid., p. 24.

16 Todd A. Wyett, "State Lotteries: Regressive Taxes in Disguise" The Tax Lawyer, Spring 1991.

17 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 93.

18 See Charles T. Clotfelter and Philip J. Cook, in "Selling Hope," p. 216 and Todd A Wyett, in "The Tax Lawyer," Spring 1991.

19 Wyett, op.cit.

20 Summarized in Wyett, Table IV.

21 U. S. News and World Report, 15 January 1996, p. 60.

22 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 77.

23 Ibid., p. 104.

24 William R. Eadington, in William R. Eadington and Judy A. Cornelius, eds., Gambling and Public Policy (Reno, NV: Institute for the Study of Gambling & Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, 1991) p. 3.

25 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 126.

26 Ibid., p. 132.

27 Ibid., p. 133.

28 George Goldman, "The California State Lottery and Rural Areas," Western Wire, Fall 1994, p. 21.

29 Paul Doocey, "Quick Draw Dilemma," International Gaming and Wagering Business, 1 June 1995.

30 Matt Connor, "National Indian Lottery Takes Shape," International Gaming and Wagering Business vol. 18, no. 6 (1 June 1995), p. 24.