1 I. Nelson Rose, "The Rise and Fall of the Third Wave: Gambling Will be Outlawed in Forty Years," in Eadington & Cornelius, eds., Gambling and Public Policy (Reno, NV: Institute for the Study of Gambling & Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, 1991), p. 70.

2 Ibid., p. 70.

3 John M. Findlay, People of Chance, (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1986), p. 4.

4 Ibid., p. 12.

5 Ibid., p. 14.

6 Charles T. Clotfelter and Philip J. Cook, Selling Hope: State Lotteries In America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989), p. 20.

7 Findlay, op.cit., p. 51.

8 Ibid., p. 58.

9 Gabrielle A. and Reuven Brenner, "Gambling: Shaping an Opinion," in Eadington and Cornelius, eds., p. 482.

10 Findlay, op.cit., p. 49.

11 Ibid., p. 40.

12 Such a statement cannot of course be made precisely because such a diagnosis requires a professional opinion that can't be made with a president long-since dead. For more information on his astounding gambling record see Findlay, p. 38.

13 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 37.

14 Findlay, op.cit., p. 41.

15 Ibid., p. 82.

16 Ibid., p. 97.

17 John Scarne, Scarne's Complete Guide to Gambling (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1961), p. 386.

18 Sylvia Sun Minnick, Samfow: The San Joaquin Chinese - Legacy (Fresno, CA: Panoroma West Publishing, 1988), p. 108.

19 Tara L. Lavery, "Commercial Speech Suffers a First Amendment Blow in United States v. Edge Broadcasting Co.," 14 Northern Illinois University Law Review, p. 551.

20 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 37.

21 Rose, op.cit., p. 75.

22 Ibid., p. 75.

23 Anthony N. Cabot and Richard J. Schuetz in "An Economic View of the Nevada Gaming Licensing Process," in Eadington & Cornelius, eds., p. 126.

24 James F. Smith, "Bugsy's: Flamingo and the Modern Casino-Hotel," in Eadington & Cornelius, eds., p. 502.

25 Thomas Harris, "Winner Take All: Expansion of the Gaming Industry," Western Wire, Fall 1994, p. 18

26 "Gambling Proposals Lose in Four States," Christian Century vol. LXVII, no. 47 (22 November 1950), p. 1380.

27 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 38.

28 Scarne, op.cit., p. 164.

29 Clotfelter and Cook, op.cit., p. 40.

30 Rose, op.cit., p. 74.